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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Relações interdisciplinares na pedagogia: Piaget e Montessori [Interdisciplinary relationships in pedagogy: Piaget and Montessori]

Available from: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria

Publication: Educação (UFSM), vol. 25, no. 1

Pages: 123-134

Jean Piaget - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Explicita-se as relações interdisciplinares na pedagogia através da epistemologia genética, analisando uma formulação teórica específica, no caso a pedagogia montessori. Através da operaciomalização da epistemologia genética verifica-se se ela é capaz de captar relações interdisciplinares no interior de uma formulação pedagógica específica e se esta pode ser considerada interdisciplinar. A pesquisa desenvolvida traz uma contribuição à pedagogia pois operacionaliza um modelo de análise de relações interdisciplinares no interior da pedagogia. O estudo concluiu que o modelo psicogenético possibilitou captar relações interdisciplinares no interior de formulações teóricas bem como possibilitou uma análise genuína da pedagogia montessori demonstrando o seu potencial em termos de formação integral do homem. [The interdisciplinary relationships in pedagogy are explained through genetic epistemology, analyzing a specific theoretical formulation, in this case, the montessori pedagogy. Through the operationalization of genetic epistemology, it is verified whether it is capable of capturing interdisciplinary relationships within a specific pedagogical formulation and whether this can be considered interdisciplinary. The research developed brings a contribution to pedagogy as it operationalizes a model for the analysis of interdisciplinary relationships within pedagogy. The study concluded that the psychogenetic model made it possible to capture interdisciplinary relationships within theoretical formulations as well as a genuine analysis of Montessori pedagogy, demonstrating its potential in terms of the integral formation of man.]

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.5902/19846444

ISSN: 1984-6444

Article

De la pédagogie Montessori aux inspirations montessoriennes: Réflexion sur la question des emprunts pédagogiques partiels dans les pratiques enseignantes [From Montessori pedagogy to Montessori inspirations: Reflection on the question of partial pedagogical borrowing in teaching practices]

Available from: CAIRN

Publication: Spécificités, vol. 12, no. 1

Pages: 31-55

Education - Study and teaching, Europe, France, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Teachers, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Un nombre important d’enseignant(e)s de l’école maternelle remettent actuellement en cause ses modalités pédagogiques habituelles en instillant dans leur pratique des éléments issus de la pédagogie Montessori. Qu’il s’agisse de l’organisation spatiale, du matériel, des usages du temps, ou du rôle de l’adulte, ces pratiques « d’inspiration montessorienne » s’avèrent très hétérogènes et plus ou moins orthodoxe. Cet article cherche à les catégoriser en distinguant des pratiques relevant d’un faible ou d’un fort engagement montessorien. Dans les deux cas, il s’agit aussi de mettre au jour d’inexorables limites à l’importation de la pédagogie Montessori au sein de l’école maternelle publique, du fait des programmes et du cadrage institutionnel. L’ensemble du raisonnement est l’occasion d’une réflexion sur l es emprunts pédagogiques partiels, lorsque des éléments d’une pédagogie sont repris sans forcément l’ensemble de ses principes fondateurs. [A significant number of french preschool teachers are currently changing their usual pedagogical methods by instilling elements from Montessori pedagogy into their practice. Concerning spatial organization, pedagogical material, uses of time, or adult’s role, these practices are very heterogeneous and more or less orthodox. This article seeks to categorize them by distinguishing practices within a weak or strong Montessori commitment. In both cases, it’s also a question of inexorable limits to the importation of Montessori pedagogy into public french preschool, due to programmes and institutional framework. This whole reasoning is an opportunity for reflection on partial pedagogical loans, when elements of a pedagogy are taken up without necessarily all its founding principles.]

Language: French

DOI: 10.3917/spec.012.0031

ISSN: 2256-7186, 2426-6272

Article

Pedagogía científica y normalidad en Montessori [Scientific Pedagogy and Normality in Montessori]

Available from: Nano PDF

Publication: Logos, no. 20

Pages: 59-80

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Este artículo aborda la pedagogía científica de Montessori y cómo con sus investigaciones y la creación de las casas de niños se formalizan e instalan en la escuela moderna discursos y prácticas médicas, biológicas, antropológicas y psicológicas en el campo de la pedagogía. Influenciada por las teorías de Lombroso y de Darwin, consideraba que el ser humano no era más que una célula compuesta por protoplasma y núcleo del tamaño de una décima de milímetro del cual proceden individuos muy diferentes entre sí. Por tanto, para realizar y entender las investigaciones prácticas de la antropología con fines pedagógicos, se requieren suficientes nociones de biología y del aporte de otras disciplinas con las cuales la pedagogía tiene afinidad. De ahí la importancia de mostrar y cuestionar los efectos de estos discursos y prácticas sobre la concepción de una pedagogía activa, lejana ya de la preocupación por la formación del niño en su relación consigo mismo, con el saber y con el mundo, enunciados pedagógicos que pierden vigencia en el funcionamiento de la escuela propuesta por Montessori. Para tal fin se toman como referencia algunos conceptos de Foucault (población, políticas, normalización, prácticas de saber) en la perspectiva de la noción de biopolítica. [This article deals with Montessori’s scientific pedagogy and how his researches and the creation of houses for children become official, as well as how discourses and medical, biological, anthropological and psychological practices are installed in the pedagogy field in modern schools. Influenced by the theories of Lombroso and Darwin, he considered that human beings were no more than a cell composed by a protoplasm and nucleus the size of a tenth of a millimeter, from where individuals who are very different from each other come from. This is why, in order to understand and carry out the practical researches of anthropology with pedagogical purposes, enough notions of biology are required, as well as the collaboration of other disciplines that work side by side with pedagogy. Thus the importance to show and question the effects of these discourses and practices regarding the conception of an active pedagogy, far from the concern for the child’s education in terms of his relationship with himself, knowledge and the world, pedagogical statements that lose validity in the operation of the school proposed by Montessori. For such purpose, some concepts from Foucault are taken as reference (population, policies, normalization, knowledge practices) in the perspective of the notion of bio-politics.]

Language: Spanish

ISSN: 0120-6680

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Odgajanje opažanjem: neke specifičnosti odnoga prema Montessori pedagogiji [Upbringing by observation: some specifics of education according to Montessori pedagogy]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Služba Božja: liturgijsko-pastoralna revija, vol. 58, no. 4

Pages: 443-464

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Specifična slika djeteta u Montessori pedagogiji utječe na značajke Montessori odgojitelja, njegovu osobnu i stručnu pripremu te njegovu unutarnju pripremu. U ovom se radu analiziraju specifičnosti navedene pedagogije glede djeteta, odgojitelja i pripremljene okoline. Montessori pedagogija računa s periodima ili razdobljima posebne osjetljivosti kod djece i pridaje im veliku razvojnu i odgojnu važnost, a da bi dijete uspješno prošlo svaki od perioda, potrebno je da odrasli slijede i odgovaraju na potrebe djeteta. Na kraju rada istaknut ćemo glavne specifičnosti razvoja i poimanja djeteta prema ovoj pedagogiji. [A specific picture of the child in Montessori pedagogy affects the qualities of Montessori educators, their personal and professional preparation and their internal preparation. This paper analyses the specifics of the mentioned pedagogy regarding the child, the educator and the prepared environment. Montessori pedagogy counts on periods or times of special sensitivity in children and attaches great developmental and educational importance to them, so that, should the child successfully pass each of the periods, it is necessary for adults to follow and respond to the needs of the child. At the end of the paper we will highlight the child’s main developmental characteristics and understanding of the child according to this pedagogy.]

Language: Croatian

ISSN: 0037-7074, 1849-1057

Master's Thesis

Nekatere značilnosti pouka matematike po pedagoških načelih pedagogike Montessori [Some Characteristics of Mathematics Instruction According to Pedagogical Principles of Montessori Pedagogy]

Available from: Digital Library of the University of Maribor (DKUM)

Mathematics education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: V magistrskem delu analiziramo nekatere značilnosti pouka matematike po pedagoških načelih pedagogike Montessori in predstavimo, kakšen odnos imajo učenci osnovne šole Montessori do pouka matematike. Magistrsko delo je razčlenjeno na teoretični in empirični del. V teoretičnem delu najprej predstavimo Mario Montessori, ki je z opazovanjem otrok začela spreminjati pogled na vzgojo, šolo in učenje ter razvila novo metodo poučevanja, metodo Montessorijeve. Spoznamo se z omenjeno metodo, s principi, ki so temeljni za vzgojo po metodi Montessori, spoznamo temelje pedagogike Montessori, kjer so otrok, odrasli in okolje med seboj enakovredno povezani. V nadaljevanju predstavimo delovanje osnovne šole Montessori. Posebno pozornost namenimo pedagogiki Montessori pri matematiki in primerjamo učna načrta javne osnovne šole in osnovne šole Montessori ter predstavimo razvojne materiale s področja matematike na predšolski stopnji, 1. in 2. triadi. Zadnji del teoretičnega dela namenimo predstavitvi nekaterih prednosti in omejitev pedagogike Montessori in iščemo podobnosti in razlike med konstruktivističnim načinom poučevanja z načinom poučevanja po metodi Montessori. V empiričnem delu analiziramo in interpretiramo rezultate opazovanja pouka, ki je bilo izvedeno med učenci druge in tretje triade (od četrtega do devetega razreda) osnovne šole Montessori. Zanimale so nas aktivnosti učitelja v splošnem in posebej med samostojnim delom učencev, aktivnosti učencev v splošnem in posebej med njihovim samostojnim delom, v kolikšni meri je prisotno medvrstniško učenje in kakšen je odnos učencev do pouka matematike. [The aims of the master’s thesis were to analyse some of the characteristics of mathematics education according to the pedagogical principles of Montessori pedagogy and present the attitude of Montessori elementary school students towards mathematics lessons. In the theoretical part, Maria Montessori, the person who developed a new teaching method – the Montessori method, was presented. Furthermore, the Montessori method, the fundamental principles of Montessori education and the foundations of Montessori pedagogy were presented. Next, the functioning of Montessori elementary school. A great attention was given to Montessori pedagogy in mathematics. The curriculums of public elementary school and Montessori elementary school were compared. Moreover, the Montessori mathematics materials at pre-elementary level, first triad and second triad were presented. In the final section of the theoretical part, some of the advantages and disadvantages of Montessori pedagogy were presented, as well as the similarities and differences between the constructivist teaching method and the Montessori method. In the empirical part, the results of the observed lesson that had been carried out among students of the second and third triad (from fourth to ninth grade) of Montessori elementary school were analysed and interpreted. The aims of the observation were to determine the teachers’ and students’ activities in general and during the students’ independent work, as well as the presence of peer learning. The research also focused on the attitude of students towards mathematics lessons.]

Language: Slovenian

Published: Maribor, Slovenia, 2018

Article

Pedagogika Montessori – ciągle aktualne wyzwanie dla współczesnej pedagogiki / Montessori Pedagogy as Still a Challenge for Contemporary Pedagogy

Available from: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski (Poland)

Publication: Edukacja – Technika – Informatyka, vol. 1, no. 23

Pages: 264-270

Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: In accordance with the constructivist concept of didactics, the teacher’s duty is to support students in acquiring tools for understanding the world and building resources of their own knowledge and skills. On the other hand, the task of education is to help each individual in developing his ability to become a holistic human being, not just a tool for economics. The charge directed most often towards the Polish school is failure to perform this task, which is manifested by the poor preparation of young people to live and work, to the development challenges, but also the threats of the modern world. It is worth looking for solutions that will create opportunities for children and young people to develop according to their abilities. One of such solutions has the pedagogy of Maria Montessori emphasizing the importance of the child’s activity in the process of learning. The article compared briefly the hebratism with the trend of “new upbringing” to which Maria Montessori’s pedagogy is included, and further considerations have been referred to the modern knowledge of how the brain is taught. / W myśl konstruktywistycznej koncepcji dydaktyki powinnością nauczyciela jest wspieranie uczniów w zdobywaniu przez nich narzędzi poznania i rozumienia świata oraz budowaniu zasobów własnej wiedzy i umiejętności. Zadaniem edukacji jest natomiast pomoc każdej jednostce w rozwijaniu zdolności w stawaniu się całościowym bytem ludzkim, a nie jedynie narzędziem dla ekonomii. Zarzutem kierowanym najczęściej w kierunku polskiej szkoły jest niewywiązywanie się z tego zadania, co przejawia się słabym przygotowaniem młodych ludzi do życia i pracy, do wyzwań rozwojowych, ale i zagrożeń współczesnego świata. Warto poszukiwać takich rozwiązań, które stworzą dzieciom i młodzieży możliwość rozwoju na miarę ich możliwości. Jednym z takich rozwiązań dysponuje pedagogika Marii Montessori, podkreślając znaczenie aktywności dziecka w procesie jego uczenia się. W artykule krótko porównano hebratyzm z nurtem „nowego wychowania”, do którego zaliczana jest pedagogika Marii Montessori, a dalsze rozważania odniesione zostały do współczesnej wiedzy o tym, jak uczy się mózg.

Language: Polish

DOI: 10.15584/eti.2018.1.35

ISSN: 2080-9069, 2450-9221

Master's Thesis

Culturally Responsive Teaching Within a Montessori Learning Environment

Available from: Hamline University – Digital Commons

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Abstract/Notes: In 1954 the Supreme Court, in Brown vs. the Topeka Board of Education , ruled that the legal segregation of schools based on race was unconstitutional. Sixty-six years later there still exists an academic achievement gap between white students and students of color. Given that this gap exists in Montessori schools with high standardized test scores, this capstone project examines how the use of Culturally Responsive Teaching in a Montessori Learning environment may help eliminate the academic achievement gap ? This capstone reviews literature pertaining to the role culture plays in education and the alignment of Culturally Responsive Teaching with Montessori teaching practices and philosophy. The information in the capstone was presented at three professional development sessions which consisted of a slideshow and a teacher toolkit. The goal of the project was to motivate Montessori teachers to incorporate the ideas of Culturally Responsive Teaching into their lessons, thereby giving all students the opportunity to see their cultures reflected throughout the school.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2020

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Using Mathematics Strategies in Early Childhood Education as a Basis for Culturally Responsive Teaching in India

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: International Journal of Early Years Education, vol. 14, no. 1

Pages: 15-34

Asia, Culturally relevant pedagogy, India, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The objective of this small study was to elicit responses from early childhood teachers in India on mathematics learning strategies and to measure the extent of finger counting technique adopted by the teachers in teaching young children. Specifically, the research focused on the effective ways of teaching mathematics to children in India, and examined teachers’ approach to number counting. In India, children were taught by their parents or by their teachers to use fingers to count. The qualitative study conducted by the researcher further enriched the topic with first‐hand comments by the teachers. Although the finger counting method was not the only process that teachers would adopt, it was embedded in the culture and taken into consideration while infusing mathematics skills. The teachers confirmed adopting the Indian method of finger counting in their teaching strategy; some specified that the method helped children to undertake addition and subtraction of carrying and borrowing, as counting by objects could not be available all the time. Although the study is limited by its small sample to the unique mathematics learning experience in India, it provides readers with a glimpse of culturally responsive teaching methods and an alternative mathematics teaching strategy.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/09669760500446374

ISSN: 0966-9760

Doctoral Dissertation

Möjligheter och begränsningar: Om lärares arbete med montessoripedagogiken i praktiken [Opportunities and limitations: About teachers' work with Montessori pedagogy in practice]

Available from: DiVA Portal

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Abstract/Notes: This study examines processes connected to teacher’s transformation of the Montessori theory and it's described application to a daily practice. The aim is to create knowledge about what constitutes possibilities and limitations for teachers in their daily work with Montessori education. This does not only refer to what constitutes opportunities and limitations in teachers' everyday work with teaching, but also to what constitutes opportunities and limitations for teachers to learn at work. The theoretical framework is based on action theory and theories on adult learning and connects to a tradition called workplace-learning in which learning is considered to take place in, but also between, individuals. This approach indicates that the contextual conditions which the teachers were imbedded in are important to identify. The study was conducted in four different Montessori-environments and involved nine Montessori teachers. The methods used were participant observation, interviews, informal conversations and review of teacher produced material and documents. Possibilities and limitations in teachers work were related to if they had access to Montessori materials or not. In work with Montessori materials teachers identified the children's abilities to a greater extent than they did when other materials were in use. This identification directed their interventions. When the teachers did not have access to Montessori material their method often appeared to be the same as “individual work” with the provided material. Furthermore, interventions of the teacher were then significantly often procedural rather than content-related, although the teachers clearly expressed that they wanted to go into a dialogue with children about the treated subject area. The survey therefore contradicts with the opinion that Montessori-teachers withdraw in favor of Montessori materials that sometimes has been brought up by interpreters of the pedagogy. Rather, teachers stepped back when other materials were in use. The study also shows how a prerequisite for a collective development-oriented learning among the teachers was dependent on whether teachers made their own private understanding of the pedagogy available to each other. At times, however, teachers took the use of the materials for granted. Some of the teachers also deliberately refrained from making their personal understanding available to others due to the fact that they then could be seen as a less competent Montessori-teacher. This maintaining of a “false” collective understanding is seen as an expression of an institutionalization of teaching practice which was maintained by sanctions from the environment if the individual didn´t recognize the institutionalization in question. Since teacher’s “space for action” in this way was limited, the institution created conditions that prevented a possible development of the working methods in use. In those cases when conditions for a collective development-oriented learning were more favorable, it was clear that the teachers did not perceive Montessori education as a given method but rather saw it as a "model" for teaching in which the teachers had to interpret and define their own method from. The teachers thus came to take advantage of a potential “space for action” which was not noticed when the pedagogy was seen as a method.

Language: Swedish

Published: Stockholm, Sweden, 2016

[Thesis In Preparation]

Les effets de la pédagogie Montessori sur le développement et les apprentissages d'enfants d'âge préscolaire: mise en oeuvre d'un dispositif expérimental [The effects of Montessori pedagogy on the development and learning of preschool children: implementation of an experimental device]

Available from: Theses Portal (France)

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Abstract/Notes: À l'heure actuelle, de nombreux travaux mesurant les effets de la pédagogie Montessori sur le développement et les apprentissages des enfants d'âges préscolaire et scolaire ont été réalisés dans différents pays, majoritairement anglophones. Les objectifs de cette thèse seront, d'une part, de synthétiser ces travaux par la réalisation d'une méta-analyse afin de cibler les domaines spécifiques préalablement étudiés (e.g. compétences scolaires, créativité, activités motrices), dans quels pays (e.g. États- Unis, France) et à quel degré la pédagogie Montessori est mise en place par les chercheurs auprès du groupe expérimental. En effet, l'ensemble des travaux existants mettent en avant des résultats variables et il semblerait que cette variabilité soit due à une certaine hétérogénéité dans l'application de la méthode Montessori (Lillard, 2012). D'autre part, la mise en place d'un dispositif expérimental nous permettra de mesurer l'impact de la pédagogie Montessori sur le développement et les apprentissages d'enfants typiques et atypiques d'âge préscolaire. [Currently, many studies measuring the effects of the Montessori pedagogy on the development and learning of preschool and school-age children have been conducted in largely anglophone countries. On the one hand, the objective of this thesis is to synthesize the whole researches in order to perceive which specific domains were studied (e.g. school skills, creativity, physical activities), in which countries (e.g. United States of America, France) and the level of Montessori pedagogy's implementation in experimental groups. Indeed, all the existing works highlight mixed results and this variability is likely to be caused by some of heterogeneity in the application of the Montessori method (Lillard, 2012). On the other hand, the implementation of an experimental system will enable us to measure the impact of Montessori pedagogy on the development and learning of typical and atypical preschool children.]

Language: French

Published: Nancy, France, 2018

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