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Penggunaan Media Sanpaper Latter terhadap Keaksaraan Awal Anak Kelompok B di PAUD Jaya Henida Palembang [The Use of Sandpaper Letter Materials for Group B Children's Early Literacy at PAUD Jaya Henida Palembang]
Available from: Ulil Albab Institute
Publication: ULIL ALBAB: Jurnal Ilmiah Multidisiplin, vol. 2, no. 4
Date: Mar 2023
Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Sandpaper letters, Southeast Asia
Abstract/Notes: Masalah dalam Penelitian ini Adakah pengaruh penggunaan media sandpaper letters terhadap pengenalan huruf pada anak kelompok B di PAUD Jaya Henida Palembang?. Penelitian ini bertujuan Untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan media sandpaper letters terhadap pengenalan huruf anak kelompok B di PAUD Jaya Henida Palembang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini adalah dokumentasi. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan di PAUD Jaya Henida Palembang, maka dapat ditarik beberapa kesimpulan sebagai berikut : 1) Kemampuan keaksaraan anak PAUD pada umumnya telah mencapai perkembangan normal dalam tahap kemunculan literasi, meliputi kemampuan dengar – bicara dan baca – tulis; 2) Kendala dan kebutuhan guru dalam pengembangan keaksaraan, diantaranya kurangnya peralatan dan materi, buku sumber, sarana dan fasilitas yang memadai; 3) Desain pengembangan keaksaraan di fokuskan pada kegiatan menstimulus kemunculan kemampuan dengar – bicara baca – tulis sesuai dengan tahap perkembangan anak PAUD; 4) Cara mengembangkan alat peraga sandpaper letter berbasis metode Montessori yaittu sebagai berikut : pertama, alat peraga menarik. Kedua, alat peraga memiliki gradasi. Ketiga, alat peraga digunakan untuk dapat melatih anak belajar secara mandiri. Keempat, alat peraga digunakan untuk mengetahui kesalahan yang terjadi dengan adanya alat peraga.
A Philosophical Perspective on the Purpose of Education in Indonesia
Available from: Springer Link
Book Title: Comparative and Decolonial Studies in Philosophy of Education
Asia, Australasia, Comparative education, Friedrich Fröbel - Philosophy, Indonesia, Ki Hajar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Rabindranath Tagore - Philosophy, Southeast Asia
Abstract/Notes: This chapter will look at the purpose of education in the context of Indonesia’s past and present. I will draw on the philosophy of Ki Hajar Dewantara (1889–1959), who is regarded as the father of Indonesian education. In conceptualising education, he was influenced by his upbringing, local culture, and international influences from various educators and philosophers such as Rabindranath Tagore, Maria Montessori, and Friedrich Fröbel. This chapter is particularly timely because the Indonesian government has started to critically re-examine two of the educational concepts proposed by Dewantara, which are “pendidikan karakter” (character education) and “merdeka belajar” (independent learning). The chapter will start with a discussion on the purpose of education before introducing Dewantara and his background. I will then offer two comparisons; First, between Dewantara’s purpose of education and the aims of Dutch schools during the colonial period in Indonesia, highlighting the importance of imparting local wisdom and values in Dewantara’s school which were ignored by the colonial schools. Second, between Dewantara’s purpose of education and the current government’s policies. By doing so, I will highlight the different purposes articulated for education in various contexts, from the colonial era to present-day Indonesia. The conclusion of this chapter is that there have been profound changes to the very purpose of education in Indonesia. Nevertheless, Dewantara’s philosophy is still very much relevant today and thus, the Indonesian government should revisit its conceptualisation of the foundations of education. Dewantara’s thought is also likely to see increased interest in other countries due to a growing global demand for awareness of non-Western educational philosophies.
Published: Singapore: Springer Nature, 2023
Edition: 1st ed.
The Progressive Classroom: Unlocking the Potential of Learning for the Future
Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Progressive education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education) - Criticism, interpretation, etc.
Published: Chennai, India: Clever Fox Publishing, 2023
Kinaesthetic Learning Material for EFL Pronunciation Teaching and Their Potential for Teacher Education
Book Title: Activating and Engaging Learners and Teachers: Perspectives for English Language Education
Foreign language education, Language acquisition, Language development, Language education, Montessori materials
Published: Tübingen, Germany: Narr Francke Attempto, 2023
Edition: 1st ed.
ISBN: 978-3-8233-8460-1 3-8233-8460-0
Series: AAA - Arbeiten aus Anglistik und Amerikanistik
Analisis metode islamic montessori for multiple intelligences pada anak generasi alpha dalampengembangan pembelajaran pendidikan agama islam / Analysis of the Islamic Montessori for Multiple Intelligences Method in Alpha Generation Children in the Development of Islamic Education Learning
Available from: Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Tarbiyah Madani Yogyakarta (STITMA)
Publication: At Turots: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, vol. 5, no. 2
Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Islamic Montessori method of education, Islamic education, Multiple intelligences, Southeast Asia
Abstract/Notes: Children are born into the world as the nature of both parents. The importance of education from an educator is the initial foundation of the formation of creativity and activity, children. The role of educators of parents and teachers is a principle of how they are formed and fostered by the environment. Alpha generation is a child born in 2010 until now. The development of increasingly advanced technology makes the Alpha generation highly skilled using existing technology. They are principled to become an unfashionable generation. Today, the era is dominated by an instant and easy nature that results in influence in all fields, especially the field of education. The Islamic Montessori for Multiple Intelligences method is a method that teaches Islamic education based on compound intelligence in children. The intelligence of alpha generation children has the potential incomplete multiple intelligences so that they can survive, adapt and always be resilient in following high levels of diversity and all changes that are instant. This research aims to find out (1) The role of educators to alpha generation children in the development of Islamic Education learning with Islamic Montessori methods for Multiple Intelligences, (2) Methods that can support success in improving the quality of education. The method in this article uses by library research. The primary and secondary source is Maria Montessori's book translated in Indonesian and journal references. The result of the discussion in this paper is (1) The development of Islamic Religious Education learning that applies the following, language intelligence, mathematical logic, spatial-visual, kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist intelligence. (2) Knowing the compound intelligence in alpha generation children in Islamic education. / Anak terlahir ke dunia sebagai fitrah kedua orang tuanya. Pentingnya pendidikan dari seorang pendidik merupakan pondasi awal terbentuknya kreatifitas dan keaktifan pada anak. Peran pendidik dari orang tua dan guru merupakan prinsip bagaimana mereka dibentuk dan dibina oleh lingkungan masing-masing. Generasi alpha adalah anak yang lahir di tahun 2010 hingga sekarang. Perkembangan teknologi yang semakin maju membuat generasi alpha sangat terampil menggunakan teknologi. Sehingga, mereka berprinsip untuk menjadi generasi yang tidak ketinggalan zaman. Dewasa ini, zaman pun di dominasi dengan sifat yang serba instan dan serba mudah yang mengakibatkan pengaruh dalam segala bidang khususnya bidang pendidikan. Metode Islamic Montessori for Multiple Intelligences merupakan metode yang mengajarkan pendidikan Islam berdasarkan kecerdasan majemuk pada anak. Kecerdasan anak generasi alpha memiliki potensi dalam kecerdasan majemuk (Multiple Intelligences) yang komplit sehingga mereka bisa bertahan, beradaptasi dan selalu tangguh dalam mengikuti tingkat keragaman yang tinggi dan segala perubahan yang serba Instan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui (1) Peran pendidik terhadap anak generasi alpha dalam pengembangan pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam dengan metode Islamic Montessori for Multiple Intelligences, (2) metode yang dapat menunjang kesuksesan dalam perbaikan kualitas pendidikan. Metode pada penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian pustaka (Library Research). Bersumber primer dan sekunder yaitu buku Maria Montessori yang di terjemahkan dalam bahasa Indonesia dan refrensi-refrensi jurnal. Hasil dari pembahasan dalam tulisan ini adalah (1) pengembangan pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam yang menerapkan sebagai berikut, kecerdasan bahasa, logika matematika, visual spasial, kinestetik, interpersonal, intrapersonal dan kecerdasan naturalis. (2) mengetahui kecerdasan majemuk pada anak generasi alpha dalam pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam.
ISSN: 2747-089X, 2656-7555
Ignoring Clustering and Nesting Effects Are Invalid Analysis Choices in a Trial with Clustered Data in Trials Testing Causal Effects. Re: "Impact of a Montessori-Based Nutrition Program on Children's Knowledge and Eating Behaviors"
Available from: PubMed
Publication: Journal of School Health
Date: Mar 13, 2023
Stimulating the Development of Rhythmic Abilities in Preschool Children in Montessori Kindergartens with Music-Movement Activities: A Quasi-Experimental Study
Available from: Springer Link
Publication: Early Childhood Education Journal
Date: Mar 9, 2023
Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Elementary school students, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Movement education, Music education, Preschool children, Rhythm
Abstract/Notes: This article examines the effects of Montessori music-movement activities on the development of the rhythmic abilities of 59 children from Montessori preschools, aged between 3 and 6 years. Children were deployed into two experimental groups (EG 1 (n = 20) & EG 2 (n = 22)) and a control group (CG) (n = 17). Our intervention consisted of introducing 15 to 20 min of unstructured movement time, either accompanied by a piano (EG 1) or recording (EG 2), three times a week for four months, whereas the control group carried on the usual Montessori program. We used a quasi-experimental nonequivalent groups design with pretest–posttest. Three tests for measuring rhythmic abilities were used: auditory discrimination of the rhythmic patterns, imitation of spoken rhythmic phrases, and determining the synchronization of movement with the rhythm of the music. The interventions had a positive effect on the development of the rhythmic abilities of children included in the study. The most significant effect was noticed in EG 1, while no effect of non-activity was detected in the control group.
Montessori Preschool Education: 유아교육에 관하여 [Montessori Preschool Education: About Early Childhood Education]
Available from: RISS
Publication: 人間理解 / Journal of Human Understanding and Counseling, vol. 3
ISSN: 2005-0860, 2671-5821
Kindererziehung als soziale Frage aus der Sicht von Montessori und Miller Pädagogik und Kältestudien [Child rearing as a social issue from the perspective of Montessori and Miller pedagogy and child studies]
Available from: RISS
Publication: 교육의 이론과 실천 / Theory and Practice of Education / Theorie und Praxis der Erziehung, vol. 23, no. 3
Abstract/Notes: Diese Arbeit versucht, den Betrachtungen und Aspekten, die das Kind in unserer Gesellschaft ausgehend vom Standpunkt Montessoris beleuchten, nachzugehen, wobei ich die Gemeinsamkeiten in den Montessoris und Millers pädagogischen Ansätzen feststelle. Laut Montessori und Miller ist das Kind ist als gleichwertiger Mensch anzuerkennen, und die Seele des Kindes erfordert eine besondere Feinfühligkeit des Erwachsenen für seine Bedürfnisse her. Es ist wichtig, die Kinder in ihren Fähigkeiten bestmöglich zu fördern. Im Bezug auf das pädagogische Spannungsverhältnis von Selbständigkeit und Zwang beschäftige ich mich mit dem Widerspruch von pädagogischer Norm und Funktion aus der Sicht der Kältestudien von Gruschka. Die Kältestudien verweisen auf die von den einzelnen Menschen unaufhebbar erfahrenen Widersprüche von der Norm der sozialen Allgemeinheit von Bildung und der Selektionsfunktion von den pädagogischen Institutionen. Schließlich sollten die gesellschaftlichen Strukturen, die Kälte als gesellschaftlich akzeptiertes Verhalten verursachen, bewusst wahrgenommen und reflektiert werden. Dafür ist es nötig, den Kindern so viel wie möglich Freiheitsspielraum zu geben, in der sie Erfahrungsmöglichkeiten haben. Zudem ist Schulbildung mit dem Leben der Kinder zusammenzubringen. den Kindern so viel wie möglich Freiheitsspielraum zu geben, in der sie Erfahrungsmöglichkeiten haben. Zudem ist Schulbildung mit dem Leben der Kinder zusammenzubringen. den Kindern so viel wie möglich Freiheitsspielraum zu geben, in der sie Erfahrungsmöglichkeiten haben. Zudem ist Schulbildung mit dem Leben der Kinder zusammenzubringen. [This work attempts to trace the considerations and aspects that illuminate the child in our society from the Montessori point of view, noting the similarities in the Montessori and Miller's pedagogical approaches. According to Montessori and Miller, the child is to be recognized as an equal human being, and the child's soul requires a special sensitivity on the part of the adult for its needs. It is important to support the children in their abilities in the best possible way. In relation to the pedagogical tension between independence and coercion, I deal with the contradiction between pedagogical norm and function from the point of view of Gruschka's cold studies. The cold studies point to the irreconcilable contradictions experienced by individuals between the norm of the social generality of education and the selection function of educational institutions. Finally, the social structures that cause cold as socially accepted behavior should be consciously perceived and reflected upon. For this it is necessary to give the children as much freedom as possible in which they have opportunities for experience. In addition, school education must be combined with the life of the children. to give the children as much freedom as possible in which they have opportunities for experience. In addition, school education must be combined with the life of the children. to give the children as much freedom as possible in which they have opportunities for experience. In addition, school education must be combined with the life of the children.]
Effects of Applying AMSP (American Montessori Society Program) According to the Years of Mathematics / 수학연한에 따른 AMSP (American Montessori Society Program)의 적용효과: 유아의 창의성과 지능에 미치는 영향을 중심으로
Available from: RISS
Publication: 교육과학연구 / Journal of Educational Science Research, vol. 35, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: This study investigated the effects of AMSP(American Montessori Society) on young children's creativity and intelligence according to the learning term.The questions for research were as follows:1. What is the effect of AMSP on young children's creativity according to the learning term?2. What is the effect of AMSP on young children's intelligence according to the learning term? The subjects of this study were 57 aged five-old children at H kindergarten in J. City. They were classified to three groups according to learning term of AMSP.The data were collected using the General Creativity Test for Children(Chon, kyoung-won, 2000), the Revised Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (Park, kwang-bae 1995), and analysed by ANCOVA, the Scheffe test with SPSS 11.0 Program.The results of this study are summarized as follows:1. The longer the learning term was, the more AMSP improved young children's creativity significantly. The longer the learning term was, the more AMSP improved young children's creativity significantly. 2.The longer the learning term was, the more AMSP improved young children's intelligence significantly. The longer the learning term was, the more AMSP improved young children's intelligence significantly. / 본 연구는 AMSP가 유아의 창의성과 지능에 미치는 영향에 있어 수업연한에 따른 차이를 알아본 것으로, AMSP의 수업연한에 따라 구분된 1년차 집단, 2년차 집단, 3년차 집단 각 19명씩 만 5세 유아 총 57명을 대상으로 실시하였다. 전경원(2000)의 창의성 검사와 박혜원곽금주박광배(1996) 등이 개발한 한국형WPPSI(K-WPPIS)를 실시한 결과, AMSP의 수업연한이 높을수록 유아의 창의성과 지능발달에 전반적으로 더 큰 효과를 나타냈다. 이에 AMSP가 유아의 창의성과 지능발달을 돕는 하나의 효과적인 접근방안일 뿐만 아니라 유치원의 3년 교육 기간에 AMSP를 제공받는 것이 유아의 창의성과 지능발달에 더 효과적임을 시사해준다고 하겠다.
ISSN: 1229-8484, 2713-6515
The Theory of Progressive Education
Available from: Springer Link
Book Title: The Three Waves of Reform in the World of Education 1918–2018: Students of Yesterday, Students of Tomorrow
Abstract/Notes: From the middle of the nineteenth century, the rigid relationships between teachers and students, and the expectation that learning could actually occur in the then-prevailing classroom atmosphere, were subjected to harsh criticism in the United States, Europe, and elsewhere. English intellectual Herbert Spencer (1820–1903) launched a strong attack against the education methods of his time, laying an early foundation for an alternative to the formal, authoritarian style of teaching. His principle contribution was the initiation of a shift from the teaching system that placed the teacher at the center to one that sought to put the student there. Spencer’s Education: Intellectual, Moral, and Physical, published in 1860, is a thoughtful, coherent explanation of why the image of the student as an “empty vessel” or a “tabula rasa” should be dismissed along with a curriculum that forced students to acquire knowledge that was of no possible use for them later in life:Spencer’s argument was that social conformity and the traditional teaching style were the foremost causes for an irrelevant curriculum that disregarded the children’s needs and intellectual curiosity. He disparaged as “barbarous” the monotonous teaching methods, suggesting that education should focus on developing the child’s innate potential.
Published: Singapore: Springer Singapore, 2023
Edition: 1st ed.
ISBN: 978-981-19577-0-3 978-981-19577-1-0 978-981-19577-3-4
The Psychology of Auto-Education; Based on the Interpretation of Intellect Given by Henri Bergson in his Creative Evolution
Available from: HathiTrust
Published: Syracuse, NY: C. W. Bardeen, 1912
A Successful Experiment in Child Education [The Henry Barnard School, Rhode Island College of Education, Providence]
Available from: JSTOR
Publication: Elementary School Journal, vol. 30, no. 7
Date: Mar 1930
Americas, Henry Barnard School (Rhode Island) - History, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, North America, United States of America
ISSN: 1554-8279, 0013-5984
Montessori Okullarında Temel Eğitimde Din ve Değerler Eğitimiyle İlgili Dersler / Courses Relating To Religious and Values Education in Montessori Schools’ Primary Education
Available from: DergiPark Akademik
Publication: Uludağ Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi / Journal of Uludag University Faculty of Education, vol. 29, no. 2
Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Religious education, Turkey, Western Asia
Abstract/Notes: Montessori yaklaşımı dünyada yaklaşık bir yüzyıldır uygulanmaktadır. Ülkemizde de son yıllarda ilgi görmektedir. Montessori yaklaşımında çocuğa bütüncül olarak bakılmaktadır. Bilgi aktarımı kadar çocuğun sağlıklı kişilik gelişimine ve hayata hazırlanmasına önem verilmektedir. Bu çalışmada, temel eğitimde Montessori yaklaşımını uygulayan okullardaki din ve değerler eğitimiyle ilgili dersler ve içerikleri hakkında bilgi verilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma kapsamında, dünyada Montessori yaklaşımını uygulayan çeşitli okullarla görüşülmüş, programlarında hangi derslerin yer aldığı sorulmuştur. Ülkeden ülkeye, okuldan okula farklılıklar olmakla beraber, genel olarak, okul öncesinde zarâfet ve nezâket derslerine yer verildiği, ilkokulda ise kozmik eğitim adı verilen program kapsamında çeşitli ders içeriklerinde ve ders dışı etkinliklerde din ve değerler eğitimi konularının işlendiği görülmüştür. / The Montessori educational approach has been in implementation in the world for almost a century. Likewise, it has received a lot of attention in Turkey in recent years. The Montessori education model nurtures and educates child through a holistic method. The proper development of child's personality and preparation towards life is considered as important as imparting knowledge to the child. This study aims to give insight of courses and contents of religion and value education in basic education of schools implementing Montessori educational approach. Various schools in the world implementing Montessori approach was consulted in the study and subject contents of their program were investigated. Generally, Grace and Courtesy lessons is included in pre-school curriculum with differences from schools to school and between countries. However in primary school curriculum religion and values education is implemented under the special program named cosmic education and extra curricular activities.
ISSN: 1301-3416, 2667-6788
Holistic Education: The Paradigm Shift You Have Been Looking For – Foundations of Whole Student Education K-12
Available from: IGI Global
Book Title: Multifaceted Strategies for Social-Emotional Learning and Whole Learner Education
Abstract/Notes: This chapter explores the theories and histories of the holistic educational paradigm. Beginning with a description of the theoretical structures that underpin the holistic educational viewpoint, it lays the groundwork to understand how pedagogies as diverse as Waldorf, Montessori, Democratic Free Schooling, and homeschooling are connected by a common set of paradigmatic assumptions. Following brief summaries of the origins of these traditions, key aspects of practice and highlights from research carried out in each pedagogy are discussed. Concluding remarks draw connections between the fundamental convictions that gave rise to these pedagogies and the needs of educators in diverse contexts today. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-4906-3.ch001
Published: Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Global, 2021
NCME Welcomes Two New Teacher Education Programs [Saint Louis Center/Montessori Education; Maine Montessori Institute]
Publication: The National Montessori Reporter, vol. 25, no. 4
Hybrid Montessori Education: Teacher Reflections on the Care and Education of Under-Served Black Children
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
African American children, Americas, Culturally relevant pedagogy, Culturally responsive pedagogy, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, Public Montessori, United States of America
Abstract/Notes: This qualitative case study explores how Montessori educators in a public charter Montessori school experience Montessori education for low-income Black children. Using the methodology of a qualitative intrinsic case study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with eighteducators (six teachers and two administrators). The participants are diverse in terms of age (26 to 54), race (three white, six African American), gender (two male and six female) and educational experience (2–25 years teaching). Education for Black children in the United States recounts histories of exclusion and segregation. Montessori education for children in the U.S. over the past 100 years shows a progression from exclusivity to inclusivity with the modern push for Montessori in the public sector. Neoliberal education reform is an important context to consider in the reproduction of injustice in American schools. This study’s findings show that participants are responding to this injustice. Negotiating tension, these educators draw onMontessori philosophy, culturally responsive teaching practices, and the tenets of an education for social justice to meet the unique needs of students who are impacted by trauma, inequity, and structural racism. Blending educational traditions to become more responsive to the conditions created by oppressive constructs has created a path through the tension. Prospect Montessori educators enact a hybrid Montessori program that focuses on relationships, communication, and social/emotional learning. This study’s educational implications stem from a call for Montessorieducation to examine its relevancy for under-served Black students.Keywords: Montessori, Neoliberal education reform, culturally responsive teaching, socialjustice
Published: Chicago, Illinois, 2022
India, Democracy and Education: A Study of the Work of the Birla Education Trust
Published: Bombay: Orient Longmans, 1955
The New Curriculum of Education in Kenya: a Linguistic and Education Paradigm Shift
Available from: eRepository at University of Nairobi, Kenya
Publication: International Journal of Novel Research in Education and Learning, vol. 5, no. 1
Africa, East Africa, Kenya, Sub-Saharan Africa
Abstract/Notes: The current system of education in Kenya is the 8-4-4 structure, where children study for eight years of Basic (primary) education, four years of Secondary education and four years of University education. This system was introduced in 1985 to promote man-power capable of performing blue collar jobs, as compared to the former 7-6-3 system that targeted developing a local workforce to replace the British workforce who largely held white collar jobs in the new, independent Kenya. However, over the years, the 8-4-4 curriculum has been widely criticised for a myriad of reasons. The criticisms against this curriculum are that it is too heavily loaded with content, purely examinations-oriented, and generally violating the Rights of the Child by placing undue physical and psychological pressure on learners. In order to address this problem therefore, a new curriculum was hastily crafted and taken through a rushed pilot drive in April 2017 and is expected to replace the current 8-4-4 system by January 2018. Admittedly, this new education system addresses some of the weaknesses of the current 8-4-4 education system, since it is competency-based and focuses more on skills acquisition as opposed to a purely knowledge-based acquisition system. The issues addressed in this paper is how this new and hurriedly crafted curriculum (as well as the introduction of Free Secondary School Education) will be implemented by teachers who are yet to come to terms with the new paradigm shift of teaching and learning. The second issue addressed is whether the crafters of this system took into consideration children’s rights, or whether at all, the system was crafted from a child-centred perspective. The concerns are that apart from the manner in which this syllabus was been crafted and planned for implementation, if not reviewed comprehensively may not only violate the rights of future generations of children, but also enhance negative ethnicity from a linguistic perspective
Three Streams in Alternative Education: A Philosophical, Pedagogical, and Practical Comparison Between Democratic, Waldorf, and Montessori Education
Available from: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies
Publication: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies, vol. 6, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: This article examines the three most prominent movements of alternative education in Israel: Democratic education, Waldorf education, and the Montessori method of education. By comparing the educational approaches according to specific criteria, the goal is to provide the reader with as broad a picture as possible of their similarities and differences. The discussion focuses on the philosophical approach and general principles of each movement and does not aim to provide information or characteristics of specific educational institutions. One of the goals of the article is to bring before parents, educators, and policy makers knowledge of the different approaches so that they can understand and judge them with greater clarity.