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Transforming theories of childhood and early childhood education: Child study and the empirical assault on Froebelian rationalism
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, vol. 45, no. 4
Abstract/Notes: This article considers the possibility that one of the defining characteristics of the New Education, as it related to children in their early years, was its epistemological break with rationalist forms of knowledge and its embrace of empiricism and positivism. It considers, briefly, social theories that identify a similar process at a societal level before examining some of the polemics directed against theories of education based on rational forms of knowledge and, in particular, Froebel’s system. This theme is then pursued through a detailed consideration of the child study movement in England and its promotion of an empiricist project concerned with the production of knowledge about the child which drew upon the emergent fields of physiology, educational psychology, education and statistics. It is argued that child study helped to create the conditions for these sciences to distinguish themselves from the older philosophical currents from which they emerged. Consideration is then paid to how these transformations reacted on child study and on the Froebel movement. The article concludes that a break did indeed occur in the ways in which education was legitimised and that through the arrival of a new empirically based, scientific approach it became more closely aligned to reforming impulses. Nevertheless, the old philosophical, metaphysical foundations were not vanquished as in a violent rupture but were articulated in a new dialectical synthesis.
ISSN: 0030-9230, 1477-674X
Let the Child Teach Himself: Let the Child Teach Himself Let the Child Teach Himself
Publication: New York Times (New York, New York)
Date: May 16, 1965
Pages: Magazine - 34-35, 42, 44, 47, 49-50
Links Between Communication Patterns in Mother-Child, Father-Child, and Child-Peer Interactions and Children's Social Status
Available from: JSTOR
Publication: Child Development, vol. 66, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: In this study, we examined communication in the family and peer systems in relation to children's sociometric status. Codes measured turn-taking skills and utterance types for 43 children (ages 24-60 months) with mothers, fathers, and peers. Communication differences in the family and peer systems were strongest for popular versus rejected status children and their parents, but differences were also found for controversial and neglected status children and their parents. Rejected status children demonstrated turn-taking styles that included irrelevant turns, interruptions, simultaneous talking, and noncontingent responding. Parents of rejected children used higher proportions of requests than parents of popular children but failed to allow their children time to respond to the requests. Popular status children were more likely to alternate turns, provide explanations to peers, and participate in episodes of cohesive discourse. Interaction patterns were examined for potential mechanisms of transfer between family and peer systems.
Hartford Early Childhood Program, Hartford, Connecticut: An Urban Public School System's Large-Scale Approach Toward Restructuring Early Childhood Education. Model Programs - Childhood Education
Available from: ERIC
Abstract/Notes: The Hartford Early Childhood Program involves more than 4,500 children from 4 years old to first grade level in over 200 classrooms. Classrooms are designed to offer children an environment that encourages them to learn independently. Ideas have been borrowed from the Montessori approach and the British Infant Schools and fitted to the needs of the Hartford school district's urban students. The program philosophy embodies new approaches that can be used in old school buildings such as formal education beginning at 3 years, mixed-age "family" grouping, interest centers, and emphasis on intrinsic motivation toward personel success. Future plans call for extension of the program to all public school classes in grades K through 2. Sources of more detailed information are provided for this program, specifically, and for Model Programs Childhood Education, in general. (Author/WY)
Published: Palo Alto, California, 1970
The Mathematical Mind [Birth to Three, The Children's House Child, The Early Primary Child, The Upper Primary Child, The Adolescent]
Publication: Montessori NewZ, vol. 22
Date: Jun 2001
Pages: 9–12, 14
Master Teachers/Model Programs: A Montessori Approach to Curriculum Development and Coordination, Staff Development and Professional Supervision
Published: Sarasota, Florida: The Montessori Foundation and the International Montessori Council, 2003
Montessory Method in Training Development of Health Protocol Ambassadors Facing the Post COVID-19 Pandemic Era at SD Muhammadiyah 01 Medan [Montessori Method in Training Development of Health Protocol Ambassadors Facing the Post COVID-19 Pandemic Era at SD Muhammadiyah 01 Medan]
Available from: LPPM Universitas Sumatera Utara
Publication: Abdimas Talenta: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, vol. 7, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: Along the decline COVID-19 cases in Indonesia, the implementation of Limited Face-to-face Learning (PTM) in education units was again carried out by observing the implementation of strict health protocols by education units. In the implementation, various problems were found, such as the lack of awareness of students in implementing health protocols. The solutions offered by the Community Service team to support preventing the spread of COVID-19 and improving healthy lifestyles include developing a health protocol ambassador program through a peer teaching program with the Montessori method. This activity was carried on August 8, 2022 with assistance and monitoring carried out until August 22, 2022 at SD Muhammadiyah 01 Medan with a total sample of 60 people. The results showed an increase before and after the activity, before the activity was carried out as many as 31 (51.7%) respondents were at a moderate level of knowledge, 37 (61.7%) positive attitudes and 32 (53.3%) good behavior respondents. After the activities were carried out, 47 (78.3%) respondents had high knowledge, 60 (100%) positive attitudes and 46 (76.7%) good behavior. Therefore, this method is effective in increasing the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of students' awareness about health protocols and prevention of COVID-19 transmission.
Historical View of the Planes of Development as Developmental Outcomes
Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 34, no. 1
The Development of Morality in the First and Second Planes of Development
Publication: AMI/USA News, vol. 19, no. 1
Date: Mar 2006
Pages: 1, 3, 11
Analisa Jabatan Human Resource Development di Pre School Happy Holy Kids [Analysis of Human Resource Development Positions at Happy Holi Kids Preschool]
Available from: Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Manado (Indonesia)
Publication: Montessori Jurnal Pendidikan Kristen Anak Usia Dini, vol. 3, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: Sumber Daya Manusia yang tepat sangat dibutuhkan sekarang ini salah satunya Posisi Human Resources development, dimana jabatan ini dapat membantu Organisasi dalam meningkatkan kinerja yang juga dibutuhkan oleh banyak organisasi khususnya Pre School, Happy Holy Kids sebagai salah satu Lembaga Pendidikan Juga membutuhkan Posisi jabatan Human Resources Development dimana posisi ini dapat mengahasilkan sumber daya manusia yang tepat akan tetapi masih banyak Posisi jabatan Human Resources Development yang belum memiliki analisa jabatan sehingga mengakibatkan over lapping pekerjaan sehingga harus dilakukan analisa jabatan pada Posisi Human Resources Development di Pre school Happy Holy Kids. Metode yang dipakai dalam melakukan analisa jabatan adalah Observasi dan wawancara. Dari Hasil Analisa Jabatan didapatkan Job deskription dan Job Spesification yang dihasilkan untuk Posisi jabatan Human Resources Development di Pre School Happy Holy Kids yang akan dipakai sebagai panduan dalam melaksanakan Tugas dan tanggung jawab pemangku jabatan.