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Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Importance of Using Montessori Education in the Formation of Creative Abilities of Preschool Children

Available from: EPRA Journals

Publication: EPRA International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (IJMR), vol. 8, no. 12

Pages: 99-102

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Abstract/Notes: This article presents ideas about the importance of using Montessori education in the formation of creative abilities of preschool children. Recommended for use by educators and parents.

Language: English

ISSN: 2455-3662

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Examination of the Effects of the Montessori Method on Preschool Children's Readiness to Primary Education

Available from: ERIC

Publication: Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, vol. 11, no. 4

Pages: 2104-2109

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Abstract/Notes: This study examined the effects of the Montessori Method on preschool children's readiness to primary education. The research group is composed of five-six year olds attending SU MEF Ihsan Dogramaci Application Nursery School in 2009-2010 school year in Selcuklu county of Konya. The participants composed of five-six year olds were unbiasedly chosen. A total of 50 children were included in the study, 25 being in the experimental group and 25 being in the control group. In the study, Metropolitan Readiness Test was used to determine preschool school children's school readiness levels, B form of PKBS Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scale was used to determine preschool children's social skills, FTF-K attention gathering skills test for five-year old children was used to determine preschool children's attention gathering skills. The tests were administered to children before and after experimentation, and it was applied to experimental group again six weeks later. Mann Whitney U test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to analyze the data. The general conclusion of the results obtained is that The Montessori Method makes positive contribution to preschool children's readiness to primary school and is more efficient than current preschool education program.

Language: English

ISSN: 1303-0485

Article

Maktabgacha Ta'lim Yoshidagi Bolalarni Tarbiyalashda Mariya Montessori Metodikasidan Foydalanish / Use of Maria Montessori Methodology in Education of Preschool Children

Available from: Academic Research in Educational Sciences (ARES)

Publication: Academic Research in Educational Sciences, vol. 2, no. 4

Pages: 1231-1235

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Preschool education

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Abstract/Notes: This article discusses the use of the Maria Montessori method. The humanization of education and the discovery of human potential and the satisfaction of its diverse needs in education, the priority of national values, the harmonization of human society and the environment. Therefore, today a number of advanced methods are used to develop the pedagogy of preschool education. One of these is Maria Montessori technology. It is essentially a "natural" way of life and is known for its perfection in child rearing. "I think about the way we treat children," he said. / Ushbu maqolada Mariya Montessori metodikasidan foydalanish haqida so'z boradi. Ta’limning insonparvarlashuvi va inson qobiliyatlarining ochilishi hamda uning ta'limga nisbatan bo'lgan turli –tuman ehtiyojlari qondirilishi, milliy umumbashariy qadriyatlar ustuvorligining ta'minlanishi, inson jamiyat va atrof muhit o'zaro munosabatlarining uyg'unlashuvidir. Shu bois bugungi kunda maktabgacha ta'lim pedagogikasini rivojlantirish maqsadida bir qancha ilg'or usullar tatbiq etib kelinmoqda. Shulardan biri Mariya Montessori texnologiyasidir. Bu mohiyatan hayotdan o'zlashtirilgan ―tabiiy‖ usul bo'lib, bola tarbiyasida o'zining har tomonlama mukammaligi bilan ommalashgan. ―Bizning bolalarga bo'lgan munosabatimizni o'ylar ekanman –deydi.

Language: Uzbek

DOI: 10.24411/2181-1385-2021-00723

ISSN: 2181-1385

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Development of a Montessori Approach to Dental Health Education for Preschool Children

Publication: The New York State Dental Journal

Pages: 22-26

Dental education, Health and hygiene, Health education, Montessori method of education

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Language: English

ISSN: 0028-7571

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Some Aspects of the Maria Montessori Method in the Education of Preschool Children

Available from: Academic Journal Inc.

Publication: International Journal of Inclusive and Sustainable Education, vol. 1, no. 6

Pages: 169-173

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Preschool children, Preschool education

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Abstract/Notes: The article analyzes the Maria Montessori method (methodology), which is one of the world-famous systems and methods for educating preschool children. The main directions and principles of this method in the development of children of preschool age are considered, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the Maria Montessori method in child education are shown.

Language: English

ISSN: 2833-5414

Article

Impact of the Montessori Method and Traditional Classroom Teaching on the Analogical Reasoning of Preschool Children

Publication: The Child and You, vol. 11

Pages: 9-13

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Language: English

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Üç Farklı Programa Göre Eğitim Alan Okul Öncesi Çocukların Sosyal Kural Algılarının İncelenmesi / Examination of Preschool Children’s Conceptions of Social Rules Regarding Three Different Preschool Education Programs

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Selçuk University Institute of Social Sciences, no. 28

Pages: 197-207

Asia, Comparative education, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Preschool children, Preschool education, Social development, Social emotional learning, Socialization, Turkey

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Abstract/Notes: Pre-school education is important in terms of children's acquisition of social rules and rearing them as socialized individuals. However, it seems that there are limited studies regarding the issue of which pre-school education approach or pre-school education program is more effective on the development of children's perception of social rule. Therefore, with this research it is aimed to study the social rule perceptions of 5-year old children who get education according to three different programs Montessori Approach, Multiple Intelligences Theory-Based Education and Preschool Education Program Implemented by the Ministry of Education *Dependent variable of this experimental study is the social rule perception of 5-year old children while independent variables are three different preschool education programs Montessori approach, education based on multiple intelligences theory, Preschool Education Program implemented by the Ministry of Education with effects on children’s perception of social rule. Total of 62 children participated in this study, including 21 children attending a university kindergarten where Montessori Approach is applied, 19 children attending nursery class within primary school where education based on Multiple Intelligences Theory is implemented within the scope of EU Project called “If there are multiple intelligences there is no unsuccessful child ” and 22 randomly selected children attending an independent kindergarten and nursery class within primary school where Preschool education program of Ministry of Education is implemented. Age of these children showing normal development ranged from 60 to 66 months. "Conception of Moral and Social Rules Scale" that was used to evaluate social rule perception of the children participating in this study, was developed by Smetana 1981 . The scale which consists of 10 conventional pictures showing transgression of moral and social rules, includes two sub-scales. They are: "Conception of Moral Rule" and "Conception of Social Rule" subscales. In this study, only " Conception of Social Rule" sub-scale was used according to the purposes of the research. Conception of Social Rule sub scale consists of 5 pictures showing transgression of social rules. Children were asked 5 questions consecutively for each of these pictures. Each question asked aimed to create data for 5 sub dimensions of the scale. Sub dimensions of the sub scale are; Seriousness in Social Rules, Absence of Authority in Social Rules, Absence of Social Rules, Generalization of Social Rules and Punishment in Social Rules. Conception of Social Rule sub scale of Conception of Moral and Social Rules Scale was applied to the children in working group in a pre-test and post-test form. Pre-test data were collected at the beginning of the academic year, while post-test data were collected at the end of the academic year. No intervention that would affect children’s perception of social rule in a desired direction was made to the education programs of the institutions where different pre-school education programs are implemented. Single-factor ANCOVA was used in order to determine whether social rule perception of the children included in the study differs according to the preschool education program they attend. Bonferroni test was used in cases where ANCOVA was significant. According to the Covariance Analysis results significant difference was found F 2,58 = 7.210, p .05]. Results of Bonferroni test, which was implemented to determine the pre-school education program or programs that cause the significant difference obtained from Seriousness in Social Rules, Absence of authority in Social Rules and Punishment in Social Rules sub-dimensions in accordance with Covariance Analysis, show that Seriousness in Social Rules, Absence of authority in Social Rules and Punishment in Social Rules sub-dimensions scores of the children who receive education according to Montessori approach are significantly higher than the scores of the children who receive education according to the other preschool education programs. In this study which compares social rule conception of the preschool children getting education according to Montessori approach, education program based on the theory of multiple intelligence and pre-school education program implemented by the Ministry of Education; it’s observed that the children who receive education according to Montessori approach had significantly higher scores than the children who receive education according to the other pre-school education programs in Seriousness in Social Rules, Absence of Authority in Social Rules and Punishment in Social Rules sub-dimensions of social rule conception sub scale. This situation indicates that the children receiving education based on Montessori Approach take social rules more serious and their perception regarding importance of obeying the rules even in absence of the authority mother-father, teacher etc. is higher. These children obey the rules not because the authority wants them to do so, but because they comprehend the importance and necessity of acting in accordance with the rules. In other words, the children getting education in Montessori Approach have internalized social rules. The researchers state that children's conception of social rules may develop as they experience the rules and practices of the social system in which they exist Smetana, Schlagman and Adams, 1993; Smetana, 1984 . This means that, Montessori Approach is able to offer this experience to the children in a better way than the other pre-school education programs. Another sub-dimension where difference between the means was statistically significant was Punishment in Social Rules sub dimension. According to these finding obtained, perception of punishment in case of breaking social rules is higher in children getting education according to Montessori Approach than the children getting education in other pre-school education programs. This means the children that receive education according to Montessori Approach are more decisive in necessity of obeying social rules and punishing those who transgress social rules. It was identified that scores regarding Absence of Social Rules and Generalization of Social Rules sub dimensions of Social Rule Conception sub scale did not differ depending on the pre-school education program attended. In other words perception of all the participant children is found to be equivalent to each other regarding the necessity of obeying social rules even if there is no verbally expressed rule and acceptance of social rules in every environment lived in. In any case, pre-school educational institutions provide the best environment for children so that they acquire social rules and understand the importance of these rules. Seçer and Sarı 2006 , who studied moral and social rule conception of the children who attend and who do not attend preschool educational institution, determined that mean score of the children attending pre-school educational institution received from Absence of Authority in Social Rules, Generalization of Social Rules and Absence of Social Rules sub dimensions is significantly higher than those who do not attend pre-school educational institution. / Bu çalışmada, üç farklıprograma Montessori Yaklaşımı, Çoklu Zekâ Kuramına DayalıEğitim ve Milli Eğitim BakanlığıTarafından Uygulanan Okul Öncesi Eğitim Programı göre eğitim alan okul öncesi çocukların sosyal kural algılarıincelenmiştir. Normal gelişim gösteren ve yaşları60 ile 66 ay arasında değişen toplam 62 çocuk çalışmaya katılmıştır. Çocukların 21 tanesi Montessori Yaklaşımına göre, 19 tanesi Çoklu Zekâ Kuramına göre, 22 tanesi ise Milli Eğitim Bakanlığıtarafından halıhazırda uygulanan okul öncesi eğitim programına göre bir eğitim-öğretim yılıboyunca okul öncesi eğitim almışlardır. Deneysel bir çalışma olan bu araştırma da ön-test ve son-test verileri, Smetana 1981 tarafından geliştirilen Ahlaki ve Sosyal Kural AlgısıÖlçeği’nin Sosyal Kural Algısıalt ölçeği kullanılarak toplanmıştır. Araştırmada elde edilen verilerin analizinde betimsel istatistiklerin yanısıra, araştırmanın amaçlarınıtest etmek amacıyla, ANCOVA, ANCOVA’nın anlamlıolduğu durumlarda Bonferroni Testi kullanılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda çocukların Sosyal Kural Algısıalt ölçeğinin Sosyal Kurallarda Ciddiyet, Sosyal Kurallarda Otoritenin Yokluğu ve Sosyal Kurallarda Ceza alt boyutlarına ait puanların çocukların eğitim aldığıokul öncesi eğitim programına göre değiştiği saptanmıştır. Bonferroni çoklu karşılaştırma sonuçları, farklılığın Montessori Yaklaşımı’na göre eğitim alan grubun lehine olduğunu göstermiştir. Sosyal Kuralların Yokluğu ve Sosyal KurallarıGenelleme alt boyutlarına ait puanların ise çocukların eğitim aldığıokul öncesi eğitim programına göre anlamlıbir şekilde farklılaşmadığıtespit edilmiştir.

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 1302-1796, 2667-4750

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Rehabilitation of socially withdrawn preschool children through mixed-age and same-age socialization

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Child Development

Pages: 915–922

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Language: English

ISSN: 0009-3920, 1467-8624

Article

Stress in Preschool Children

Publication: The National Montessori Reporter

Pages: 12–15

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Language: English

Master's Thesis

Piaget, Montessori and Gelman: An Investigation into Gelman's Theory of Numerical Development in Preschool Children and Its Acceleration

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Language: English

Published: Dublin, Ireland, 1988

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