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Conference Paper

Education for Conflict – Education for Peace

Available from: ERIC

Annual Meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society

City Montessori School (Lucknow, India), Peace education, Public Montessori

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Abstract/Notes: This paper contrasts the use of education for conflict with the use of education for peace, shows some historical developments in the field of peace education, and summarizes facets and the diffusion of peace education. The paper explores some considerations for learning environments suitable for peace education programs and describes selected features of two schools to illustrate the implementation of some of the characteristics of peace education. It explains that, although college offerings in peace education worldwide demonstrate the scarcity of peace education programs in mainstream educational institutions, a Web site listing colleges and universities that offer peace studies programs shows approximately 120 graduate and undergraduate programs, most of which are located in North America. The paper notes that in public schools, peace education can at best be found in the international education or conflict resolution programs designed to prevent school violence. Appended is a reference list of peace education Web sites, selected by the U.S. Department of Education. (Contains 27 references.)

Language: English

Published: Orlando, Florida: Comparative and International Education Society, Mar 2002

Book

Early Childhood Education in Nigeria: Proceedings of the International Seminar on Early Childhood Education, Zaria, 4-8 July, 1983

Africa, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa

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Abstract/Notes: Proceedings of the Internationa Seminar on Early Childhood Education, held in Zaria [Nigeria], 4-8 July, 1983. "Organised by the Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University in Collaboration with the London Montessori Institute"--Title page verso. Early childhood education at the crossroads in Nigeria / Emmanuel U. Emovon (17 p.). -- Montessori philosophy in early childhood education / Sandra Nash Petrek (22 p.). -- Cultural roots of the child's moral and intellectual growth in Africa / Etim N. E. Udoh (40 p.). -- Implications of Piagetan theory to elementary education in Nigeria / O. M. Onibokun (24 p.). -- Headstart : assumptions and curriculum models--what relevance for Nigeria? / Eileen B. Wilson (20 p.). -- Classroom pedagogy: a case for the development of critical thinking / Rodney Burton (32 p.). -- Childhood education in Nigeria: A study of Ilorin schools / S. O. Medahunsi (32 p.). -- Day in a pre-school: A Nigerian experience / Kathleen Kano (20 p.). Early childhood education in two cultures: The U.S.A. and the Jamaican experience / Anne Lou Blevins (45 p.). -- Traditional factors in African education / D. O. Adewoye (27 p.). -- Moral development in the child through Christian education / J Idowu-Fearon (18 p.). -- Educating the teachers of children / Grace Alele Williams (19 p.). -- Child, the teacher and the classroom with relation to nursery education / Fola A. Fagbohun (16 p.). -- Child's socialization in Islam / Zainab Said Kabir (31 p.). -- Environment and the education of the child / J. M. Ibiwoye (24 p.). -- Environment and the education of the child / A. B. Ayanniyi (15 p.). -- Bilingualism in early childhood education in Nigeria: Problems and possibilities / Theresa T. Imasuen (15 p.). -- Comparative study of the role expectations of children's needs in the Carribean and Nigeria / S. U. Compton-Adegbite (15 p.). -- Teacher and the child with special educational needs / Karen Odock (13 p.). -- Special education for pre-primary children: Intervention and remediation / C. A. Sam (26 p.). -- Theory and practice of educating maladjusted children in Nigeria / J. A. Shindi (18 p.). -- Children with special educational needs: The case of bilingual children / R. A. Chijioke (30 p.).

Language: English

Published: Zaria, Nigeria: Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, 1983

Article

Recent Studies and Practices of the Montessori Educational Method: Ten Years from 1979 on the DIALOG Data-Base

Available from: Semantic Scholar

Publication: Annual Reports from the Faculty of Education, Iwate University, vol. 51, no. 2

Pages: 147-161

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: I review recent practices and studies of the Montessori method from 1979 and intend to discover some tasks for future studies. I researched fourteen files in the DIALOG database, and tried to find papers from 1979 using the key word "MONTESSORI". Sixty-seven titles of books and papers were output from the DIALOG database. I classified them into five large groups. Each large group was further divided into small groups. The following are these large groups, with the numbers of books and papers contained in each large group shown in parenthses. 1. Studies which compared the Montessori method with other methods. (27) 2. Practical examples which developed and applied the Montessori method. (18) 3. Studies about the Montessori method for handicapped children. (12) 4. Philosophical and theoretical studies about the Montessori method. (8) 5. Scientific studies about the Montessori method. (2) The group of "Scientific studies about the Montessori method" had only two papers, the smallest in number of the five groups. The Montessori method was created scientifically by Maria Montessori at the beginning of this century. During the following years the educational and psychological sciences have developed gradually. I think that the Montessori method should be further studied scientifically from the modern educational and psychological points of view. Scientific studies will clarify new aspects of the Montessori method and add new elements to it. The Montessori method will develop and be applied to various fields.

Language: English

Article

Yanzheng haishi zhiyi: Meiguo jiaoyu xuejie dui meng tai suo li jiaoyu de pipan / 验证还是质疑:美国教育学界对蒙台梭利教育的批判 [Verification or Questioning: American Educational Circles’ Criticism on Montessori Education]

Publication: Xueqian jiaoyu yanjiu / 学前教育研究 [Studies in Preschool Education], vol. 2019, no. 10

Pages: 24-31

Americas, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, United States of America, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: At the beginning of the 20th century, Montessori’s educational thought and practice disseminated to the United States in a short and concentrated way. This process was always accompanied by the questioning and criticism of Montessori education in the American educational circles. The in-depth analysis and inspiration of the questioning and criticisms are currently lacking in domestic and foreign research. Most of the educational psychologists, progressive education scholars, and Froebelians who dominated the American educational community were critical of Montessori education. American education scholars criticized Montessori education on two levels: fundamentals of philosophy and psychology, curriculum system. They believed that Montessori's education theory lagged behind the times, and the curriculum system ignored young children’s sociality, imagination and freedom. These criticisms reflected the cautious attitude of the American educational scholars who didn’t blindly follow the imported theory, and promoted the Americanization of Montessori education. At present, China’s educational academics are keen to interpret and verify when introducing western educational theories. This situation is not conducive to the creation of original educational theories. In order to change this situation, the Chinese educational scholars should first establish cultural self-confidence, treating western educational theories with an equal mindset and perspective; second discriminate and absorb the foreign educational theories on the basis of reflective criticism; third, root in China’s educational practice. In this way can the scholars better absorb western educational theories’ essence and promote the creation of original educational theories.

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 1007-8169

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori, Waldorf, and Reggio Emilia: A Comparative Analysis of Alternative Models of Early Childhood Education

Available from: SpringerLink

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 52, no. 3

Pages: 337-353

Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education) - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori, Waldorf, and Reggio Emilia education remain three of the most popular models for alternative early childhood education. Each of these approaches has developed globally, with a rich history of supporting children’s educational freedom. This narrative analysis provides a means for early childhood educators and scholars to understand the aims, philosophical and theoretical frameworks, historical development, benefits, and challenges in these models and their methods of practice. As early childhood education evolves with technology and as re-conceptualizations about early education occur, an understanding of these alternatives to traditional education models is important. While adaptive options of these models may emerge in education systems across national contexts, this review allows educators to consider their applications and cultural appropriateness in specific local and community contexts.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/s13158-020-00277-1

ISSN: 0020-7187, 1878-4658

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Three Streams in Alternative Education: A Philosophical, Pedagogical, and Practical Comparison Between Democratic, Waldorf, and Montessori Education

Available from: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies

Publication: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies, vol. 6, no. 1

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Abstract/Notes: This article examines the three most prominent movements of alternative education in Israel: Democratic education, Waldorf education, and the Montessori method of education. By comparing the educational approaches according to specific criteria, the goal is to provide the reader with as broad a picture as possible of their similarities and differences. The discussion focuses on the philosophical approach and general principles of each movement and does not aim to provide information or characteristics of specific educational institutions. One of the goals of the article is to bring before parents, educators, and policy makers knowledge of the different approaches so that they can understand and judge them with greater clarity.

Language: English

DOI: 10.46827/ejae.v6i1.3563

ISSN: 2501-5915

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

O Método Montessori na educação básica: Uma revisão sistemática da literatura sobre sua influência para o desenvolvimento da criança nos anos iniciais [The Montessori Method in basic education: A systematic review of the literature on its influence on child development in the early years]

Available from: RSD Journal

Publication: Research, Society and Development, vol. 10, no. 5

Pages: Article e48010515300

Literature reviews, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation

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Abstract/Notes: Objetivou-se apresentar reflexões acerca das contribuições do Método de Maria Montessori em um contexto atual, considerando o desenvolvimento da autonomia da criança nos anos iniciais da Educação Básica. Quanto ao método, realizou-se uma pesquisa do tipo revisão bibliográfica levando em conta as contribuições de diversos autores, observando as características da Padagogia de Montessori e suas reflexões metodológicas e didáticas no desenvolvimento da autonomia da criança na educação básica e sua atuação no Brasil, sucedendo com abordagem teórica e metodológica da Pedagogia Tradiconal e da Pedagogia de Waldorf para subsidiar a análise reflexiva do modelo montessoriano. Com os resultados, percebeu-se que a Pedagogia de Montessori se faz presente em 62 unidades educacionais distribuídas em todas as regiões brasileiras, podendo ser compreendida como uma alternativa pedagógica alinhada aos princípios reguladores da BNCC e PCN, e constatou-se a falta de estudos que apontem o desenvolvimento da Pedagogia de Montessori em escolas públicas que prestam serviços à Educação Infantil e Ensino Fundamental. Pode-se concluir que a Pedagogia de Montessori vem contribuindo de forma significativa para a aprendizagem da criança em seu desenvolvimento educacional com autonomia e liberdade, e através das abordagens lúdicas e aplicação do modelo em ciclos por faixa etária estimula a construção do conhecimento e melhor interação no ambiente educacional. [The objective was to present reflections on the contributions of the Maria Montessori Method in a current context, considering the development of the child's autonomy in the early years of Basic Education. As for the method, a bibliographic review research was carried out, taking into account the contributions of several authors, observing the characteristics of Montessori Padagogy and its methodological and didactic reflections on the development of children's autonomy in basic education and its performance in Brazil, succeeding with the theoretical and methodological approach of Traditional Pedagogy and of Waldorf Pedagogy to support the reflective analysis of the Montessori model. With the results, it was noticed that Montessori Pedagogy is present in 62 educational units distributed in all Brazilian regions, which can be understood as a pedagogical alternative aligned with the regulatory principles of BNCC and PCN, and there was a lack of studies that point to the development of Montessori Pedagogy in public schools that provide services to Early Childhood Education and Elementary Education. It can be concluded that Montessori Pedagogy has been making a significant contribution to the learning of children in their educational development with autonomy and freedom, and through playful approaches and application of the model in cycles by age group, stimulates the construction of knowledge and better interaction in the educational environment.]

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v10i5.15300

ISSN: 2525-3409

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Self-Efficacy Perceptions of Teachers on Using the Montessori Method in Special Education in North Cyprus

Available from: World Center of Innovation Research and Publication

Publication: Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, vol. 14, no. 4

Pages: 652-660

Asia, Cyprus, Efficacy, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Perceptions, Special education, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The aim of this study is to determine the self-efficacy perceptions of special education teachers about the use of the Montessori method by a valid and reliable scale developed by the researcher. The model of the research is a general descriptive model of quantitative research methods. In the 2017–2018 academic year, 67 special education teachers who work under the Directorate of Primary Education of the Ministry of National Education of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus are participated in this research universe, which comprise 29, 12, 20, 4 and 2 teachers from Special Education Application Centre, Special Education and Work Application Centre, primary schools, kindergartens and school for visually impaired, respectively. This study was conducted only with all the special education teachers in the universe not by any sampling method. The general proficiency perceptions of the special education teachers for the use of the Montessori method were at the level of instability. According to the general competency perceptions of the female teachers on the use of the Montessori method, it was found that their responses were more positive than the males.

Language: English

DOI: 10.18844/cjes.v11i4.4480

ISSN: 1305-905X

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Eğitim Yönteminin Rousseaucu Kökenleri / The Rousseauian Roots of Montessori Education Method

Available from: The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies

Publication: Journal of Academic Social Science Studies, vol. 14, no. 86

Pages: 535-556

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Abstract/Notes: Bu çalışmada eğitim felsefesinde adı çokça zikredilen Fransız filozof Jean-Jacquez Rousseau’nun, Maria Montessori tarafından kurulan ve kendi adıyla anılan Montessori eğitim yöntemi üzerindeki etkisi incelenecektir. Rousseau’nun meşhur Emile kitabı, eğitimin amacı ve işlevi meselesine dair ayrıntılı bir izah içerir. Onun eğitim konusuna yaklaşımı kimi zaman sert tartışmalara sebep olmuş kimi zaman da ilham kaynağı olmuştur. İtalya’nın ilk kadın doktoru olarak da bilinen Maria Montessori onun fikirlerinden olumlu yönde etkilenen bir isimdir. Montessori, yaşama uzanan yardım eli yaklaşımına indirgediği eğitim meselesini aldığı tıp, felsefe ve antropoloji eğitimi sayesinde geniş bir bakış açısıyla inceler. Bu sayede daha sistemli ve bilimsel temeli olan bir eğitim modeli sunar. Rousseau ise kelimenin tam anlamıyla sistematik olmaktansa doğal gidişata göre hareket etmeyi ve kendi gözlemlerinden faydalanmayı tercih eder. Bu tercihinden dolayı kendisine ağır eleştirilerin yapıldığı da bir gerçektir. Rousseau’nun ve Maria Montessori’nin eğitim alanındaki fikirleri pek çok tartışmayı beraberinde getirse de her iki ismin pedagoji alanındaki etkisi görmezden gelinemez. Ancak Rousseau’nun bu alandaki düşüncelerinin bir eğitim tasarısı ya da eğitime dair yapılan bir yorum düzeyinde kaldığı söylenebilir. Rousseau’nun aksine Maria Montessori’nin fikirlerinin ise pek çok ülkede benimsendiği ve bu fikir doğrultusunda pek çok eğitim kurumunun açıldığı görülür. Her ne kadar somut alanda aralarında bu denli fark olsa da çıkış noktaları ve eğitim alanındaki bazı tasavvurları benzerlik göstermektedir. Bu çalışmada söz konusu benzerlik kavramsal bir çerçeve doğrultusunda ele alınacaktır. Böylece Rousseau’nun Maria Montessori üzerindeki etkisi irdelenip onun eğitim alanında bir romandan fazlasını yazdığı sonucuna ulaşılacaktır. / In this study, the effect of the French philosopher Jean-Jacquez Rousseau, whose name is mentioned a lot in educational philosophy, on the Montessori education method established by Maria Montessori and named after her will be examined. Rousseau’s famous book Emile contains a detailed explanation on the goal and function of the education. Sometimes, his approach to education caused very significant discussions and sometimes it was a source of inspiration. Maria Montessori, who is also known as Italy’s first female doctor was one of the names who was affected from his opinion in a positive way. Montessori examines the issue of education considered as helping hand approach to life from a wide perspective thanks to her education in medicine, philosophy and anthropology. In this way, she presents a more systematic and scientific based education model. On the other hand, Rousseau prefers to act according to the natural course and uses his own observations rather than being systematic in the strictest sense of the world. It is a fact that he was heavily criticized for this preference. Even though Rousseau and Maria Montessori’s ideas on the education field bring a lot of debate, the effect of both names in pedagogy cannot be ignored. However, it can be noted that Rousseau’s ideas in the field stayed only as an education design or a comment made on education. Unlike Rousseau, it is seen that Maria Montessori’s ideas were adopted in many countries and a lot of educational institutions were established in the direction of this idea. Although there is such a difference between them in the concrete field, their starting points and some of their imaginations in the field of education are similar. These similarities in the direction of a conceptual frame will be addressed in the study. Thus, Rousseau’s influence on Maria Montessori will be examined and it will be concluded that he wrote more than a novel in the field of education.

Language: Turkish

DOI: 10.29228/JASSS.50020

ISSN: 2148-4163

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Integration of peace education into early childhood education programs

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 28, no. 2

Pages: 29-36

Peace education

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Abstract/Notes: Preschool educators may observe that this unique historical period is an opportunity to integrate peace education into the educational program. The communication that has developed thanks to new technology has offered the opportunity for transformation. Teaching, nonviolence, conflict resolution, well-being, economic, political participation and interest in the environment can be considered as concepts of education for peace. This visionary idea includes global education, prevention of violence, character education and moral education. The educational program and methods of education for peace of preschool children (from birth to 8 years old) include different themes: 1) promote cooperation and resolve conflicts 2) respect for self and authority; 3) appreciation of diversity 4) the role of permeating cultural violence including television, video games, films and dramatic games stimulated by toys and representations of violent actions. These central themes contain the hope that the principles contained in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child will be applied. Parents' participation seen as essential agents in decision-making concerning their children is a fundamental concept. The study of this event produced a visionary model, identified as education for peace, with the participation of parents. OMEP members act as catalysts for peace education efforts with an emphasis on intercultural education. Peace education was, is and will be a goal of pre-school and primary education for all educators around the world. There is a great need for activities in preschool, primary and other educational programs to reduce tensions peacefully.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/BF03174500

ISSN: 0020-7187, 1878-4658

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