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The Correlation Between Active Participation and Metacognitive Ability of Primary School Students Through Montessori Learning Method

Available from: Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Dasar

Publication: Journal of Innovation in Elementary Education / Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Dasar, vol. 4, no. 2

Pages: 63-70

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Metacognitive was the student's skill in the process of acting (activity) and thinking (mental process). This skill could improve their learning process and memory. Student who had metacognitive skill will be able to control and to arrange his learning activity by himself. Active participation was the interaction both physically and psychologically to think, to interact, to try and to find new things in the learning process. The purpose of this research was to find the relationship between active participation and the metacognitive ability of students, especially in elementary school. This research was a correlation study. Population of this research was 5th grade students in SD Negeri 3 Klangenan academic year 2017/2018. Sample was taken using purposive sampling technique. The data was collected by observation and written test. The instruments for active participation was observation sheets and the instrument for metacognitive ability was a multiple choice test that consist of 20 questions. The data was analyzed using correlation technique using IBM SPSS Statistics 16.0 for windows. Based on the data nalaysis, it was obtained was 0.682. At a significant level 5% then was 0.413. Based on value then it showed that there was a positive and significant corelation between active participation and metacognitive ability of students 5th grade SD Negeri 3 Klangenan.

Language: English

DOI: 10.22236/jipd.v4i2.82

ISSN: 2477-3581, 2477-3859


Membedah Pemikiran Maria Montessori Pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Dissecting Maria Montessori's Thought on Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Pedagogi: Jurnal Anak Usia Dini dan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini

Publication: Pedagogi: Jurnal Anak Usia Dini dan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Pedagogy: Journal of Early Childhood and Early Childhood Education], vol. 6, no. 2

Pages: 57-67

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, ⚠️ Invalid DOI

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Abstract/Notes: Artikel ini mengkaji tentang pendidikan anak usia dini berdasarkan pemikiran Montessori. Biografi, kurikulum, metode, lingkungan kelas Montessori menjadi pembahasan dalam artikel ini. Hasil penelitian studi literatur menunjukkan bahwa Montessori merupakan seorang wanita pertama Italia lulusan kedokteran. Montessori tertarik pada studi tentang penyakit mental dan gangguan psikologis terhadap anak. Ia membuka sebuah sekolah dengan murid-muridnya yang cacat mental, hingga ia meneliti bagaimana metode pendidikan untuk anak cacat mental. Montessori berkeyakinan bahwa metode yang telah dilakukannya pada anak cacat mental bisa dilakukan juga pada anak-anak normal. Menurut Montessori rentang usia anak 0 sampai 3 tahun merupakan usia dibawah sadar, dan rentang usia 4 sampai 6 tahun mengalami peningkatan ke usia sadar. Kurikulum Montessori terdiri dari tiga bagian yaitu lingkungan praktis, latihan sensorik motorik, dan perkembangan bahasa. Kebebasan, lingkungan yang terstruktur dan teratur merupakan elemen penting dalam metode Montessori. Dan lingkungan kelas Montessori yang terdiri dari prinsip kebebasan, ketertiban, kenyataan dan alam, suasana dan keindahan, bahan-bahan Montessori dan pengembangan kehidupan masyarakat. [This article examines early childhood education based on Montessori thinking. Biography, curriculum, methods, and the Montessori classroom environment are discussed in this article. The results of the literature study showed that Montessori was the first Italian woman to graduate from medicine. Montessori was interested in the study of mental illness and psychological disorders in children. He opened a school with mentally disabled students, so he researched educational methods for mentally disabled children. Montessori believes that the method he has done on mentally disabled children can also be applied to normal children. According to Montessori, the age range of children 0 to 3 years is a subconscious age, and the age range of 4 to 6 years has increased to the conscious age. The Montessori curriculum consists of three parts, namely the practical environment, motor sensory training, and language development. A free, structured and orderly environment is an essential element of the Montessori method. And the Montessori classroom environment which consists of the principles of freedom, order, reality and nature, atmosphere and beauty, Montessori materials and the development of people's lives.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.30651/pedagogi.v6i2.4950

ISSN: 2599-042X, 2599-0438


Pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [The Thoughts of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori About Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Universitas PGRI Semarang (Indonesia)

Publication: PAUDIA: Jurnal Penelitian dalam Bidang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Research Journal in the Field of Early Childhood Education], vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 17-35

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hadjar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: Mendalami ilmu pendidikan anak usia dini tidak dapat dilakukan apabila hanya mengkaji pemikiran satu tokoh saja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui (1) pemikiran, (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang pendidikan anak usia dini. Metode yang digunakan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian kepustakaan yang mengkomparasikan pemikiran kedua tokoh. Data dianalisis dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua bulan mulai januari sampai februari 2020. Sumber data terdiri dari data primer dan sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) pemikiran pendidikan anak usia dini menurut Ki Hajar Dewantara adalah pendidikan yang diberikan pada anak 0-7 tahun dengan pemberian pendidikan yang memperhatikan unsur alami anak dengan materi melatih panca indera menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah dilakukan di lingkungan keluarga, sekolah dan masyarakat dengan tujuan mengembangkan cipta, rasa dan karsa pada anak. Menurut Maria Montessori pendidikan anak usia dini adalah pendidikan yang diberikan untuk anak 0-6 tahun dilakukannya dilingkungan sekolah dengan materi keterampilan sehari-hari menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah yang memberikan kebebasan anak untuk memilih aktivitas dan media yang ingin digunakan. (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang anak usia dini terletak dari aspek nama dan filosofi sekolah, setting lingkungan, dasar pemikiran PAUD, metode dan tugas pendidik. [The science of early childhood education cannot be understood from one’s thought. This research intended to know (1) the thoughts (2) the similarities and differences of early childhood education thoughts by Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori. The method used was qualitative with library research which compared two experts’ thoughts. The data was analyzed by descriptive approach. This research was done within two months, january to february 2020. The data were from primary and secondary data. The results revealed (1) Ki Hajar Dewantara states that early childhood education is an education given to 0-7 year old children and emphasizes on natural factors by training five senses through outward and inward method around family, school and community environments to develop creativity, feeling and intention. While Maria Montessori says that early childhood education is an education given to 0-6 year old children through daily skills in school environment and uses outward and inward method which let them choose activity and media they want. (2) the similarities and differences of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori thoughts were school’s name and philosopy, environment, ECE basic thoughts, learning method and educator’s duties.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.26877/paudia.v9i1.5610

ISSN: 2598-4047, 2089-1431


Konsep Montessori Tentang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Dalam Perspektif Pendidikan Islam [The Montessori Concept of Early Childhood Education in the Perspective of Islamic Education]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga (Indonesia)

Publication: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam [Journal of Islamic Religious Education], vol. 11, no. 1

Pages: 37-52

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Religious education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Education is the business of adults to prepare children to be able to live independently and is able to perform the duties of his life as well as possible. The toddler years are a golden period for the growth and development of children. Development of each child must be observed, education and teaching needs to be ailored to the child’s development. Montessori is early childhood education leaders who opened the eyes of their sensitive period in children, Montessori asserted that education is self-education. Montessori then use the freedom and liveliness of the child with the best in the method, so that each child had the opportunity to evolve according to the nature and talent. In Islam, God entrusted the child is to be protected and educated with the best. Therefore, addressing the development and early childhood education, the need for an educational program that is designed in accordance with the child’s developmental level. This study aims to describe and analyze the Montessori concept of early childhood education in the perspective of Islamic education. Data collection through literature study is based on primary and secondary data. Data analysis using analytic descriptive with inductive thinking patterns. The results showed: 1) Montesssori shift from teacher-education center central (teachers as a source of learning) be child-central (protégé as a center of learning); 2) Sensitive Periods expressed early age is a sensitive period; 3) The freedom and independence according to the Montessori system is not real freedom, but freedom is limited; 4) Child’s Self-Construction stating that children construct their own development of his soul; 5) At the time of early childhood have a soul absorbent range of knowledge and experience in his life. Montessori concept in Islamic educational perspective, the emphasis is on the child’s intellectual is right. However, it should pay attention to other aspects such as emotional aspects and skills.

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.14421/jpai.2014.111-03

ISSN: 2502-2075


Orde, Regeering dan Tucht / Faham Toea dan Faham Baharoe [Order, Government, then Discipline]

Publication: Aboean Goeroe-Goeroe

Pages: 126-130

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: Dutch, Indonesian


Implementasi Prinsip-prinsip Montessori dalam Pembelajaran AUD [Implementation of Montessori Principles in AUD Pembelajaran Learning]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga (Indonesia)

Publication: Golden Age: Jurnal Ilmiah Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia Dini [Golden Age: Scientific Journal of Early Childhood Development], vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 91-102

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana implementasi prinsip-prinsip Montessori dalam pembelajaran,  Apa saja faktor pendukung dan penghambat implementasi prinsip Montessori dalam pembelajaran, Dampak menggunakan prinsip Montessori dalam pembelajaran terhadap perkembangan anak di Kelompok Bermain (KB) Safa Islamic Preschool Yogyakarta. Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian kualitatif yang bersifat diskriptif. Subjek penelitian adalah pemilik KB, kepala KB, guru KB dan anak-anak KB Safa Islamic Preschool Yogyakarta. Obyek penelitian ini adalah pembelajaran prinsip Montessori di KB Safa Islamic Preschool Yogyakarta. Pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data dilakukan dengan cara reduksi data, display data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Teknik penilaian keabsahan data menggunakan triangulasi teknik dan sumber. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Pertama, Implementasi pembelajaran berbasis prinsip Montessori melalui lima area model pembelajaran Montessori yaitu area sensorial, area matematika, area ilmu pengetahuan dan kebudayaan, area bahasa dan area keterampilan hidup yang berjalan dengan sistem penggabungan lintas usia disetiap kelompoknya. Kedua, Faktor pendukung dan penghambat, faktor yang mendukung di antaranya perencanaan dengan konselor pendidikan Montessori, pendidikan dan pelatihan Montessori, seluruh guru inti adalah sarjana. Faktor yang menghambat yaitu keterbatasan media pembelajaran, terjadinya pergantian guru, kurangnya pemahaman wali murid mengenai pembelajaran lintas usia. Ketiga, Dampak prinsip Montessori terhadap perkembangan anak adalah menjadi mandiri, kritris dan perkembangan sosial yang meningkat. [This study aims to find out how to implement Montessori principles in learning, what are the supporting and inhibiting factors for implementing Montessori principles in learning, the impact of using Montessori principles in learning on child development in the Safa Islamic Preschool Playgroup (KB) Yogyakarta. This type of research is descriptive qualitative research. The research subjects were family planning owners, family planning heads, family planning teachers and family planning children at Safa Islamic Preschool Yogyakarta. The object of this research is the learning of Montessori principles at KB Safa Islamic Preschool Yogyakarta. Collecting data using interview, observation, and documentation techniques. Data analysis was carried out by means of data reduction, data display, and drawing conclusions. The technique of assessing the validity of the data uses triangulation of techniques and sources. The results of this study indicate that first, the implementation of Montessori principle-based learning through five areas of the Montessori learning model, namely the sensorial area, the mathematics area, the science and culture area, the language area and the life skills area which runs with a cross-age system in each group. Second, the supporting and inhibiting factors, the supporting factors include planning with a Montessori education counselor, Montessori education and training, all core teachers are undergraduates. The inhibiting factors are the limitations of learning media, the occurrence of teacher changes, the lack of understanding of students' parents regarding cross-age learning. Third, the impact of the Montessori principle on children's development is to become independent, critical and increase social development.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.14421/jga.2018.32-03

ISSN: 2502-3519


Notiziario montessoriano

Publication: Montessori: rivista bimestrale dell'Opera Montessori, vol. 1, no. 6

Pages: 373-376

Africa, Americas, Asia, Australasia, Colombia, Denmark, East Africa, Eastern Europe, England, Europe, Germany, Great Britain

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Abstract/Notes: Includes news about the following locations: Switzerland, Germany, England, Hungary, Denmark, India, Java (Indonesia), Colombia, Uganda.

Language: Italian


Montessori untuk sekolah dasar

Asia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Indonesian translation of: Teaching Montessori in the Home: The School Years.

Language: Indonesian

Published: Jakarta: Delapratasa Publishing, 2002

ISBN: 979-8965-78-7 978-979-8965-78-4


Mathematics Learning Media and the Need for Montessori Media Development for Students with Mild Mental Retardation in Class IV at SLB Makassar City

Available from: Atlantis Press

Publication: Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, vol. 657

Pages: 113-117

Asia, Australasia, Children with disabilities, Indonesia, Indonesia, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This research is motivated by problems in children with mild mental retardation 4th graders at SLB Makassar city who still do not understand basic mathematical concepts in calculating addition. This study aims to determine the needs of mathematics learning media to find out the learning media used in SLB Makassar and to find out the need for learning media based on the montessori method. This study uses a descriptive qualitative approach. Subjects studied in this study are 10 teachers who teach in several special schools in Makassar. The data collection technique used is a questionnaire with nine questions. This study uses a qualitative descriptive analysis technique. The results showed that the learning media used in schools still using 2D and 3D Montessori media and still requires Montessori-based media to be innovated and developed. So, can be concluded that the need for the development of learning media with media more modern, more interesting and keep up with technological developments and implemented with fun games and cognitively stimulating mild mentally retarded class IV students. Appears to be from a special issue of the journal dedicated to the, "International Seminar on Innovative and Creative Guidance and Counseling Service (ICGCS 2021)."

Language: English

DOI: 10.2991/assehr.k.220405.020

ISSN: 2352-5398


The Significance of Montessori Teaching Method in Improving Students’ Interest at Gifted Kids Montessori School in Pontianak

Available from: Universitas Widya Dharma Pontianak (Indonesia)

Publication: Bilingualism, Language, and Education Studies (BLESS), vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 32-40

Asia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Southeast Asia, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: The objective of this study is to investigate the Montessori teaching method to improve students’ interest, and to create outstanding young children who are independent, discipline, responsible, and creative by providing a type of learning system called Montessori. It is the learning approach types that provides attractive set of educational as materials and books, creative teachers and supporting environment. The investigation used the qualitative and observational methods. The sample for the study comprised 20 kindergarten pupils from Gifted Kids Montessori School located in Pontianak. The instruments that the writer used for collecting data were questionnaires, interviews, and the observations. Based on the study the writer concluded that kids (under age six) have intern desire to learn and explore, with the help of parent, peers way and environment which supporting they can achieve quality of learning well. This study offers suggestion to future researchers on alternative learning methods, especially for the parents of very young children. The findings of this research could be used as a model for learning other subjects.  Keywords:  Montessori, Learning, Teaching, Sensory

Language: English

ISSN: 2656-0518

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