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Master's Thesis

Método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa No. 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019 [“Montessori” method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-olds of the educational institution No. 437 of the Santo Domingo de Acobamba district 2019]

Available from: Universidad César Vallejo - Institutional Repository

Americas, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Peru, South America

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Abstract/Notes: La presente investigación plantea como problema ¿Cuál es la relación entre el método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa Nº 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019? La hipótesis, existe relación entre el método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa Nº 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019, el objetivo general fue determinar la relación entre el método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa Nº 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019. La investigación se desarrolló de acuerdo al método científico, como método específico al descriptivo estadístico. La investigación es no experimental, y su diseño correlacional. Considera una muestra censal de 36 alumnos entre varones y mujeres de cinco años. La técnica empleada fue la encuesta, se aplicaron dos instrumentos; un cuestionario sobre el método Montessori, y un test de lectoescritura. El método “Montessori presenta tres dimensiones; etapa de conversación, pre lectura, pre escritura. La variable lectoescritura estudia las dimensiones: habilidades de lenguaje, habilidades de lectura y habilidades de escritura. Aplicado los instrumentos de investigación, se realizó el procesamiento de datos mediante la prueba t de student para muestras relacionadas La investigación permitió determinar que existe diferencia significativa (p= 0.000) según el método Montessori en el aprendizaje de la Lectoescritura pretest y el aprendizaje de la Lectoescritura postest en los niños de 5 años de la institución educativa N° 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019. [The present research poses as a problem: What is the relationship between the “Montessori” method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-old children of the educational institution No. 437 of the district of Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019? The hypothesis, there is a relationship between the "Montessori" method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-old children of the educational institution No. 437 of the district of Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019, the general objective was to determine the relationship between the "Montessori" method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-old children of the educational institution No. 437 of the Santo Domingo de Acobamba district 2019. The research was developed according to the scientific method, as a specific method to the statistical descriptive. The research is non-experimental, and its design correlational. Consider a census sample of 36 five-year-old boys and girls. The technique used was the survey, two instruments were applied; a questionnaire about the Montessori method, and a literacy test. The “Montessori method has three dimensions; stage of conversation, pre reading, pre writing. The literacy variable studies the dimensions: language skills, reading skills, and writing skills. Applying the research instruments, the data processing was carried out using the student's t test for related samples The research allowed to determine that there is a significant difference (p = 0.000) according to the Montessori method in the learning of Pretest Literacy and the learning of the Post-test literacy in 5-year-old children from educational institution No. 437 of the district of Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019.]

Language: Spanish

Published: Trujillo, Peru, 2019

Article

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Pengaruh Metode Montessori dalam Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Matematika Anak Usia Dini di Banjarmasin [The Effect of the Montessori Method in Improving Understanding of Early Childhood Mathematics Concepts in Banjarmasin (Indonesia)]

Available from: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak

Publication: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak [Journal of Child Education], vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 15-26

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode Montessori dalam meningkatkan pemahaman konsep matematika bagi anak usia dini khususnya usia 4-6 tahun di kota Banjarmasin. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode quasi eksperimen. Pengenalan matematika di kelas eksperimen menggunakan metode Montessori,sedangkan di kelas kontrol menggunakan metode konvensional. Hasil uji hipotesis menunjukkan implementasi metode Montessori berpengaruh signifikan dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi data dan grafik di kelas eksperimen. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain di kelas eksperimen adalah 95.61. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain kelas kontrol adalah 34.56. Metode Montessori 61.05% lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi data dan grafik daripada metode konvensional. Begitu pula hasil uji hipotesis pada materi pola ABCDE-ABCDE, implementasi metode Montessori berpengaruh signifikan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar anak kelas eksperimen. Rata-rata N-Gain kelas eksperimen adalah 87.50. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain kelas kontrol adalah 31.24. Metode Montessori 56.26% lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi pola dari pada metode konvensional. [This study aims to determine the effect of the Montessori method in improving understanding of mathematical concepts for early childhood especially ages 4-6 years in the city of Banjarmasin. This study uses a quasi-experimental method. Introduction to mathematics in the experimental class uses the Montessori method, while the control class uses conventional methods. Hypothesis test results show that the implementation of the Montessori method has significant effects in improving children's learning outcomes in data and graphic material in the experimental class. The average value of N-Gain in the experimental class was 95.61. The average value of the N-Gain control class is 34.56. The Montessori method is 61.05% more effective in improving children's learning outcomes in material data and graphics than the conventional method. Similar to the results of hypothesis testing on the ABCDE-ABCDE pattern material, the implementation of the Montessori method has a significant effect on improving the learning outcomes of children in the experimental class. The average N-Gain of the experimental class is 87.50. The average value of the control class N-Gain is 31.24. The Montessori Method 56.26% is more effective in improving children's learning outcomes on material patterns than conventional methods.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.14421/al-athfal.2020.61-02

ISSN: 2477-4189, 2477-4715

Master's Thesis

蒙特梭利幼兒教育的幼兒就學準備度之研究 [The School Readiness of Montessori Early Childhood Education]

Available from: National Chengchi University Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Academic achievement, Asia, East Asia, Montessori method of education, Readiness for school, Taiwan

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori education has developed for over a century, mainly due to Montessori found the early childhood development principles and rules by the scientific method. She advocates child-centered,and there are three elements of Montessori education:(1)prepared environment, (2) teachers, (3) teaching aids, through the three to guide children's learning. However, in Taiwan, people worried about that Montessori education is lack of emotional, creativity , interpersonal learning, and the transition with primary education, therefore Montessori education is still being considered as an alternative education. In this regard, Montessori Teachers Association of the R.O.C pointed many longitudinal study shows that Montessori children perform better than the traditional-education children in many ways of academic achievements, active learning, interpersonal relationships, and emotional management. Nowadays, the concept of " school readiness " becomes more important, and the Ministry of Education is actively compiling the "Guidelines of Nursery Education Activities and Security Curriculum " which is particularly imply the importance of transition program. Thus, this study proposes to investigate Montessori education from the perspective of school readiness. First , researcher explored the common context of Montessori education and school readiness by document analysis, then based on the results to construct "The corresponding table of Montessori education and five-year-old children school readiness assessment “, and corrected the table by expert validity. Finally, assess the Montessori children's school readiness in actually. Data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, Crosstabs, Chi-square test, Pearson’s product -moment correlation, Spearman's rank correlation, t- test, and one way ANOVA. The results were summarized as follow: A."The corresponding table of Montessori education and five-year-old children school readiness assessment “ is highly corresponded, show they concerned the same capacity of children. Initially reflected Montessori education conform the basic development requirements of Taiwan early child education, and could help children get ready into primary school. B. Montessori children in this study sample get good school readiness. C. There is significant difference towards the school readiness between children study /non-study Montessori kindergarten. D. There is significant difference towards school readiness of “physical health and development domain”、”mathematical logic and cognitive science domain” between Montessori kindergartens and Montessori child care;there is no significant correlation between children’s school year in Montessori kindergarten and children’s school readiness;there is no significant difference towards the school readiness between boys and girls. E. There is significant correlation in “physical health and development domain”、”language and communicate domain”、” mathematical logic and cognitive science domain”、” cultural and artistic domain” and ” overall average” between school readiness and the years of teaching five-year classes (ambiguous age);there is significant correlation between school readiness and the highest degree of Montessori teachers;there is no significant difference towards the school readiness between the teachers with different Montessori teacher license.

Language: Chinese

Published: Taipei, Taiwan, 1999

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The Effect of Montessori Approach-based STEM Education on Pre-service Pre-school Teachers’ Self-directed Learning / Montessori Yaklaşımı Temelli STEM Eğitimlerinin Okul Öncesi Öğretmen Adaylarının Öz Yönetimli Öğrenmeleri Üzerindeki Etkisi

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: e-Uluslararası Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi / e-International Journal of Educational Research, vol. 13, no. 2

Pages: 142-162

Asia, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The aim in the research was to investigate the effect of Montessori-based STEM education on the self-directed learning skills of pre-service pre-school teachers. A mixed method was employed in the research. The sample of the research consisted of 53 pre-service teachers enrolled in the Pre-school Teacher Education Programme at a mid-sized state university in northeast Turkey. During the research, Montessori-based STEM education was given to the pre-service teachers for two hours per week over 14 weeks. The Self-directed Learning Skills scale was applied to obtain the quantitative data and the Semi-structured Interview Form was used for the qualitative data in the research. After coding the data in content analysis, the themes of the coded data were written down. In order to contribute to the validity of the research, direct quotations from the participant group were included in the findings section and participant confirmation was carried out. In order to contribute to the reliability of the data analysis, the consistency of the results with each other was checked by five experts during the data analysis. The aim was to contribute to the reliability of the study by explaining the data collection and analysis sections in detail. At the end of the research, it was observed that there was a significant difference between the self-directed learning skills pre-test and post-test scores and that the qualitative analysis results supported this difference in direction with the development. These developments were determined from the statements by the pre-service teachers in their interviews stating that the training contributed greatly to their personal and social development and helped them gain learning and teaching skills about a subject. In line with the results obtained, it can be concluded that pre-school teacher candidates' self-directed learning skills such as self-confidence, perseverance, self-planned learning, and self-assessment were developed by Montessori approach-based STEM education. / Araştırmada Montessori yaklaşımı temelli STEM eğitimlerinin; okul öncesi öğretmen adaylarının öz yönetimli öğrenme becerileri üzerindeki etkisi incelenmiştir. Araştırmada karma yöntem kullanılmıştır. Araştırmanın örneklemini Doğu Anadolu’ nun orta ölçekli bir ilindeki devlet üniversitesinin Eğitim Fakültesi Okul Öncesi Öğretmenliği Bölümünde öğrenim gören 53 öğretmen adayı oluşturmuştur. Araştırmada öğretmen adaylarının öz yönetimli öğrenme becerilerindeki değişimi belirlemek amacıyla tek grup öntest sontest deseni oluşturulmuştur. Araştırmada nicel verilerin elde edilmesinde “Öz Yönetimli Öğrenme Becerileri” ölçeği ve nitel veriler için de “Yarı Yapılandırılmış Mülakat Formu” kullanılmıştır. Araştırma süresince toplamda 14 hafta boyunca haftada 2 ders saati olmak üzere adaylara Montessori yaklaşım temelli STEM eğitimleri verilmiştir. Araştırmada elde edilen nicel verilerin analizi ilişkili örneklem t testi ile nitel verilerin analizi ise içerik analizi ile yapılmıştır. İçerik analizinde verilerin kodlaması yapıldıktan sonra, kodlama yapılan verilerin temaları yazılmıştır. Araştırmanın geçerliliğine katkı sağlamak için, bulgular bölümünde katılımcı grubun doğrudan alıntılarına yer verilmiş ayrıca katılımcı teyidi gerçekleştirilmiştir. Veri analizinin güvenirliğine katkı sunmak için, veri analizi esnasında beş uzman tarafından sonuçların birbiri ile tutarlılığı kontrol edilmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda öz yönetimli öğrenme becerilerinin öntest ve sontest puanları arasında, anlamlı bir farklılık olduğu ve yapılan nitel analiz sonuçlarının da bu farkı gelişim yönünde desteklediği gözlenmiştir. Bu gelişimler öğretmen adaylarının mülakatlarında eğitimlerin kişisel ve sosyal gelişimlerine oldukça katkı sağladıklarını, bir konu hakkında öğrenme ve öğretme becerisi kazanma konusunda yardımcı olduğunu belirten ifadelerinden tespit edilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar doğrultusunda Montessori yaklaşımı temelli STEM eğitimlerinin okul öncesi öğretmen adaylarının özgüven, sebat gösterme, kendi kendine planlı öğrenme, öz değerlendirme yapabilme gibi öz yönetimli öğrenme becerilerinin geliştiği yorumu yapılabilir.

Language: English

DOI: 10.19160/e-ijer.1038793

ISSN: 1309-6265

Thesis

Método Montessori: vida práctica para el desarrollo de la autonomía en preescolares de una institución de ventanilla, 2018 [Montessori Method: Practical Life for the Development of Autonomy in preschools of a Ventanilla institution, 2018]

Available from: Universidad César Vallejo - Institutional Repository

Americas, Autonomy in children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Peru, Practical life exercises, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Esta investigación tituladam Método Montessori: Vida Practica para el desarrollo de la Autonomía en preescolares de una institución de Ventanilla, 2018, el cual fue fundamentado en la pedagogía Montessori para lograr el desarrollo de la autonomía de los niños del nivel inicial, a través del programa empleado para que los niños y niñas sean mas independientes, ya que se fomento la libertad, movimiento en el aula, potenciando las capacidades de toma de desciciones, el objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la Influencia del método Montessori: Vida Practica para el desarrollo de la autonomía en niños de 3 años de una institución de ventanilla, 2018, esto fue evidenciado en la aplicación del programa Metodo Montessori: Vida Práctica Yo Puedo hacerlo sin tu ayuda, ya que la investigación es de tipo aplicada, con diseño cuasi experimental, lo que influyo la ejecución del pre y pos test en la muestra que fueron los niños y niñas de 3 años, la población fue constituida por 60 alumnos del nivel inicial, por el tipo de investigación la pueba realizada fue no paramétrica utilizando asi para los resultados la prueba estadisstica U de Man Whitney, en base a los datos recopilados a travez de la observación, se concluyo que el programa es efectivo para el desarrollo de la autonomía, por tanto la influencia del método Montessori es alta. [This research titled "Montessori Method: Practical Life for the Development of Autonomy in preschools of a Ventanilla institution, 2018, which was based on the Montessori pedagogy to achieve the development of the autonomy of the children of the initial level, through the program used for children to be more independent, since freedom is promoted, movement in the classroom, enhancing the abilities of decision making, the objective of this research was to determine the Influence of the Montessori method: Practical Life for the development of the autonomy in children of 3 years of a window institution, 2018, this was evidenced in the application of the program Montessori Method: Practical Life I can do it without your help, since the research is of applied type, with quasi-experimental design, that influenced the execution of the pre and post test in the sample that was the children of 3 years, the population was with It was constituted by 60 students of the initial level, for the type of research the study was non-parametric, using for this the Man Whitney U statistic test, based on the data collected through the observation, it was concluded that the program is effective for the development of autonomy, therefore the influence of the Montessori method is high.]

Language: Spanish

Published: Lima, Peru, 2018

Article

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Meningkatkan Kemandirian Anak melalui Pembelajaran Metode Montessori [Improving Children's Independence through Montessori Method Learning]

Available from: Jurnal Obsesi

Publication: Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Journal of Obsession: Journal of Early Childhood Education], vol. 4, no. 1

Pages: 463-470

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kemandirian anak setelah penerapan pembelajaran metode Montessori di Bright Star Makassar School. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen dengan menggunakan desain pretest-posttest one group dengan subjek penelitian sebanyak lima belas anak. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan observasi dan wawancara. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan berupa skala observasi kemandirian (behavioral checklist pada kemandirian anak) dengan model skala likert dan guide interview. Data dianalisis menggunakan statistic non parametric Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. Hasilnya menunjukkan p = 0.001 (p < 0.05), artinya penerapan metode Montessori signifikan meningkatkan kemandirian anak di Bright Star Makassar School. Keseluruhan sampel dalam penelitian ini semakin mandiri setelah diterapkan pembelajaran menggunakan metode Montessori dan tidak ada satu anak pun yang tidak mengalami kemajuan kemandirian. Begitu pula berdasarkan data statistik deskriptif ditemukan adanya perbedaan rata-rata skor kemandirian sebelum dengan rata-rata skor kemandirian sesudah perlakuan pembelajaran menggunakan metode Montessori. Penelitian ini membuktikan kemandirian anak dapat ditingkatkan melalui pembelajaran metode Montessori. [This study aims to determine the independence of children after the application of the Montessori method of learning at Bright Star Makassar School. This research is an experimental study using a one group pretest-posttest design with fifteen children as research subjects. Data were collected using observation and interviews. The data collection instrument used was an independent observation scale (behavioral checklist on children's independence) with a Likert scale model and an interview guide. Data were analyzed using non-parametric Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The results show p = 0.001 (p < 0.05), meaning that the application of the Montessori method significantly increases the independence of children at Bright Star Makassar School. The entire sample in this study became more independent after learning using the Montessori method was applied and there was not a single child who did not progress in independence. Likewise, based on descriptive statistical data, it was found that there was a difference in the average score of independence before and the average score of independence after learning treatment using the Montessori method. This research proves that children's independence can be increased through the Montessori method of learning.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.31004/obsesi.v4i1.333

ISSN: 2549-8959

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Pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [The Thoughts of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori About Early Childhood Education]

Available from: Universitas PGRI Semarang (Indonesia)

Publication: PAUDIA: Jurnal Penelitian dalam Bidang Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Research Journal in the Field of Early Childhood Education], vol. 9, no. 1

Pages: 17-35

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Ki Hadjar Dewantara - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Taman Siswa

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Abstract/Notes: Mendalami ilmu pendidikan anak usia dini tidak dapat dilakukan apabila hanya mengkaji pemikiran satu tokoh saja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui (1) pemikiran, (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang pendidikan anak usia dini. Metode yang digunakan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian kepustakaan yang mengkomparasikan pemikiran kedua tokoh. Data dianalisis dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama dua bulan mulai januari sampai februari 2020. Sumber data terdiri dari data primer dan sekunder. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) pemikiran pendidikan anak usia dini menurut Ki Hajar Dewantara adalah pendidikan yang diberikan pada anak 0-7 tahun dengan pemberian pendidikan yang memperhatikan unsur alami anak dengan materi melatih panca indera menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah dilakukan di lingkungan keluarga, sekolah dan masyarakat dengan tujuan mengembangkan cipta, rasa dan karsa pada anak. Menurut Maria Montessori pendidikan anak usia dini adalah pendidikan yang diberikan untuk anak 0-6 tahun dilakukannya dilingkungan sekolah dengan materi keterampilan sehari-hari menggunakan metode lahiriah dan batiniah yang memberikan kebebasan anak untuk memilih aktivitas dan media yang ingin digunakan. (2) persamaan dan perbedaan pemikiran Ki Hajar Dewantara dan Maria Montessori tentang anak usia dini terletak dari aspek nama dan filosofi sekolah, setting lingkungan, dasar pemikiran PAUD, metode dan tugas pendidik. [The science of early childhood education cannot be understood from one’s thought. This research intended to know (1) the thoughts (2) the similarities and differences of early childhood education thoughts by Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori. The method used was qualitative with library research which compared two experts’ thoughts. The data was analyzed by descriptive approach. This research was done within two months, january to february 2020. The data were from primary and secondary data. The results revealed (1) Ki Hajar Dewantara states that early childhood education is an education given to 0-7 year old children and emphasizes on natural factors by training five senses through outward and inward method around family, school and community environments to develop creativity, feeling and intention. While Maria Montessori says that early childhood education is an education given to 0-6 year old children through daily skills in school environment and uses outward and inward method which let them choose activity and media they want. (2) the similarities and differences of Ki Hajar Dewantara and Maria Montessori thoughts were school’s name and philosopy, environment, ECE basic thoughts, learning method and educator’s duties.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.26877/paudia.v9i1.5610

ISSN: 2598-4047, 2089-1431

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Izkušnje zaposlenih z uporabo metode montessori pri delu s starejšimi in osebami z demenco v domu starejših občanov: študija primera [Experiences of employees using the Montessori method in working with the elderly and people with dementia in a home for the elderly: a case study]

Available from: ZZBNS (Slovenia)

Publication: Obzornik zdravstvene nege [Nursing Review], vol. 55, no. 2

Pages: 102-112

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: Uvod: Pristop, usmerjen k uporabniku, prispeva h kakovosti življenja starejših in oseb z demenco v domu starejših občanov ter k dobremu počutju zaposlenih na delovnem mestu. Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti izkušnje zaposlenih v domu starejših občanov z uporabo metode montessori pri delu s starejšimi in osebami z demenco. Metode: Narejena je bila študija primera v domu starejših občanov, kjer uporabljajo metodo montessori. Delno strukturirani intervjuji so bili izvedeni z enajstimi zaposlenimi v enem izmed domov za starejše občane v Sloveniji. Za analizo podatkov je bila uporabljena metoda analize vsebine. Rezultati: Identificirane so bile štiri kategorije: (1) vsebinski in organizacijski vidiki metode montessori pri obravnavi starejših in oseb z demenco; (2) sodelovanje med zaposlenimi, stanovalci in svojci; (3) osebni razvoj zaposlenih; (4) pomen izobraževanja za zaposlene. Raziskava pri izkušnjah zaposlenih v obravnavi starejših in oseb z demenco pokaže preplet vseh kategorij.kategorij. Diskusija in zaključek: Ugotovitve prispevajo novo znanje na področju uporabe metode montessori v domovih za starejše občane. Izkušnje zaposlenih so pokazale, da uporaba metode montessori pripomore k boljšemu razumevanju pomena sodelovanja, izobraževanja ter s tem povezanega osebnega razvoja zaposlenih. V praksi je priporočeno sistematično uvajati metodo montessori za starejše in osebe z demenco s poudarkom na izobraževanju, ki je nujna podlaga za praktično delo. Predlagamo nadaljnje raziskovanje izkušenj zaposlenih ter iskanje možnosti za uvajanje metode tudi v druge domove starejših občanov. [Introduction: The user-centered approach contributes to the quality of life of the elderly and people with dementia in the home for the elderly and to the well-being of employees at work. The purpose of the research was to determine the experience of employees in a home for the elderly using the Montessori method in working with the elderly and people with dementia. Methods: A case study was done in a nursing home where the Montessori method is used. Partially structured interviews were conducted with eleven employees in one of the homes for the elderly in Slovenia. A content analysis method was used for data analysis. Results: Four categories were identified: (1) substantive and organizational aspects of the Montessori method in the treatment of the elderly and people with dementia; (2) cooperation between employees, residents and relatives; (3) personal development of employees; (4) the importance of education for employees. Research on the experience of employees in the treatment of the elderly and people with dementia shows the intertwining of all categories.categories. Discussion and conclusion: The findings contribute new knowledge in the application of the Montessori method in homes for the elderly. Employee experience has shown that the use of the Montessori method helps to better understand the importance of cooperation, education and related personal development of employees. In practice, it is recommended to systematically introduce the Montessori method for the elderly and people with dementia with an emphasis on education, which is a necessary basis for practical work. We suggest further research into the experience of employees and the search for opportunities to introduce the method in other homes for the elderly.]

Language: Slovenian

DOI: 10.14528/snr.2021.55.2.3024

ISSN: 2350-4595

Article

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Maria Montessori: The Montessori Method (Introduction by Martin Mayer); Spontaneous Activity in Education (The Advanced Montessori Method, Vol. 1); The Montessori Elementary Material (The Advanced Montessori Method, Vol. 2)

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Review of Education, vol. 11, no. 2

Pages: 240-242

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Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/BF01419908

ISSN: 1573-0638, 0020-8566

Master's Thesis

Montessori and Religious Education in Western Cape Preschools

Available from: University of Cape Town

Africa, Catholic schools, Comparative education, Jewish religious schools, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Religious education, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: The debate about whether or not religious education should be included in early childhood education is a longstanding one. Even those who believe that Religious education should be included in early childhood programs cannot agree about the content or method for including it. The phenomenon of religious education in Montessori pre-primary schools in the Western Cape Province of South Africa is explored in this study, using a qualitative research approach. More specifically, the study explored the goals of their religious education; the level of awareness of Montessori's approach to religious education and finally looked at how they were implementing religion in their schools. A sample of 4 pre-schools were selected from the 90 Montessori pre-schools in the Western Cape. These included a Non-Denominational, Muslim, Christian and a Jewish School. The Muslim and Non-Denominational schools are full Montessori schools, while the Christian and Jewish schools have incorporated Montessori alongside other curriculums, namely the Jubilee Excellence School Curriculum and Reggio-Emilia approach, respectively. A collective case study approach was adopted and data was collected through observations and interviews. While the findings cannot easily be generalized, it is significant in providing a starting point to understanding the phenomenon of religious education in Montessori pre-schools in the Western Cape. The study highlighted Dr Montessori's personal and professional struggle with religion and found that the struggles Dr Montessori faced in terms of Religion have still not been resolved today. The schools in the Western Cape still grappled with the essence of Montessori's struggle, i.e. where to place religion and how to integrate it in the Montessori method and philosophy. Dr Montessori's beliefs about the importance of spirituality in the early years were found to be consistent with the contemporary views of scholars around the world. The religious schools followed guidelines of their own religions when deciding on which values to focus on. At the Jewish school, the focus was on the community, while at the Muslim school the focus was on the individual and selfetiquette. The focus of the Christian school was on discipline and obedience. The schools had various commitments to spiritual and ethical development of the children. Finally, the study found that the Montessori method was ideal for teaching the practices of religion, but when schools delved into issues of faith or love of God, they switched to other modes of teaching (e.g. preaching). This disjuncture between teaching faith and practices was ultimately Dr Montessori's reason for abolishing religious education from her method.

Language: English

Published: Cape Town, South Africa, 2017

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