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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

History of the Reception of Montessori Education in Japan

Available from: Espacio, Tiempo y Educación

Publication: Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, vol. 5, no. 2

Asia, East Asia, Japan, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: This paper focuses on the history of the reception of Montessori Education, and sheds light on the development of childhood education in Japan. From its first adoption in the 1910s until today, the Montessori style of Education has been both praised and criticised. Nevertheless, this period has seen three distinct phases of theory and practice. The first stage (1910s-1930s) saw, from its initial adoption, a rapid acceptance of Montessori Education, due to its promise of early education and new teaching methods promoting freedom for children. However, the method soon lost popularity because some educators criticized the weakness of Montessori’s theory. In the second stage (1930s-post-World War II), interest in the method continued to grow, albeit gradually, and several books published on the Montessori Method in Europe and America were translated into Japanese. The third stage (1950s-present) saw the so-called «Montessori revival», in which the method caught on again with many educators. Many original works were translated, numerous studies on Montessori appeared, and the number of kindergartens and nursery schools using the Montessori Method increased. Much has been said both for and against Montessori’s concept of «freedom for children». Recently, however «learning from the environment» has become an important topic in early childhood education in Japan. Montessori attaches importance to children’s freedom to interact with each other and their environment, leading to a renewed interest in the Montessori method and the theory behind it. This paper seeks to clarify the transitions in the popularity of Montessori Education and analyse its value to Japan.

Language: English

DOI: 10.14516/ete.227

ISSN: 2340-7263

Bachelor's Thesis

Výtvarné činnosti v Montessori mateřské škole / Art Activities in Montessori Kindergarten

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Bakalářská práce se zabývá možnostmi využití výtvarné výchovy v předškolním vzdělávání založeném na principu pedagogiky Marie Montessori. V teoretické části je představena Montessori pedagogika. Zabývá se důležitými principy alternativního proudu pedagogiky, jeho prvky a vzdělávacími oblasti, objasňuje též pojetí výtvarné výchovy v Montessori zařízení. V další část je věnována pojetí výtvarné výchovy v předškolním vzdělávání, jejím proudům a zaměřeno je na reflektivní, tvořivé a zážitkové pojetí vzdělávání, které je využito při tvorbě výtvarných činností. V praktické části je formou případové studie popsáno fungování výtvarné výchovy ve vybrané Montessori mateřské škole. Jsou realizovány vlastní výtvarné aktivity, které jsou inspirovány artefiletickým proudem výtvarného vzdělávání. Zaměřuje se na sebereflexi vlastního výtvarného projektu, formulaci konkrétních vzdělávacích problémů a nástrojů pro jejich zvládnutí. / The bachelor thesis deals with the possibilities of using art education in preschool education based on the principles of Maria Montessori pedagogy. The theoretical part presents the Montessori pedagogy method. It deals with the important principles of the alternative streams of educational system, it observes its features and the educational areas and clarifies the concepts of art education in Montessori schools. The next part of the thesis focuses on the usage of art education in preschool education and observes its streams and forms. It deals with the reflective, creative, and experiential form of education, which is applied when creating the art activities. The practical part of the thesis presents a case study describing the function of art education in a selected Montessori kindergarten. Several art activities were realized, using the inspiration from the artefiletic concept of art education. It focuses on self-reflection of one’s own art project and it defines particular educational issues as well as its tools how to manage them.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2021

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Maria Montessori e a Formação de Professores: O Que Dizem as Fontes Italianas? [Maria Montessori and Teacher Education: What Do Italian Sources Say?]

Available from: Sociedade Brasileira de História da Matemática (SBHMat)

Publication: Revista de História da Educação Matemática, vol. 6, no. 3

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Montessori method of education - Teachers

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Abstract/Notes: Neste texto é apresentado um enredo acerca da circulação de Maria Montessori a partir fontes localizadas na Itália, fruto de um estágio sanduíche cujo um dos objetivos foi de estabelecer fios narrativos que pudessem contribuir para melhor entender aspectos que estão relacionados à circulação de Montessori e o seu contexto de produção de saberes para a formação e o ensino nas primeiras décadas do século XX. É possível dizer, pós análise, que a sistematização da proposta de Montessori na forma escrita contribuiu para a divulgação do seu método, haja vista o “boom” pós publicação da Pedagogia Científica e a publicações de artigos de revistas por ela organizadas. Vale dizer, também, que os cursos de formação de professores ganharam, também, papel importante para a circulação do seu método, haja vista as convocatórias a Montessori feitas por parte do Estado, que podem ser consideradas como reconhecimento de uma expertise para responder à uma demanda prática à época. [This text presents a plot about the circulation of Maria Montessori from sources located in Italy, the result of a sandwich stage whose objective was to establish narrative threads that could contribute to better understanding aspects that are related to the circulation of Montessori and its context of knowledge production for training and teaching in the first decades of the 20th century. It is possible to say, after analysis, that the systematization of Montessori's proposal in written form contributed to the dissemination of his method, given the boom after the publication of Scientific Pedagogy and the publication of articles in journals organized by it. It is also worth mentioning that teacher training courses have also gained an important role in the circulation of their method, given the calls to Montessori made by the State, which can be considered as recognition of an expertise to respond to a practical demand at the time.]

Language: Portuguese

ISSN: 2447-6447

Book Section

Ergänzungen des Montessori-Materials aus der Sicht des Blindenlehrers [Additions to the Montessori material from the point of view of the teacher for the blind]

Book Title: Die Montessori-Pädagogik und das behinderte Kind: Referate und Ergebnisse des 18. Internationalen Montessori Kongresses (München, 4-8 Juli 1977) [Montessori Pedagogy and the Handicapped Child: Papers and Results of the 18th International Montessori Congress (Munich, July 4-8, 1977)]

Pages: 300-303

Blind, Blind children, Children with disabilities, Conferences, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977), Montessori materials, Montessori method of education

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Language: German

Published: München: Kindler, 1978

ISBN: 3-463-00716-9

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Relationship of Montessori Approach with Interior Spaces in Preschools and Physical Set-up [Montessori Yaklaşımının Anaokulu İç Mekanları ve Fiziksel Oluşumu ile İlişkisi]

Available from: Megaron Journal

Publication: Megaron: Yıldız Technical University, Faculty of Architecture E-Journal, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 451-458

Architecture, Asia, Middle East, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori education gathers around two purposes: biological and social purposes. Helping natural development of an individual is targeted in the biological part, and preparation of an individual for the environment is targeted in the social part (Montessori, 1947). Fundamental element of Montessori approach is to form the space. Although there are plenty of studies present in the literature on this subject, it was noted that studies on interior spaces, with which people have quite intensive and higher level of relationship, turned out to be very few. Thus, in this study, in the context of findings determined by conceptual components affecting physical characteristics in the formation of interior spaces, particularly in kindergartens applying Montessori education model, which has become widespread in preschool educational institutions in Turkey during the past ten years; For this reason five (all) institutions in Ankara were selected as the area of study with more than one data collection technique, and survey with quantitative approach, and document investigation with qualitative approach and monitoring (mechanical) techniques were used. In the applied study, characteristics making up the interior space in preschool educational institutions were studied in the content of the titles of Properties of Interiors, General Spatial Standards of Day Care Centre, Atmospheric Properties Floor, Wall, Furnishings etc...), Furniture and Equipment, and the sample interior- space forming model for design setting was suggested. [Montessori eğitimi iki amaç etrafında toplanır: biyolojik ve sosyal amaçlar. Bir bireyin doğal gelişimine yardımcı olmak biyolojik yönünü hedef alırken ve çevre için bireyin hazırlanması toplumsal yönünü hedefler (Montessori, 1947). Montessori yaklaşımının temel unsuru mekanı oluşturmaktır. Bu konuda literatürde çok sayıda çalışma olmasına rağmen, insanların oldukça yoğun ve yüksek düzeyde ilişkilere sahip olduğu iç mekanlarla ilgili çalışmaların çok az olduğu ortaya çıkmıştır. Bu nedenle, bu çalışmada, özellikle son on yılda Türkiye’de okul öncesi eğitim kurumlarında yaygınlaşan Montessori eğitim modelini uygulayan anaokullarında iç mekan oluşumunda fiziksel özellikleri etkileyen kavramsal bileşenler tarafından belirlenen bulgular bağlamında; Ankara’da beş (tüm) kurum birden fazla veri toplama tekniği ile çalışma alanı olarak seçilmiş, niceliksel yaklaşımla anket, nitel yaklaşım ile izleme (mekanik) teknikleriyle belge araştırması kullanılmıştır. Uygulamalı çalışmada, İç Mekanların Özellikleri, Anaokulunun Genel Mekansal Standartları, Atmosferik Zemin Kat, Duvar, Mobilyalar vb. Başlıkları kapsamında, okul öncesi eğitim kurumlarındaki iç mekanı oluşturan özellikler incelenmiştir. Ayrıca, Mobilya, Ekipman ve tasarım ortamı için örnek iç mekan oluşturma modeli önerilmiştir.]

Language: English

DOI: 10.5505/megaron.2018.93276

ISSN: 1309-6915

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Education at a Distance, Part 2: A Mixed Methods Examination of Montessori Educators’ Response to a Global Pandemic

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 7, no. 1

Pages: 31-50

Americas, COVID-19 Pandemic, Montessori method of education, North America, Remote learning, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This study offers a contextualized understanding of the distance-learning experiences of Montessori educators and students in the spring of 2020 in the wake of the COVID-19 global pandemic. In this article, we build on results reported in a separate article published in this issue of the Journal of Montessori Research. First, we analyzed qualitative data from social media and national virtual gatherings designed to support teachers as they faced the challenges created by the abrupt shift to distance learning. Second, we employed a convergent mixed-methods design to integrate these qualitative findings with the survey results reported in the previous article to provide a richer and more complete perspective on the situation. In our results, we found substantial evidence to support the resilience and durability of the Montessori Method, even in the face of adverse conditions created by a global pandemic. Despite the challenges of adaptation, Montessori educators demonstrated a commitment to the key tenets of Montessori philosophy, such as following the child and employing a holistic perspective on learning and development. While serving the whole child’s growth and development remained front and center, Montessori teachers’ approach to academics looked very different under distance learning. Still, the ongoing attention to children’s social-emotional needs will benefit both teachers and children when they return to the classroom, undoubtedly with lasting effects from pandemic-related isolation and hardship.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v7i1.15123

ISSN: 2378-3923

Thesis

A Study of Parents’ Views and Choices Towards the Montessori Method

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Abstract/Notes: Dr. Maria Montessori established the Montessori Method in the early 1900s. Her first book ‘The Montessori Method’ was translated into English in 1912 and has since become a globally recognised form of education (Isaacs, 2012). This paper concentrates on the parents’ views and choices towards the Montessori Method as this particular subject remains largely unstudied, especially within the UK. The author of this thesis is qualified in Montessori early years practice and therefore has a personal interest in gaining an insight into the parents’ point of view. The thesis identifies and analyses the key aspects of the philosophy and curriculum within the Montessori Method. This was achieved by studying Dr. Montessori’s original ideas and recent supportive or critical reviews. To gain the perspective of the parents, questionnaires were designed to elicit answers to the following questions: What are the parent’s views of the Montessori Method? Do parents understand the Montessori Philosophy?; Do parents choose a nursery because it is using the Montessori Method? The study was conducted within two private Montessori Nursery schools: N:B and N:A. The questionnaire had a Likert 5 scale design, consisting of 16 questions and 1 open question giving the option of additional comments. 40 questionnaires were distributed in each setting. The response rate was: N:B: 23 (57.49%): and N:A: 16 (40%), with a total sample size of 39. The Likert scale results were processed into graphs and the displayed numerically. Additionally 26 participants provided extra information in the optional section, the results of which were organised into a graph of the five recurrent themes together with illustrative quotes. The results showed that even though the majority of the parents chose their nursery because it was using the Montessori Method and agreed with the philosophy, only a minority actually demonstrated a level of understanding of the method. The conclusion was that parents thought they know what Montessori education was but actually their understanding was superficial. The implication of this finding is that parents express a willingness to support the Montessori Method and Practitioners need to provide more information for them. However, the study was restricted due to the quantitative design of the questionnaire and the lack of academic sources to support findings. Parents’ participation was willingly given, suggesting further study in this area to be feasible.

Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [The Thoughts of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori About Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Universitas PGRI Semarang (Indonesia)

Publication: PAUDIA: Jurnal Penelitian dalam Bidang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Research Journal in the Field of Early Childhood Education], vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 17-35

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hadjar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: Mendalami ilmu pendidikan anak usia dini tidak dapat dilakukan apabila hanya mengkaji pemikiran satu tokoh saja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui (1) pemikiran, (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang pendidikan anak usia dini. Metode yang digunakan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian kepustakaan yang mengkomparasikan pemikiran kedua tokoh. Data dianalisis dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua bulan mulai januari sampai februari 2020. Sumber data terdiri dari data primer dan sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) pemikiran pendidikan anak usia dini menurut Ki Hajar Dewantara adalah pendidikan yang diberikan pada anak 0-7 tahun dengan pemberian pendidikan yang memperhatikan unsur alami anak dengan materi melatih panca indera menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah dilakukan di lingkungan keluarga, sekolah dan masyarakat dengan tujuan mengembangkan cipta, rasa dan karsa pada anak. Menurut Maria Montessori pendidikan anak usia dini adalah pendidikan yang diberikan untuk anak 0-6 tahun dilakukannya dilingkungan sekolah dengan materi keterampilan sehari-hari menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah yang memberikan kebebasan anak untuk memilih aktivitas dan media yang ingin digunakan. (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang anak usia dini terletak dari aspek nama dan filosofi sekolah, setting lingkungan, dasar pemikiran PAUD, metode dan tugas pendidik. [The science of early childhood education cannot be understood from one’s thought. This research intended to know (1) the thoughts (2) the similarities and differences of early childhood education thoughts by Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori. The method used was qualitative with library research which compared two experts’ thoughts. The data was analyzed by descriptive approach. This research was done within two months, january to february 2020. The data were from primary and secondary data. The results revealed (1) Ki Hajar Dewantara states that early childhood education is an education given to 0-7 year old children and emphasizes on natural factors by training five senses through outward and inward method around family, school and community environments to develop creativity, feeling and intention. While Maria Montessori says that early childhood education is an education given to 0-6 year old children through daily skills in school environment and uses outward and inward method which let them choose activity and media they want. (2) the similarities and differences of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori thoughts were school’s name and philosopy, environment, ECE basic thoughts, learning method and educator’s duties.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.26877/paudia.v9i1.5610

ISSN: 2598-4047, 2089-1431

Book Section

Die Anpassung des Montessori-Materials für Blinde [The adaptation of the Montessori material for the blind]

Book Title: Die Montessori-Pädagogik und das behinderte Kind: Referate und Ergebnisse des 18. Internationalen Montessori Kongresses (München, 4-8 Juli 1977) [Montessori Pedagogy and the Handicapped Child: Papers and Results of the 18th International Montessori Congress (Munich, July 4-8, 1977)]

Pages: 368-373

Blind, Blind children, Children with disabilities, Conferences, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977), Montessori materials, Montessori method of education

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Language: German

Published: München: Kindler, 1978

ISBN: 3-463-00716-9

Article

Elementi Montessori Pedagogije u Nastavi [Elements of Montessori Pedagogy in Teaching]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Varaždinski učitelj: digitalni stručni časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje, vol. 4, no. 5

Pages: 305-312

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori bila je liječnica, učiteljica i filozofica, a najpoznatija je po svojoj Montessori metodi podučavanja djece od rođenja do adolescencije. Njena metoda se i danas primjenjuje u školama širom svijeta, a nastala je promatranjem djece tijekom igre. Promatrala je spontanost u dječjim postupcima i otkrila potrebu djece za ponavljanjem, jer ponavljanje postupaka djeci pruža osjećaj sigurnosti. Unosila je red i mir u učionicu jer je dijete moralo smjestiti stvari koje je koristilo na svoje mjesto. Radi u tišini, govori tiho ili šapatom. Osnova njezine metode i učenja su senzorna pomagala. Dijete treba steći sve sadržaje i iskustva svim osjetilima - dodirom, vidom, sluhom, mirisom i okusom. Djeca svoje znanje grade na greškama i eksperimentima. Materijal koji djeca koriste izrađen je na način da djetetu ne treba prisustvo ili intervencija učitelja radi kontrole. Budući da mi je Marie Montessori pedagogija vrlo bliska, jednom tjedno, petkom, poučavala sam u 1. razredu po načelima Montessori pedagogije. S ciljem utvrđivanja i produbljivanja sadržaja stečenih prilikom usvajanja novog gradiva iz svih predmeta. Sadržaji su bili međusobno isprepleteni i povezani. [Maria Montessori was a physician, teacher and philosopher, and is best known for her Montessori method of teaching children from birth to adolescence. Her method is still used today in schools around the world, and was created by observing children during play. She observed spontaneity in children's actions and discovered the need for children to repeat, because repeating actions gives children a sense of security. She brought order and peace to the classroom because the child had to put the things she used in their place. He works in silence, speaks softly or in whispers. The basis of her method and teaching are sensory aids. The child should acquire all the contents and experiences of all the senses - touch, sight, hearing, smell and taste. Children build their knowledge on mistakes and experiments. The material used by the children is made in such a way that the child does not need the presence or intervention of a teacher for control. Since Marie Montessori pedagogy is very close to me, once a week, on Fridays, I taught in the 1st grade according to the principles of Montessori pedagogy. With the aim of determining and deepening the content acquired during the adoption of new material from all subjects. The contents were intertwined and interconnected.]

Language: Croatian

ISSN: 2623-7237

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