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89 results

Article

Evolution and the Pre-College Curriculum Part II: Human Nature and Human Culture: Hunter-Gatherers Past and Present

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 15, no. 2

Pages: 94–105

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Abstract/Notes: Includes summary of Part I

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)

The Historical Evolution and Contemporary Status of Montessori Schooling in New Zealand as an Example of the Adaptation of an Alternative Educational Ideal to a Particular National Context

Available from: Massey University - Theses and Dissertations

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, Montessori schools, New Zealand, Oceania

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Abstract/Notes: There have been two distinct phases of the Montessori method of education in New Zealand. The first began in 1912 and continued into the 1950s. The second phase, starting in 1975, has resulted in over one hundred Montessori early childhood centres being established throughout the country. In this thesis I examined the historical evolution and contemporary status of Montessori schooling in New Zealand, as an adaptation of an alternative educational ideal to a particular national context. To situate this study, the history of the Montessori movement was investigated, taking into consideration the particular character and personality of its founder, Dr. Maria Montessori (1870-1952). It is argued that the apparent contradictions of Montessori, who claimed to be both a scientific educator and a missionary, help explain the endurance of her method. The thesis further maintains that Montessori became a global educator whose philosophy and pedagogy transcends national boundaries. The middle section of this thesis examines the Montessori movement in New Zealand during the first phase and the second phase, highlighting the key role that individuals played in spreading Montessori's ideas. The major aim was to examine how Montessori education changes and adapts in different cultures and during different time frames. The thesis concentrates on New Zealand as a culturally specific example of a global phenomenon. The final section of the thesis is a case study of a Montessori early childhood centre examining the influence of Government policy and how the development of the centre supports the ongoing implementation of Montessori's ideas. The perceptions of Montessori teachers, former parents and students regarding the nature and value of Montessori education are also considered. Finally, observations carried out as part of the case study are analysed to further demonstrate the ways in which the original ideas of Montessori have been reworked to suit a different historical and societal context. It is concluded that Montessori is a global educator whose philosophy and pedagogy transcends national boundaries. Nonetheless, the integration of Montessori education within any country, including New Zealand, does result in a culturally specific Montessori education.

Language: English

Published: Palmerston North, New Zealand, 2004

Book Section

Evolution of Life

Book Title: Creative Development in the Child: The Montessori Approach

Pages: 303-311

Asia, Evolution, India, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori lectured in Italian during the first International Montessori Course in 1939 at Madras, India. These 75 lectures were translated into English by her son Mario, as she spoke. And were taken down near verbatim in short hand, transcribed and set into galleys overnight. One such set of proofs forms the original manuscript for this book. For the most part, each chapter in this book encompasses a single lecture. The lectures are left in the same order as they were given, swinging between psychology and the use of the materials. India’s diversity of language, social custom and religious practice enriched her research. During this time, Dr. Montessori worked with children in Madras and put into practice her theories of adapting the environment, furniture and the Practical Life materials to local conditions. In these lectures, Maria Montessori speaks with the mature wisdom of a lifetime spent studying, not just early childhood, but human development as a whole and gives a complete, wonderful and colorful overview of her pedagogy and philosophy.

Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2020

ISBN: 978-90-79506-52-1

Series: The Montessori Series , 24

Article

The Evolution of the Plant Kingdom: A Correlation Between the Time Line of Life and the Plant Classification Chart [Part 1]

Publication: The National Montessori Reporter

Pages: 16–19

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Language: English

Video Recording

Wings of Evolution

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Abstract/Notes: The film revolves around the revolutionary, free educational system of Siragu, a school for homeless and underprivileged children, located in the remote outskirts of Chennai in Tamil Nadu, India. For a long time the focus of education in India has been one of compulsive learning procedures, rote learning and examination-based evaluation with no emphasis on children's understanding of concepts, critical thinking and implications in real life. Siragu school, despite limited resources and obstacles, has maintained a quality of education that we rarely see in current systems around the world. Most of this quality comes free of cost, which, if propagated in India, is a boon to the millions of underprivileged people who cannot even imagine a possibility of basic education in their lifetime.

Runtime: 48 minutes

Language: English

Published: Edison, New Jersey, 2008

Article

Evolution and Flow

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 22, no. 1

Pages: 118-149

Attention, Attention in children, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - Writings, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Abstract/Notes: Presents flow theory in the context of evolution. Defines the elements of "flow" and contends that flow results in an optimal state of inner harmony which improves one's chance for survival. Identifies consequences of flow for creativity, peak performance, talent development, productivity, self-esteem, and stress reduction. Examines the impact of lack of flow, and flow in everyday life. (KDFB)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

The Evolutionary Story: The Human Role

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 23, no. 1

Pages: 157-69

Early childhood education, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Abstract/Notes: Argues children are bearers of the story of the universe, on a mission to celebrate existence in the community of the universe. Finds in Montessori's philosophy the articulation of education as central in the telling of the story, and for the child to find the universal center of himself or herself with all things.

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

The Epic of Evolution Conference: Taking the Journey Back Home

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 23, no. 1

Pages: 140-144

Early childhood education, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Abstract/Notes: Provides a summary of the presentations at the "Epic of Evolution" conference held by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (November 12-14, 1997). Describes the impact of the conference in relation to the work of Montessori and the work of Montessori teachers in scientific pursuits in the classroom.

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Book Section

Man's evolution and mankind's revival / L'evoluzione dell'individuo e la rinascita dell'umanità

Book Title: La formazione dell'uomo nella ricostruzione mondiale: atti dell'8. Congresso internazionale Montessori presieduto da Maria Montessori, San Remo, 22-29 agosto 1949

Pages: 270-282

Conferences, International Montessori Congress (8th, San Remo, Italy, 22-29 August 1949)

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Abstract/Notes: Report by the director of the Werkplaats Kindergemeinsschap (children's community) in Bilthoven (The Netherlands)

Language: English, Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Ente Opera Montessori, 1950

Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)

Toward an Improved Model of Education: Maria Montessori, Karl Popper, and the Evolutionary Epistemology of Human Learning

Available from: Lehigh University Library

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Abstract/Notes: Although most Americans steadfastly maintain that getting a good education guarantees a better society and opens the door to more rewarding careers, it is debated regularly whatthe best set of educational priorities and practices that constitute good schoolingshould be. Sociopolitical considerations of power and control have often driven the agendas of educational reform movements in the United States, and these agendas have typically clustered around adult priorities and ideas of how knowledge should be “transmitted” to children (Cuban, 2003, 2004; Kliebard, 1995, 2002; Perkinson, 1968, 1980, 1984; Tyack & Cuban, 1995). It is asserted in this dissertation that approaches to educational reform should instead be derived from an informed understanding of naturalistic human learning so that curricular structures and pedagogical practices start from children and work backwards in support of their intrinsic curiosity and search for regularities in the world around them...

Language: English

Published: Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 2012

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