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Partnerships, Action, and Collaboration, Together (PACT): A Community-Based Partnership Where Innovation, Collaboration, and Impact Reshape Stakeholders’ Vision
Available from: University of Alabama
Publication: Journal of Community Engagement and Scholarship, vol. 14, no. 1
Pages: 13 pages
Abstract/Notes: Project PACT (Partnerships, Action, & Collaboration, Together) (a pseudonym) is a multi-stakeholder partnership that reflects multiple goals, commitments, and priorities for early childhood education. PACT was informed by the literature on community-based research (CBR) and a commitment by partners to strengthen P–3 education where stakeholder assets contributed to reciprocal learning experiences in early childhood education. PACT stakeholders transformed two early childhood education classrooms into Montessori classrooms within a district public school. As one in a series of investigations, this research specifically examined partner commitments to a unique collaboration, the emergence of roles and responsibilities over time, and manifestations of innovation within a traditional public school setting. Data illustrate how stakeholders established a collaboration that allowed for flexibility, perspective-taking, and the opportunity to work together to reconsider and strengthen P–3 education through a model typically reserved for children of affluence. Beyond the operational demands of a startup initiative, findings also reflect the power of a collective through flexibility and a stance that values the assets of a community. The impact of this work demonstrates the potential to successfully impact quality education in early childhood settings through equity and opportunity.
What Shall We Do: Pretend or Real? Preschoolers’ Choices and Parents’ Perceptions
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Journal of Cognition and Development, vol. 21, no. 2
Children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Parent and child, Play
Abstract/Notes: Pretend play is common in childhood. Yet by age 4, children shown pretend and real activities in a book said they would choose to do the real activity over the pretend one. The present studies extended this research, examining children’s actual behavior in laboratory and school settings (Study 1, n = 32, M = 59.32 months; and Study 2, n = 16, M = 54.08 months), their choices about pretend roles (Study 3, n = 50, M = 59.48 months), and parents’ perspectives on what children prefer (Study 4, n = 83). As in prior work, 4-year-olds preferred real activities from a book; by 5, children also engaged more with real activities. In contrast, 3- to 4-year-olds preferred pretend roles and 5- to 6-year-olds were ambivalent. Parents correctly predicted children’s preference for real activities, but they did not predict that children’s reality preferences increase with age.
Identification of the Social Development in Early Childhood in Pakistan
Available from: Clute Journals
Publication: Journal of College Teaching & Learning, vol. 7, no. 6
Abstract/Notes: This study was conducted to identify the social development in early childhood years. It was delimited to eight private schools of Lahore City from the area of Faisal Town and Shadman. Forty students (male and female) were randomly selected as the sample. Five students from Nursery, Prep and grade one were selected from each school. A checklist was developed by reviewing the related literature which covered attributes of social developments under the sections of individual, social skills, peer relationships and communication skills. It was revealed that individual, social skills, peer relationships and communication skills were developed in the children but a positive mood was lacking in them at this stage.
ISSN: 1544-0389, 2157-894X
Anthropomorphic Media Exposure and Preschoolers’ Anthropomorphic Thinking in China
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Journal of Children and Media, vol. 13, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: Children’s media is replete with human-like portrayals of animals and objects that wear clothing, speak, drive cars, and experience human emotions. Recent research has shown that anthropomorphic portrayals of animals in books lead children to think anthropomorphically about real animals. Here we asked whether this is also the case for an inanimate object. Specifically, does exposure to an anthropomorphized train, as compared to a real train, increase children’s tendency to make anthropomorphic attributions to real trains? We also investigated whether this effect with books extends to another common medium of presentation: video. Chinese preschoolers (n = 258) ages 4–6 were randomly assigned to watch a video or listen to a book about either a real or an anthropomorphized train. Before and after this exposure, children completed a modified Anthropomorphism Questionnaire–Child Form (IDAQ-CF), which included questions about trains. Children who were exposed to the anthropomorphic book significantly increased in their tendency to view real trains as having human-like qualities, as compared to control children who had no exposure. Video exposure had no effect on the anthropomorphism of trains.
Hawaiian Culture-Based Education and the Montessori Approach: Overlapping Teaching Practices, Values, and Worldview
Available from: JSTOR
Publication: Journal of American Indian Education, vol. 50, no. 3
Americas, Indigenous communities, Indigenous peoples, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, United States of America
Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this qualitative case study was to investigate why the Montessori approach has been viewed as a culturally congruent educational model by some Hawaiian language immersion and culture-based (HLIC) educators and how aspects of it have been used in HLIC classrooms. Data collection included semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions with 40 Hawaiian educators, document analysis, and visits to 12 school sites. Using grounded theory methodology, similarities in core teaching strategies based on shared values and worldview emerged. Challenges and nuanced distinctions were also revealed, along with an emerging and uniquely Hawaiian pedagogy. Findings indicate that educators and researchers should take worldview and beliefs into account when designing programs and creating both preservice and inservice training opportunities.
Interpersonal Relations in Four-year Dyads from Constructivist and Montessori Programs
Available from: ScienceDirect
Publication: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, vol. 8, no. 4
Abstract/Notes: Forty 4-year-old children from Constructivist and Montessori preschool programs were compared on social-cognitive competence. The Experimenter (E) taught children in pairs to play a board game in Session 1, and in Session 2 asked them to play the game by themselves. Analysis of video and transcripts of 2208 behavioral units using Selman's coding of interpersonal negotiation strategies showed that Montessori pairs used a significantly higher proportion of strategies at Level 1, and Constructivist pairs used a significantly higher proportion of strategies at Level 2. Less conflict was found in Constructivist pairs, and they resolved their conflicts significantly more frequently. Within conflict segments, Montessori children had a significantly higher proportion of Level 0 strategies, and Constructivist pairs had a significantly higher proportion of Level 2 strategies. Both groups followed some basic rules equally well, but Constructivist pairs followed other rules more consistently. Although no difference was found in general ability to count dots on the die, Constructivist children on the whole counted spaces on the board more accurately. It was concluded that children from the Constructivist program were more advanced in social-cognitive competence than children from the Montessori program.
Out of an old toy chest
Available from: Project Muse
Publication: Journal of Aesthetic Education, vol. 43, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: In Baudelaire’s essay “La Morale du joujou,” written in l853, he remembers how the toyshop owner Madame Pancoucke, all wrapped in velvet and furs, beckoned the young Charles to choose something from her “treasure store for children.” Looking back down the years, the poet still sees in his mind’s eye the magic room overflowing with toys from floor to ceiling that this “Fée du joujou” (Toy Fairy) opened to him. Without a second thought, he picked out “the most beautiful, the most expensive, the most garish, the freshest and the most bizarre of the playthings.” But his horrified mother insisted he choose another, less extravagant present, and the little Baudelaire had to resign himself and relinquish his toy. The word joujou (not jouet, the usual word for toy) is almost a pet name with a nursery ring like a “teddy” or a “dolly”; its repetition hints at baby talk and hence at playing, as when a child exchanges endearments and questions with a toy in imaginary conversations and elaborate scenarios. The toy in so many children’s games becomes part of an ongoing story and in this way initiates the first invented narratives in the child’s life...
ISSN: 0021-8510, 1543-7809
Montessori Eğitim Yönteminin Rousseaucu Kökenleri / The Rousseauian Roots of Montessori Education Method
Available from: The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies
Publication: Journal of Academic Social Science Studies, vol. 14, no. 86
Abstract/Notes: Bu çalışmada eğitim felsefesinde adı çokça zikredilen Fransız filozof Jean-Jacquez Rousseau’nun, Maria Montessori tarafından kurulan ve kendi adıyla anılan Montessori eğitim yöntemi üzerindeki etkisi incelenecektir. Rousseau’nun meşhur Emile kitabı, eğitimin amacı ve işlevi meselesine dair ayrıntılı bir izah içerir. Onun eğitim konusuna yaklaşımı kimi zaman sert tartışmalara sebep olmuş kimi zaman da ilham kaynağı olmuştur. İtalya’nın ilk kadın doktoru olarak da bilinen Maria Montessori onun fikirlerinden olumlu yönde etkilenen bir isimdir. Montessori, yaşama uzanan yardım eli yaklaşımına indirgediği eğitim meselesini aldığı tıp, felsefe ve antropoloji eğitimi sayesinde geniş bir bakış açısıyla inceler. Bu sayede daha sistemli ve bilimsel temeli olan bir eğitim modeli sunar. Rousseau ise kelimenin tam anlamıyla sistematik olmaktansa doğal gidişata göre hareket etmeyi ve kendi gözlemlerinden faydalanmayı tercih eder. Bu tercihinden dolayı kendisine ağır eleştirilerin yapıldığı da bir gerçektir. Rousseau’nun ve Maria Montessori’nin eğitim alanındaki fikirleri pek çok tartışmayı beraberinde getirse de her iki ismin pedagoji alanındaki etkisi görmezden gelinemez. Ancak Rousseau’nun bu alandaki düşüncelerinin bir eğitim tasarısı ya da eğitime dair yapılan bir yorum düzeyinde kaldığı söylenebilir. Rousseau’nun aksine Maria Montessori’nin fikirlerinin ise pek çok ülkede benimsendiği ve bu fikir doğrultusunda pek çok eğitim kurumunun açıldığı görülür. Her ne kadar somut alanda aralarında bu denli fark olsa da çıkış noktaları ve eğitim alanındaki bazı tasavvurları benzerlik göstermektedir. Bu çalışmada söz konusu benzerlik kavramsal bir çerçeve doğrultusunda ele alınacaktır. Böylece Rousseau’nun Maria Montessori üzerindeki etkisi irdelenip onun eğitim alanında bir romandan fazlasını yazdığı sonucuna ulaşılacaktır. / In this study, the effect of the French philosopher Jean-Jacquez Rousseau, whose name is mentioned a lot in educational philosophy, on the Montessori education method established by Maria Montessori and named after her will be examined. Rousseau’s famous book Emile contains a detailed explanation on the goal and function of the education. Sometimes, his approach to education caused very significant discussions and sometimes it was a source of inspiration. Maria Montessori, who is also known as Italy’s first female doctor was one of the names who was affected from his opinion in a positive way. Montessori examines the issue of education considered as helping hand approach to life from a wide perspective thanks to her education in medicine, philosophy and anthropology. In this way, she presents a more systematic and scientific based education model. On the other hand, Rousseau prefers to act according to the natural course and uses his own observations rather than being systematic in the strictest sense of the world. It is a fact that he was heavily criticized for this preference. Even though Rousseau and Maria Montessori’s ideas on the education field bring a lot of debate, the effect of both names in pedagogy cannot be ignored. However, it can be noted that Rousseau’s ideas in the field stayed only as an education design or a comment made on education. Unlike Rousseau, it is seen that Maria Montessori’s ideas were adopted in many countries and a lot of educational institutions were established in the direction of this idea. Although there is such a difference between them in the concrete field, their starting points and some of their imaginations in the field of education are similar. These similarities in the direction of a conceptual frame will be addressed in the study. Thus, Rousseau’s influence on Maria Montessori will be examined and it will be concluded that he wrote more than a novel in the field of education.
The Validity of the Montessori Method for Special Education: A Case History
Publication: Journal for Special Educators of the Mentally Retarded, vol. 10
Children with disabilities, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Special education
Studien zur Montessori-Pädagogik I: Maria Montessori und die "reform-pädagogische Bewegung" [Studies on Montessori Education I: Maria Montessori and the "New Education Movement"]
Europe, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy
Published: Freiburg, Germany: Herder, 1986
Does Montessori Prepare Children for the Real World? Is Montessori Anti-Competition? How Do Montessori Students Succeed When They Leave the Montessori Environment? Some Interesting Responses
Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 1, no. 1
Date: Jan 1993
Views on Montessori Approach by Teachers Serving at Schools Applying the Montessori Approach / Montessori yaklaşımını uygulayan okullarda çalışan öğretmenlerin Montessori yaklaşımına ilişkin görüşleri
Available from: Eurasian Journal of Educational Research
Publication: Eurasian Journal of Educational Research [Egitim Arastirmalari], no. 66
Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Teachers - Attitudes, Turkey, Western Asia
Abstract/Notes: Problem Statement: Further studies on Montessori teachers are required on the grounds that the Montessori approach, which, having been applied throughout the world, holds an important place in the alternative education field. Yet it is novel for Turkey, and there are only a limited number of studies on Montessori teachers in Turkey. Purpose of Study: The aim was to investigate views on the Montessori approach by the teachers who serve at the schools applying the Montessori approach. Methods: Research data was collected by the basic qualitative research, one of the qualitative research methods. Descriptive analysis method was used in analysis of the qualitative data. Nine teachers serving at three different schools in Ankara province applying Montessori approach were interviewed. Findings and Results: Eight main themes were determined upon data analysis; namely, education on Montessori approach, basic qualities required for teachers applying Montessori approach, adequacy of education on Montessori approach, in-service training on the challenges experienced by Montessori teachers, plans of teachers for self-development, following existing studies in Turkey on Montessori approach, views on studies on Montessori approach, and views on the criticisms towards Montessori approach. Conclusions and Recommendations: All teachers confirmed that they internalized the approach upon training in line with Montessori philosophy. They emphasized that they received training covering all the educational fields, yet the implementation dimension was inadequate due to training without the involvement of children. Furthermore, they suggested that all the schools in Turkey were opened by commercial motives, and as such these schools failed to comply with the standards of the institutions providing education on the basis of Montessori approach. They asserted that all criticisms towards Montessori approach would be proved to be groundless upon implementation of the approach. It was seen that experienced supervisors, in-service training, and scientific studies on Montessori approach were required.
ISSN: 1302-597X, 2528-8911
Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: La casa de los niños Montessori [Colegio Montessori-Palau de Girona: The Montessori Children's Home]
Publication: Cuadernos de Pedagogía, no. 455
Europe, Southern Europe, Spain
Montessori Yöntemi: Her Yönüyle Montessori Eğitimi ve Etkinlik Rehberi [The Montessori Method: Montessori Education and Activity Guide in Any Way]
Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.
Abstract/Notes: Montessori education is gaining popularity day by day and it has become one of the most interesting subjects in the field of education all over the world. So what is Montessori education? What does this educational philosophy, which affects everyone, tell? Who is Maria Montessori who revolutionized the field of education? The Montessori Method was prepared to find the answer to all these questions. One of the aims of the Montessori educational philosophy is not only to teach, but also to enable the child to gather his own experiences and explore and be active. This book was written to share these experiences accumulated over the years in Montessori education and the stimulating perspective of Montessori education. The main purpose of the education and activities in the book is to prepare the most suitable environment for children to find everything that will enable them to be independent and to support their development. The inside of the book is completed with many sample applications and drawings in order to make these activities to be done with children much more understandable. This book, prepared by the International Montessori Association (AMI) certified Montessori educator Emel Çakıroğlu Wilbrandt, as a result of years of experience and training, has the feature of being a guide for educators and parents in their daily work with children. / Montessori eğitimi gün geçtikçe yaygınlık kazanıyor ve eğitim alanında, bütün dünyada en ilgi çeken konulardan biri olmuş durumda. Peki Montessori eğitimi nedir? Herkesi etkisi altına alan bu eğitim felsefesi neler anlatıyor? Eğitim alanında bir devrime imza atan Maria Montessori kimdir? Montessori Yöntemi, tüm bu soruların cevabını bulmak için hazırlandı. Montessori eğitim felsefesinin amaçlarından biri, yalnızca öğretmek değil aynı zamanda çocuğun kendi deneyimlerini bir araya getirip keşifler yapabilmesini ve etkin olmasını sağlamaktır. Bu kitap, Montessori eğitiminde yıllar boyunca biriken bu deneyimlerin ve Montessori eğitiminin ufuk açıcılığının paylaşılması için yazıldı. Kitapta yer alan eğitim ve etkinliklerin başlıca amacı, çocuklara bağımsız olmalarını sağlayacak her şeyi bulabilecekleri ve gelişimlerini destekleyen en uygun çevreyi hazırlamaktır. Kitabın içi çocuklarla yapılacak bu etkinliklerin çok daha anlaşılır olmasını desteklemek amacıyla çok sayıda örnek uygulama ve çizimle tamamlandı. Uluslararası Montessori Derneği (AMI) diplomalı Montessori eğitimcisi Emel Çakıroğlu Wilbrandt’ın yıllara dayanan deneyim ve eğitimleri sonucunda hazırladığı bu kitap, çocuklarla günlük olarak yapılacak çalışmalarda eğitimcilere ve ebeveynlere bir rehber olma özelliğine sahip.
Published: Istanbul, Turkey: Final Kültür Sanat Yayinlari, 2019
ISBN: 978-605-374-958-5 605-374-958-3
Montessori Revisited [Essay Review of Rita Kramer 'Maria Montessori: A Biography' and Mario Montessori Jr. 'Education for Human Development: Understanding Montessori' edited by Paula Polk Lillard]
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Educational Studies, vol. 8, no. 2
Hrvatska Montessori prica: nastanak i metoda prve Montessori skole [The Croatian Montessori story: Origin and model of the first Montessori school
Croatia, Eastern Europe, Europe, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools
Published: Zagreb, Croatia: Nakladnička kuča Aagram, 2007
ISBN: 978-953-7214-07-4 953-7214-07-9
Distance Teacher Education: 5 Snapshots [Center for Guided Montessori Studies, Montessori Live, USA Montessori, Mid-America Montessori, World Wide Montssori]
Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records
Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 20, no. 3
Date: Spring 2008
Investigating the views of Montessori preschool teachers on inclusive education in Montessori approach / Montessori yaklaşımında bütünleştirme uygulamalarına ilişkin Montessori okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin görüşlerinin incelenmesi
Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)
Asia, Inclusive education, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Teachers, Turkey, Western Asia
Abstract/Notes: The purpose of the study was to investigate the views of Montessori preschool teachers on inclusive education in Montessori approach. The views of 18 participants were examined in this study. All participants were selected from Ankara and İstanbul and they were investigated by a semi-structured interview protocol that was developed by the researcher based on the literature review. The protocol contained questions in three major parts; these were demographic questions about participants, questions about views on inclusive education and questions about views on inclusive education in Montessori approach and its advantageous and disadvantageous for children with disabilities. Phenomenology design was employed in the study and purposive sampling was used to reach the participants. According to findings of content analysis, Montessori teachers stated that they did not find themselves adequately educated and experienced in inclusive education but a large part of them thought that inclusive education is good for development of both disabled and non-disabled students. On the other hand, Montessori teachers expressed that enabling children to be independent and to encourage them to make their own decisions are the most important point of Montessori understanding. However, when considered in terms of disabled students, most teachers indicated that such liberal environment could constitute disadvantages for such students. Teachers stated that an educational environment which is structured and where influence of the teacher is more intensive would be better in terms of education of the disabled child, particularly when working with students with severe disabilities or students with attention deficit or autism. / Bu çalışma, Montessori anaokullarında çalışan okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin bütünleştirme eğitimi ve Montessori yaklaşımında bütünleştirme uygulamaları hakkındaki görüşlerini anlamayı amaçlamıştır. Çalışma 18 katılımcıyı kapsamaktadır. Tüm katılımcılar Ankara ve İstanbul ilinde Montessori okullarında çalışan okul öncesi öğretmenleri arasından seçilmiş olup, görüşmeler araştırmacı tarafından geliştirilen yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme formu ile yapılmıştır. Görüşme formu üç ana bölümden oluşmaktadır. İlk bölümde katılımcılar hakkındaki demografik bilgiler sorgulanırken, ikinci bölümde katılımcıların bütünleştirme eğitimi hakkındaki görüşleri ve son bölümde ise katılımcıların Montessori eğitimindeki bütünleştirme uygulamaları hakkındaki görüşleri sorgulanmıştır. Çalışmanın sonunda nitel analiz yapılmış olup bulgulara göre Montessori öğretmenleri bütünleştirme eğitimi konusunda kendilerini yeterince eğitimli ve deneyimli bulmadıklarını belirtmiş, ancak bütünleştirme eğitiminin hem engelli hem de engelsiz öğrenciler için faydalı olduğunu düşündüklerini ifade etmiştir. Öte yandan, Montessori öğretmenleri Montessori eğitiminin çocuğun bağımsız bir birey olmasında önemli bir rol oynadığını ifade etmiş, çocukların kendi kararlarını vermelerini teşvik etmenin Montessori anlayışının en önemli noktaları olduğunu belirtmiştir. Ancak engelli öğrenciler açısından değerlendirildiğinde öğretmenlerin çoğu bu özgürlükçü ortamın engelli öğrenciler için dezavantajlar oluşturabileceğini söylemiştir. Öğretmenler, özellikle ağır engelli öğrenciler ya da dikkat dağınıklığı olan ya da otizmli öğrenciler ile çalışırken öğretmenin etkisinin daha yoğun olduğu, yapılandırılmış bir eğitim ortamının çocuğun eğitimi açısından daha iyi olacağını ifade etmiştir.
Published: Ankara, Turkey, 2019
Comparative and International Studies in Theory and Practice of Education: Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Australian Comparative and International Education Society
Published: Hamilton, New Zealand: Australian Comparative and International Education Society, 1983