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Article

Pengaruh Metode Montessori dalam Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Matematika Anak Usia Dini di Banjarmasin [The Effect of the Montessori Method in Improving Understanding of Early Childhood Mathematics Concepts in Banjarmasin (Indonesia)]

Available from: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak

Publication: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak [Journal of Child Education], vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 15-26

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode Montessori dalam meningkatkan pemahaman konsep matematika bagi anak usia dini khususnya usia 4-6 tahun di kota Banjarmasin. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode quasi eksperimen. Pengenalan matematika di kelas eksperimen menggunakan metode Montessori,sedangkan di kelas kontrol menggunakan metode konvensional. Hasil uji hipotesis menunjukkan implementasi metode Montessori berpengaruh signifikan dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi data dan grafik di kelas eksperimen. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain di kelas eksperimen adalah 95.61. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain kelas kontrol adalah 34.56. Metode Montessori 61.05% lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi data dan grafik daripada metode konvensional. Begitu pula hasil uji hipotesis pada materi pola ABCDE-ABCDE, implementasi metode Montessori berpengaruh signifikan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar anak kelas eksperimen. Rata-rata N-Gain kelas eksperimen adalah 87.50. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain kelas kontrol adalah 31.24. Metode Montessori 56.26% lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi pola dari pada metode konvensional. [This study aims to determine the effect of the Montessori method in improving understanding of mathematical concepts for early childhood especially ages 4-6 years in the city of Banjarmasin. This study uses a quasi-experimental method. Introduction to mathematics in the experimental class uses the Montessori method, while the control class uses conventional methods. Hypothesis test results show that the implementation of the Montessori method has significant effects in improving children's learning outcomes in data and graphic material in the experimental class. The average value of N-Gain in the experimental class was 95.61. The average value of the N-Gain control class is 34.56. The Montessori method is 61.05% more effective in improving children's learning outcomes in material data and graphics than the conventional method. Similar to the results of hypothesis testing on the ABCDE-ABCDE pattern material, the implementation of the Montessori method has a significant effect on improving the learning outcomes of children in the experimental class. The average N-Gain of the experimental class is 87.50. The average value of the control class N-Gain is 31.24. The Montessori Method 56.26% is more effective in improving children's learning outcomes on material patterns than conventional methods.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.14421/al-athfal.2020.61-02

ISSN: 2477-4189, 2477-4715

Doctoral Dissertation

The Developmental Psychology of Maria Montessori (Italy)

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori is historically recognized for her contributions to early education. Her primary recognition derived from the comprehensive educational program which became known as the Montessori Method. Relatively little attention has focused on her background as physician, psychiatrist, and pedagogical psychologist, from which she developed a body of psychological knowledge which established the foundation of the well-known Method. Her pedagogical psychology was overshadowed by her pedagogical theory despite her secure position in the history of child psychiatry. Also contributing to the non-acceptance of Montessori's psychology was the psychological tenor of the times. In the forefront of the psychological movement in the early 1900's were psychometric testing, Freud's psycho-sexual stages, Thorndike's stimulus-response theory, and the emergence of behaviorism under the leadership of Watson, to name a few. This climate was not hospitable to Montessori's developmental-interactionist theory. In the 1960's through the research findings of psychologists and the availability of Federal funds to compensate the "cumulative deficits" of the disadvantaged child, interest was focused on early childhood education and consequently the Montessori Method. As psychologists embraced Piaget's developmental theory, resemblances in thinking between Piaget and Montessori were noted. While psychologists pointed to Montessori's developmental-interactionist ideas, nobody attempted to elaborate her developmental theory in toto. This study attempts to do so. For Montessori, the development of the child takes place in successive and qualitatively different stages, with each stage providing the foundation for succeeding stages. Within this framework, she clearly delineates cognitive, motor, language, socialization, personality, and character as developing through stages. Cognitive structures develop through the child's interaction with, and actions upon, objects in the environment. A thorough examination of her theory leaves no doubt that Montessori is a cognitive developmentalist. While at times she appears nativistic, and at other times an extreme environmentalist, her position on development is interactionist and constructivist. Montessori is historically recognized for her contributions to early education. Her primary recognition derived from the comprehensive educational program which became known as the Montessori Method. Relatively little attention has focused on her background as physician, psychiatrist, and pedagogical psychologist, from which she developed a body of psychological knowledge which established the foundation of the well-known Method. Her pedagogical psychology was overshadowed by her pedagogical theory despite her secure position in the history of child psychiatry. Also contributing to the non-acceptance of Montessori's psychology was the psychological tenor of the times. In the forefront of the psychological movement in the early 1900's were psychometric testing, Freud's psycho-sexual stages, Thorndike's stimulus-response theory, and the emergence of behaviorism under the leadership of Watson, to name a few. This climate was not hospitable to Montessori's developmental-interactionist theory. In the 1960's through the research findings of psychologists and the availability of Federal funds to compensate the "cumulative deficits" of the disadvantaged child, interest was focused on early childhood education and consequently the Montessori Method. As psychologists embraced Piaget's developmental theory, resemblances in thinking between Piaget and Montessori were noted. While psychologists pointed to Montessori's developmental-interactionist ideas, nobody attempted to elaborate her developmental theory in toto. This study attempts to do so. For Montessori, the development of the child takes place in successive and qualitatively different stages, with each stage providing the foundation for succeeding stages. Within this framework, she clearly delineates cognitive, motor, language, socialization, personality, and character as developing through stages. Cognitive structures develop through the child's interaction with, and actions upon, objects in the environment. A thorough examination of her theory leaves no doubt that Montessori is a cognitive developmentalist. While at times she appears nativistic, and at other times an extreme environmentalist, her position on development is interactionist and constructivist. In contemporary terms her "psychopedagogy" would be considered an action psychology, which basically precludes it from academic "respectibility". Her theory contains both strengths and weaknesses in light of present-day thinking; however, on balance, Montessori's theory is quite contemporary and remarkably ahead of most of the psychological thinking of her time.

Language: English

Published: New York, 1982

Master's Thesis

Montessori obrazovanje i praksa: pregled literature i znanstvenih istraživanja objavljenih u razdoblju od 2013 do 2018 [Montessori education and practice: a review of the literature and scientific research published in the period from 2013 to 2018]

Available from: CORE

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Abstract/Notes: The first part of the paper describes the life and work of Maria Montessori and the principles of Montessori pedagogy, while in the second part the paper reviews the Montessori pedagogy. In the systematic review of literature, the following keywords were used: Montessori pedagogy, Montessori approach, Montessori scientific paper, Montessori literature, review of Montessori literature and effects of Montessori pedagogy. The search databases that we used were WoS and Scopus, and the period between 2013 and 2018 was searched. Based on the research, out of a total of 186 papers, 81 papers were outlined. Featured works are categorized in 11 areas: women's position, architecture/design, language, mathematics, technology/IT, kindergarten, school, higher education, Maria Montessori, principles of Montessori pedagogy /philosophy /approach and dementia/Alzheimer's disease. Most of the papers are in the kindergarten and the school, followed immediately by the area of technology/IT and the area of dementia/Alzheimer's disease. Most of the papers are studying the philosophy of Montessori pedagogy rather than studying the life and work of Marie Montessori. The area that describe women's position and architecture /design counts the same number of published works, as well as the area of language and mathematics. The field of higher education has only two published papers, one of which is from the Faculty of Educational and Educational Sciences in Osijek.

Language: Croatian

Published: Osijek, Croatia, 2019

Article

Izkušnje zaposlenih z uporabo metode montessori pri delu s starejšimi in osebami z demenco v domu starejših občanov: študija primera [Experiences of employees using the Montessori method in working with the elderly and people with dementia in a home for the elderly: a case study]

Available from: ZZBNS (Slovenia)

Publication: Obzornik zdravstvene nege [Nursing Review], vol. 55, no. 2

Pages: 102-112

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: Uvod: Pristop, usmerjen k uporabniku, prispeva h kakovosti življenja starejših in oseb z demenco v domu starejših občanov ter k dobremu počutju zaposlenih na delovnem mestu. Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti izkušnje zaposlenih v domu starejših občanov z uporabo metode montessori pri delu s starejšimi in osebami z demenco. Metode: Narejena je bila študija primera v domu starejših občanov, kjer uporabljajo metodo montessori. Delno strukturirani intervjuji so bili izvedeni z enajstimi zaposlenimi v enem izmed domov za starejše občane v Sloveniji. Za analizo podatkov je bila uporabljena metoda analize vsebine. Rezultati: Identificirane so bile štiri kategorije: (1) vsebinski in organizacijski vidiki metode montessori pri obravnavi starejših in oseb z demenco; (2) sodelovanje med zaposlenimi, stanovalci in svojci; (3) osebni razvoj zaposlenih; (4) pomen izobraževanja za zaposlene. Raziskava pri izkušnjah zaposlenih v obravnavi starejših in oseb z demenco pokaže preplet vseh kategorij.kategorij. Diskusija in zaključek: Ugotovitve prispevajo novo znanje na področju uporabe metode montessori v domovih za starejše občane. Izkušnje zaposlenih so pokazale, da uporaba metode montessori pripomore k boljšemu razumevanju pomena sodelovanja, izobraževanja ter s tem povezanega osebnega razvoja zaposlenih. V praksi je priporočeno sistematično uvajati metodo montessori za starejše in osebe z demenco s poudarkom na izobraževanju, ki je nujna podlaga za praktično delo. Predlagamo nadaljnje raziskovanje izkušenj zaposlenih ter iskanje možnosti za uvajanje metode tudi v druge domove starejših občanov. [Introduction: The user-centered approach contributes to the quality of life of the elderly and people with dementia in the home for the elderly and to the well-being of employees at work. The purpose of the research was to determine the experience of employees in a home for the elderly using the Montessori method in working with the elderly and people with dementia. Methods: A case study was done in a nursing home where the Montessori method is used. Partially structured interviews were conducted with eleven employees in one of the homes for the elderly in Slovenia. A content analysis method was used for data analysis. Results: Four categories were identified: (1) substantive and organizational aspects of the Montessori method in the treatment of the elderly and people with dementia; (2) cooperation between employees, residents and relatives; (3) personal development of employees; (4) the importance of education for employees. Research on the experience of employees in the treatment of the elderly and people with dementia shows the intertwining of all categories.categories. Discussion and conclusion: The findings contribute new knowledge in the application of the Montessori method in homes for the elderly. Employee experience has shown that the use of the Montessori method helps to better understand the importance of cooperation, education and related personal development of employees. In practice, it is recommended to systematically introduce the Montessori method for the elderly and people with dementia with an emphasis on education, which is a necessary basis for practical work. We suggest further research into the experience of employees and the search for opportunities to introduce the method in other homes for the elderly.]

Language: Slovenian

DOI: 10.14528/snr.2021.55.2.3024

ISSN: 2350-4595

Article

Montessori, Blätter der Internationalen Montessori-Gesellschaft [Montessori, Papers of the International Montessori Society]

Publication: Zeitschrift für Angewandte Psychologie

Pages: 254

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Language: German

ISSN: 0948-5503

Article

Does Montessori Prepare Children for the Real World? Is Montessori Anti-Competition? How Do Montessori Students Succeed When They Leave the Montessori Environment? Some Interesting Responses

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 5–7

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Thesis

Pedagogika a škola Marie Montessori v České republice / Pedagogy and school of Maria Montessori in the Czech republic

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Diplomová práce „Pedagogika a škola Marie Montessori v České republice“ v teoretické části popisuje ţivot Marie Montessori, principy Montessori pedagogiky a vývoj škol s Montessori zaměřením na území České republiky. Praktická část se věnuje případové studii praţského gymnázia s Montessori principy a dotazníkovému šetření mezi řediteli Montessori škol. / This thesis "Pedagogy and Maria Montessori School in the Czech Republic" in the theoretical part describes the life of Maria Montessori, Montessori principles of education and development of Montessori schools with a focus on their development in the Czech Republic. The practical part deals with a case study of a Prague school with Montessori principles and a questionnaire survey with the headmaster of Montessori schools.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2012

Article

Montessori Revisited [Essay Review of Rita Kramer 'Maria Montessori: A Biography' and Mario Montessori Jr. 'Education for Human Development: Understanding Montessori' edited by Paula Polk Lillard]

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Educational Studies, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 163-174

Book reviews

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1207/s15326993es0802_9

ISSN: 0013-1946

Article

Presencia de la Pedagogía Montessori en revistas profesionales españolas. El caso de Infancia, Aula de infantil y Cuadernos de Pedagogía / Presence of Montessori Pedagogy in professionals Spanish journals. The case of Infancia, Aula de infantil and Cuadernos de Pedagogía

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 5, no. 2

Pages: 166-176

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Abstract/Notes: Ofrecemos un estudio sobre la presencia y enfoque de la pedagogía Montessori en las revistas españolas In-fan-cia, Aula de infantil y Cuadernos de Pedagogía. Después de hacer un recuento de la totalidad de artículos que sobre esa pedagogía publicaron las citadas revistas hasta el presente, identificamos su enfoque y los temas abordados. Se encuentra una escasa, aunque creciente, presencia de artículos sobre la educación montessoriana. Al realizar el análisis de contenido, hemos descubierto que la mayoría de estos artículos se refieren a propuestas prácticas fuertemente relacionadas con los principios de la pedagogía Montessori. Considerados en su conjunto, en ellos aparecen todos los temas clave. Este estudio constituye un completo índice y una útil guía para aquellos lectores de lengua castellana que quieran introducirse en el estudio de esta original pedagogía. / This study analyzes the presence and approach of Montessori pedagogy in Spanish journals In-fan-cia, Aula de infantil and Cuadernos de Pedagogía. After recounting all articles about this pedagogy published in the aforementioned journals so far, it is identified the approach and addressed subjects. A small but growing presence of articles on Montessori education was found. In the content analysis, we have found that most of these articles refer to practical proposals strongly related to the principles of Montessori pedagogy. Taken together, key themes appear in all of them. This study is a comprehensive index and a useful guide for those Spanish language readers who want to know this original teaching.

Language: Spanish

ISSN: 2255-0666

Article

Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: La casa de los niños Montessori [Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: The Montessori Children's Home]

Publication: Cuadernos de Pedagogía, no. 455

Pages: 16-22

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain

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Language: Spanish

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