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Thesis Project

Diseño de una litera Montessori

Available from: Universitat Politécnica de Valéncia

Design, Furniture

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Abstract/Notes: El objetivo principal del proyecto es el estudio, diseño y desarrollo de un sistema de descanso para niños que compartan dormitorio, adaptando las características del producto a las directrices de la pedagogía Montessori. La litera se diseña para fomentar el desarrollo y el crecimiento del niño, dándole la libertad de acceder y manipular tan a menudo como desee, creando un entorno adaptado a su edad y su tamaño. De esta forma se da al niño autonomía en todos los sentidos: intelectual, moral (a través de la reciprocidad y el respeto mutuo), social (al trabajar con sus compañeros/hermanos y padres) y emocional (gracias a la seguridad que le brindan los límites, la educación de la voluntad y la autosuficiencia). El sistema crece con el niño y es adaptable a sus necesidades.

Language: Spanish

Published: Valencia, Spain, 2021

Article

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Konsep Pendidikan Karakter Anak Usia Dini Menurut Kihajar Dewantara Dan Maria Montessori

Available from: Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Muhammadiyah Probolinggo (Indonesia)

Publication: Muaddib: Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Kependidikan, vol. 4, no. 1

Pages: 63-79

Asia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Tindakan yang dilakukan oleh seseorang yang bersifat nyata itu merupakan makna dari hasil pendidikan karakter yang dapat membentuk kepepribadiannya seseorang. Hal tersebut dilalui dengan pendidikan budi pekerti sehingga terbentuknya keperibadian di dalam diri seseorang. Seseorang akan bertinh laku dengan baik, bertanggung jawab, jujur, kerja keras, lemah lembut menghormati sesama dan juga penuh kasih saying. Hal itu dapat dilihat secara nyata pada tingkah laku seseorang. Konsep Pendidikan yang dimiliki oleh Ki Hajar Dewantara adalah bersifat pribumi. Sistem pendidikannya adalah system among dengan artian bersendikan kodrat alam dan merupakan system pendidikan yang bersifat kekeluargaan dan kemerdekaan terhadap anak supaya mereka dapat berkembang dan tumbuh dengan dasar kekuatannya sendiri Penyusunan metodenya Montessori merupakan sebuah metode pendidikan bagi anak-anak yang berdasar pada teori terhadap perkembangannya anak. Adapun metode tersebut berkarakteristik menekankan terhadap aktifitas anak dan adaptasi dilingkungan tempat belajarnya serta menyesuaikan terhadap level berkembangnya anak. Aktifitas fisik dan peran dalm menyerap kemampuan yang praktis dan konsep pembelajaran. Dari lingkungan sekolah konsep untuk Pendidikan anak diusia dini menurut Maria Montessori dan Ki Hajar dewantara juga ditemukan kesamaan dan juga ditemukan perbedaannya. Melihat persamaannya dilingkungan sekolah sama-sama mempunyai pendapat.Seprti halnya disekolah Casa Dei Bambini dan juga taman indria. Keduanya tersebut berpendapat sama bahwasanya media dalam pembelajaran menggunakan media dalam belajar yang bersifat alamiah dan pembelajaran nyata dari alam itu lebih menarik dibandingkan menggunakan media yang dibuat. Tempat dilaksanakannya pendidikan terhadap anak diusia dini dalam pemikiran Maria Montessori anak didik dfokuskan diruang kelas dan juga diditempatnya anak-anak pada saat bermain yang telah dirancangnya. Berdasarkan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara bahwasanya tempat untuk dilaksanakannya Pendidikan terhadap anak tidak hanya dilingkungan sekolah. Mereka dapat melaksanakan pembelajarannya dilingkungan masyarakat dan juga dilingkungan keluarga. Jadi pemikirannya lebih meluas Pendidikan terhadap anak itu harus saling didukung oleh tiga lingkungan tersebut

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.46773/muaddib.v4i1.188

ISSN: 2685-9149

Article

Pedagogía científica y normalidad en Montessori [Scientific Pedagogy and Normality in Montessori]

Available from: Nano PDF

Publication: Logos, no. 20

Pages: 59-80

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Este artículo aborda la pedagogía científica de Montessori y cómo con sus investigaciones y la creación de las casas de niños se formalizan e instalan en la escuela moderna discursos y prácticas médicas, biológicas, antropológicas y psicológicas en el campo de la pedagogía. Influenciada por las teorías de Lombroso y de Darwin, consideraba que el ser humano no era más que una célula compuesta por protoplasma y núcleo del tamaño de una décima de milímetro del cual proceden individuos muy diferentes entre sí. Por tanto, para realizar y entender las investigaciones prácticas de la antropología con fines pedagógicos, se requieren suficientes nociones de biología y del aporte de otras disciplinas con las cuales la pedagogía tiene afinidad. De ahí la importancia de mostrar y cuestionar los efectos de estos discursos y prácticas sobre la concepción de una pedagogía activa, lejana ya de la preocupación por la formación del niño en su relación consigo mismo, con el saber y con el mundo, enunciados pedagógicos que pierden vigencia en el funcionamiento de la escuela propuesta por Montessori. Para tal fin se toman como referencia algunos conceptos de Foucault (población, políticas, normalización, prácticas de saber) en la perspectiva de la noción de biopolítica. [This article deals with Montessori’s scientific pedagogy and how his researches and the creation of houses for children become official, as well as how discourses and medical, biological, anthropological and psychological practices are installed in the pedagogy field in modern schools. Influenced by the theories of Lombroso and Darwin, he considered that human beings were no more than a cell composed by a protoplasm and nucleus the size of a tenth of a millimeter, from where individuals who are very different from each other come from. This is why, in order to understand and carry out the practical researches of anthropology with pedagogical purposes, enough notions of biology are required, as well as the collaboration of other disciplines that work side by side with pedagogy. Thus the importance to show and question the effects of these discourses and practices regarding the conception of an active pedagogy, far from the concern for the child’s education in terms of his relationship with himself, knowledge and the world, pedagogical statements that lose validity in the operation of the school proposed by Montessori. For such purpose, some concepts from Foucault are taken as reference (population, policies, normalization, knowledge practices) in the perspective of the notion of bio-politics.]

Language: Spanish

ISSN: 0120-6680

Doctoral Dissertation

A institucionalização do método Montessori no campo educacional brasileiro (1914-1952) [The institutionalization of the Montessori method in the Brazilian educational field (1914-1952)]

Available from: Federal University of Santa Catarina - Institutional Repository

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education - History, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori constituiu, em 1907, em Roma, uma escola pública para crianças em situação de risco, a Casa dei Bambini, embasada numa educação integral alicerçada na liberdade, na atividade e na individualidade. Durante aproximadamente quatro décadas, Montessori realizou pesquisas sobre o desenvolvimento infantil, cujos resultados foram difundidos transnacionalmente, configurando práticas e pensamento educacional inovadores fundamentados na relação entre o professor, o aluno e um ambiente de aprendizagem promotor da paz, da autoeducação, da autonomia, do respeito ao outro e do espírito científico e crítico. Com isso, também empreendeu uma didática para professores e a venda em série dos materiais que idealizou. O objeto desta narrativa historiográfica respaldada em Certeau (2014), Chartier (2010) e Magalhães (2004) foi a institucionalização do Método Montessori no Brasil, no âmbito cronológico das cinco primeiras décadas do século passado. Objetivou: reconhecer as formulações teóricas que permitiram identificar a origem do Método Montessori e cotejá-las com os projetos brasileiros desenvolvidos entre 1914-1952 apontando permanências e contribuições à educação brasileira; historicizar o processo de institucionalização da Pedagogia montessoriana no Brasil; problematizar a sua forma de apropriação na Educação Infantil e Ensino Primário, identificando por que o método é relacionado principalmente ao uso de materiais didáticos específicos e de mobiliário adequado ao tamanho das crianças. Foi constatado que a primeira escola montessoriana no Brasil, proveniente da vertente educacional estadunidense, atendeu ao público infantil, em São Paulo, no ano de 1915, num investimento particular de Ciridião Buarque e Mary Buarque. Esta pedagogia se irradiou por intermédio das apropriações realizadas pelos docentes da Escola Normal da Praça, em São Paulo, estado que possuía, desde 1924, legislação que indicava o uso de materiais didáticos de Montessori e de Froebel, mas de forma desarticulada dos princípios pedagógicos. No Paraná, a educação montessoriana foi institucionalizada na legislação educacional da Pré-escola em 1915 e investimentos foram realizados em 1924, quando Lysímaco Costa adquiriu os ?enxovais montessorianos? para quatro Jardins de Infância. Em Curitiba, em 1927, durante a Primeira Conferência Nacional da Associação Brasileira de Educação (ABE) foram apresentadas teses com base montessoriana. Ainda no Paraná, no final da década de 1940, a utilização do método ocorreu no ensino público no Programa da Pré-escola e do Ensino Primário e em 1952 foi inaugurada a Escola Experimental Montessoriana Rural para crianças do Ensino Primário, por iniciativa de Eny Caldeira. Ela e Piper de Lacerda Borges, presidente da Associação Montessori do Brasil, fizeram curso com Montessori, na Itália, em 1951. Já na Bahia, em 1927, efetivaram-se cursos de férias para formação de professores durante os quais foram disseminadas pelos docentes da Escola Normal de Salvador concepções montessorianas e a ressignificação dos materiais, tanto para a Pré-escola como para o Ensino Primário. O teor destes cursos foi divulgado por revistas pedagógicas. No mesmo local, em 1924, Alípio Franca traduziu o Livro Pedagogia Científica. No Rio de Janeiro, materiais e frações do método montessoriano se disseminaram para a Educação Infantil por meio da legislação educacional, em 1921 e em 1929. Evidências da utilização do Método Montessori em perspectiva não restrita ao uso de materiais didáticos foram encontradas nos programas infantis radiofônicos realizados por Mary Buarque, em São Paulo, a partir de 1936; no vínculo do método com a assistência social e teosófica, na década de 1950, disseminado por Piper de Lacerda Borges; no reuso dado ao método pelo lusitano Agostinho da Silva, também nos anos 1950, na criação de algumas universidades. Conclui-se que, entre 1914 e 1952, o processo de institucionalização do método Montessori no Brasil foi capitaneado por diversos sujeitos, em diferentes lugares do país, com apropriações e representações. [Abstract : Montessori established, in 1907, in Rome, a public school to children at risk, The Casa dei Bambini, which since then preserve the Montessori method characteristics, advocating the integral education based on freedom, action and on the individuality. For approximately four decades, Montessori researched about Children development, whose results were spread abroad, defining practices and innovative educational thoughts grounded on the relationship between teacher, the student and the learning environment advancing peace, self-education, self-correction with autonomy in sight, mutual respect, critic and the scientific spirit. The Objective of this study is the Montessori method establishment in Brazil, on the chronologic aspect along the first five decades from the last century. It?s a biographical research and documentary with a historical focus. The analysis is grounded in Certeau (2014), Chartier(2010) e Magalhães(2004). Objective: Recognize the formulation of the Montessori method in projects of its establishment in Brazil between 1914-1952; To Problematize political conditions, social, economical and cultural to set up the Montessori method in Brazil and its Educational applicability, questioning the reductionist mode relating to its use as specific materials and its adequate child-sized furniture. It has been verified that The First Montessori-based in Brazil served the children?s audience, in São Paulo, in the year of 1915, coming from the American strand, in a private enterprise of Ciridião Buarque e Mary Buarque. Such pedagogy irradiated by the mediation of these appropriation and representations made by teachers of the Escola Normal da Praça. São Paulo possessed, since 1924, laws that indicated the use of Montessori and Froebel?s course-ware, mas in a inarticulate way to the pedagogical principles. In Paraná, the Montessori-based education was established in the child education legislation in 1915 and investments were performed in 1924, when Lysímaco Costa acquired the ?montesorri layettes? to 4 Kindergarden. In Curitiba, in 1927, at the First National Conference of The Brazilian Association of Education (ABE), were presented thesis with Montessori bases. Still in Paraná, at the end of 40s, the method utilization occurred in the public education in the Preschool Program and Primary School and in 1952 was opened in Curitiba The Rural Montessori Experimental School to primary school, by the enterprise of Eny Caldeira.Piper Borges de Lacerda and Eny Caldeira speeches, whom realized in 1950 a course with Montessori in Perugia.In 1927, in Bahia, were realized vacation courses to teachers complementary training which were disseminated by the teacher of the Normal School of Salvador the Montessori concepts and the course-ware new meanings to the child education such as primary education. The matters discussed in these courses were spread by pedagogical magazines. In 1924, Alípio Franca translated The Method of Scientific Pedagogy applied to the Child Education at the Boys? House. In Rio de Janeiro, course-wares and parts of Montessori method were spread to Children education by education law, in 1921 and in 1929. Evidences of the Montessori use in perspective non-restricted to materials were found in children radio shows performed by Mary Buarque, in São Paulo, from 1936, whereupon self-education, the independence, the knowledge of child development phases, the singers freedom movement and the minimal intervention of the adult tutor made part of the proposal. In a mystic perspective, there was a link with the method and the social and theosophic assistance, in the 50 decade, disseminating in Rio de Janeiro and Paraná, by Piper Lacerda Borges and his husband. In the reuse given to the Agostinho da Silva method, also in the 1950, were present in the some universities creations, such as the Federal University of Santa Catarina as well from Paraíba and The University of Brasilia. Concluded that between 1914 and 1952, the establishment process of the Montessori method in Brazil was lead by several different individuals, from different parts of the country, with appropriations and personal representations.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: Florianópolis, Brazil, 2017

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O viés americano do método Montessori em São Paulo: Ciridião Buarque e Mary Buarque

Available from: Universidade Federal de Goiás (Brazil)

Publication: Revista Inter Ação, vol. 43, no. 3

Pages: 864-880

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori constituiu, em 1907, em Roma, uma escola pública para crianças em situação de risco, a Casa dei Bambini, que difundida transnacionalmente configurou práticas e pensamento educacional inovadores. O objeto desta narrativa historiográfica foi estudar a institucionalização do Método Montessori no Brasil, problematizando a sua forma de apropriação e identificando por que o método é relacionado principalmente ao uso de materiais didáticos específicos e de mobiliário adequado ao tamanho das crianças. Foi constatado que a primeira escola montessoriana no Brasil atendeu ao público infantil, em São Paulo, no ano de 1915, num investimento particular de Ciridião Buarque e Mary Buarque. Esta pedagogia se irradiou por intermédio das apropriações realizadas pelos docentes da Escola Normal da Praça, e da legislação que indicava o uso de materiais didáticos de Montessori e de Froebel, mas de forma desarticulada de tais princípios pedagógicos. Evidências da utilização do Método Montessori em perspectiva não restrita ao uso de materiais didáticos foram encontradas nos programas infantis radiofônicos.

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.5216/ia.v43i3.50764

ISSN: 1981-8416

Article

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Manajemen Pendidikan Karakter Metode Montessori di Jogjakarta Montessori School [Montessori Method of Character Education Management at Jogjakarta Montessori School]

Available from: Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa

Publication: Media Manajemen Pendidikan [Educational Management Media], vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 251-259

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia, ⚠️ Invalid DOI

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui manajemen pendidikan karakter yang meliputi 1) perencanaan, 2) pengorganisasian, 3) pengarahan dan pelaksanaan, 4) evaluasi dan pengendalian, 5) faktor pendukung serta 6) faktor penghambat di SD Montessori. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi partisipatif, studi dokumentasi. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif melalui tahapan pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: 1) perencanaan manajemen pendidikan karakter pada kurikulum, pendidik, pembiayaan peserta didik, sarana dan prasarana, pembiayaan pendidikan; 2) pengorganisasian manajemen pendidikan karakter pada pelatihan guru baru, pengarahkan para guru, kesempatan bagi guru atau staf untuk berpartisipasi dalam memberikan sumbangan pikiran, mengikutsertakan yayasan, guru, staf dan komite sekolah dalam membuat perencanaan manajemen, memberikan nasehat dan arahan yang benar; 3) pelaksanaan manajemen pendidikan karakter sesuai dengan perencanaan dengan apparatus dan pendampingan dari guru; 4) evaluasi manajemen pendidikan karakter dengan melihat kemandirian dan keberanian, pembuatan project, berperilaku santun; 5) faktor pendukung meliputi kegiatan di luar sekolah bermasyarakat, kegiatan ektrakurikuler, peraturan untuk tidak memakai atribut keagamaan selama di sekolah, sarana dan prasarana sekolah, pendidik yang ramah dan perhatian, kegiatan sosial dan kerjasama dengan sekolah lain; 6) faktor penghambat pendidikan karakter pada Jogjakarta Montessori School yaitu kurangnya kerjasama orang tua siswa dalam menanamkan nilai kedisiplinan, tanggungjawab, menghargai prestasi, dan rasa ingin tahu. [This study aims to determine the management of character education which includes 1) planning, 2) organizing, 3) directing and implementing, 4) evaluation and control, 5) supporting factors and 6) inhibiting factors in SD Montessori. This research use desciptive qualitative approach. Data collection techniques are in-depth interviews, participatory observation, and documentation studies. Data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively through the stages of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results showed that: 1) character education management planning in the curriculum, educators, student funding, facilities and infrastructure, education financing; 2) organizing character education management on new teacher training, directing teachers, opportunities for teachers or staff to participate in contributing ideas, involving foundations, teachers, staff and school committees in making management plans, providing correct advice and direction; 3) implementation of character education management in accordance with planning with apparatus and mentoring from teachers; 4) evaluation of character education management by looking at independence and courage, making projects, behaving politely; 5) supporting factors include activities outside of school in the community, extracurricular activities, regulations not to use religious attributes while at school, school facilities and infrastructure, friendly and caring educators, social activities and collaboration with other schools; 6) the inhibiting factor for character education at Jogjakarta Montessori School is the lack of cooperation between parents in instilling the values ​​of discipline, responsibility, respect for achievement, and curiosity.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.30738/mmp.v2i2.5072

ISSN: 2622-3694

Article

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Understanding Teacher Identity Construction: Professional Experiences of Becoming Indonesian Montessori Teachers

Available from: Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics (IJELTAL)

Publication: Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics (IJELTAL), vol. 5, no. 1

Pages: 1-16

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This study sought to investigate the identity construction of Indonesian Montessori teachers. The research was done in two Montessori schools in Yogyakarta: Cosmic School and Universe School (pseudonyms). The participants involved in this research were eight teachers in total. The data gathering process employed questionnaire, classroom observation, interview, and written reflections. The findings have shed a light on the ways teachers develop their identities within Montessori’s values and principles that they reflect and implement in their daily teaching practice. The findings of the research portrayed that there were four major salient principles influencing the identity formation of becoming Montessori teachers. They were movement and cognition, choice, interest, and teacher ways and child ways. Those principles and values were becoming teachers’ guidance of creating professional working ethos. Montessori principles also influenced the teachers in the ways they perceived and treated the students. This study also revealed the undertaken agencies to hold identity as Montessori teachers. There were three broad themes to explain their agencies. They entailed the essence of building communication between teacher and parents, the significance of community support, and the importance of being well-prepared teachers. Based on the findings and discussion, some recommendations for future studies are also presented.

Language: English

DOI: 10.21093/ijeltal.v5i1.539

ISSN: 2527-8746

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