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Article

Maria Montessori und die Montessori-Erziehung [Maria Montessori and Montessori Education]

Publication: Pädagogische Welt, vol. 9

Pages: 27-29

Europe, Germany, Western Europe

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Language: German

Undergraduate Thesis

Specifika řízení Montessori škol / Specifics of Montessori School Management

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Bakalářská práce Specifika řízení montessori škol se zaměřuje na rozdíly v řízení montessori škol a škol bez montessori vzdělávacího programu. Teoretická část je na základě odborné literatury zaměřena řízení školy, ředitele školy a na kompetence, které ředitelé mají. Dále je zde popisován kompetenční model ředitele. Třetí kapitola charakterizuje řízení pedagogického procesu. Konkretizuje, jak získávat a udržet žáky. V kapitole řízení lidských zdrojů je popisováno přijímání, rozvoj, hodnocení pracovníků a hospitace. Další část se týká alternativního vzdělávání se zaměřením na osobnost Marie Montessori a na specifika tohoto pedagogického směru. Praktická část se zabývá metodikou sběru dat a popisuje výsledky dotazníkového šetření. Cílem práce je zjistit rozdíly v řízení montessori škol a škol bez montessori vzdělávacího programu. Tohoto cíle je dosaženo zhodnocením výsledků z dotazníkového šetření. / The bachelor's thesis Specifics of Montessori School Management focuses on the differences in the management of montessori schools and schools without a montessori educational program. Based on the literature, the theoretical part focuses on the management of the school, the school principal and the competencies that the principals have. Furthermore, the competence model of the director is described here. The third chapter characterizes the management of the pedagogical process. It specifies how to acquire and retain students. The chapter on human resources management describes recruitment, development, evaluation of employees and supervision. The next part concerns alternative education with a focus on the personality of Maria Montessori and the specifics of this pedagogical direction. The practical part deals with the methodology of data collection and describes the results of the questionnaire survey. The aim of the work is to find out the differences in the management of montessori schools and schools without a montessori educational program. This goal is achieved by evaluating the results of the questionnaire survey.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2022

Honors Thesis

The Great Italian Educator: The Montessori Method and American Nativism in the 1910s

Available from: University of Kansas

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this project is to investigate to what extent Protestant nativism impeded the spread of the Montessori Method in the United States. The Montessori Method has experienced waves of popularity in America ever since it was first introduced in 1910. During the first wave of popularity, from 1910-1917, Dr. Maria Montessori, the founder, faced backlash from educators and educational philosophers for her scientific reasoning and her pedagogical and social philosophies. Some Montessori historians believe that these factors were critical in halting the spread of the Montessori Method in America in 1917. An additional theory is that Montessori’s personal identity, as an Italian Catholic woman, impeded the reception of her ideas in America. Considering that the time period was characterized by anti-Catholic rhetoric from political organizations as well as newspapers and journals, the theory makes sense. Research for this project was conducted by examining newspaper publications that covered the Montessori Method, rebuttals of the method published by American educators, and the books and articles written by Montessori advocates. Other primary sources include Catholic publications and Dr. Montessori’s own books and writings. Secondary sources, such as autobiographies of Maria Montessori’s life and examinations of nativist activity at the beginning of the 20th Century, help paint a picture of the state of America when Dr. Montessori visited in 1913. Overall, these sources indicate that anti-Catholic sentiments played a minor role, if any, in hampering the spread of the Montessori Method. Maria Montessori’s publicist, Samuel S. McClure, crafted a particular public image for Montessori, compatible with themes of social reform, Progressive educational reform, and feminism, which would appeal to most Americans. The creation of this public image is significant as it was a manifestation of the cultural upheaval experienced during the early 20th century and had lasting implications for Progressive education and the future of the Montessori Method in America. Supporters for the method emphasized the scientific foundation of the method, Dr. Montessori’s ideas for social reform through education, and the compatibility of the method with American ideals of individual freedom and responsibility. In the end, other factors such as leading educators’ disapproval of different aspects of the method, World War I, and Dr. Montessori’s personality led to the decline of the Montessori Method in America at that time.

Language: English

Published: Lawrence, Kansas, Apr 2019

Article

Does Montessori Prepare Children for the Real World? Is Montessori Anti-Competition? How Do Montessori Students Succeed When They Leave the Montessori Environment? Some Interesting Responses

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 5–7

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Thesis

Pedagogika a škola Marie Montessori v České republice / Pedagogy and school of Maria Montessori in the Czech republic

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Diplomová práce „Pedagogika a škola Marie Montessori v České republice“ v teoretické části popisuje ţivot Marie Montessori, principy Montessori pedagogiky a vývoj škol s Montessori zaměřením na území České republiky. Praktická část se věnuje případové studii praţského gymnázia s Montessori principy a dotazníkovému šetření mezi řediteli Montessori škol. / This thesis "Pedagogy and Maria Montessori School in the Czech Republic" in the theoretical part describes the life of Maria Montessori, Montessori principles of education and development of Montessori schools with a focus on their development in the Czech Republic. The practical part deals with a case study of a Prague school with Montessori principles and a questionnaire survey with the headmaster of Montessori schools.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2012

Article

Montessori Revisited [Essay Review of Rita Kramer 'Maria Montessori: A Biography' and Mario Montessori Jr. 'Education for Human Development: Understanding Montessori' edited by Paula Polk Lillard]

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Educational Studies, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 163-174

Book reviews

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1207/s15326993es0802_9

ISSN: 0013-1946

Article

The Effect of Montessori Programme on the Motion and Visual Perception Skills of Trainable Mentally Retarded Individuals

Available from: RedFame

Publication: Journal of Education and Training Studies, vol. 7, no. 2

Pages: 120-128

Asia, Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: In this research, it is aimed to examine the effects of Montessori education on the mentally retarded individuals in the special education who have had Montessori education and who have not had it. 24 trainable mentally disabled male students who had and did not have Montessori education in a private school in Kayseri participated in the study. The students were between the ages of 20-22. 12 voluntary participants constituted the experimental group who had Montessori education. The control group included 12 voluntary mentally disabled individuals. While the control group had a routine training for 8 weeks, the experimental group had Montessori education program for 8 weeks. In addition, mothers of the students in the experimental group were included in the training program. The mentally disabled individuals had movement and visual perception skills tests.When the results of the movement perception skills in the experimental and control groups were reviewed, no significant differences were found in the movement skill variables according to the values (p>0.05). While the pretest posttest values in the mentally retarded individuals in the experimental group revealed significant difference (p<0,05), no difference occurred only in the left foot balance test (p>0,05). All pretest posttest values depending on the movement revealed significant difference in the control group (p<0,05).As a result, when the effect of the Montessori program on the movement skills of trainable mentally retarded people was examined, no significant difference was found between the values of the control group, and Montessori education gave similar values as the classical education. Thus, it was concluded that it was advisable Montessori education program to be used widely. When its effect on the visual perception skills was examined, it could be stated that the posttest averages of the each visual perception sub-scale average revealed an increase except the shape-ground connection. Consequently, when the movement skills of the trainable mentally retarded individuals were reviewed, no difference was found in the control group values, and Montessori education values were similar to classical education. Therefore, it is concluded that Montessori education program should be used widely.

Language: English

DOI: 10.11114/jets.v7i2.3875

ISSN: 2324-8068

Article

Teaching in a Public Montessori School: Contexts, Quandaries, and Thinking Schemes [In einer öffentlichen Montessori-Schule unterrichten: Kontexte, Zwickmühlen und Denkschemata / Enseñanza en una escuela pública de Montessori: contextos, dilemas y esquemas de pensamiento / Enseigner dans une école privée Montessori: Contextes, dilemmes et modes de pensée / Ensinar numa escola pública Montessori: contextos, dilemas e esquemas de pensamento]

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Person-Centered and Experiential Psychotherapies, vol. 15, no. 1

Pages: 37-54

Americas, Montessori schools, North America, Public Montessori, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: As one of many contemporary educational reform strategies, the charter school movement has expanded opportunities for educators, children and parents to pursue environments that suit their personal values and predispositions. This project invited teachers to share their experiences working in a unique charter school environment. It examined how teachers described and conceptualized their experiences as professional educators in a public Montessori charter school. Two research questions guided the work as a whole: (1) How do teachers working in this unique charter school environment describe their ideals and perceptions of professional practice? And, (2) what do teachers have to say about this unique charter school environment and their experience working in it? The study employed multiple interviews with seven experienced educators. Using a modified interpretative phenomenological analysis approach, the researchers inductively analyzed teachers’ narratives. After inductive analysis, the teachers’ responses were considered in light of qualities reported to be associated with effective person-centered practice (therapy and teaching). These qualities included practitioner afforded conditions and teachers’ strategies for coping with a wide range of intra-personal, personal and organizational/contextual challenges. [Als eine von vielen heutigen Reformstrategien in der Erziehung bietet die Bewegung privater Schulen mit öffentlichem Auftrag erweiterte Möglichkeiten für Erziehende, Kinder und Eltern, um eine Umgebung bereitzustellen, die ihren persönlichen Werten und Prädispositionen entgegenkommt. Dieses Projekt bot Lehrern die Gelegenheit, ihre Erfahrungen darüber mitzuteilen, im einzigartigen Umfeld einer Privatschule mit öffentlichem Auftrag zu arbeiten. Es untersuchte, wie Lehrer ihre Erfahrungen als professionelle Erziehende in einer privaten Montessori-Schule mit öffentlichem Auftrag beschrieben und konzeptualisierten. Zwei Forschungsfragen dienten dabei als Leitfaden: 1. Wie beschreiben Lehrer, die in dieser einzigartigen Privatschul-Umgebung mit öffentlichem Auftrag arbeiten, ihre Ideale und die Wahrnehmungen zur Berufspraxis? Und 2. Was haben die Lehrer über diese einzigartige Privatschul-Umgebung mit öffentlichem Auftrag zu sagen und wie erleben sie es, darin zu arbeiten? Die Studie verwendete verschiedene Interviews mit sieben erfahrenen Erziehenden. Eine modifizierte interpretative phänomenologische Analyse diente als Ansatz, womit die Forschenden die Narrative der Lehrpersonen induktiv analysierten. Nach der induktiven Analyse wurden die Antworten der Lehrpersonen im Licht von Qualitäten betrachtet, die man mit effektiver personzentrierter Praxis (Therapie und Unterricht) in Verbindung bringt. Diese Qualitäten schlossen Bedingungen ein, die Praktiker anboten sowie Unterrichtsstrategien, um mit einem weiten Spektrum an intra-personalen, persönlichen und organisatorischen/kontextuellen Herausforderungen zurechtzukommen. / Como una de las muchas estrategias de reforma educativa contemporánea, el movimiento de la escuela charter ha ampliado oportunidades para educadores, niños y padres para buscar entornos que se adapten a sus valores personales y predisposiciones. Este proyecto invita a profesores a compartir sus experiencias de trabajo en un ambiente de escuela única chárter. Examina cómo los profesores describen y conceptualizan sus experiencias como profesionales de la educación en una escuela Montessori pública. Dos preguntas de investigación guiaron el trabajo en su conjunto: (1) ¿Cómo los profesores que trabajan en este entorno de escuela única charter describen a sus ideales y percepciones de la práctica profesional? Y, (2) ¿Qué tienen que decir los profesores acerca de este entorno único de escuela charter y su experiencia de trabajo en ella? El estudio empleó múltiples entrevistas con siete educadores experimentados. Utilizando un enfoque de análisis fenomenológico interpretativo modificado, los investigadores analizaron inductivamente las narrativas de los docentes. Después del análisis inductivo, se consideraron las respuestas de los profesores a la luz de las cualidades que mencionaron para ser asociadas a una práctica centrada en la persona (de terapia y enseñanza). Estas cualidades incluyen un profesional que brinda las condiciones y estrategias docentes para hacer frente a una amplia gama de desafios intrapersonales, personales, organizacionales y contextuales. / Parmi les nombreuses stratégies de réforme éducative, le mouvement de l’école à charte a accru les possibilités dont disposent les éducateurs, les enfants et les enseignants pour développer des cadres qui répondent à leurs valeurs personnelles et à leurs attentes. Ce projet a invité les enseignants à partager leurs expériences tout en travaillant dans le cadre d’une école à charte. Il a examiné comment les enseignants ont décrit et conceptualisé leurs expériences en tant qu’éducateurs professionnels dans une école privée à charte Montessori. L’ensemble du travail a été conduit sur base de deux questions de recherche: (1) Comment les enseignants travaillant dans le cadre de cette école à charte décrivent-ils les idéaux et la perception qu’ils se font de leur pratique professionnelle ? Et, (2) ces enseignants, qu’ont-ils à dire quant au cadre de cette école et quant à leur expérience de travail dans un tel environnement ? L’étude a eu recours à de multiples interviews auprès de sept éducateurs expérimentés. Utilisant une approche d’analyse interprétative phénoménologique modifiée, les chercheurs ont analysé de manière inductive les récits des professeurs. Après analyse inductive, les réponses des professeurs ont été examinées à la lumière des qualités considérées comme associées à une réelle pratique centrée sur la personne (thérapie et enseignement). Ces qualités incluaient les conditions nécessaires au praticien et les stratégies des professeurs pour s’adapter à un large éventail de défis intra-personnels, personnels et organisationnels/contextuels. / No contexto das estratégias de reforma da educação contemporâneas, o movimento escolar charter expandiu as oportunidades de educadores, crianças e pais para explorar ambientes que vão ao encontro dos seus valores pessoais e das suas predisposições. Este projeto convidou os professores a partilharem as suas experiêncas de trabalho no ambiente único de uma escola charter. Analisou-se a forma como os professores descreviam e concetualizavam as suas experiências enquanto profissonais de educação numa escola pública Montessori. Duas perguntas de investigação guiaram o estudo, no seu todo: 1 – Como descrevem os professores, que trabalham nesta escola charter particular, os seus ideais e perceções em relação à sua prática profissional? 2- O que têm os professores a dizer em relação a este ambiente particular de escola charter e da sua experiência de trabalho nesse contexto? O estudo recorreu a diversas entrevistas feitas a sete educadores experientes. Os investigadores analisaram as narrativas dos professores por indução, recorrendo a uma abordagem de análise fenomenológica interpretativa modificada. Após a análise indutiva, as respostas dos professores foram interpretadas à luz das qualidades referidas como estando associadas a uma prática centrada na pessoa eficaz (terapêutica e educacional). Essas qualidades incluíam condições atribuídas ao terapeuta e estratégias dos professores para lidarem com uma vasta gama de desafios intra-pessoais, pessoais e organizacionais/contextuais.]

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/14779757.2016.1139500

ISSN: 1477-9757

Doctoral Dissertation

The Effects of Montessori Teacher Training on Classroom Teaching Skills: The Public Montessori Teachers' Perspective

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: This study compares the opinions of public school teachers of their classroom teaching skills due to participation in the Montessori model of teacher training and the traditional teacher education training programs. The data were collected through a survey of 223 public Montessori schools across the United States. The design used in this study is causal comparative to establish cause and effect. The independent variable is the participation in the Montessori Model of Teacher Training. The dependent variables are the opinions of public school teachers as perceived from participation in the Montessori Model of Teacher Training. Comparisons of teacher opinions were compiled from a survey to ascertain the impact of participation in the Montessori Model of Teacher Training. The population for this study included all teachers employed in the public Montessori schools. The sample included the entire population of teachers who participated in traditional teacher training to earn state licensure and in a Montessori teacher training program. A total of thirty-eight states were included in the survey. A total of 560 surveys were received from the population sample. The teachers surveyed included 81% females and 19% males. The years of teaching experience in public schools were 0–5 years 31%; 6–10 years 28%; 11–15 years 16%; and over 15 years 25%. The years of teaching experience in Montessori schools were 0–5 years 57 %; 6–10 years 23%; 11–15 years 11%; and over 15 years 9%. The basic conclusions from this study indicated that there are significant differences, p < .05, in the responses of teachers who participated in the Montessori model of teacher training and the traditional teacher training for preparation of classroom instruction. In 11 out of the 12 survey items, the diverse approach of teaching used in the Montessori model of teacher training was perceived to be superior to traditional teacher training. However, in one survey question, the traditional teacher training was viewed superior for preparation of teaching in a whole group setting. This study suggest that the responses of teachers strongly recommend the Montessori model of teacher training.

Language: English

Published: Orangeburg, South Carolina, 1997

Article

Sprawozdanie z konferencji „Metoda Montessori Senior – Montessori Lifestyle® w praktyce”, Warszawa, 15–16 czerwca 2019 roku [Report from the conference "Montessori Senior Method - Montessori Lifestyle® in practice", Warsaw, June 15-16, 2019]

Available from: www.ceeol.com

Publication: Psychologia Rozwojowa, vol. 24, no. 3

Pages: 99-101

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Language: Polish

ISSN: 1895-6297

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