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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Manajemen Pendidikan Karakter Metode Montessori di Jogjakarta Montessori School [Montessori Method of Character Education Management at Jogjakarta Montessori School]

Available from: Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa

Publication: Media Manajemen Pendidikan [Educational Management Media], vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 251-259

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia, ⚠️ Invalid DOI

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui manajemen pendidikan karakter yang meliputi 1) perencanaan, 2) pengorganisasian, 3) pengarahan dan pelaksanaan, 4) evaluasi dan pengendalian, 5) faktor pendukung serta 6) faktor penghambat di SD Montessori. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi partisipatif, studi dokumentasi. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif melalui tahapan pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: 1) perencanaan manajemen pendidikan karakter pada kurikulum, pendidik, pembiayaan peserta didik, sarana dan prasarana, pembiayaan pendidikan; 2) pengorganisasian manajemen pendidikan karakter pada pelatihan guru baru, pengarahkan para guru, kesempatan bagi guru atau staf untuk berpartisipasi dalam memberikan sumbangan pikiran, mengikutsertakan yayasan, guru, staf dan komite sekolah dalam membuat perencanaan manajemen, memberikan nasehat dan arahan yang benar; 3) pelaksanaan manajemen pendidikan karakter sesuai dengan perencanaan dengan apparatus dan pendampingan dari guru; 4) evaluasi manajemen pendidikan karakter dengan melihat kemandirian dan keberanian, pembuatan project, berperilaku santun; 5) faktor pendukung meliputi kegiatan di luar sekolah bermasyarakat, kegiatan ektrakurikuler, peraturan untuk tidak memakai atribut keagamaan selama di sekolah, sarana dan prasarana sekolah, pendidik yang ramah dan perhatian, kegiatan sosial dan kerjasama dengan sekolah lain; 6) faktor penghambat pendidikan karakter pada Jogjakarta Montessori School yaitu kurangnya kerjasama orang tua siswa dalam menanamkan nilai kedisiplinan, tanggungjawab, menghargai prestasi, dan rasa ingin tahu. [This study aims to determine the management of character education which includes 1) planning, 2) organizing, 3) directing and implementing, 4) evaluation and control, 5) supporting factors and 6) inhibiting factors in SD Montessori. This research use desciptive qualitative approach. Data collection techniques are in-depth interviews, participatory observation, and documentation studies. Data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively through the stages of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. The results showed that: 1) character education management planning in the curriculum, educators, student funding, facilities and infrastructure, education financing; 2) organizing character education management on new teacher training, directing teachers, opportunities for teachers or staff to participate in contributing ideas, involving foundations, teachers, staff and school committees in making management plans, providing correct advice and direction; 3) implementation of character education management in accordance with planning with apparatus and mentoring from teachers; 4) evaluation of character education management by looking at independence and courage, making projects, behaving politely; 5) supporting factors include activities outside of school in the community, extracurricular activities, regulations not to use religious attributes while at school, school facilities and infrastructure, friendly and caring educators, social activities and collaboration with other schools; 6) the inhibiting factor for character education at Jogjakarta Montessori School is the lack of cooperation between parents in instilling the values ​​of discipline, responsibility, respect for achievement, and curiosity.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.30738/mmp.v2i2.5072

ISSN: 2622-3694

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Mathematical Readiness

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Journal of Negro Education, vol. 36, no. 1

Pages: 78-80

Academic achievement, African American community, African Americans, Americas, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education, North America, United States of America

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Language: English

DOI: 10.2307/2294570

ISSN: 0022-2984, 2167-6437

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Instituto Nueva Escuela and Montessori Education Reform in Puerto Rico: 'We Count in a Different Way'

Available from: Digital Library of the Caribbean

Publication: Sargasso - Transforming Pedagogy: Practice, Policy, and Resistance, vol. 2018-2019, no. 1/2

Pages: 97-122

Americas, Caribbean, Latin America and the Caribbean, Public Montessori, Puerto Rico

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Abstract/Notes: This article examines the trajectory of a public Montessori education movement in Puerto Rico, which has grown the largest concentration of public Montessori schools in the Caribbean and the U.S. and legally established a Montessori Education Secretariat within the public system, a groundbreaking precedent for public Montessori education worldwide. For almost three decades, a grass-roots movement led by the non-profit organization Instituto Nueva Escuela has been implementing a school transformation model built on the cornerstones of collective governance, family engagement, and Montessori pedagogy. This study explores how the movement has unleashed the agency of disenfranchised school communities to radically reform traditional public education in Puerto Rico. In the wake of Hurricane María and facing extreme austerity measures, the movement empowered collective resistance to fight for and win some of its most significant achievements, and offers innumerous lessons for the future of education reform in the Caribbean and beyond. [Este artículo examina la trayectoria de un movimiento de educación pública Montessori en Puerto Rico, que ha creado la concentración más grande de escuelas públicas Montessori en el Caribe y los EE.UU. y estableció legalmente una Secretaría Auxiliar de Educación Montessori dentro del sistema público, un precedente innovador para la educación pública Montessori mundial. Durante casi tres décadas, el movimiento comunitario liderado por la organización sin fines de lucro Instituto Nueva Escuela ha estado implementando un modelo de transformación escolar basado en los tres pilares de la gobernanza colectiva, las familias y la pedagogía Montessori. El estudio explora cómo el movimiento ha desencadenado la autogestión de las comunidades escolares más marginadas para reformar la educación pública tradicional en Puerto Rico radicalmente. Después del huracán María y enfrentando medidas extremas de austeridad, el movimiento empoderó la resistencia colectiva para luchar y ganar algunos de sus logros más significativos, y ofrece innumerables lecciones para el futuro de la reforma educativa en el Caribe y más allá.]

Language: English

ISSN: 1060-5533

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Authentic Montessori Math Assessment and Common Core

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The intent of my project was to examine the way I assess my students’ math in my 9-12 Montessori classroom given the new Common Core standards. The study involved six students, varying ages 9-11, in a public school setting. Data collection methods included pre- and post- assessments, observations, written responses to Webb’s Depth of Knowledge (DOK), and a brief questionnaire about the attitudes toward the various types of assessment (See Appendix A). The results of the data analysis showed an average increase of 84% in grade level achievement after practicing with the DOK, as well as an improved student enjoyment and enthusiasm for learning when compared to traditional lessons. The results of this action research investigation indicate that students perform better on Common Core math assessments after practicing with the DOK, as the DOK provides an outline to enable students to think critically.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2014

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effects of Record-Keeping on Teacher Self-Efficacy and Student Self-Regulation in the Primary Montessori Classroom

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This paper examines the effects of teacher use of an online record-keeping system on teacher self-efficacy and student self-regulation behavior. Four teachers and thirty-four students between the ages of three and six years old participated in this seven-week study in one of the few Montessori schools in a Latin American capital city. Pre- and post-study data collection methods included a teacher self-efficacy questionnaire and small group discussion, as well as use of the Head-to-Toe Test, a means of measuring children’s self-regulation behavior. For seven weeks, teachers used the program Transparent Classroom to record lessons, inform their lesson presentations, and track overall student progress. Through weekly classroom observations, child behaviors hindering and encouraging normalization were tracked with a tally sheet. Data showed increases in both teacher self-efficacy and student self-regulation, especially in children with the lowest pre-study scores, who saw dramatic gains. These results show the use of a record-keeping system may be a means of increasing achievement and satisfaction in both students and teachers.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2018

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Effects of Mindfulness Strategies on Student Self-Regulation Skills in Primary and Elementary Students

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of mindfulness-based interventions, such as the MindUP curriculum and Exercises of Practical Life, on primary and elementary aged students’ self-regulation skills. This study consisted of a sample size of 38 students from three different Montessori environments. The data was collected over a period of four weeks using a pre and post parent assessment, observational field notes and tally sheets, and a behavioral student self-assessment tool. Results show a connection between the mindfulness interventions implemented and the children’s ability to self-regulate their behaviors and emotions. The data shows positive effects on student self-regulatory skills and it can be integrated into the classroom to facilitate student academic achievement. Our recommendation for future research is to allow for more time to conduct the study.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Mathematical Literacy: The Effects of Mathematics Journals on Student Understanding of Fractions in a Montessori Classroom

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Upper elementary

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Abstract/Notes: It is a typical Monday morning. As students enter the classroom wearing brightly colored polo shirts embroidered with the school logo, their smiles are equally bright. This Title I public school in the heart of the city where 96% of the students qualify for free or reduced lunch has recently opened a Montessori option. Walking into the classroom, one 5th grade student eagerly asks, “Who’s on the bread committee this week?” Baking bread is a weekly occurrence in the upper elementary (4th – 6th grade) Montessori classroom. During the first week of school, this same student vehemently threw materials to the floor declaring, “I HATE fractions!” In an effort to positively engage students in mathematics, the weekly bread-making tradition was implemented. Through cooking, students experience the importance of fractions in everyday life. Each week, two students work together, read several recipes, select one, and submit a precise written list of needed ingredients. The next day, with the aid of a bread machine bought for $10 at the local thrift store, the students work together to follow directions, read fractions, measure ingredients, and bake bread. Once baked, students divide the bread into equal portions and serve. After several months of this routine, some recipes will need to be doubled or halved, and on it goes… The bread committee provides a “hook” for some resistant students. It is also a practical application of the role of literacy in mathematics. The choice to focus on mathematical literacy and the effect of journaling on student understanding was influenced by research around mathematical vocabulary as well as the instructional practices of noted educators and researchers. The rigor of upper elementary math as defined in the common core requires students to not only perform calculations with accuracy, but to demonstrate strong reading comprehension through the interpretation of real-world word problems, and to articulate an understanding of MATHEMATICAL LITERACY 3 mathematical reasoning through clear and concise writing. Achieving grade level proficiency has practical life implications for students because research showed mathematical knowledge during elementary school as a strong predictor of financial stability in adulthood, and understanding fractions in fifth grade as a predictor of overall achievement in mathematics (Siegler & Lortie-Forgues, 2015).

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Impact of Trauma-Informed Strategies on Self-Regulation and Sense of Belonging in Elementary Students

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research, Upper elementary

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this action research was to determine the effects of trauma-informed strategies on self-regulation and sense of belonging in elementary students. The research took place over a six-week period in an upper elementary classroom in a public Montessori school in the MidAtlantic. The population included 20 students ages 9-11. The intervention utilized traumainformed strategies such as mindfulness, yoga, community building, a calm box, and solo time. Data was collected through daily observations, a daily log, pre- and post-intervention questionnaires, and student journals. The repertoire of interventions proved to be beneficial in positively affecting self-regulation among students. Some positive effects were seen on student sense of belonging, particularly in terms of teacher-student relationships, laying the groundwork for continued growth in this area. The success in establishing positive connections and building self-regulation points to the usefulness of this research as initial steps in applying traumainformed strategies in the classroom. Continued research is needed to determine the effectiveness of further applications of trauma-informed strategies in additional domains, such as academic achievement, social-emotional learning, agency and empowerment, and restorative discipline.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Physical Activity Improving Executive Functioning Behaviors in Montessori Children Ages 3-12

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: Executive function refers to the intellectual processes necessary for goal-directed cognition and behavior, which develop across childhood and adolescence. This study focused on the effects of physical activity on concentration and focus, prior to academic lessons, in urban Montessori classrooms ages 3-12. This study was administered for six weeks utilizing a thematic calendar of physical activities. The tools used for data collection were: a pre-dialogue with teachers, pre and post-assessments, control tallies, on and off-task observation counts and a post-satisfaction survey. Movement interventions improved focus and concentration by an average of 27%. The data collected supported our hypothesis that purposeful movement activities increase executive functioning skill development. Action plan implications include providing professional development training on movement activities and transitions for teachers and further research on the ability to improve children’s initiative to choose lessons independently. Physical activity opportunities should be incorporated into classroom schedules, as positive associations have been found between classroom-based physical activity and indicators of cognitive skills and attitudes, academic behavior, and academic achievement (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016).

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Embedding Literacy in an Early Childhood Education Programme: A Look into Montessori

Available from: InformIT

Publication: New Zealand Research in Early Childhood Education, vol. 15

Pages: 11-30

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Literacy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, New Zealand, Oceania

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Abstract/Notes: Children begin school with a range of pre-literacy skills that serve as the foundation for later reading achievement. These skills include phonological awareness, alphabet knowledge and vocabulary. The New Zealand early childhood curriculum Te Whariki is non-prescriptive in terms of literacy and allows for early childhood centres to develop their own literacy programmes with varying levels of emphasis on pre-literacy skills. This article describes research into the pre-literacy skills and knowledge of 23 children between the ages of 4.6 and 4.11 months attending two Montessori centres in New Zealand where the Head Teachers are Montessori trained and the centres use traditional Montessori resources and materials to develop literacy. The researcher investigated the efficacy of a Montessori approach to the development of literacy skills in four year olds in the context of current research around pre-literacy skills development in early childhood education.

Language: English

ISSN: 1174-6122

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