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1624 results

Article

Longitudinal Comparison of Montessori versus Non-Montessori Students’ Place-Value and Arithmetic Knowledge

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 1-15

Americas, Comparative education, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Base-10 and place value understanding are important foundational math concepts that are associated with higher use of decomposition strategies and higher accuracy on addition problems (Laski, Ermakova, & Vasilyeva, 2014; Fuson, 1990; Fuson & Briars, 1990; National Research Council, 2001). The current study examined base-10 knowledge, place value, and arithmetic accuracy and strategy use for children in early elementary school from Montessori and non-Montessori schools. Children (N = 150) were initially tested in either kindergarten or first grade. We followed up with a subgroup of the sample (N = 53) two years later when the children were in 2nd and 3rd grade. Although Montessori curriculum puts a large emphasis on the base-10 structure of number, we found that children from Montessori schools only showed an advantage on correct use of base-10 canonical representation in kindergarten but not in first grade. Moreover, there were no program differences in place value understanding in 2nd and 3rd grade. Although Montessori children used different strategies to obtain answers to addition problems in 2nd and 3rd grade as compared with non-Montessori children, there were no program differences in addition accuracy at any grade level. Educational implications are discussed.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v2i1.5677

ISSN: 2378-3923

Bachelor's Thesis

Výtvarné činnosti v Montessori mateřské škole / Art Activities in Montessori Kindergarten

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Bakalářská práce se zabývá možnostmi využití výtvarné výchovy v předškolním vzdělávání založeném na principu pedagogiky Marie Montessori. V teoretické části je představena Montessori pedagogika. Zabývá se důležitými principy alternativního proudu pedagogiky, jeho prvky a vzdělávacími oblasti, objasňuje též pojetí výtvarné výchovy v Montessori zařízení. V další část je věnována pojetí výtvarné výchovy v předškolním vzdělávání, jejím proudům a zaměřeno je na reflektivní, tvořivé a zážitkové pojetí vzdělávání, které je využito při tvorbě výtvarných činností. V praktické části je formou případové studie popsáno fungování výtvarné výchovy ve vybrané Montessori mateřské škole. Jsou realizovány vlastní výtvarné aktivity, které jsou inspirovány artefiletickým proudem výtvarného vzdělávání. Zaměřuje se na sebereflexi vlastního výtvarného projektu, formulaci konkrétních vzdělávacích problémů a nástrojů pro jejich zvládnutí. / The bachelor thesis deals with the possibilities of using art education in preschool education based on the principles of Maria Montessori pedagogy. The theoretical part presents the Montessori pedagogy method. It deals with the important principles of the alternative streams of educational system, it observes its features and the educational areas and clarifies the concepts of art education in Montessori schools. The next part of the thesis focuses on the usage of art education in preschool education and observes its streams and forms. It deals with the reflective, creative, and experiential form of education, which is applied when creating the art activities. The practical part of the thesis presents a case study describing the function of art education in a selected Montessori kindergarten. Several art activities were realized, using the inspiration from the artefiletic concept of art education. It focuses on self-reflection of one’s own art project and it defines particular educational issues as well as its tools how to manage them.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2021

Master's Thesis

El mètode Montessori a Catalunya a través de revistes i publicacions periòdiques (1911-2014) [The Montessori method in Catalonia through journals and periodicals (1911-2014)]

Available from: Universitat de Vic - Institutional Repository

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori (1870-1952), doctora i pedagoga, va dedicar la vida a l’estudi de l’infant. A partir de les seves observacions va elaborar un mètode pedagògic en el qual el centre era el nen i propiciava la resolució de les seves necessitats. El seu mètode va estendre’s per tot el món, arribant a Catalunya l’any 1911 a través d’un article a la revista Feminal. L’any 1914 es va dur a terme per primera vegada a la Casa de Maternitat de Barcelona una experiència d’aplicació del mètode Montessori. Des d’aquell moment l’ interès pel mètode va anar en creixement, sent molts els mestres i pedagogs interessats en ell. Aquest fet va provocar que fins i tot la mateixa Maria Montessori va viure durant un període a Catalunya. En aquest treball hem analitzat 95 articles publicats a Catalunya des del 1911 al 2014, any de celebració del centenari de la primera aula Montessori a Barcelona, per tal de valorar la repercussió que aquests articles podien haver tingut en la difusió i impuls del mètode a Catalunya. [Maria Montessori (1870-1952), a doctor and pedagogue, dedicated her life to the study of the child. From his observations he elaborated a pedagogical method in which the center was the child and favored the resolution of his needs. Her method spread all over the world, arriving in Catalonia in 1911 through an article in the magazine Feminal. In 1914, an experiment in the application of the Montessori method was carried out for the first time at the Barcelona Maternity Home. From that moment on, interest in the method grew, with many teachers and educators interested in it. This fact caused that even the same Maria Montessori lived during a period in Catalonia. In this work we have analyzed 95 articles published in Catalonia from 1911 to 2014, the year of the centenary of the first Montessori classroom in Barcelona, ​​in order to assess the impact that these articles could have had on the dissemination and promotion of the method in Catalonia.]

Language: Catalan

Published: Vic, Barcelona, Spain, 2017

Book

Questions About Montessori Education Today

Available from: ERIC

American Montessori Society (AMS), Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: In three parts, this symposium presentation to the American Montessori Society: (1) comments generally on current perceptions of Montessori education; (2) poses questions about practices in Montessori classrooms that challenge Montessori educators' core beliefs about Montessori education; and (3) discusses the cutting edges of contemporary Montessori methods education. In addition to general comments, Part 1 provides a discussion of the function of ideology in early childhood education and ways of opening closed belief systems to rational examination. Questions posed in part 2 concern essential aspects of classroom practices, the Montessori position statement, and general questions about Montessori theory to promote open discussion. Part 3, noting that a few decades ago the incorporation of pretend play activities into the Montessori classroom was the "cutting edge" of Montessori practices, asks such questions as "How would Maria Montessori respond to contempory educators' emphasis on project work and current advances in knowledge about teaching strategies that facilitate language development?" In conclusion, suggestions are offered on the substantial assets of the Montessori method, with a view toward future developments.

Language: English

Published: Urbana-Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois, 1990

Conference Paper

Easy Montessori Manager: An Online Montessori Management System

Available from: IEEE Xplore

2012 International Conference on Computer Information Science (ICCIS)

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Abstract/Notes: Easy Montessori Manager is dedicated to all the schools in Malaysia which are using the Montessori approach. It resembles an online management system but specifically designed for Montessori preschools and inclusive of Montessori Methods and for teachers' guidelines and assessments. A preliminary study was conducted to investigate the need of an online Montessori module by doing a survey. The survey is conducted by using questionnaires which are distributed to four Montessori schools in Selangor. From the result of the study, a prototype of the actual system is developed in order to get a general idea on how the system should look like. Afterward, the prototype is then evaluated by a Montessori principal to get her opinion on a good Montessori management system.

Language: English

Pages: 12-18

DOI: 10.1109/ICCISci.2012.6297205

Article

History of the Reception of Montessori Education in Japan

Available from: Espacio, Tiempo y Educación

Publication: Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, vol. 5, no. 2

Asia, East Asia, Japan, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: This paper focuses on the history of the reception of Montessori Education, and sheds light on the development of childhood education in Japan. From its first adoption in the 1910s until today, the Montessori style of Education has been both praised and criticised. Nevertheless, this period has seen three distinct phases of theory and practice. The first stage (1910s-1930s) saw, from its initial adoption, a rapid acceptance of Montessori Education, due to its promise of early education and new teaching methods promoting freedom for children. However, the method soon lost popularity because some educators criticized the weakness of Montessori’s theory. In the second stage (1930s-post-World War II), interest in the method continued to grow, albeit gradually, and several books published on the Montessori Method in Europe and America were translated into Japanese. The third stage (1950s-present) saw the so-called «Montessori revival», in which the method caught on again with many educators. Many original works were translated, numerous studies on Montessori appeared, and the number of kindergartens and nursery schools using the Montessori Method increased. Much has been said both for and against Montessori’s concept of «freedom for children». Recently, however «learning from the environment» has become an important topic in early childhood education in Japan. Montessori attaches importance to children’s freedom to interact with each other and their environment, leading to a renewed interest in the Montessori method and the theory behind it. This paper seeks to clarify the transitions in the popularity of Montessori Education and analyse its value to Japan.

Language: English

DOI: 10.14516/ete.227

ISSN: 2340-7263

Book

Frebel i Montessori [Froebel and Montessori]

Eastern Europe, Europe, Friedrich Fröbel - Biographic sources, Friedrich Fröbel - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Russia, Ukraine

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Abstract/Notes: Reportedly includes a section about Montessori education.

Language: Russian

Published: Kiev, Ukraine: [s.n.], 1915

Book Section

Bericht über die Montessori-Pädagogik in Afrika (1968-1976) [Report on Montessori Education in Africa (1968-1976)]

Book Title: Die Montessori-Pädagogik und das behinderte Kind: Referate und Ergebnisse des 18. Internationalen Montessori Kongresses (München, 4-8 Juli 1977) [Montessori Pedagogy and the Handicapped Child: Papers and Results of the 18th International Montessori Congress (Munich, July 4-8, 1977)]

Pages: 384-386

Africa, Conferences, East Africa, Ethiopia, Ghana, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977), Kenya, Mauritania, Montessori method of education - History, Nigeria, Seychelles, Somalia

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Language: German

Published: München: Kindler, 1978

ISBN: 3-463-00716-9

Book Section

Das erste Montessori-Kinderhaus mit integrierter Erziehung in München. Erfahrungen bei den Kindern [The first Montessori children's home with integrated education in Munich. Experiences with the children]

Book Title: Die Montessori-Pädagogik und das behinderte Kind: Referate und Ergebnisse des 18. Internationalen Montessori Kongresses (München, 4-8 Juli 1977) [Montessori Pedagogy and the Handicapped Child: Papers and Results of the 18th International Montessori Congress (Munich, July 4-8, 1977)]

Pages: 289-295

Conferences, Europe, Germany, Inclusive education, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977), Western Europe

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Language: German

Published: München: Kindler, 1978

ISBN: 3-463-00716-9

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