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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Maria Montessori in the Role of a Teacher / Maria Montessori w roli nauczycielki

Available from: Jesuit University Ignatianum in Krakow

Publication: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce / Elementary Education in Theory and Practice, vol. 13, no. 1 (whole no. 47)

Pages: 14-28

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Abstract/Notes: The essay analyses the figure of Maria Montessori as a teacher and the teaching that she conducted in her career. A historical perspective is adopted, with reference to some fundamental moments in Montessori’s teaching life, described with the help of her own early writings (often unpublished), and the testimonies of some of her colleagues and students. M. Montessori began her career as a teacher in 1899 at the “Higher Institute of Teaching for Women” and then she continued at the “Pedagogical School” of the University of Rome. The analysis presented in this article shows that Montessori considered it essential to combine theory and practice, to promote students’ active participation, linking what is learnt in the classroom with the outside world. From her earliest experiences as a teacher, it became fundamental for Montessori to place her teaching against the background of social and civil commitment, open it up to comparison, and to integrate her experience with work and empirical research. / Prezentowany esej jest analizą sylwetki Marii Montessori jako nauczycielki oraz jej kariery nauczycielskiej. W analizie przyjęto perspektywę historyczną, z odniesieniem do wybranych, kluczowych momentów w karierze nauczycielskiej M. Montessori, opisanych z pomocą jej własnych, wczesnych pism (często niepublikowanych), oraz wspomnień jej współpracowników i studentów. Maria Montessori rozpoczęła swoją karierę jako nauczycielka w 1899 roku w „Wyższym Instytucie Edukacji dla Kobiet”, a następnie kontynuowała pracę w Szkole pedagogicznej Uniwersytetu Rzymskiego. Przedstawione rozważania ukazują, że M. Montessori uznawała za kluczowe: łączenie teorii z praktyką, wspieranie aktywnego udziału studentów, łączenie tego, czego się nauczyli w klasie szkolnej z działaniem w świecie zewnętrznym. Na podstawie swoich wczesnych nauczycielskich doświadczeń M. Montessori fundamentem swojego nauczania uczyniła zaangażowanie społeczne i obywatelskie, a także otwarcie się na porównanie i integrację zdobytych doświadczeń z pracą i badaniami empirycznymi.

Language: English

DOI: 10.14632/eetp.2017.13.47.17

ISSN: 1896-2327, 2353-7787

Article

Maria Montessori und die Katholiken [Maria Montessori and the Catholics]

Publication: Katholische Frauenbildung, vol. 63

Pages: 676-679

Catholicism, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy

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Language: German

ISSN: 0343-4613

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Maria Montessori e la Prima Casa dei Bambini dell'Istituto Romano di Beni Stabili (1907) [Maria Montessori and the First Children's Home of the Roman Institute of Beni Stabili (1907)]

Publication: Giornale di Storia Contemporanea, vol. 10 (Anno 10)

Pages: 160-174

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 2037-7975

Doctoral Dissertation

Maria Montessori'ye göre çocuğun doğası ve eğitimi / The nature and education of the child according to Maria Montessori

Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: İtalyan eğitimci ve tıp doktoru Maria Montessori'nin 'çocuğun doğası ve eğitimi' hakkındaki düşüncelerinin incelenmesi amacıyla yapılan bu çalışmada onun ortaya koyduğu metot, eğitimin çeşitli unsurları açısından ele alınıp incelenmiştir. Bu amaç doğrultusunda çalışmada, Montessori'nin eğitim alanında metot geliştirmesine neden olan düşünceleriyle metot hakkında ileri sürülen bilgiler bir bütünlük içinde sentez edilmiştir. Bu nedenle çalışma, hem kuram hem de uygulamalara ilişkin bilgilerden oluşmaktadır. Çalışmadaki kuramsal bilgilerin büyük bir bölümü Montessori'nin çocuk hakkındaki düşüncelerinden oluşmaktadır. Onun bu düşünceleri bilimsel bulgulara dayanmaktadır. Bu nedenle çalışmada, araştırmalar sonucu elde edilen bilimsel bulgulara da yer verilmiştir. Çalışmadaki uygulamaya yönelik bilgilerin büyük bir bölümü ise Montessori'nin kendi eserlerinden elde edilmiştir. Çalışmanın bu bölümü ağırlıklı olarak metodun temel unsurlarını oluşturan eğitim materyallerine ilişkin bilgilerden oluşmaktadır. Çalışmanın son bölümünde Montessori kurumlarının genel hatlarıyla tanıtıldığı bir bölüme de yer verilmiştir. 'Montessori Kurumları ve Türkiye'deki Durum' başlığı altındaki bu bölümde dünyanın çeşitli ülkelerinde hizmet veren Montessori dernekleri ve okullarına yer verilmiştir. Bu bölüm, Montessori Metodu'nun aradan yüzyıl geçmesine rağmen dünyanın en yaygın eğitim metodu olarak uygulanmaya devam ettiğini göstermektedir. Ayrıca bu bölümde Montessori sistemi ile Türkiye'nin okul öncesi eğitim sistemi, amaçlar, eğitim ortamı ve öğretmene verilen rol bakımından birbiriyle karşılaştırılarak incelenmiştir. / In the study which is performed in order to examine the thoughts of Maria Montessori who is an Italian educationist and medical doctor, about the nature and education of the child; the method which is introduced by her is considered and examined through the different facts of education. According to this objective, the ideas of Montessori which has contributed to develop a method and the claimed information about the method are combined collectively. Therefore this study consists of both theories and the information about practices. Most of the theoretical information in the study includes mostly the thoughts of Montessori about childhood. Her thoughts depend on the scientific findings. Therefore some scientific findings which are produced as results of researches are included in this study. Most of the information about the implementation in the study is received from the Montessori's her own works. This part of the study is mainly consists of the information related to educational materials that consist of the main factors of the method. At the last part of this study, introduces Montessori's institutions with general view. Under title of 'Montessori Institutions and Situation in Turkey' it is talked about the Montessori Associations and school around the world. This part shows that even if a hundred years passed after the first implementations the Montessori Method, it is still the most widely used educational method. Furthermore, in this part of study, Montessori system and pre-school education system in Turkey are compared, by means of their aims, educational environment and the appointed role of the teacher while relating each case with other.

Language: Turkish

Published: Ankara, Turkey, 2010

Book

Das freie Spiel Emmi Pikler und Maria Montessori im Vergleich [The Free Play Emmi Pikler and Maria Montessori in Comparison]

Emmi Pikler - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Dieses Buch beinhaltet eine wissenschaftliche Auseinandersetzung der Reformpädagogik Emmi Piklers und Maria Montessoris im Bereich des freien Spiels. Ziel der Untersuchung ist es, die von Emmi Pikler und Maria Montessori entwickelten Richtlinien einer optimalen Erziehung darzustellen, miteinander zu vergleichen und anhand wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen zu beurteilen. Die grundlegende Frage ist, auf welche Details Eltern und Erzieher im kindlichen freien Spiel achten müssen, um eine ideale Entwicklung des Kindes ermöglichen zu können und welche Vorteile eine solche Erziehung für das Kind bringen kann. Anhand der Methode einer Inhaltsanalyse wird versucht, die entsprechenden Konzepte zur Darstellung der pädagogischen Annahmen einzubringen. Desweiteren wird über die Parallelen und Unterschiede in den erzieherischen Theorien Piklers und Montessoris diskutiert. Bei jenen Annahmen, in denen Pikler und Montessori differenzierte Ansichten vertreten, sollen wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zeigen, welche Theorie tatsächlich im Interesse des Kindes ist. Anhand mehrerer empirischen Studien werden die Konzepte der beiden Pädagoginnen verglichen und beurteilt. Anhand eines Literaturreviews werden die sechs Studien und ihre Forschungsergebnisse zusammengefasst. Der Leser erhält dadurch einen Überblick über Art und Vorgehensweise der Untersuchung was die Interpretation der Ergebnisse nachvollziehbar macht. Weiter bietet das Buch einen Überblick über Gestaltung und Organisation von Pikler- beziehungsweise Montessorispielgruppen, das freie Spiel aus Entwicklungspsychologischer Sicht und biographischen Angaben der beiden Reformpädagoginnen. [This book contains a scientific examination of Emmi Pikler's and Maria Montessori's reform pedagogy in the area of ​​free play. The aim of the study is to present the guidelines for optimal upbringing developed by Emmi Pikler and Maria Montessori, to compare them and to assess them on the basis of scientific studies. The basic question is which details parents and educators have to pay attention to in children's free play in order to enable ideal development of the child and what advantages such an upbringing can bring to the child. Using the method of content analysis, an attempt is made to introduce the appropriate concepts for the presentation of the pedagogical assumptions. Furthermore, the parallels and differences in the educational theories of Pikler and Montessori are discussed. In the case of those assumptions in which Pikler and Montessori represent differentiated views, scientific studies should show which theory is actually in the interest of the child. Based on several empirical studies, the concepts of the two teachers are compared and evaluated. The six studies and their research results are summarized using a literature review. This gives the reader an overview of the type and procedure of the investigation, which makes the interpretation of the results comprehensible. The book also offers an overview of the design and organization of Pikler and Montessori play groups, free play from a developmental psychological point of view and biographical information from the two reform educators.]

Language: German

Published: Hamburg, Germany: Diplomica, 2009

Edition: 1st ed.

ISBN: 978-3-8366-7299-3 3-8366-7299-5

Il pensiero pedagogico di Maria Montessori nel suo progressivo sviluppo [The pedagogical thought of Maria Montessori in its progressive development]

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Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy, 1950

Book Section

Il saluto dell'Assemblea costituente italiana a Maria Montessori [Greetings from the Italian Constituent Assembly to Maria Montessori]

Book Title: Maria Montessori cittadina del mondo [Maria Montessori, citizen of the world]

Pages: 287-289

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Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Comitato italiano dell'OMEP, 1967

Book Section

Maria Montessori e la Francia [Maria Montessori and France]

Book Title: Maria Montessori cittadina del mondo [Maria Montessori, citizen of the world]

Pages: 269-274

Europe, France, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Dalla rivista "Vita dell'Infanzia", Roma, anno I, n. 5-6-7, maggio-giugno-luglio, 1952, reportiamo la relazione della Signora Suzanne Herbinière Lebert, Ispettrice Generale delle Scuole Materne, Presidente dell'Organizzazione Mondiale dell'Educazione Prescolastica. [From the magazine "Vita dell'Infanzia", Rome, year I, n. 5-6-7, May-June-July, 1952, we report the report of Mrs. Suzanne Herbinière Lebert, General Inspector of Kindergartens, President of the World Organization of Preschool Education.]

Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Comitato italiano dell'OMEP, 1967

Book

Erdkinderplan Maria Montessoris Erziehungs- und Bildungskonzept für Jugendliche [Maria Montessori's Erdkinderplan Upbringing and Education Concept for Young People]

Erdkinder, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Konsequent ausgehend von den Entwicklungsbedürfnissen in der Adoleszenz entwarf Maria Montessori für 12-18Jährige das Konzept eines 'Studien- und Arbeitszentrums auf dem Lande', das mit seinen Komponenten Modellbauernhof, Hofladen/ Geschäft, Bed & Breakfast und Schule Jugendlichen Gelegenheit gibt, die gesellschaftlichen Grundstrukturen von Produktion, Handel und Dienstleistungen in einem überschaubaren und zugleich geschützten Rahmen kennenzulernen und damit Praxis-Theorie-übergreifende Erfahrungen in konkreten Zusammenhängen zu sammeln. Das Buch stellt die Grundlagen von Maria Montessoris Konzept detailliert vor und gibt durch Berichte und Interviews mit Montessori-ExpertInnen und Jugendlichen spannende Einblicke in authentische Praxisumsetzungen des "Erdkinder"-Konzepts national und international. [Consistently based on the development needs of adolescence, Maria Montessori designed the concept of a 'study and work center in the country' for 12-18 year olds, which, with its components of model farm, farm shop/shop, bed & breakfast and school, gives young people the opportunity to learn about the basic social structures of production, trade and services in a manageable and at the same time protected framework and thus to gain practical and theoretical experience in concrete contexts. The book presents the basics of Maria Montessori's concept in detail and, through reports and interviews with Montessori experts and young people, provides exciting insights into authentic practical implementations of the "earth children" concept nationally and internationally.]

Language: German

Published: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany: Herder, 2020

ISBN: 978-3-451-38375-5 3-451-38375-6

Series: Montessori-Praxis (Herder)

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