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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Revisited [Essay Review of Rita Kramer 'Maria Montessori: A Biography' and Mario Montessori Jr. 'Education for Human Development: Understanding Montessori' edited by Paula Polk Lillard]

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Educational Studies, vol. 8, no. 2

Pages: 163-174

Book reviews

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1207/s15326993es0802_9

ISSN: 0013-1946

Article

Diffusione e Prospettive dell'Educazione Montessori in Giappone: Montessori nel Mondo [Diffusion and Perspectives of Montessori Education in Japan: Montessori in the World]

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 46, no. 6

Pages: 14-19

Asia, East Asia, Japan, Montessori method of education - History

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Master's Thesis

Investigating the views of Montessori preschool teachers on inclusive education in Montessori approach / Montessori yaklaşımında bütünleştirme uygulamalarına ilişkin Montessori okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin görüşlerinin incelenmesi

Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)

Asia, Inclusive education, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Teachers, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of the study was to investigate the views of Montessori preschool teachers on inclusive education in Montessori approach. The views of 18 participants were examined in this study. All participants were selected from Ankara and İstanbul and they were investigated by a semi-structured interview protocol that was developed by the researcher based on the literature review. The protocol contained questions in three major parts; these were demographic questions about participants, questions about views on inclusive education and questions about views on inclusive education in Montessori approach and its advantageous and disadvantageous for children with disabilities. Phenomenology design was employed in the study and purposive sampling was used to reach the participants. According to findings of content analysis, Montessori teachers stated that they did not find themselves adequately educated and experienced in inclusive education but a large part of them thought that inclusive education is good for development of both disabled and non-disabled students. On the other hand, Montessori teachers expressed that enabling children to be independent and to encourage them to make their own decisions are the most important point of Montessori understanding. However, when considered in terms of disabled students, most teachers indicated that such liberal environment could constitute disadvantages for such students. Teachers stated that an educational environment which is structured and where influence of the teacher is more intensive would be better in terms of education of the disabled child, particularly when working with students with severe disabilities or students with attention deficit or autism. / Bu çalışma, Montessori anaokullarında çalışan okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin bütünleştirme eğitimi ve Montessori yaklaşımında bütünleştirme uygulamaları hakkındaki görüşlerini anlamayı amaçlamıştır. Çalışma 18 katılımcıyı kapsamaktadır. Tüm katılımcılar Ankara ve İstanbul ilinde Montessori okullarında çalışan okul öncesi öğretmenleri arasından seçilmiş olup, görüşmeler araştırmacı tarafından geliştirilen yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme formu ile yapılmıştır. Görüşme formu üç ana bölümden oluşmaktadır. İlk bölümde katılımcılar hakkındaki demografik bilgiler sorgulanırken, ikinci bölümde katılımcıların bütünleştirme eğitimi hakkındaki görüşleri ve son bölümde ise katılımcıların Montessori eğitimindeki bütünleştirme uygulamaları hakkındaki görüşleri sorgulanmıştır. Çalışmanın sonunda nitel analiz yapılmış olup bulgulara göre Montessori öğretmenleri bütünleştirme eğitimi konusunda kendilerini yeterince eğitimli ve deneyimli bulmadıklarını belirtmiş, ancak bütünleştirme eğitiminin hem engelli hem de engelsiz öğrenciler için faydalı olduğunu düşündüklerini ifade etmiştir. Öte yandan, Montessori öğretmenleri Montessori eğitiminin çocuğun bağımsız bir birey olmasında önemli bir rol oynadığını ifade etmiş, çocukların kendi kararlarını vermelerini teşvik etmenin Montessori anlayışının en önemli noktaları olduğunu belirtmiştir. Ancak engelli öğrenciler açısından değerlendirildiğinde öğretmenlerin çoğu bu özgürlükçü ortamın engelli öğrenciler için dezavantajlar oluşturabileceğini söylemiştir. Öğretmenler, özellikle ağır engelli öğrenciler ya da dikkat dağınıklığı olan ya da otizmli öğrenciler ile çalışırken öğretmenin etkisinin daha yoğun olduğu, yapılandırılmış bir eğitim ortamının çocuğun eğitimi açısından daha iyi olacağını ifade etmiştir.

Language: English

Published: Ankara, Turkey, 2019

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori-Pädagogik in der Gegenwart: zur deutschen Montessori-Konferenz in Frankfurt [Montessori pedagogy in the present: for the German Montessori conference in Frankfurt]

Available from: V&R E-Library

Publication: Bildung und Erziehung, vol. 5

Pages: 260-267

Conferences, Europe, Germany, Western Europe

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Language: German

DOI: 10.7788/bue-1952-jg33

ISSN: 0006-2456, 2194-3834

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Views on Montessori Approach by Teachers Serving at Schools Applying the Montessori Approach / Montessori yaklaşımını uygulayan okullarda çalışan öğretmenlerin Montessori yaklaşımına ilişkin görüşleri

Available from: Eurasian Journal of Educational Research

Publication: Eurasian Journal of Educational Research [Egitim Arastirmalari], no. 66

Pages: 123-138

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Teachers - Attitudes, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Problem Statement: Further studies on Montessori teachers are required on the grounds that the Montessori approach, which, having been applied throughout the world, holds an important place in the alternative education field. Yet it is novel for Turkey, and there are only a limited number of studies on Montessori teachers in Turkey. Purpose of Study: The aim was to investigate views on the Montessori approach by the teachers who serve at the schools applying the Montessori approach. Methods: Research data was collected by the basic qualitative research, one of the qualitative research methods. Descriptive analysis method was used in analysis of the qualitative data. Nine teachers serving at three different schools in Ankara province applying Montessori approach were interviewed. Findings and Results: Eight main themes were determined upon data analysis; namely, education on Montessori approach, basic qualities required for teachers applying Montessori approach, adequacy of education on Montessori approach, in-service training on the challenges experienced by Montessori teachers, plans of teachers for self-development, following existing studies in Turkey on Montessori approach, views on studies on Montessori approach, and views on the criticisms towards Montessori approach. Conclusions and Recommendations: All teachers confirmed that they internalized the approach upon training in line with Montessori philosophy. They emphasized that they received training covering all the educational fields, yet the implementation dimension was inadequate due to training without the involvement of children. Furthermore, they suggested that all the schools in Turkey were opened by commercial motives, and as such these schools failed to comply with the standards of the institutions providing education on the basis of Montessori approach. They asserted that all criticisms towards Montessori approach would be proved to be groundless upon implementation of the approach. It was seen that experienced supervisors, in-service training, and scientific studies on Montessori approach were required.

Language: English

ISSN: 1302-597X, 2528-8911

Book

Studien zur Montessori-Pädagogik I: Maria Montessori und die "reform-pädagogische Bewegung" [Studies on Montessori Education I: Maria Montessori and the "New Education Movement"]

Europe, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: German

Published: Freiburg, Germany: Herder, 1986

ISBN: 978-3-451-20919-2

Article

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Transgresje w biograficznych doświadczeniach wybitnych pedagogów: Marii Montessori i Janusza Korczaka [Transgressions in the biographical experiences of outstanding pedagogues: Maria Montessori and Janusz Korczak]

Available from: dLibra

Publication: Podstawy Edukacji [Fundamentals of Education], vol. 10

Pages: 13-32

Educators, Janusz Korczak - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Abstract/Notes: Transgressions are innovative and creative activities. They allow people to go beyond the limits of their current functioning, thus gaining new areas of activity or creating new values. Motivation specific to transgression is hubristic motivation. The article analyzes the biographical experiences of outstanding pedagogues. – Maria Montessori and Janusz Korczak. Maria Montessori – Italian physician, education system creator and Montessori pedagogy based on the needs of the child. Transcendental biography of Janusz Korczak – doctor, pedagogue, writer, journalist, visionary. Biographies contain different spaces of transgressive activities: personal, professional, social, creative, literary. They concern the concept of education, methods of pedagogical work with the child. The accomplishments of outstanding pedagogues include immutable values.

Language: Polish

DOI: 10.16926/pe.2017.10.02

ISSN: 2081-2264

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Maria Montessori e a Formação de Professores: O Que Dizem as Fontes Italianas? [Maria Montessori and Teacher Education: What Do Italian Sources Say?]

Available from: Sociedade Brasileira de História da Matemática (SBHMat)

Publication: Revista de História da Educação Matemática, vol. 6, no. 3

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Study and teaching, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Teacher education, Teacher education

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Abstract/Notes: Neste texto é apresentado um enredo acerca da circulação de Maria Montessori a partir fontes localizadas na Itália, fruto de um estágio sanduíche cujo um dos objetivos foi de estabelecer fios narrativos que pudessem contribuir para melhor entender aspectos que estão relacionados à circulação de Montessori e o seu contexto de produção de saberes para a formação e o ensino nas primeiras décadas do século XX. É possível dizer, pós análise, que a sistematização da proposta de Montessori na forma escrita contribuiu para a divulgação do seu método, haja vista o “boom” pós publicação da Pedagogia Científica e a publicações de artigos de revistas por ela organizadas. Vale dizer, também, que os cursos de formação de professores ganharam, também, papel importante para a circulação do seu método, haja vista as convocatórias a Montessori feitas por parte do Estado, que podem ser consideradas como reconhecimento de uma expertise para responder à uma demanda prática à época. [This text presents a plot about the circulation of Maria Montessori from sources located in Italy, the result of a sandwich stage whose objective was to establish narrative threads that could contribute to better understanding aspects that are related to the circulation of Montessori and its context of knowledge production for training and teaching in the first decades of the 20th century. It is possible to say, after analysis, that the systematization of Montessori's proposal in written form contributed to the dissemination of his method, given the boom after the publication of Scientific Pedagogy and the publication of articles in journals organized by it. It is also worth mentioning that teacher training courses have also gained an important role in the circulation of their method, given the calls to Montessori made by the State, which can be considered as recognition of an expertise to respond to a practical demand at the time.]

Language: Portuguese

ISSN: 2447-6447

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

La méthode Montessori adaptée aux personnes âgées présentant des troubles cognitifs, une approche globale centrée sur la personne Partie 1: Origines et grands principes fondamentaux [The Montessori method adapted to the elderly with cognitive disorders, a global approach centered on the person Part 1: Origins and major fundamental principles]

Available from: John Libbey Eurotext

Publication: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement, vol. 21, no. 1

Pages: 97-106

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori-Based Dementia Programming (MBDP), Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: Les approches centrées sur la personne constituent un modèle d’accompagnement des personnes âgées présentant des troubles cognitifs en plein développement au cours des dernières années. Ses bénéfices ont été bien documentés, mais la mise en œuvre concrète de ses grands principes reste parfois floue. Dans ce contexte, la méthode Montessori adaptée aux personnes âgées en constitue une des propositions d’application concrète. Elle intègre la vision et les grands principes humanistes de la pédagogie scientifique de Maria Montessori et des outils et techniques de réhabilitation. Elle vise à redonner à la personne du contrôle sur sa vie, à favoriser son engagement dans des activités porteuses de sens et à lui redonner une place et un rôle dans la communauté. Dans cette revue de littérature, nous aborderons dans un premier temps de manière générale le courant des approches centrées sur la personne, puis nous présenterons de manière plus détaillée l’historique et les principes de la méthode Montessori adaptée aux personnes âgées afin d’en proposer une vision claire et structurée. [Person-centered approaches are a model of support for older people with cognitive disorders that have been developing in recent years. Its benefits have been well documented, but the concrete implementation of its main principles sometimes remains unclear. In this context, the Montessori method adapted to the elderly constitutes one of the proposals for concrete application. It integrates the vision and the main humanist principles of the scientific pedagogy of Maria Montessori and the tools and techniques of rehabilitation. It aims to give the person back control over his life, to encourage his involvement in meaningful activities and to give him back a place and a role in the community. In this literature review, we will first approach the current of person-centered approaches in a general way, then we will present in more detail the history and principles of the Montessori method adapted to the elderly in order to propose a clear and structured vision.]

Language: French

DOI: 10.1684/pnv.2023.1079

ISSN: 2115-8789

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Capacitación docente, basada en la teoría Montessori, para atender la discapacidad intelectual leve en niños de Educación General Básica de Guayaquil 2021 / Teacher training, based on Montessori theory, to attend to mild intellectual disability in children of Basic General Education of Guayaquil 2021

Available from: South Florida Publishing

Publication: South Florida Journal of Development, vol. 3, no. 1

Pages: 194-210

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Abstract/Notes: La presente investigación tuvo como propósito determinar que la capacitación docente basada en la teoría Montessori, influye en la atención de la discapacidad intelectual leve en niños de educación general básica de Guayaquil. Se sustentó teóricamente con los aportes de Montessori (1907), Lee (2018), Molina (2012, 2015), Chiavenato (2000), Rodríguez y Ramírez (1997), OMS (2021), AARM (2020),Tünnermann (2011), (Aubrey, 2010), UNESCO (2006), Cossentino (2005), Díaz (2002), Ministerio de Educación del Ecuador (2011), entre otros. La investigación se catalogó como experimental-aplicada, con nivel netamente explicativo. El diseño se clasificó como pre-experimental, con modelo pre-test/post-test con un solo grupo. La población estuvo constituida por 50 profesionales de educación general básica; debido al número finito y conocido de la población se empleó un censo poblacional. Como técnica de recolección de datos se utilizó la encuesta y como instrumento, el cuestionario. El análisis descriptivo de los datos se realizó mediante la confección de tablas de frecuencia absoluta (fa) y porcentaje (%), medidas de posición (promedio, mediana, mínima y máxima), dispersión (desviación estándar) y varianza. Asimismo, se realizó un análisis inferencial acerca de la población, basándose en los datos recolectados y la contrastación de las hipótesis planteadas. Los resultados evidenciaron una diferencia significativa de 19,02, entre los resultados del pre y post test, con un nivel de significancia de 0,000 < 0,05. Por tanto, se aceptó la hipótesis de investigación (Hi) y se rechazó la hipótesis nula (Ho), llegando a la conclusión que la propuesta basada en teoría Montessori influye de forma significativa y positiva en la atención de la discapacidad intelectual leve en niños de educación general básica de Guayaquil. El presente estudio representa un gran aporte para el sistema educativo en lo concerniente al área de la discapacidad e inclusión.

Language: Spanish

DOI: 10.46932/sfjdv3n1-015

ISSN: 2675-5459

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