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Bachelor's Thesis

Alternativní školství v České republice - metoda Marie Montessori v předškolním věku / Alternative eduction in the Czech republic - Marie Montessori method in pre-school age

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Bakalářská práce se zaměřuje na téma Alternativní školství v České republice - metoda Marie Montessori v předškolním věku. Teoretická část popisuje základní informace o alternativním školství, typické znaky a odlišnosti alternativního školství, charakteristiku předškolního dítěte, život Marie Montessori, její činnost a dílo. Dále základní principy a pojmy této metody, specifické pomůcky a materiál využívaný touto metodou, vývoj Montessori pedagogiky a role vychovatele v této praxi. Praktická část podává výsledky dotazníkového šetření, které bylo zaměřeno na informovanost veřejnosti o alternativním školství a jeho metodách. Praktickou část tvoří dotazníkové šetření. Cílem bakalářské práce je ukázat další možnosti vzdělávání v předškolním věku a blíže charakterizovat alternativní školství v České republice. / The bachelor thesis focuses on the Alternative Education in the Czech Republic – preschool M. Montessori method. The theoretical part describes basic information about alternative education, typical signs and diversity of alternative education, characteristics of a preschool child, life M. Montessori, activity and work. Other things like the basic principles and concepts of this method, specific tools and material used by this method, the development of Montessori pedagogy and the role of educator in this practice. The practical part provides the results of the questionnaire survey, which focused on informing the public about alternative education and its methods. The practical part consists of a questionnaire survey. The aim of the bachelor thesis is to show other possibilities of education at pre-school age and to further characterize alternative education in the Czech Republic.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2018

Book Section

Montessori as an Alternative Early Childhood Education

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Book Title: The Influence of Theorists and Pioneers on Early Childhood Education

Pages: 211-221

Comparative education, Culturally responsive teaching, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori education was developed over 100 years ago, and persists as a marginal ‘niche reform’ of the standard model. Here I discuss two unresolved dichotomies in early childhood education – the tension between work and play, and between structure and freedom. I explain how Montessori collapses and thereby resolves the dichotomies, and does so in a contemporary theoretical frame – one that is dynamical rather than linear. I next describe the origins and functioning of Montessori preschool environments, outcomes from the most methodologically sound studies to date, and impediments to Montessori’s more widespread adoption. I also show how Montessori is a culturally responsive pedagogy, and conclude by return to the dichotomies and how Montessori makes sense for the modern era. Originally published in: Early Child Development and Care, volume 191, issue 7–8 (2021), pp. 1196–1206.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Routledge, 2022

ISBN: 978-0-367-63674-6 978-0-367-63675-3 978-1-00-312021-6

Book

Montessori: A Viable Education Alternative

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Language: English

Published: Regina, Canada: Montessori Centre, 1981

Book Section

Alternativbewegung und Alternativerziehung - Überlegungen aus der Perspektive einer Theorie der sozialkulturellen Evolution

Book Title: Die Schulen der Reformpädagogik heute [Progressive Education Schools Today]

Pages: 391-402

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Language: German

Published: Düsseldorf, Germany: Schwann, 1986

ISBN: 3-590-14480-7 978-3-590-14480-4

Master's Thesis

Alternativni pedgoški koncepti v Veliki Britaniji [Alternative Pedagogical Concepts in Great Britain]

Available from: Digital Library of the University of Maribor (DKUM)

Alternative education, Comparative education, Europe, Great Britain, Montessori method of education, Northern Europe, Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education), United Kingdom, Waldorf method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Alternativni pedagoški koncepti postajajo vedno bolj razširjena oblika izobraževanja, zato se posledično pojavlja zmeraj več šol, ki sledijo miselnosti že uveljavljenih konceptov ali pa šole same najdejo svoj koncept, ki sledi miselnosti ustanoviteljev in aktualnim razmeram. Kljub vedno večji razširjenosti alternativnih konceptov, to področje še zmeraj ni dovolj raziskano, saj hitro ugotovimo, da je na voljo veliko informacij le o že uveljavljenih konceptih (Montessori, Waldorf, Summerhill, Reggio Emilia), ostali koncepti pa so praktično neznani. V Veliki Britaniji lahko najdemo veliko število različnih usmeritev, pozornost pa je v tej nalogi namenjena novejšim gibanjem, ki so zanimiva in bolj kot ne nepoznana. Najbolj znano gibanje med temi so demokratične šole, katerega začetnik je šola Summerhill, manj znano pa je gibanje za manjše šole in tako imenovan human scale education. [Alternative pedagogical concepts are becoming increasingly widespread. Consequently, the number of schools that either follow the already established concepts, or invent their own concept that follows their founders' ideals and current affairs, is increasing. Despite the growing popularity of the alternative concepts, however, the area remains underresearchedwe soon discover that the vast amount of information is limited to the already established concepts, such as Montessory, Waldorf, Summerhill, and Reggio Emilia, while the rest of them are practically unknown. While we can find a large variety of alternative directions in Great Britain, the focus of this thesis is on the intriguing recent movements that are more or less unexplored. The most established movement out of those is the democratic school movement, with the Summerhill school being its pioneer, while the more unfamiliar ones include the small schools movement and the human scale education.]

Language: Slovenian

Published: Maribor, Slovenia, 2017

Article

The ABCs (Alternative and Better Choices) of Good Nutrition

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 14, no. 2

Pages: 33–34

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Abstract/Notes: includes apple and avocado recipes

Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

Alternatives to Traditional Homework

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 7

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Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Modular Buildings: An Economical Alternative

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 2, no. 4

Pages: 14–16

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)

Approaching ‘The Civic Mission of Schools’: Examining Adolescent Civic Engagement in an Alternative Learning Environment

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

Montessori method of education, Service learning

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of the study was to examine students' expected and observable civic engagement in a Montessori Erdkinder-based middle school classroom. Research questions included: (a) In what ways is civic engagement addressed in the Montessori Erdkinder-based middle school explicit curriculum? (b) How does the expected civic engagement in the Montessori Erdkinder-based middle school explicit curriculum align with The Civic Mission of Schools six educational approaches? (c) In what ways do students experience civic engagement at the end-of-the-school year in Grades 7, 8 and 9 in a Montessori Erdkinder-based middle school classroom? The study used a case design with three embedded units of analysis. The purposefully selected participants included the teacher and 19 students. The curriculum was analyzed using document analysis and context was provided through teacher interviews. The curriculum was aligned with The Civic Mission of Schools' six approaches. Students' civic engagement was examined through observations, students' interviews and documents. Cross-case analysis examined civic engagement experiences between each grade level. These analyses were compared findings to civic education literature and The Civic Mission of Schools' six approaches. The study found the curriculum provided opportunities for civic engagement including civic and political skills, civic dispositions and community participation. When compared with The Civic Mission of Schools, the curriculum provided mixed results. Only the students' voices in school governance and service-learning were evident. Students had similar opportunities for civic engagement because of the mixed-age nature of Montessori learning. Evidence of student civic engagement included a student created and maintained democratic classroom environment, community service and service-learning, informal discussion of current events and participation in the Montessori Model United Nations. Although the curriculum did not directly align with The Civic Mission of Schools, it provided an example of (a) an apolitical curriculum for creating world citizens and (b) a model for civility for classroom governance and student behavior. A community of practice was developed based on occupation-based learning in which students learned their roles and experienced stress in a democratic workplace. Recommendations for future research include political socialization and alternative learning environments.

Language: English

Published: Charlottesville, Virginia, 2011

Article

Exploring the Alternatives

Available from: The Times Educational Supplement Historical Archive - Gale

Publication: The Times Educational Supplement, no. 4046 (London, England)

Pages: 22

Comparative education, Europe, Great Britain, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Northern Europe, Rudolf Steiner - Biographic sources, Rudolf Steiner - Philosophy, United Kingdom, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Examines the alternative methods of teaching in Great Britain introduced by Austrian-born philosopher Rudolf Steiner and Italian pediatrician Maria Montessori. Teachers' preference for the alternatives over traditional teaching methods; Adoption of Steiner's method by primary school teacher Roger Targett; Concerns for the well-being of the class; Lessons; Public examinations; Approach to discipline; More.

Language: English

ISSN: 0040-7887

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