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Report

Comparing Montessori Education and Conventional Education on Aspects of Creativity

Available from: Syracuse University

Comparative education, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: My Honors Thesis compares creativity in children taught in a Montessori classroom with students taught in a conventional classroom. I tested 58 children at Belle Valley Elementary School in Erie Pennsylvania, half in the Montessori program, half in traditional classrooms. Their ages ranged from 5-9, from kindergarten to 3rd grade. I hypothesized that the independence allowed in Montessori classrooms would help foster creativity in its students. The project uses two forms of evaluation to test the concept of creativity, the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking and consensual assessment to score a creative collage. Significant developmental differences were found; older children scored higher on the creativity tests. There was, however, no significant difference between Montessori and conventionally taught children. The conclusion is that in young children creativity develops over time, but that the type of schooling does not moderate this development.

Language: English

Published: Syracuse, New York, 2005

Article

Cosmic Education as a Parent Education Tool

Publication: Parenting for a New World (AMI/USA), vol. 11, no. 2

Pages: 1-3

Cosmic education

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Language: English

Book

Towards a New Education: A Record and Synthesis of the Discussions on the New Psychology and the Curriculum at the Fifth World Conference of the New Education Fellowship held at Elsinore, Denmark, in August 1929

Conferences, Denmark, Europe, International Conference of the New Education Fellowship (5th, Helsingør/Elsinore, Denmark, 8-21 August, 1929), International Montessori Congress (1st, Helsingør/Elsinore, Denmark, 8-21 August 1929), New Education Fellowship, Northern Europe, Scandinavia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

Published: New York, New York: A. A. Knopf, 1930

Article

Analysis of Montessori Sensory Education and the Math Education Content Commonly Included in the National Curriculum / 몬테소리 감각교구와 국가수준 유아수학교육 내용 비교 연구

Available from: Kyobo Book (South Korea)

Publication: 유아교육·보육복지연구 [Journal of Early Childhood Education & Educare Welfare], vol. 14, no. 3

Pages: 49-69

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study is to analysis of Montessori sensory education and the math education content commonly included in the national curriculum. The study is based on the theoretical ground that diverse, specific and systematic activities and teaching tools would help efficient teaching of abstract math concepts to young children considering their developmental characteristics. First, the math education content commonly included in the national curriculum(2007 Kindergarten Curriculum and Standard Childcare Curriculum) was analyzed and then used as reference in determining the amount of math education content included in Montessori sensory education. According to this study, even though Montessori sensory education demonstrated limited relevance to number and arithmetics, all other math content was sufficiently addressed. Therefore, the use of Montessori sensory education could be considered an efficient approach to enhancing basic math ability of young children. / 본 연구는 몬테소리 감각교구가 국가수준 교육과정에서 다루고 있는 유아 수학교육 내용을 어느 정도 다루고 있는지 비교함으로써, 유아의 수학적 기초 능력 향상을 위해 몬테소리 감각교구를 활용하기 위한 기초자료를 마련하는 데 그 목적이 있다. 이를 위해 2007년 유치원 교육과정 및 표준보육과정에서 공통적으로 다루고 있는 수학교육내용(수와 연산, 기하, 측정, 규칙성, 자료의 분석)에 따라 몬테소리 감각교구를 분석하였다. 본 연구 결과 몬테소리 감각교구는 수학교육 내용 중 수와 연산과는 비교적 관련성이 적었으나 모든 감각교구가 수학교육 내용을 충분히 다루고 있었다. 따라서 유아의 수학적 기초 능력 향상을 위한 방안으로 몬테소리 감각교구를 활용할 수 있다고 사료된다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 2288-4467

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Görsel Sanatlar Eğitiminde Montessori Eğitimi Yönteminin Öğrenci Bilgi Düzeyine Etkisi / The Effect of the Montessori Education Method on Student Knowledge in Visual Arts Education

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Eğitim ve Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi (ETAD) / Journal of Research in Education and Society (JRES), vol. 7, no. 2

Pages: 561-569

Art education, Asia, Creative ability in children, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: In the traditional school system, many values are set in line with the wishes of adults. This situation appears as a blind conflict between the weak and the strong in education. This environment, which causes the creation of only weak and strong people by keeping the individual in the background, comes to light with the sense of loss and self-worthlessness, and the characteristics of membership left alone or without faith. Individuals with this point of view have developed neither personal courage nor ability to criticize and judge. If we love the child so that he/she can build with his/her own unique values and natural laws, it is possible for us to develop all his abilities. At this point, Montessori Education Method emerges as one of the most valuable methods for us to achieve this development. The Montessori Method is based on the developmental needs of the child and is implemented in a carefully prepared appropriate environment. In this process, when the superiority of the method is realized, the child develops both his/her intelligence and his/her physical and mental abilities with experiences.This study aspires to determine how the primary school second grade visual arts education class topics affect students' knowledge levels by applying the method of Montessori Education. The aim of the study is to cover the effect of teaching art history education with the Montessori Education Method on student knowledge level. / Geleneksel okul sisteminde, yetişkinlerin istekleri doğrultusunda birçok değer konulmaktadır. Bu durum eğitimde sadece zayıf ve güçlünün arasında kör bir çatışma olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Bireyi arka planda tutarak sadece zayıf ve güçlü insanların yaratılmasına sebebiyet veren bu ortam, kendiliğinden gelişen kayıp ve kendi kendine olan değersizlik duygusu ile beraber yalnız başına bırakılmış ya da inançsız üyelik özellikleriyle açığa çıkmaktadır. Bu bakış açısına sahip bireylerin, ne kişisel cesaretleri ne de eleştirme ve muhakeme yetisi gelişmemiştir. Eğer çocuğu kendine özel değerleriyle ve doğal yasalarıyla inşa edebilmesi için seversek bütün yeteneklerini geliştirmemiz mümkün olabilmektedir. Bu noktada Montessori eğitimi bu gelişimi sağlayabilmemiz için en değerli yöntemlerden biri olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Montessori yöntemi çocuğun gelişimsel ihtiyaçları üzerine kurulur ve dikkatlice hazırlanan uygun bir çevrede bu durum kolaylaştırılarak uygulanır. Yöntemin üstünlüğünün farkedildiği bu süreçte çocuk, deneyimlerle hem zekasını hem de fiziksel ve ruhsal yeteneklerini geliştirmektedir. Bu araştırmada, ilköğretim 2. sınıf görsel sanatlar eğitimi ders konularının, Montessori eğitimi yöntemi uygulanarak öğrenci bilgi düzeylerine etkisinin nasıl olduğu belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırmanın amacı, sanat tarihi eğitiminin montessori eğitimi yöntemiyle öğretilmesinin öğrenci bilgi düzeyine etkisini kapsamaktadır.

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 2458-9624

Book

The Advanced Montessori Method: Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to the Education of Children from Seven to Eleven Years. Volume 1, Spontaneous Activity in Education

Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Also known by the title: Spontaneous Activity in Education.

Language: English

Published: Oxford, England: Clio, 1997

ISBN: 1-85109-114-9

Series: The Clio Montessori series , 9

Volume: 1 of 2

Bachelor's Thesis

Montessorimusiikkikasvatus ja sen soveltuminen nykyaikaiseen musiikinopetukseen [Montessori Music Education and its application to modern music education]

Available from: Theseus (Finland)

Europe, Finland, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori schools, Nordic countries, Northern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: This thesis examines the Montessori music curriculum that was developed by Maria Montessori and her music consultant Maria Maccheroni. It introduces the most typical Montessori music instruments and equipment as well as exercises that go with them. It also explores the possibilities of combining Montessori music with today’s music teaching and early childhood music education. The material of this thesis is mainly based on literature about the Montessori Method and its music section, along with observations made while working at various Montessori preschools in Finland. Many of the Montessori method’s musical exercises are challenging and can be seen as old fashioned by today’s music education standards. Maria Montessori expected many things from her Montessori teachers. Montessori teachers were expected to be completely in charge of the children’s musical education. This may be difficult to implement nowadays because in order to properly understand the Montessori music curriculum, one needs a great deal of theoretical knowledge and understanding of music. However, there are plenty of positive aspects to the Montessori music education and its elements can be applied to modern day music teaching. The Montessori method is very child-centered and even though it was developed more than a hundred years ago, the main principles are still valid today. A children’s music lesson plan is included in this thesis. It combines Montessori music education with Finnish early childhood music education. Many music educators and Montessori teachers know little about the music part of the Montessori method. Not much literature can be found about it in Finnish. The goal of this thesis is to study Montessori music education and to give more information about it to music educators and Montessori teachers. / Opinnäytetyössäni tutkin Maria Montessorin ja hänen konsulttinsa Maria Maccheronin yli sata vuotta sitten kehittämää musiikkikasvatusmenetelmää. Esittelen tyypillisimpiä montessorimusiikkivälineitä sekä niihin liittyviä harjoituksia. Lisäksi pohdin miten montessorimusiikkikasvatusta olisi mahdollista soveltaa musiikinopetuksessa ja varhaisiän musiikkikasvatuksessa. Aineistoni perustuu ennen kaikkea montessoripedagogiikasta ja montessorimusiikkikasvatuksesta saatavilla olevaan kirjallisuuteen sekä montessorileikkikoulussa työni kautta tehtyihin havaintoihin. Monet montessorimenetelmän musiikkiosion työt ja harjoitukset ovat haastavia ja nykyisen musiikkikasvatuskäsityksen mukaan vanhanaikaisia. Maria Montessorin toivetta montessoriohjaajasta, joka opettaa musiikkia hänen menetelmänsä mukaisesti, voi olla vaikea toteuttaa, koska montessorimusiikkikasvatuksen hallitseminen vaatii runsaasti musiikin teoreettista tuntemista. Montessorimusiikkikasvatuksessa on kuitenkin myös paljon hyvää ja sitä voi soveltaa nykypäivän musiikinopetukseen. Montessorimenetelmä on erittäin lapsilähtöinen ja vaikka se kehitettiin yli sata vuotta sitten, monet sen perusajatukset ovat edelleen sovellettavissa. Opinnäytetyöni sisältää tekemäni muskarituntisuunnitelman, jossa sovellan montessorimusiikkikasvatusta varhaisiän musiikkikasvatuksen tunnille. Monet musiikkikasvattajat ja montessoriohjaajat eivät tunne tai tuntevat vain pintapuolisesti montessorimenetelmän musiikkiosion, ja montessorimusiikkikasvatuksesta on saatavilla vain hyvin vähän suomenkielistä tietoa. Opinnäytetyöni tarkoitus on tutkia montessorimenetelmän musiikkiosiosta ja antaa lisätietoa montessoriohjaajille ja musiikkikasvattajille.

Language: Finnish

Published: Helsinki, Finland, 2018

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Inclusive Education for Exceptional Children in Egypt and the US: Reforming Egyptian Inclusive Education System in Post-pandemic World

Available from: Knowledge E Publishing

Publication: Gulf Education and Social Policy Review (GESPR), vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 318-344

Africa, Americas, Educational change, Egypt, Inclusive education, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North Africa, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Inclusive education means that exceptional children (EC) can fully participate in the learning process alongside their typically developing peers, supported by reasonable accommodations and teaching strategies that are tailored to meet their individual needs. The main goal of inclusion policies for EC is to provide high-quality education for all without discrimination and to ensure the implementation of equal opportunity principles. The primary purpose of this study is to explore the reality of inclusive education systems in Egypt and the United States (US) and to develop a better understanding of similarities and differences and thus identify the lessons learned. The study applied a comparative analysis method. Research findings revealed that the progress towards inclusion practices in Egyptian inclusive public schools is minimal and hindered by many challenges. Among them are lacking financial resources and a shortage of qualified teachers trained to differentiate curricula for EC. Based on the research findings, the study concludes with recommendations to improve the Egyptian inclusive education for EC.

Language: English

DOI: 10.18502/gespr.v3i2.12617

ISSN: 2709-0191

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Una rivista internazionale per il movimento montessoriano: The Call of Education (1924-25) / An international journal for the Montessori Movement: The Call of Education (1924-25)

Available from: Hemeroteca Científica Catalana

Publication: Educació i Història: Revista d'Història de l'Educació, no. 40

Pages: 55-81

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: The multilingual journal of the Montessori movement The Call of Education (1924-1925) marks a stage in the internationalisation of the method in the context of educational renewal between the wars. It was also the result of a mature Montessori associationism in the Netherlands. Through the profiles of the editors who flanked Montessori, J.L.C. Godefroy and G. Révész, it is possible to discern common dynamics in the pedagogical mobilisation of a bourgeoisie committed to early childhood education and some specific features that made Amsterdam a Montessori capital. / La revista multilingüe del movimiento Montessori The Call of Education (1924-1925) marca una etapa en la internacionalización del método en el contexto de la renovación educativa del periodo de entreguerras. Al mismo tiempo, es el resultado de la madurez de las asociaciones Montessori en los Países Bajos. A través de los perfiles de los dos editores que trabajan junto a Montessori, J.L.C. Godefroy y G. Révész, es posible captar algunas dinámicas comunes de movilización pedagógica de una burguesía educadora y algunas características específicas que hacen de la ciudad de Ámsterdam, una capital Montessori. / La revista multilingüe del moviment Montessori The Call of Education (1924-1925) marca una etapa en la internacionalització del mètode en el context de la renovació educativa del període d’entreguerres. Al mateix temps, és el resultat de la maduresa de les associacions Montessori als Països Baixos. A través dels perfils dels dos editors que treballen al costat de Montessori, J. L. C. Godefroy i G. Révész, és possible copsar algunes dinàmiques comunes de mobilització pedagògica d’una burgesia educadora i algunes característiques específiques que fan de la ciutat d’Amsterdam, una capital Montessori. / La revista multilingüe del movimiento Montessori The Call of Education (1924- 1925) marca una etapa en la internacionalización del método en el contexto de la renovación educativa del periodo de entreguerras. Al mismo tiempo, es el resultado de la madurez de las asociaciones Montessori en los Países Bajos. A través de los perfiles de los dos editores que trabajan junto a Montessori, J.L.C. Godefroy y G. Révész, es posible captar algunas dinámicas comunes de movilización pedagógica de una burguesía educadora y algunas características específicas que hacen de la ciudad de Ámsterdam, una capital Montessori.

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.2436/e&h.v0i40.150349

ISSN: 2013-9632, 1134-0258

Bachelor's Thesis

Mediakasvatus montessoripedagogisessa varhaiskasvatuksessa / Media education in Montessori pedagogical early childhood education

Available from: Theseus (Finland)

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Abstract/Notes: The aim of the thesis was to map what media education is like in Montessori-pedagogical early childhood education. The purpose was to examine how Montessori pedagogy developed more than a hundred years ago meets children's digitized growth environment and media culture. The research was qualitative. The theoretical basis of the work was research on children's media use and media education, the national foundations of the early childhood education plan and the principles of Montessori pedagogy. The data collection method was a semi-structured thematic interview. The interviewees were six early childhood education teachers who worked in Montessori kindergartens for 3-6 year olds in the capital region. The transcribed material was analyzed using theory-driven content analysis. In the research questions, I clarified the Montessori educators' views on media education and its challenges, as well as the special features of Montessori pedagogical media education. In addition, it was mapped how different media content and information and communication technology were utilized in the pedagogical practices of Montessori kindergartens. The key result was that the Montessori educators had a positive attitude towards media education and were more aware than before, but there was also a need for development. The goals of teaching media literacy and information and communication technology skills were seen to be the child's inclusion, supporting agency and equality. Media education aimed to strengthen children's active media skills, i.e. children's own production and expression. A critical attitude towards media devices and content was also considered important. Learning in Montessori pedagogy is based on the concreteness and sensibility of Montessori tools, which is still seen as a working method. Therefore, supplementing the prepared learning environment with technology should be done pedagogically. On the other hand, the child-oriented nature of Montessori pedagogy, the learning of phenomena, and the effort to help the child function in their own everyday life create a good starting point for reforming Montessori pedagogy as needed with media education tools, applications, and content. Awareness of media education and supporting technical skills are ways, which strengthen the position of media education in Montessori pedagogical early childhood education.

Language: Finnish

Published: Helsinki, Finland, 2019

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