Quick Search
For faster results please use our Quick Search engine.

Advanced Search

Search across titles, abstracts, authors, and keywords.
Advanced Search Guide.

423 results

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Relationship Between Anti-Bias Curriculum and Cultural Competency Among Middle School Students

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

See More

Abstract/Notes: Implementation of an anti-bias education framework is relatively new in the history of cultural competence movements. While some research has been done, sighting positive effects for K-12 students, few studies exist within the Montessori pedagogy. Furthermore, little research has been done in the effects of implementing this type of curriculum within a Montessori adolescent environment. Consequently, there is a need to gather information on effective anti-bias education best practices and how to introduce these strategies in a classroom environment. The purpose of this action research study is to explore how implementing anti-bias activities including literature, journaling, and Socratic discussions affect students’ cultural proficiency in a Montessori Middle School.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2019

Report

The Effects of Montessori Educational Techniques on Culturally Disadvantaged Head Start Children

Available from: ERIC

See More

Abstract/Notes: To determine whether significant differences exist in skill performance as a result of head start experience and to determine whether these differences exist between two ethnic groups, 17 Anglo-American [White] and 62 Mexican American [Latino] culturally disadvantaged children were pre-tested and post-tested during the summer of 1965 in connection with six-week head start programs in Costa Mesa and Fullerton, California. Five teachers using modified Montessori materials stressed three developmental areas, (1) perceptual-motor, (2) social-emotional, and (3) intellectual-academic. Seven instruments were used to test the program's effectiveness--Gesell Maturation Index, Mateer Inversion Test, tests of dominance, teacher rating scale, Goodenough-Harris D-A-P, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, and wide range achievement test. Results showed that certain handicaps do exist among culturally disadvantaged children prior to school experience and that positive gains occurred when enrichment experiences were provided. Greatest gains were in the areas of intellectual-academic and social-emotional skills. Ethnic differences appeared in the linguistic skills limitations of the Mexican American children. Need for medical and dental attention was apparent in both groups. Future provision should be made for continued preschool education and wider dissemination of health services. (LG)

Language: English

Published: Fullerton, California, Sep 1965

Article

Cultural Determinants Within the Design Set Up of Kindergarten and Preschool Interiors: Assessment of Four Typologies in Terms of Their Spatial Formation [Anaokulu ve Kreşlerin İç Mekan Tasarım Kurgusu İçerisindeki Kültürel Belirleyiciler; Mekansal Oluşumlarının Dört Tipolojisi üzerinde Analizi]

Available from: Megaron Journal

Publication: Megaron: Yıldız Technical University, Faculty of Architecture E-Journal, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 130-144

Architecture, Asia, Middle East, Turkey, Western Asia

See More

Abstract/Notes: The dynamic and complex nature of children’s sense of physical environment (Lim, Barton, 2010) with respect to the location of the space concerning cultural conditions, relations, and parameters direct design criteria to meet pedagogic, physiologic, and biological needs and requirements of the children in the preschool interiors. This enquiry has grown out of the desire to examine the parameters, cultural aspects, dimensions, or contexts affecting the built environment in the preschool interiors where children spend most of their time out of their home. Conceptual components affecting the interior space of pre-school education centers are identified and based on literature review, interviews, surveys, observational data, and statistical concepts such as education models, socio-economic conditions, appreciation of adults, child–teacher–parent relations, and location related to culture. These contextual connections and relations with the interior environment shaped the body of the study. Based on the above-mentioned items, a research questionnaire was used in centers located in the Çankaya and Çayyolu regions of Ankara. Subjects were randomly selected from among the parents of these preschools’ students. Accordingly, the research questionnaire was directed to a total of 200 respondents from 15 pre-school centers; these preschool education centers are the ones applying the Montessori education model, providing education in English and highlighting features like physical space comfort, etc. Those centers have maintained their corporate identity thanks to the above-counted features. Consequently, data has shown that the education model, socio-economic conditions, appreciation of adults, child–teacher–parent relations, and location have an indirect and direct bearing on parent perception of the preschool centers which affects the centers’ formation of Interior spatial design. [Anaokullarının mekansal oluşumu,çocuğun,değişen fiziksel çevre koşullarına bağlı olarak gelişen karmaşık ve dinamik bir etkileşim sürecidir. Farklı kültürel koşullar, ilişkiler ve parametreler bu mekanlarda pedagojik, psikolojik ve biyolojik gereksinimleri doğurmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı çocukların ev dışında en çok vakit geçirdiği ana okullarının mekan oluşumunda etkili olan kültürel parametrelerin, boyut ve bağlamını ortaya koymaktır. Literatür taraması, mülakat ve istatistiksel araştırma sonucunda elde edilen verilere göre; Eğitim Modeli, Socio-Ekonomik koşullar, Yetişkin ölçütü, Çocuk-Eğitim-Ebeveyn İlişkileri ve Konum Kültür ile ilişkilidir. Bu kavramsal İlişkiler çalışmanın gövdesini oluşturmaktadır. Yukarıda belirtilen unsurlarla ilişkili olarak Ankara Çankaya ve Çayyolu semtlerinde yer alan anaokullarında anket çalışması yapılmıştır. Anketler, bahsi geçen bölgede 15 Anaokulunda 200 katılımcıya uygulanmıştır. Anaokulları Montessori eğitim modeli uygulayan, İngilizce eğitim veren, fiziksel şartları ile öne çıkan ve bir markanın zinciri olmak üzere sınıflandırılmıştır. Sonuç olarak, yapılan farklı sınıflandırmalara bağlı olarak, değişen kültürel parametrelerin Anaokullarının mekansal oluşumunda direk ve dolaylı etkisi bulunmaktadır.]

Language: English

DOI: 10.5505/megaron.2017.49469

ISSN: 1309-6915

Article

Using Mathematics Strategies in Early Childhood Education as a Basis for Culturally Responsive Teaching in India

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: International Journal of Early Years Education, vol. 14, no. 1

Pages: 15-34

Asia, Culturally relevant pedagogy, India, South Asia

See More

Abstract/Notes: The objective of this small study was to elicit responses from early childhood teachers in India on mathematics learning strategies and to measure the extent of finger counting technique adopted by the teachers in teaching young children. Specifically, the research focused on the effective ways of teaching mathematics to children in India, and examined teachers’ approach to number counting. In India, children were taught by their parents or by their teachers to use fingers to count. The qualitative study conducted by the researcher further enriched the topic with first‐hand comments by the teachers. Although the finger counting method was not the only process that teachers would adopt, it was embedded in the culture and taken into consideration while infusing mathematics skills. The teachers confirmed adopting the Indian method of finger counting in their teaching strategy; some specified that the method helped children to undertake addition and subtraction of carrying and borrowing, as counting by objects could not be available all the time. Although the study is limited by its small sample to the unique mathematics learning experience in India, it provides readers with a glimpse of culturally responsive teaching methods and an alternative mathematics teaching strategy.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/09669760500446374

ISSN: 0966-9760

How Montessori Educators in the US Address Culturally Responsive Teaching

Available from: Google Scholar

See More

Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to investigate how Montessori educators in a public school setting in California address the pluralistic nature of their students’ cultural, racial and linguistic backgrounds. The Montessori method of education has been an alternative approach to education used around the world for 100 years. In the U.S., teachers’ backgrounds are often culturally and linguistically different from those of their students. How aware of these differences are Montessori teachers as they use the materials, curriculum, and method of the Montessori approach to education? The participants were six Montessori elementary teachers from the same public school, including the researcher. The participants met weekly for one hour focus group meetings which were audio recorded and transcribed by the researcher. Other data included researcher’s field notes in the form of reflections written after focus group meetings. Data was analyzed for generative themes and are presented here framed in theory from the literature on critical pedagogy and the Montessori method of education.

Language: English

Article

Creating High-Quality Early Childhood Education in Rwanda: Teacher Dispositions, Child-Centred Play, and Culturally Relevant Materials

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Early Child Development and Care, vol. 190, no. 15

Pages: 2437-2448

Africa, Culturally relevant pedagogy, East Africa, Rwanda, Sub-Saharan Africa

See More

Abstract/Notes: Overcoming challenges to quality early education in developing nations, TEACH Rwanda, one high-performing education system, offers a model of childhood learning through sensitive teacher dispositions, child-centred play, and culturally relevant materials. This manuscript provides a unique window into the practices of a quality early childhood system in Rwanda and articulates how these high-quality approaches to early childhood education can be executed successfully in developing nations with limited resources. The guidelines for practice and illustrations from real classrooms are relevant for a range of educators around the world. One key to success is the programmes’ homegrown professional development approach featuring Rwandans teaching Rwandans, which builds capacity within the system. The professional development description encourages administrators and directors to establish such programmes which can successfully build capacity and sustainability within their schools.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/03004430.2019.1578760

ISSN: 0300-4430, 1476-8275

Book Section

Educare la religiosità in un contesto di pluralismo

Book Title: L'importanza dell'educazione nei primi tre anni di vita del bambino: atti del Seminario di studi per genitori ed esperti della prima infanzia, Mantova, 15 gennaio 1994

Pages: 29-35

See More

Language: Italian

Published: Mantova: Amministrazione provinciale, 1995

Article

Exploring Diversity and Inclusivity in Montessori (Part 3)

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 31, no. 1

Pages: 48-53

Cultural pluralism, Inclusive education, Montessori method of education

See More

Abstract/Notes: Ultimately, I was no longer willing to teach in such a deficit-based model of education. [...]I set out on a journey to create an educational model, Keres Children's Learning Center (KCLC), that would honor the "whole Pueblo child" and our Keres language in an immersion Montessori setting. The whole Pueblo child is built up through an environment my colleague Mario Benabe (2018) described as including "teachers who lead understanding cultural knowledge beyond the confines of the Montessori philosophy, materials and their scope and sequence [Math, geography, Language, Sensorial, Practical Life, etc.] and how they communicate this linguistically/ culturally with and to children." At the 2018 Montessori for Social Justice Conference, Roberto and Lorena Germán reminded us of the importance of culturally sustaining pedagogy (CSP) that "seeks to perpetuate and foster-to-sustain linguistic, literate, and cultural pluralism as part of schooling for positive social transformation. Johnny is 3-6-credentialed (AMI), holds a Master of Education degree with dual emphasis in Montessori and Early Literacy, and is a doctoral candidate in Urban Leadership at the Johns Hopkins University School of Education.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Dear Cathie . . . A Montessori Teacher's Perspective: Too Many Cultural Celebrations?

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 17, no. 1

Pages: 24

See More

Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

Self-Efficacy: A First-Generation American Educator Teaching in a Culturally Diverse Montessori Classroom

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

See More

Abstract/Notes: This action research project investigated my teacher efficacy in a multicultural classroom with children ages 3 to 6. This was a self-study that I started during my first year of teaching in a private school in downtown Chicago. As a first generation American, I was the only participant. Throughout the four-week study, I responded to journal prompts where I reflected on daily readings of anti-bias literature and my past schooling experiences. I measured my teacher efficacy and confidence levels through weekly attitude scales and pre and post self-assessments. My emotions were tracked with tally sheets. The data showed an increase in positive emotions vs. negative emotions, higher confidence levels in teaching, and growth in confronting bias and engaging in discussions about anti-bias education. This study recommends further engagement in anti-bias media and taking the time to reflect before making decisions in my work as a teacher.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2020

Advanced Search