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419 results

Article

Montessori Test Winter Killed: Procrastination Not Only Takes Time, but Gobbles up $1,000 Board of Education Blamed for Failure Miss Naumberg Quits After Giving Money and Teaching Where Chance Willed

Available from: ProQuest - Historical Newspapers

Publication: New York Tribune (New York, New York)

Pages: 6

Americas, Margaret Naumburg - Biographic sources, Montessori schools, North America, Public Montessori, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Claiming that the dilatory tactics, procrastination and general inefficiency of the Board of Education wets the causes for the failure of a rather expensive experiment in the Montessori system made in Public School 4 during...

Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Mothers’ Milk and Mothers’ Time: Childcare Advice and the Conceptualization of Demand Feeding in Post-1945 Britain and Italy

Available from: Cambridge University Press

Publication: The Historical Journal, vol. 67, no. 1

Pages: 102-123

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Abstract/Notes: This article draws on childcare advice to investigate the shift from breastfeeding by the clock to feeding on demand in twentieth-century Britain and Italy, to demonstrate that it was not just mothers’ bodies, nor what they fed their children, but their time that was subject to political, medical, and cultural attention. The comparative approach highlights the convergences and divergences in breastfeeding advice, illuminating the interactions with political and intellectual currents, as much as social and economic patterns. ‘Scientific motherhood’ and the promotion of feeding by the clock dominated in Britain and Italy at the beginning of the century, and persisted under fascist initiatives to regulate breastfeeding. Some existing differences, however, contained the seeds of greater divergence after 1945 in the two countries. Shaped by differing intersections of medical, psychoanalytic, and feminist thinking, the uneven shift to the concept of demand feeding slowly took root in Britain in the post-war period, but in Italy only in the context of 1968 counter-cultural ideas. The 1970s brought the conversation back to a point of convergence between Britain and Italy in the feminist recognition of the complexities of balancing the ‘rights and duties’ of mothers and children when it came to feeding babies.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1017/S0018246X23000456

ISSN: 0018-246X, 1469-5103

Article

Timeline

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 34, no. 4

Pages: 35

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Abstract/Notes: 1870 Maria Montessori is born, in Chiaravalle, Italy, on August 31, to well-educated parents. 1883 Maria convinces her parents to let her attend a technical school; at the age of 13, she enters the Regia Scuola Tecnica Michelangelo Buonarroti, where she is one of two female students. 1890 Defying her father's wishes, Montessori pursues her wish to become a doctor and enrolls in the University of Rome, to study physics, mathematics, and natural sciences. 1892 Montessori enters the medical school at the University of Rome. 1896 Montessori becomes one of the first Italian women to earn a medical degree, scoring exceptionally high marks on her final exams. Fellow innovators like Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison embrace Montessori's work and endeavor to spread her Method throughout the country. 1913 Montessori runs her first international training course, in her apartment in Rome, under the patronage of Italy's Queen Margherita. At the Panama-Pacific International Exposition, in San Francisco, a Montessori class works in a glass pavilion, observed by visitors. 1929 A teacher training center with a model Montessori school is built in Rome; Montessori collaborates with its architects.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

It's Time to Work Together

Publication: Holistic Education Review, vol. 2, no. 3

Pages: 2

Montessori method of education, Montessori schools

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Language: English

ISSN: 0898-0926

Article

Dr. Montessori Is Drawn Back to San Diego by Charm of Exposition; for Second Time San Diego Has Honor of Entertaining Noted Educator

Available from: California Digital Newspaper Collection

Publication: San Diego Union (San Diego, California)

Pages: 5

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, North America

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Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Why the time is ripe for an education revolution

Available from: Frontiers

Publication: Frontiers in Developmental Psychology, vol. 1

Pages: Article 1177576

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Abstract/Notes: Most American classrooms employ a teacher-text-centered model of instruction that is misaligned with the developmental science of how children naturally learn. This article reviews that science and the origins of the common instructional model, including three modifications intended to make it work better (grades, age-graded classrooms, and high-stakes testing) yet which time has shown are problematic. Considering scientific theory change, I show how parallel circumstances exist between the situation in education today and pre-Copernican astronomy, building the case that education is now ripe for a paradigm shift in its instructional model, away from teacher-text-centered learning and to highly structured instructional environments that support self-construction through limited free choice. One proven model that responds to our world's contemporary needs is described, and a prescription is offered for how to bring about a paradigm shift in educational practice.

Language: English

DOI: 10.3389/fdpys.2023.1177576

ISSN: 2813-7779

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori: Origin and reasons for the criticisms of one of the most controversial pedagogues of all time / Montessori: Origen y razones de las críticas a una de las pedagogas más controvertidas de la historia

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Revista Española de Pedagogia, vol. 81, no. 285

Pages: 251-270

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori is one of the most fascinating and controversial pedagogues of all time. On the one hand, the naturalists reproached her for the rigidity and artificiality of her method, as well as her rejection of productive imagination and fantasy. On the other hand, progressive educators reproached the individualist and prescriptive character of her method. The modernists reproached her for her religiosity. Some criticized her for accelerating learning or for not respecting the freedom of the child, others for the contrary. Christians branded her a secularist, positivist, naturalist, and theosophist, while theosophists defined her as Catholic. These paradoxical criticisms are due, among other reasons, to the context of the antimodernist frenzy in which she developed her method, to her network of friends in Freemason circles, to the numerous nuances of her method, to her resistance to fitting in with existing educational currents, to the instrumentalization of her method by third party interests, to her sometimes entangled and not very clear language and to the lack of knowledge of her method in action. / Montessori es una de las pedagogas más fascinantes y controvertidas de la historia. Resulta curioso que todos le reprochasen tantos aspectos tan contradictorios. Los naturalistas, la rigidez y la artificialidad de su método, así como su rechazo a la imaginación productiva y a la fantasía; los progresistas, la individualidad y el carácter coercitivo del método; los modernistas, su religiosidad; algunos la criticaban por adelantar los aprendizajes o por no respetar la libertad del alumno, otros, por lo contrario; los cristianos la tildaron de laicista, naturalista, positivista y teósofa, mientras que los teósofos la definieron como católica. Esas críticas tan paradójicas se deben, entre otras razones, al contexto de persecución antimodernista en el que desarrolló su método, a su red de amistades en los ambientes masones, a los numerosos matices de su método, a su resistencia a encajar en las corrientes educativas existentes, a la instrumentalización de su método por intereses ajenos, a su lenguaje a veces enredado y poco divulgativo y al desconocimiento de su método en acción.

Language: English, Spanish

DOI: 10.22550/REP81-2-2023-01

ISSN: 0034-9461, 2174-0909

Article

Summertime...

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 35, no. 2

Pages: 5

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Abstract/Notes: Or perhaps you're looking ahead, as you shift gears into a summer of professional development, teacher education, or planning for the coming school year. Guided by the principles of justice, equity, diversity, and inclusion, Montessori Life seeks to provoke thought and promote professional development through sharing information, both practical and theoretical, and providing a forum for discussion of issues and ideas in the field. While recycling is the activity that many of us adopt when we want to be eco-conscious, it is in fact the other two "Rs" (reducing and reusing) that have greater environmental benefit and lead to lasting environmental sustainability, because they minimize the amount of waste generated in the first place. On page 42 ("Moving through Struggle"), Molly Wheeler introduces breathing and movement exercises that serve as self-regulation tools for children who are experiencing trauma and chronic stress.

Language: English

ISSN: 10540040

Article

Kōen chō shōshika jidai no yōji no kurashi / 超少子化時代の幼児のくらし / Children's Life Styles in Time of Super-Declining Birthrate

Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 39

Pages: 21-32

Asia, East Asia, Japan

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Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.

Language: Japanese

ISSN: 0913-4220

Article

Kantō gen nedzuku 'toki' / 巻頭言 根づく「時」 [Rooted in "Time"]

Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 28

Pages: 1

Asia, East Asia, Japan

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Language: Japanese

ISSN: 0913-4220

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