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Master's Thesis

Montessori eğitiminin okul öncesi dönem çocukların problem çözme becerileri ve problem davranışları üzerine etkisinin incelenmesi / The effect of Montessori education on the problem solving skills and problem behaviors of pre-school children

Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Preschool children, Problem solving in children, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This study, aims to investigate the problem solving skills and problem behaviors of pre-school to their type of educational programs that they get.In the study, the problem solving skills and problem behaviors of the children who were educated according to the Ministry of Education Preschool Education Program and Montessori approach were evaluated.Quantitatively designed research was conducted in accordance with the general screening model.The working group formed by 60 children who attended the pre-school education institution in the academic year 2015-2016. The research was carried out in a kindergarten with Montessori education in Atakum District of Samsun and a kindergarten with education according to MEB program in İlkadım District. The personal information form of the study was collected by the Problem Solving Skills Scale (PÇÖÖ) and Kindergarten and Nursery Behavior Scale. In the results of working; The problem behaviors of children were affected by the state of mother education and problem solving skills increased with age. It has been determined that the problem solving skills of children who are going to Montessori school and are from their parents professional profession group are at a better level.It has been determined that as the problem solving skills of Montessori children increase, the levels of inward orientation also increase. It has been determined that children attending Montessori school have better problem solving skills and lower problem behaviours than children attending public school. / Bu araştırmada okul öncesi dönemdeki çocukların problem çözme becerilerini ve problem davranışlarını aldıkları eğitim programının türüne göre incelemek amaçlanmıştır. Çalışmada MEB Okul Öncesi Eğitim Programı ve Montessori yaklaşımına göre eğitim alan çocukların problem çözme becerileri ve problem davranışları değerlendirilmiştir. Nicel olarak tasarlanan araştırma genel tarama modeline uygun olarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışma grubunu, 2015-2016 eğitim öğretim yılında okul öncesi eğitim kurumuna devam eden 60 çocuk oluşturmuştur. Araştırma Samsun İli Atakum İlçesi'nde Montessori eğitimi veren bir anaokulu ve İlkadım İlçesi'nde MEB programına göre eğitim veren bir anaokulunda yürütülmüştür. Araştırmanın verileri Kişisel Bilgi Formu, Problem Çözme Becerileri Ölçeği (PÇBÖ) ve Anaokulu ve Anasınıfı Davranış Ölçeği ile toplanmıştır. Çalışma sonucunda; çocukların problem davranışlarının anne öğrenim durumundan etkilendiği, problem çözme becerilerinin yaşla birlikte arttığı belirlenmiştir. Montessori okuluna devam edip anne-babası profesyonel meslek grubundan olan çocukların problem çözme becerilerinin daha iyi düzeyde olduğu belirlenmiştir. Montessori eğitimi alan çocuklarda problem çözme becerileri arttıkça içe yönelim düzeylerinin de arttığı belirlenmiştir. Montessori okuluna devam eden çocukların devlet okuluna devam eden çocuklara göre problem çözme becerilerinin daha iyi, problemler davranış görülme durumunun ise daha düşük olduğu belirlenmiştir.

Language: Turkish

Published: Karabük, Turkey, 2017

Master's Thesis

La méthode Montessori en regard de la cohérence et de la continuité d'un projet éducatif [The Montessori method with regard to the coherence and continuity of an educational project]

Available from: Université du Québec à Chicoutimi - Institutional Repository

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: La littérature pédagogique préconise que toute action éducative doit tenir compte des principes tels que: la continuité dans l'éducation du jaune, la cohérence entra les valeurs éducatives et les pratiques éducatives au quotidien, ainsi que le respect de l'enfant tout au long de sa formation. L'examen de la pratique scolaire courante soulève cependant une certaine incohérence entre ce qui se fait réellement dans les écoles et les intentions annoncées dans les textes officiels des pouvoirs organisateurs, d'une part, et d'autre part une certaine discontinuité entre les différents cycles scolaires successifs. De là nous est venue l'idée de comprendre comment peut-on assurer cohérence et continuité dans un système éducatif. Le système de la pédagogie Montessori est une preuve qu'on peut assurer cohérence et continuité tout au long d'un processus éducatif, c'est-à-dire à partir des intentions énoncées dans les programmes jusqu'aux actions quotidiennes dans les classes. L'objectif de cette recherche est de découvrir quels éléments favorisent la cohérence et la continuité de cette méthode. Pour ce faire, il nous a fallu d'abord établir, à un niveau général, un parallèle entre les valeurs de références, les buts et les objectifs préconisés par le MEQ et ceux préconisés par la méthode Maria Montessori. Nous sommes arrivés au constat que les deux modèles mettent de l'avant à peu de chose près, les mêmes valeurs et les mêmes objectifs éducatifs. Donc, au niveau des intentions peu de choses distinguent les deux modèles. Par exemple, nous avons retenu trois grandes valeurs communes: premièrement l'individualisation et le respect des besoins de l'enfant, deuxièmement l'autonomie et la liberté, et finalement la relation maître-élève de type guide. Toujours à ce niveau général, nous avons défini et analysé les grands concepts utiles à la compréhension de notre démarche (notion de paradigme, de vision éducative, de projet éducatif, de conception de l'éducation, de courant, d'approche, de pratique, de technique et de fait pédagogiques). Une fois ce cadre de référence établi, nous avons ensuite examiné un premier niveau de traduction des intentions en acte, c'est-à-dire celui des programmes éducatifs et de l'organisation scolaire. Afin de se rapprocher du concret, nous avons également étudié les différentes méthodes d'intervention auprès des élèves. Une fois les deux systèmes analysés, nous avons tenté de démontrer la cohérence et la continuité montessoriennes, à partir des observations dans des classes Montessori et des données théoriques amassées tout aussi bien au cours d'une formation des maîtres Montessori que dans la littérature. Nous avons ainsi confronté aux critères et dimensions d'analyse des modèles de Paquette et Houssaye les trois catégories des faits observables en classe que sont l'aménagement physique, les activités d'apprentissage et l'intervention pédagogique; ceci pour voir si ces faits pédagogiques sont en cohérence et en continuité avec les niveaux en amont du système (Paquette) ou avec les dimension du «Triangle pédagogique» (Houssaye). Les résultats de nos analyses confirment que le système montessorien, par son organisation rigoureuse et systématique, permet d'assurer plus de cohérence et de continuité entre les valeurs et les principes éducatifs annoncés au départ et la pratique quotidienne dans les classes. Cette constatation nous permet de comprendre que la notion de projet éducatif, définit par Paquette comme étant un processus continu fondé sur une éducation cohérente implique nécessairement la continuité et de cohérence des gestes au quotidien. En effet, un projet éducatif efficace, assure un travail d'équipe; est porteur d'une tradition éducative; engendre un souci de clarté et de transparence au niveau des actions collectives et individuelles; stimule l'analyse réflexive de tous les partenaires issus du même projet, pour finalement se centrer sur la qualité des apprentissages et redonner à l'élève la place qui lui revient au coeur de son propre développement.

Language: French

Published: Saguenay, Quebec, Canada, 1998

Book

Montessori at Home: A Complete Guide to Teaching Your Preschooler at Home Using the Montessori Method

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Language: English

Published: Rossmoor, California: American Montessori Consulting, 1988

ISBN: 0-929487-00-1

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Storia e attualità dell’educazione per la pace di Maria Montessori. Dalle conferenze degli anni ’30 alle prospettive educative odierne / History and actuality of Maria Montessori’s Education for peace. From the conferences of the 1930s to today’s educational perspectives

Available from: Hemeroteca Científica Catalana

Publication: Educació i Història: Revista d'Història de l'Educació, no. 40

Pages: 83-105

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: In Maria Montessori’s scientific analysis of the relationship between peace as an objective and education as a practice to build it, the Italian scientist and pedagogist established cardinal principles and universal purposes from which fundamental educational guidelines derive. A rereading of the Conferences on Education and Peace which Maria Montessori held between 1932 and 1939 reveals strong similarities with the national indications of the Italian school (2012) and offers pedagogical coordinates for interpreting educational needs that continue to represent challenges today / En la seva anàlisi científica de la relació entre la pau, com a objectiu, i l’educació, com a pràctica per construir-la, Maria Montessori va fixar principis cardinals i propòsits universals dels quals deriven fonaments educatius de vital rellevància. La relectura de les conferències sobre Educació i Pau celebrades entre 1932 i 1939 revela fortes analogies amb les indicacions nacionals de l’escola italiana de 2012 i ofereix coordenades pedagògiques per a la lectura de necessitats educatives que continuen plantejant-se com a reptes, fins i tot en la nostra època. / En el análisis científico de Maria Montessori sobre la relación entre la paz como fin y la educación como práctica para construirla, la científica y pedagoga italiana estableció principios cardinales y propósitos universales de los que se derivan fundamentos educativos fundamentales. Una relectura de las conferencias sobre Educación y Paz celebradas entre 1932 y 1939 revela fuertes similitudes con las directrices nacionales de la escuela italiana (2012) y ofrece coordenadas pedagógicas para interpretar las necesidades educativas que continúan representando los desafíos actuales.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.2436/e&h.v0i40.150350

ISSN: 2013-9632, 1134-0258

Article

Montessori en de 21ste eeuw [Montessori and the 21st Century]

Publication: MM: Montessori mededelingen, vol. 24, no. 1

Pages: 10-12

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Language: Dutch

ISSN: 0166-588X

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Maria Montessori Durante il Fascismo [Maria Montessori During Fascism]

Available from: Torrossa

Publication: Cadmo: Giornale Italiano Di Pedagogia Sperimentale, Didattica, Docimologia, Tecnologia Dell'istruzione, vol. 13, no. 2

Pages: 7-22

Authoritarianism, Europe, Fascism, Italy, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The late 1920s and early 1930s in Italy saw the peak of a process establishing Montessori pedagogy which would come to an end within a decade with the drastic closure of all Montessori schools in the country. This epilogue, which would also be seen in those years in other countries with a similar political regime, calls for an analysis of the relations between the creator of the most famous and widespread pedagogical method in the world and the political regime that favoured the application and dissemination of the method in Italy - a country in which it had still not encountered those conditions of realisation that would instead come about in the crucial years of the rise of Fascism and the completion of the totalitarian state. The essay examines the main events marking the history of Montessori’s conflictual relationship with Fascism in the years 1924-1934, from the initial contacts characterising it and leading up to the final break, after which Montessori finally left Italy until the end of World War II.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.1400/60014

ISSN: 1122-5165, 1972-5019

Article

Verslag van de bijeenkomst van Montessori leerkrachten op 10 Maart 1934 in de 2e Lagere Montessori school te Amsterdam

Available from: Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Amsterdam City Archives)

Publication: Montessori Opvoeding, vol. 17, no. 5

Pages: 39-40

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Language: Dutch

Article

Shinpojiumu ippan-en de montessōri kyōiku ni manande kita mono -- keika naiyō kodomo no henka: Dai 4 shinpojisuto montessōri kyōiku no ayumi / シンポジウム 一般園でモンテッソーリ教育に学んできたもの--経過・内容・子どもの変化: 第4シンポジスト モンテッソーリ教育の歩み / Symposium - What General Kindergartens have Learned from Montessori - Process, Content, Changing Children: 4th Speaker: Montessori Education in Operation

Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 35

Pages: 24-29

Asia, East Asia, Japan

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Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.

Language: Japanese

ISSN: 0913-4220

Article

Vkljucevanje Elementov Pedagogike Marie Montessori v Naravoslovje [Integrating Elements of Maria Montessori Pedagogy into Science]

Publication: Pedagoska Obzorja (Drustvo Pedagoskih Delavcev Dolenjske) [Pedagogical Horizons (Association of Pedagogical Workers of Dolenjska)], no. 1-2

Pages: 50-58

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Language: Slovenian

ISSN: 0353-1392

Book

Egelundsskolen: en dansk Montessori Skole [Egelund School: A Danish Montessori School]

Denmark, Europe, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Northern Europe, Scandinavia

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Language: Danish

Published: Copenhagen, Denmark: Martins Forlag, 1926

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