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Anthropological Consideration and Infrastructure in ‘Children’s Houses’: An Explanation to the Montessori Method
Available from: Research Gate
Publication: International Research Journal of Education and Technology, vol. 5, no. 5
Date: May 2023
Abstract/Notes: The Montessori educational approach takes into account the fact that children learn in varied ways and accommodates them all. Each student is given the opportunity to grow as long as they are prepared, supported by their teacher, and have a unique learning plan. The Montessori approach encourages children’s physical development and growth by making sure they are active throughout the day. Along with receiving a comfortable sleep at night, children who are physically engaged frequently have stronger muscles and bones. The prepared atmosphere is referred to as the Montessori classroom. Everything has a place and a purpose in the thoughtfully designed learning environment. Everything is made to be open and accessible, the furniture is lightweight and child-sized, and the learning materials are made to fit in small hands. The present research work is an attempt to understand the effectiveness of the Montessori Method in terms of its anthropological considerations and the infrastructural setup of the learning environment.
The Montessori Method of Education of the Senses: The Case of the Children’s Houses
Available from: International Journal of Research Publication and Reviews
Publication: International Journal of Research Publication and Reviews, vol. 4, no. 5
Date: May 2023
Abstract/Notes: The Montessori method of teaching is founded on the idea that education should support rather than undermine a child’s natural abilities. Therefore, scientific research on children and an understanding of how development and learning work should serve as the foundation for education. A psychic force or ability is active through physical organs, causing the experience. The action of the structure acting as a proper origin and determining the force is seen from one perspective; the action of the feeling, which catches the practical and formally establishes experience, is seen from the opposite perspective. The use and development of the senses are stressed in the Montessori method. Doing this a child is observed and new ideas and methods are used to develop the senses in the child. This paper is an attempt to show the methods used by Dr. Montessori in her Children’s Houses to develop senses in children.
Texnokratik Jarayonda Maktabgacha Ta’limning Mualliflik Metodikalari [Authority Methods of Preschool Education in the Technocratic Process]
Available from: Interpretation and Researches
Publication: Interpretation and Researches, vol. 1, no. 8
Abstract/Notes: Mazkur maqola rivojlanib borayotgan texnokratik jamiyatda bolalar tarbiyasi doimo muhim ekanligi, Maria Montessori bolalarning o'z-o'zini o'rganish va rivojlantirish qobiliyatlariga ishonish va ularning o'rganish jarayonlarida o'z-o'zining yo'li bilan bormasligi xususida fikr yuritilgan. [This article discusses the importance of child education in a developing technocratic society, Maria Montessori's belief in children's self-learning and self-development abilities, and that they should not go their own way in their learning processes.]
Catechesis of the Good Shepherd: A Survey of Catechists Across Wisconsin
Available from: MINDS@UW River Falls
Abstract/Notes: The following research study collected and examined the current practices of Catechesis of the Good Shepherd catechists in Level I (ages 3-6) Atria throughout Wisconsin. Catechesis of the Good Shepherd (CGS), founded by Sofia Cavalletti and Gianna Gobbi, is the religious formation experience of children using the principles of the Montessori method. Around the question of religious formation, we explored literature regarding the Moral Development, Spirituality, and Religious Education of young children. Finding little on the religious formation of Catechesis of the Good Shepherd, while also considering the cultural practices and societal norms of local communities, we created a 22-question survey for CGS Level I catechists examining the qualities of the Atrium, catechist, prayer in the Atrium, and community support specific to Wisconsin. Using an online platform and distribution, we gathered surveys from 67 catechists from all five Roman Catholic dioceses in Wisconsin (Milwaukee, Madison, Green Bay, La Crosse, and Superior). Results focused on laying a foundation of baseline data of current practices. Results revealed that the current implementation of CGS is consistent with catechist training recommendations. Also, most dramatically, 100% of catechists regarded the catechesis as somewhat (31%) or strongly (69%) impacting the faith of the young child. Likewise, 89% of catechists also considered the experience strongly impacting their own faith. The mutual benefit reported for both adult catechists and children suggests that the effect of CGS in religious formation settings is compelling and worthy of investment and further study.
Published: River Falls, Wisconsin, 2023
Effective Nursing Interventions in ADL Care Affecting Independence and Comfort – a Systematic Review
Available from: ScienceDirect
Publication: Geriatric Nursing, vol. 52
Gerontology, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)
Abstract/Notes: Despite its frequent provision, evidence of nursing interventions in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) remains unclear. Hence, we addressed the research question: What are the effects of ADL nursing interventions on independence and comfort in adults across all care settings? We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies described in systematic reviews. In three databases, we searched for systematic reviews that we used as a portal to select (quasi) experimental studies. After narratively summarizing the studies on characteristics, effects, and interventions, we assessed the risk of bias. Among the 31 included studies, 14 studies evaluated independence, 14 studies measured comfort, and three studies assessed both outcomes. Seven interventions significantly improved independence and seven interventions significantly improved comfort. The studies varied highly in intervention components, outcome measures, and quality. Evidence on ADL nursing interventions affecting independence and comfort remains fragmented and inconclusive, limiting guidance for nursing professionals.
Errors and Their Corrections
Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 16, no. 1
Albert Max Joosten - Writings, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals
Learning Management with Montessori by Bringing the Trisikkhā Principles, Precepts, Concentration and Wisdom to Integrate in Learning Management
Available from: ASEAN Journal of Religious and Cultural Research
Publication: ASEAN Journal of Religious and Cultural Research, vol. 6, no. 2
Asia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Southeast Asia, Thailand
Abstract/Notes: This academic article reflects the thoughts from attending the workshop, promotion of learning management based on the Montessori concept uses writing from real experience in the practice as an observer from the early childhood classroom and first-class classrooms that provides teaching with the Montessori concept. The results reflected the ideas from direct experiences from the workshop participants, showing that the atmosphere in the classroom arrangement was bulging good ventilation, beautiful colors, work, interior colors feel cool and comfortable. The room has a fan enough light shelf arrangement separated into media; beautiful, durable, beautiful colors arranged from top to bottom. Characters are clearly visible and durable. Teachers interact with children in order to allow children to concentrate on themselves. The role of the teacher is to be a mentor to guide the children towards achieving their goals. The students and the students’ joint activities to achieve common goals. The result of the observation made the children absorb the threefold principle, namely, the child had precepts indicating that the collection of things was organized, neat, not separating the workpiece, compassionate to help friends, concentration and mindfulness having determination to complete the work. Intellectually, children are knowledgeable, ppossessing the ability to think step by step, distinguish work pieces assemble words and be able to solve problems easily by yourself.
Evaluation of the Early Childhood Education Curriculum Developed in 2013 According to Analytical Curriculum Evaluation Model
Available from: Middle East Technical University
Abstract/Notes: The study aims to evaluate the early childhood education curriculum developed in 2013 using Demirel’s analytical curriculum evaluation model through preschool teachers’ views. The mixed research method was utilized in this study. The participants of the study consist of preschool teachers working in independent public pre-school affiliated with the Ministry of National Education Ankara/ Turkey. The quantitative data consisted of 203 preschool teachers’ responses selected from all districts of Ankara using a stratified sampling method, while the qualitative data consisted of 10 preschool teachers’ responses who volunteered to participate interview. The data of the study were collected through a questionnaire and semi-structured interview form. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics while qualitative data were analyzed through content analysis. After analyzing the quantitative and qualitative data separately, they were reported in the results section in line with the research questions. The findings of this study revealed that preschool teachers have both positive and negative views about the early childhood education curriculum. As a result of the study, preschool teachers expressed positive views regarding the clarity, comprehensibility, and flexibility of the 2013 early childhood education curriculum they applied, while negative views arose about the existence of a single curriculum for different age groups, lack of resources, limited applicability for all environment, and inadequacy addressing 21st-century skills and new education trends in today's conditions. Additionally, views have been expressed advocating for a longer duration of early childhood education for 5-year-old children.
Published: Ankara, Turkey, 2023
An Examination of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy and Antibias-Antiracist Curriculum in a Montessori Setting
Available from: Lynn University - Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Abstract/Notes: The research consisted of a qualitative case study of three urban public Montessori schools with a population of 51% or more of students of color and a commitment of 2 years or more of CRP-ABAR within a Montessori setting. The theoretical framework used for the study was the critical race theory, which is the conceptual foundation for examining inequities in public education. This research dissertation had a focus on gaining an insight into the perceptions of administrators, teachers, and parents toward CRP-ABAR in Montessori schools by examining the practices in three public Montessori schools. The possible connections to student outcomes, such as behavioral referrals, suspension rates, and academic achievement for students of color were explored to determine if any connections exist between CRP-ABAR and outcomes for students of color within a public Montessori setting. Three major themes emerged of the perceptions of administrators, teachers, and parents about the impact of the CRP-ABAR in a Montessori setting. The CRP-ABAR could be delivered through a curriculum-oriented approach or a systemic-oriented approach and the CRP-ABAR connects to Montessori through peace-global education and the prepared teacher-environment. The CRP-ABAR practices impact students of color primarily through social emotional growth with limited academic outcomes. Even with an intentional focus and diversity training, many non-Black teachers’ perceptions of students of color included deficit theory thinking. Some parents believed racism is being dismantled through the curriculum and celebrations of diversity. Other parents identified some teachers-staff with underpinning instances of biases and insensitivity.
Published: Boca Raton, Florida, 2020
Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)
Spirituality and Montessori Teacher Teams: The Path of the Heart
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori based her educational approach on a profound understanding of the spiritual nature of the child, on the spiritual preparation of the teacher, and on the teacher-child relationship. However, she did not elaborate on the nature of teacher teams, nor on the spiritual aspect of teamwork. Though most Montessori early childhood classrooms have two or more teachers who teach together as a team, very little research has been conducted on how these teams work together, nor on how spirituality influences their work. The purpose of this research was to examine the role that spirituality played in the perceptions and understandings that Montessori teachers brought to their interactions in classroom teams. The methodology taken was a basic interpretive study. The purposeful sample consisted of five Montessori early childhood teachers teaching on three different teams of three teachers, in the same Montessori school in Western Canada. The data collection method included a short questionnaire, an observation of the teacher in the classroom with her team, her selection of an artifact representing spirituality and teamwork, two semi-structured interviews, and a member check. The analysis and interpretation of the findings were organized according to three categories arising from the data and from the theoretical framework: 1) the relationship that the teacher had with her spiritual self, 2) the teacher-child relationship, and 3) the teacher-teacher relationship. This study revealed that the spiritual self of the teacher was important in the development of the teacher-child relationship, and with the team. The Montessori concept of the inner teacher was examined in light of these findings. All the participants stated that spirituality played a role in their team interactions, and that there was congruence between how they related with the children and with each other. Peace was the overriding goal of the teachers for the classroom and with each other. Moreover, love for the child undergirded everything that they did. Recommendations are offered for Montessori teams, and teams in other areas of work, as well as future research in this area.
Published: Alberta, Calgary, Canada, 2017
The Perceptions and Support of Parents and Guardians Whose Children Attend Montessori Programs
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Anthropologist, vol. 16, no. 1-2
Abstract/Notes: Parents’ supporting and using Montessori education at home have very important roles in the success of the education. The aim of the present study is to investigate parents’ perspectives of Montessori education at school and their support of Montessori education at home in International Montessori Schools in Pennsylvania in USA. The study is a correlational study. The universe of the study consists of parents whose children attend International Montessori Schools. In this regard, the present study investigate whether families’ perspectives and supports of Montessori education differ with respect to children’s age, gender, affinity to guardian; and parents’ gender, education level, the number of children they have, other children’s attendance to Montessori schools.
Pupils' perceptions of setting and beyond—a response to Hallam and Ireson
Available from: Wiley Online Library
Publication: British Educational Research Journal, vol. 34, no. 6
Abstract/Notes: This article examines the important data on pupils' perceptions of setting and mixed-ability classes in 45 comprehensive schools in England collected by Hallam and Ireson. It is argued that the finding that most pupils prefer setting to mixed-ability classes requires closer scrutiny and more careful interpretation. The conclusion that such preferences are because setting matches pupils' needs to their abilities is not compelling. Pupils' perceptions may be a product of transmitted ideology and wider cultural and organisational factors inside and outside school. Moreover, it is not clear what the implications of Hallam and Ireson's data on mixed-ability classes are for mixed-ability teaching. While, Hallam and Ireson propose more differentiated teaching and learning in mixed-ability classes, this article contends that their data could be interpreted to imply just the opposite. Finally, the implications of their data for the debate about the nature of comprehensive education in Britain are considered.
ISSN: 0141-1926, 1469-3518
Self-Efficacy Perceptions of Teachers on Using the Montessori Method in Special Education in North Cyprus
Available from: World Center of Innovation Research and Publication
Publication: Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences, vol. 14, no. 4
Asia, Cyprus, Efficacy, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Perceptions, Special education, Western Asia
Abstract/Notes: The aim of this study is to determine the self-efficacy perceptions of special education teachers about the use of the Montessori method by a valid and reliable scale developed by the researcher. The model of the research is a general descriptive model of quantitative research methods. In the 2017–2018 academic year, 67 special education teachers who work under the Directorate of Primary Education of the Ministry of National Education of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus are participated in this research universe, which comprise 29, 12, 20, 4 and 2 teachers from Special Education Application Centre, Special Education and Work Application Centre, primary schools, kindergartens and school for visually impaired, respectively. This study was conducted only with all the special education teachers in the universe not by any sampling method. The general proficiency perceptions of the special education teachers for the use of the Montessori method were at the level of instability. According to the general competency perceptions of the female teachers on the use of the Montessori method, it was found that their responses were more positive than the males.
Maximizing Learning in Early Childhood Multiage Classrooms: Child, Teacher, and Parent Perceptions
Available from: Springer Link
Publication: Early Childhood Education Journal, vol. 28, no. 4
Abstract/Notes: Investigated experiences in a multiage classroom, especially from the child's and parents' perspectives. Found that despite concerns, in the multiage classroom each child is allowed to progress at his or her own pace; individuality is valued; competition is lessened; and children have more time to develop relationships. (Author/SD)
ISSN: 1082-3301, 1573-1707
Junior High School Students’ Perceptions on the Implementation of Montessori Approach in Vocabulary Learning
Available from: Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri
Publication: English Education: Journal of English Teaching and Research, vol. 4, no. 2
Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Perceptions, Southeast Asia
Abstract/Notes: Montessori approach is mostly used in the kindergarten and elementary school, especially in Indonesia. To explore the approach in the higher level of education, the research took place in a private Montessori Junior High School in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. This study is intended to investigate the students’ perceptions on the implementation of Montessori approach to improve their vocabulary due to the fact that vocabulary is central to language learning. The research participants are students in grades seven and eight. There were three research instruments in this study, namely observations, questionnaire, and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Three different research instruments were used to make sure that the data obtained was valid. The researchers crosschecked the results from each instrument to triangulate data consistency. Based on the findings, the students have positive perceptions on the implementation of Montessori approach for vocabulary learning. The implementation of Montessori approach promotes its unique learning activities, teacher’s personal guidance, and students’ learning awareness, internal motivation, and interest. The students perceived that the implementation of Montessori approach can improve their vocabulary.
Montessori Junior High School Students’ Perceptions on Their Self-Efficacy in Reading
Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya Digital Library
Publication: IJET (Indonesian Journal of English Teaching), vol. 8, no. 2
Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Perceptions, Southeast Asia
Abstract/Notes: Montessori approach deals with learning in independence and liberty. This way of learning requires students to explore information based on their learning interest. Therefore, reading has become one of the keys in learning successfully in a Montessori school. Moreover, the impact of self-efficacy on the learning outcomes has been explored in the educational psychology as a field of study. This study inspects students’ self-efficacy perceptions and their factors in reading comprehension in a Montessori Junior High School registered in 2018-2019 academic year. It is located in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. English is the main language used in the teaching-learning process in the school. The study is conducted by using mixed method. Findings are based on the 27 close-ended questions and three open-ended questions obtained from the students in grade seven and eight. In analyzing the results, concurrent triangulation strategy is applied. The results show that the students have positive self-efficacy perceptions on their reading (Average= 3.449/5), especially in reading, explaining, summarizing texts and comprehending the graphics found in the text without the guidance of their teachers. Their self-efficacy sources are found in their mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and emotional and psychological states.
Student Perceptions of Their Elementary Classrooms: Montessori vs. Traditional Environments
Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 13, no. 1
Self-Perceptions on Digital Competences for M-Learning and Education Sustainability: A Study with Teachers from Different Countries
Available from: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Publication: Sustainability, vol. 13, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: The current international landscape shows that the most common alternative for the continuity of formative learning processes during the coronavirus pandemic has been the use the of e-learning to support children’s learning in environments outside of school. This forced change in teaching methods has consolidated the recognition that the digital skills of teachers are a relevant factor for the sustainability of education, both during the pandemic and in a future post-pandemic period or in other emergencies. In this sense, the objective of this study carried out between May and September 2020 was to determine the perceptions of 427 teachers from 15 countries about their digital competences in working with m-learning in primary education using a Montessori approach. The results of the questionnaire showed that teachers perceive their digital competences as inert and not very effective for innovation compared with the subsistence of traditional pedagogical practices, to deal with unpredictable situations or to generate differentiated adaptations for an inclusive education. The results of this study also serve as empirical support for establishing four training dimensions that can be considered priorities for the construction and implementation of a teacher training model that contributes to the sustainable development of education.
Trainees' Perceptions of Their Learning Experiences in a 3-Day Workshop on Child-Centered Methodologies in Early Years
Available from: IJAAR Publishing
Publication: International Journal of Research in Education and Sustainable Development, vol. 1, no. 10
Date: Oct 2021
Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Teacher training
Abstract/Notes: Early Childhood and Care Education (ECCE) has attracted global focus as governments of members of United Nations (UN) strive to meet target 4.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), to ensure that all girls and boys have equal access to quality care and preprimary education by 2030. ECCE specialists and stakeholders in Nigeria are involved in various ways, including the organization of workshops for caregivers and teachers to meet the target. In this paper, we present the perceptions of trainees on their learning experiences in a 3-day workshop organized for caregivers/teachers, focusing on child-centered approaches/methodologies in early years. Using a descriptive survey design, all the trainees rated the extent they learnt the methodologies in a Likert-questionnaire. The results suggested that the trainees’ perceptions on the learning of all the methodologies were positive and were neither influenced by their teaching experiences nor their age. Furthermore, their positive perceptions were highest for the following approaches/methodologies: Using circle time; Developing children’s physical domain; Making children learn through play; and Developing children’s cognitive domain. Moreover, their perceptions were lowest for the following: Developing practical ideas for including communities/parents in the classroom; Principles of Montessori approach; Preparing assessment report in early years. Based on the result of this study, we concluded that the workshop enhanced the competence and confidence of the trainees to render care and teach in their schools and made recommendations for sustaining the gains.
What Shall We Do: Pretend or Real? Preschoolers’ Choices and Parents’ Perceptions
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Journal of Cognition and Development, vol. 21, no. 2
Children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Parent and child, Play
Abstract/Notes: Pretend play is common in childhood. Yet by age 4, children shown pretend and real activities in a book said they would choose to do the real activity over the pretend one. The present studies extended this research, examining children’s actual behavior in laboratory and school settings (Study 1, n = 32, M = 59.32 months; and Study 2, n = 16, M = 54.08 months), their choices about pretend roles (Study 3, n = 50, M = 59.48 months), and parents’ perspectives on what children prefer (Study 4, n = 83). As in prior work, 4-year-olds preferred real activities from a book; by 5, children also engaged more with real activities. In contrast, 3- to 4-year-olds preferred pretend roles and 5- to 6-year-olds were ambivalent. Parents correctly predicted children’s preference for real activities, but they did not predict that children’s reality preferences increase with age.