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Doctoral Dissertation

The Growth of the Montessori Movement in the United States, 1909-1970

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

Americas, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to examine the growth of the Montessori Movement in the United States during the periods 1909-1921 and 1952-1970. The Montessori system was viewed as an innovation in American education and special attention was directed to the leaders of the movement and the role they played in its growth. The primary sources used for the initial period were the papers of Mabel Bell kept in the Bell Room of the National Geographic Society and the McClure Manuscripts housed in the Lilly Library at Indiana University. For the latter period, the following sources were utilized: American Montessori Society files, files of Whitby School, tape recordings from the American Montessori Society, interviews with Nancy Rambusch, Cleo Monson, John McDermott and correspondence with Mario Montessori and Margaret Stephensen. In addition to visits to the original Casa dei Bambini in Rome and modern Case in Italy, many Montessori schools in the United States were observed. The background of Dr. Montessori was discussed and the influences, principles and contributions of her method were examined. The period from 1909-1921 was analyzed with reference to the leadership of Maria Montessori, S.S. McClure, Mabel Bell, Helen Parkhurst and William Kilpatrick. The social, educational, political, theoretical and communications problems were examined to determine possible reasons for the demise of Montessori education in that era. The renascance [sic] of Montessori education in the United States (1952-1970) was examined with emphasis on the leadership of Mario Montessori, Nancy Rambusch, Margaret Stephenson, Cleo Monson and John McDermott. The areas of social, educational, theoretical and communications were studied for likely reasons for the resurgence of Montessori education in America. A paradigmatic schema was used to compare the role of the leaders in each period: Policy maker- Maria Montessori and Mario Montessori; Promoter- S.S. McClure and Nancy Rambusch; Organizer- Mabel Bell and Cleo Monson; Disciple- Helen Parkhurst and Margaret Stephenson; Professional Educator- William Kilpatrick and John McDermott. The qualities of leadership which led to the original demise of the Montessori Movement were: 1) Mistrust and lack of direct contact with United States educators and Montessori promoters by Maria Montessori; 2) Withdrawal of lecture and film rights from S.S. McClure by Dr. Montessori; 3) Dissolution of Montessori organizations by Mabel Bell and Helen Parkhurst because of lack of confidence in them by Maria Montessori; 5) Strong influence by William Kilpatrick (who did not believe in the Montessori method) on kindergarten teachers. The rebirth of the Montessori Movement was influenced by: 1) Mario Montessori's strong adherence to the original ideas of Maria Montessori; 2) Nancy Rambusch's proper use of leadership and timing and the formation of the American Montessori Society by her; 3) The organized efforts of the American Montessori Society and its teacher-training and public relations function by Cleo Monson; 4) The loyalty and knowledge displayed by Margaret Stephenson in running the Association Montessori Internationale teacher-training course in Washington; 5) the efforts of John McDermott to put Montessori in an American cultural context in teacher-training and professionalization of Montessori education. The writer finds strong indications for the thesis that it was the leadership which effected the growth of the Montessori Movement in the United States and recommends further research into other educational innovations in the United States such as the British Infant School Movement and Headstart with attention to the leadership.

Language: English

Published: New York City, New York, 1971

Article

Movement as Creative Interaction with the Child

Publication: American Montessori Society Bulletin, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 11-15

Movement education

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Language: English

ISSN: 0277-9064

Conference Paper

A Vision of the Montessori Movement for the Next Century

Available from: Montessori Seeds

Champion the Cause of All Children (Sydney, Australia, 14-17 July 2005)

Conferences, Cosmic education, International Montessori Congress (25th, Sydney, Australia, 14-17 July 2005)

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Language: English

Published: Sydney, Australia: Association Montessori Internationale, 2005

Pages: 12 p.

Article

If the Shoe Fits, Please Let Us Wear It: Movement Games for Montessori Programs

Publication: AMI Elementary Alumni Association Newsletter, vol. 38, no. 3

Pages: 10–11

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Abstract/Notes: with introduction by Suzanne Damadio

Language: English

Book

The Montessori Movement in Interwar Europe: New Perspectives

Available from: Springer Link

Austria, England, Europe, Great Britain, Holland, Italy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education, Montessori movement, Netherlands, Northern Europe, Northern Ireland

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Abstract/Notes: Reframes the history of the Montessori movement within the wider cultural-political context. Examines the impact of Montessorism and how it lent itself to reinterpretation. Provides new insights into the problematic Montessori/Mussolini alliance

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2022

ISBN: 978-3-031-14071-6 978-3-031-14072-3

Article

Montessori 'Movement'

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 2001, no. 1

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Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Article

1907-2007: Centenary of the Montessori Movement

Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 41

Pages: 20, 18

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Language: English

Article

Mapping a Movement: AMI Montessori and the National Dialogue

Publication: AMI/USA News, vol. 22, no. 4

Pages: 1

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Language: English

Article

News Notes and Comments: State and National; The Montessori Movement is given...

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: Sierra Educational News, vol. 11, no. 7

Pages: 481-482

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Language: English

Article

The Development of Coordinated Movement

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 27, no. 1

Pages: 91-117

Autonomy in children, Child development, Classroom environments, Early childhood education, Motor ability in children, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals, Prepared environment, Silvana Quattrocchi Montanaro - Writings

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Abstract/Notes: Discusses stages of movement in the first 3 years of life with a philosophical dimension regarding evolutionary aspects of movement as first manifestation of "will." Describes how the early childhood environment is prepared to allow for movement and the connection between movement and brain development. Discusses the contribution of movement to personal knowledge, including self-esteem and autonomy. (Author/KB)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

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