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Book Section

Scenario of Early Childhood Education in Rural India

Book Title: Handbook of Research on SDGs for Economic Development, Social Development, and Environmental Protection

Pages: 206-222

Asia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, India, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: SDG-4 is composed of seven outcome targets and three means of implementation, and early childhood education is one of them. It has been mentioned that by 2030, we should ensure that all children have access to quality early childhood upliftment, care, and pre-primary education so that children are p...

Language: English

Published: Hershey, Pennsylvania: IGI Global, 2022

ISBN: 978-1-66845-113-7

Article

Women’s Role in Early Childhood Education in Europe

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 25, no. 1

Pages: 67-75

Europe, Feminism

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Abstract/Notes: The history of education is mainly a history of male educators and their ideas and systems of education, whereas the history of early childhood education is to a large extent a field of history where women have been the actors and to some extent also the writers about early childhood education. But this history is coloured by the withdrawn and to a large degree subordinate status of women, which is also reflected in the way history is written: A history of invisibility and anonymity, which also may have affected the place early childhood education has had in general educational history...

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/BF03174635

ISSN: 0020-7187, 1878-4658

Article

幼児教育の追求とモンテッソーリ教育 [The Pursuit of Early Childhood Education and Montessori Education]

Available from: Hanazono University - Institutional Repository

Publication: 社会福祉学部研究紀要 / Bulletin of the Faculty of Social Welfare, Hanazono University, no. 22

Pages: 49-57

Asia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Japan, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: 今、モンテッソーリ教育が再び注目されている。幼児教育への関心の高まりと先進国各国で行きづまった教育の方向模索の中で、再評価され始めているのである。モンテッソーリ教育そのものというよりも、今日の教育観、人間観、子ども観に「人格形成」の確立を迫るものとしてのモンテッソーリの貢献が、取り上げられている。本稿では、近代以降の教育思想の歩みの中で、モンテッソーリによってなされた子ども観の転換と幼児教育の転換の特質を考察し、モンテッソーリの唱えた子どもの創造的使命擁護の方法が、今日こそ必要性を増していることを考察した。 [Recently the method of Montessori is recognized again. It is being revalued because the childhood education is getting much interest and it is at a standstill in advanced countries. The contribution of Montessori is in the limelight, not as one teaching method, but as a clue to establishment of "character building" in perspectives on education, human, and children. The study considers the characteristics of perspective on children and the childhood education, which have been converted and effected by Montessori from modern times onwards. The study also suggests that the need to support the creativities of children, proposed by Montessori, is increasing today.]

Language: Japanese

Article

Embedding Literacy in an Early Childhood Education Programme: A Look into Montessori

Available from: InformIT

Publication: New Zealand Research in Early Childhood Education, vol. 15

Pages: 11-30

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Literacy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, New Zealand, Oceania

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Abstract/Notes: Children begin school with a range of pre-literacy skills that serve as the foundation for later reading achievement. These skills include phonological awareness, alphabet knowledge and vocabulary. The New Zealand early childhood curriculum Te Whariki is non-prescriptive in terms of literacy and allows for early childhood centres to develop their own literacy programmes with varying levels of emphasis on pre-literacy skills. This article describes research into the pre-literacy skills and knowledge of 23 children between the ages of 4.6 and 4.11 months attending two Montessori centres in New Zealand where the Head Teachers are Montessori trained and the centres use traditional Montessori resources and materials to develop literacy. The researcher investigated the efficacy of a Montessori approach to the development of literacy skills in four year olds in the context of current research around pre-literacy skills development in early childhood education.

Language: English

ISSN: 1174-6122

Article

Transforming theories of childhood and early childhood education: Child study and the empirical assault on Froebelian rationalism

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, vol. 45, no. 4

Pages: 585-604

Friedrich Fröbel, Positivism, positivism, scientific pedagogy

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Abstract/Notes: This article considers the possibility that one of the defining characteristics of the New Education, as it related to children in their early years, was its epistemological break with rationalist forms of knowledge and its embrace of empiricism and positivism. It considers, briefly, social theories that identify a similar process at a societal level before examining some of the polemics directed against theories of education based on rational forms of knowledge and, in particular, Froebel’s system. This theme is then pursued through a detailed consideration of the child study movement in England and its promotion of an empiricist project concerned with the production of knowledge about the child which drew upon the emergent fields of physiology, educational psychology, education and statistics. It is argued that child study helped to create the conditions for these sciences to distinguish themselves from the older philosophical currents from which they emerged. Consideration is then paid to how these transformations reacted on child study and on the Froebel movement. The article concludes that a break did indeed occur in the ways in which education was legitimised and that through the arrival of a new empirically based, scientific approach it became more closely aligned to reforming impulses. Nevertheless, the old philosophical, metaphysical foundations were not vanquished as in a violent rupture but were articulated in a new dialectical synthesis.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/00309230903100965

ISSN: 0030-9230, 1477-674X

Article

Montessori Mathematics in Early Childhood Education

Available from: Gale Academic Online

Publication: Curriculum Matters, no. 3

Pages: 6-28

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Zealand, Oceania

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Abstract/Notes: Mentioned in AMI 2009 - The Montessori movement recently celebrated a century of international education, spanning from early childhood through to tertiary experience. The first Casa dei Bambini, or children's house, was opened in Rome, Italy, on 6 January 1907, and within three years the influence of Montessori education began to reach New Zealand shores. This article outlines the Montessori approach to early childhood curriculum in general, and discusses findings from a small research project examining mathematical concept development in children prior to school entry. Initial findings of the project indicate that the Montessori approach may have a positive impact on children's numeracy knowledge and strategies at age five. This research arose from the involvement of the authors of this paper in the development and delivery of teacher education degrees at early childhood education (ECE) and primary levels that include a Montessori specialty in their final year. Our experience in sharing both the Numeracy Development Project and the Montessori mathematics curriculum has resulted in many discovery moments for our students. This has led us to suggest that wider understanding and dissemination of Montessori curriculum ideas may help to progress discussion on early mathematics development.

Language: English

DOI: 10.18296/cm.0086

ISSN: 1177-1828, 2253-2129

Article

Early Childhood Education According to Abdurrahman An-Nahlawi and Maria Montessori

Available from: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak

Publication: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak [Journal of Child Education], vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 121-134

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Abstract/Notes: This research is motivated by the concept of Early Childhood Education offered by various educational figures to impact the emergence of increasingly dynamic educational theories. Issues on this concept did not escape the attention of Abdurrahman An-Nahlawi and Maria Montessori. The two figures have similarities and differences in their underlying points of view and approaches, and these cannot be separated from the philosophical study behind them. Based on the above, this study explores the two figures’ thoughts to give birth to a new paradigm of education for early childhood. The research method used was a literature study by collecting various references that can support research. From the research results, it can be found that, philosophically, the concept of Early Childhood Education, according to Abdurrahman An-Nahlawi, is attached to the perennial normative approach, while Maria Montessori’s notion is more towards a constructivism approach. The two approaches have different points of view in highlighting the educational side. The similarity in the points of view of these two figures is an understanding of the concept of education, which should be integrated and contextual, and position the child as the main subject in education.

Language: English

DOI: 10.14421/al-athfal.2020.62-03

ISSN: 2477-4189, 2477-4715

Article

Early Education in Houston, Texas [Miss Lucy's Early Childhood Education Center]

Publication: Montessori Observer, vol. 5, no. 7

Pages: 3

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Language: English

ISSN: 0889-5643

Report

Evaluation of Early Childhood Education: A Model Cities-Supported Preschool Program

Academic achievement, Americas, Child development, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, North America, United States of America, Urban education

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Abstract/Notes: A Head Start Program operating in Kansas City since 1965 was viewed as inadequate because enrollment was limited to about 600 children per year. The Model Cities Agency determined to provide a program for the remainder of the children in the Model Cities neighborhoods. The programs developed were differentiated administratively for the purposes of this evaluation and the program considered a single entity and referred to as Early Childhood Education. These questions were developed as evaluation goals: What specific educational approaches were provided?; To what degree do the children grow to the stated objectives?; Do these programs meet the emotional, social, physical, and intellectual needs of the program's four-year-old children?; Do these children grow differentially?; Are specified goals reached as anticipated by staff?; What program differences account for student growth differences?; Do parents in the parent education component change relevant to their children's development?; Are these programs complementary with kindergarten programs of urban schools?; What are the effects of staff development activities?; Is program administration effective?; Are children with special problems provided assistance in achievement of program objectives?; And what program changes should be made? Each question is treated in succession and is detailed. Summaries giving the main thrust are provided after each section. (RC)

Language: English

Published: Kansas City, Missouri, Sep 1971

Article

Creating High-Quality Early Childhood Education in Rwanda: Teacher Dispositions, Child-Centred Play, and Culturally Relevant Materials

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Early Child Development and Care, vol. 190, no. 15

Pages: 2437-2448

Africa, Culturally relevant pedagogy, East Africa, Rwanda, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: Overcoming challenges to quality early education in developing nations, TEACH Rwanda, one high-performing education system, offers a model of childhood learning through sensitive teacher dispositions, child-centred play, and culturally relevant materials. This manuscript provides a unique window into the practices of a quality early childhood system in Rwanda and articulates how these high-quality approaches to early childhood education can be executed successfully in developing nations with limited resources. The guidelines for practice and illustrations from real classrooms are relevant for a range of educators around the world. One key to success is the programmes’ homegrown professional development approach featuring Rwandans teaching Rwandans, which builds capacity within the system. The professional development description encourages administrators and directors to establish such programmes which can successfully build capacity and sustainability within their schools.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/03004430.2019.1578760

ISSN: 0300-4430, 1476-8275

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