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Immersion and Identity: Experiences of an African American Preschool Child
Available from: International Journal of Multicultural Education
Publication: International Journal of Multicultural Education, vol. 12, no. 2
African American community, African Americans, Americas, Bilingualism, North America, United States of America
Abstract/Notes: This article explores the benefits and challenges of a Spanish language immersion preschool from the perspective of a non-Spanish speaking African American family. Data explored include the decision to enroll, reactions from peers and family, home-school communication issues, language development, and family involvement. In addition, recommendations for families considering this bilingual option are considered. The primary data used for this article come from 127 journal entries written by the mother of the child from the beginning of the preschool admissions process until the end of preschool.
Montessori Against P21 Early Learning: A Quantitative Benchmarking Analysis
Available from: Lincoln University College (Malaysia)
Publication: International Journal of Management and Human Science (IJMHS), vol. 5, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: This study was carried out to evaluate the extent to which the authentic Montessori Method (MM) for Early Childhood Education (ECE), as reflected by theory and practice, encompasses the contemporary 21st-century knowledge on early soft skills development. It involved a quantitative benchmarking analysis wherein it was weighed against the P21 Early Learning Framework (P21ELF) and its implementation guide (P21ELFIG) with the inputs of qualified Montessori ECE practitioners. A questionnaire using a 5-point Likert scale collected data from a sample of 100 practitioners reached through the Good Shepherd Maria Montessori Training Center, personal contacts, and snowballing. After filtering by extent of experience in Montessori ECE and knowledge on soft skills, 42 questionnaires were used for computing descriptive statistics and producing tabular and graphical representations. The findings revealed that the authentic MM for ECE is in remarkable sync with the P21ELFIG on concepts, strategies, optimal environment, and family involvement, while being moderate in encouraging and facilitating learning outcomes and encompassing the environmental requisites listed in P21ELF as related to individual skills. Meanwhile it was found to be greatly deviating from them on employing dramatic or role play as a pedagogical tool, use of duplicate materials, and teacher role.
Conceptual Awareness of Secondary School Teachers Regarding Peace Education: Analysis
Available from: International Journal of Innovation in Teaching and Learning (IJITL)
Publication: International Journal of Innovation in Teaching and Learning (IJITL), vol. 2, no. 1
Asia, Pakistan, Peace education, South Asia
Abstract/Notes: Peace education is a key process for creating peace and devastating conflict and violence. Therefore, peace education promotes the knowledge, skills, attitudes as well as values that pursue to convert individual’s mindsets, attitudes as well as behaviours. So, peace education is a key instrument for developing a culture of peace and a plan which has been used a large number of nations to stop violent and fatal conflicts. The objectives of the study were: (i) to examine the conceptual awareness of secondary school teachers regarding knowledge component of peace education in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.(ii) To examine the awareness of secondary school teachers regarding the skills and attitude of peace education in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. All secondary school teachers of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were the population of the study. According to the nature of the study the researcher selected 320 secondary teachers from different districts. A self-developed questionnaire was used as a research tool. All statements on the questionnaire were related to conceptual awareness of secondary school teachers regarding peace education. The validity and reliability of the research instrument were accurately confirmed. The data were analyzed through SPSS (version 20). The findings and conclusions of the study showed that most of male secondary school teachers were aware about the three components of peace education. Majority of female secondary school teachers were not aware about the components of peace education.
ISSN: 2520-0003, 2664-2247
An Epistemological Glance at the Constructivist Approach: Constructivist Learning in Dewey, Piaget, and Montessori
Available from: International Journal of Instruction
Publication: International Journal of Instruction, vol. 5, no. 2
Date: Jul 2012
Constructivism (Education) - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Jean Piaget - Philosophy, John Dewey - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Progressive education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.
Abstract/Notes: What people gain through sensation and cognition make up the individuals’ experiences and knowledge. Individuals benefit from previous experiences when resolving problems. Knowledge is constructed from the meanings one attributes to nature and the environment. In theories, it means that constructers depend on observation and when directly translated, the theory has the meaning of observation. In other words, we construct our own reality with those belonging to our social circle. For us, there is the world and we can’t disregard that; however, the relationship between us and the outside world is a joining as materialistic and structural as in a social environment. In this article, while the foundation of constructivism is being thoroughly analyzed, Vico’s ideas in the 18th century and the neurobiological studies of scientific knowledge have been utilized. In light of constructivist learning, Dewey’s opinion on “Experience and Education”, Piaget’s cognitive schema theory in “cognitive development”, and Montessori’s ideas on “Decentering the Teacher” have been examined. Finally, the ideas of the three names on constructivist learning have been interpreted.
ISSN: 1308-1470, 1694-609X
An Expansion of Practice: Special Education and Montessori Public School
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: International Journal of Inclusive Education
Date: May 30, 2021
Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, People with disabilities, Public Montessori, Special education
Abstract/Notes: The choices for public school education in the United States have evolved to include Montessori programmes. As a result, special education practices have become visible in Montessori, making collaboration essential. The exploration of how Montessori and special education teachers collaborate through the identified constructs of (a) shared planning, (b) frequent communication, (c) shared vision, (d) mutual respect, and (e) joint trust despite the evident philosophical differences is important for students in inclusion. Data sources included in-depth interviews with teachers to identify patterns related to collaboration in Montessori public schools. Findings indicated that there is a need to establish a clear plan for connecting philosophies and for collaboration for students in inclusion, not only in the context of United States public Montessori programmes, but for Montessori practitioners in other regions and school settings. Recommendations include using a terminology comparison activity in teacher professional development and implementing an Inclusion Professional Learning Community to address the barrier of time to proactively create deep collaborative relationships built upon the established collaborative constructs.
Implications of Instructional Materials on Oral Skills Among Early Childhood Learners in Central Zone, Kisumu County, Kenya
Available from: Journal Issues
Publication: International Journal of Educational Policy Research and Review, vol. 3, no. 2
Date: Apr 2016
Africa, East Africa, Kenya, Montessori materials, Sub-Saharan Africa
Abstract/Notes: This study was conducted in Kenya and focused on the use of instructional materials at the Early Childhood level. Purpose of the study was to establish the implications of instructional materials on oral skills among early childhood learners. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The target population comprised 42 head teachers, 126 teachers and 3180 leaners. It was found that that teaching using instructional materials improved the performance of learners in various learning activities such as repetition of letters, repetition of words and ability to write dictated words. The improved performance was in a range of 11% to 18%.
The Impact of Using Activities Based on the Montessori Approach in Science in the Academic Achievement of Fourth Grade Students
Available from: International Journal of Instruction
Publication: International Journal of Instruction, vol. 12, no. 2
Date: Apr 2019
Academic achievement, Montessori method of education, Science - Study and teaching
Abstract/Notes: This study investigated the effect of using activities based on the Montessori approach in science academic achievement of the fourth grade students. A quasiexperimental design was used wherein the students were equally divided into two groups: the experimental and the control group. Both groups consisted of 31 students. To achieve the aim of the study, Montessori Hall has been set up with six dimensions, and each corner has several shelves comprised different materials used for conducting the science activities. In addition, a teacher guide was prepared to be used by the teacher to implement the Montessori approach for the experimental group. Finally, an achievement test that consisted of seven multiple choice questions (MCQs) and five short answer questions was constructed and administered to both study groups. The results of the study indicated that there were statistically significant differences at the level of significance (P ≤ 0.05) between the mean values of the experimental and the control groups in the academic achievement in favor of the experimental group. In light of the study results, the study recommends holding training workshops for teachers on how to use the Montessori approach in teaching science classes.
ISSN: 1308-1470, 1694-609X
Work Life Balance and Working Indian Mothers: An Empirical Study
Available from: International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences and Technology
Publication: International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences and Technology, vol. 4, no. 7
Abstract/Notes: Like the whole world, our Indian society too has undergone many changes. Indian women have become very aware of their rights. Now she does not want to depend on her husbands, for this she tries to be selfsufficient and independent. But the circumstances are not so simple. Managing work and family responsibility can be very difficult for the women employees. And if the woman is a mother, things get even more difficult, because responsibility also gets bigger. A woman who work or do any business or other work especially working mothers has to perform multiple roles in balancing their work life and personal life. Each role has its own set of demands and when such role demand overlaps/interacts, a difference is created leading to stress, attrition, absenteeism and other health issues etc. Thus, there is an increasing need for organizations to address these demands of working mothers by implementing innovative HR policies. Worklife balance is one such HR practice that enables the employees particularly working mothers to give proper prioritization between work and lifespan roles. Hence, work-life balance has become a growing concern in all the sectors. Indian women have created a history in every domains of life today. She is now more being confident and positive. The present paper based on empirical research, delivers a deep insight of work-life balance of working mothers the problems faced by them in different phases of life. With the passage of time the relevance of work life balance becomes very important for working women when family responsibilities increase and care for children and other dependent become priority.
Classroom Composition and Peer Effects
Available from: ScienceDirect
Publication: International Journal of Educational Research, vol. 37, no. 5
Abstract/Notes: This chapter examines the extent to which the composition of classes affects learning outcomes. The aim is to explore peer effects when students are organized into classes on the basis of ability, ethnicity, or gender, as well as the effects of multigrade and multi-age classes and class size. The argument is defended that these composition factors affect only the probability that differential instruction and learning occur and that, at best, their influences are indirect. Teachers appear not to change their teaching activities when class composition is changed and most often the power of peer effects is rarely realized. Any direct effects of class composition are less related to learning outcomes and more related to equity and expectation effects by teachers and other participants (students, parents, and principals). Whether a school tracks by ability or not, reduces class sizes, implements multigrade/multi-age or single-level classes, or has coeducational or single-sex classes, appears less consequential than whether it attends to the nature and quality of instruction in the classroom, whatever the between-class variability in achievement. The learning environments within the classroom, and the mechanisms and processes of learning that they foster, are by far the more powerful. Good teaching can occur independently of the class configuration or homogeneity of the students within the class.
Exploring Children's Language Cognitive Development: An Inquiry-Based on China Sinology and Montessori Teaching Method
Available from: International Journal of Education and Research
Publication: International Journal of Education and Research, vol. 10, no. 5
Date: May 2022
Asia, China, Cognitive development, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Language acquisition, Language development, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.
Abstract/Notes: Montessori education is a popular way of education in the world. Although this method has been passed around the world for many years, it became popular in China's education system in the 1990s. However, parents in China either choose to believe in Montessori's influence and significance on their children or choose to keep their children educated only in traditional Chinese culture. There are some kindergartens in China where China Sinology and Montessori education coexist. Current studies lack discussion on the impact of the integration of Montessori education and Sinology education on children. Both Montessori education and Sinology have their special advantages for children's cognitive development. This research aims to explore the influence of the Montessori teaching method and Chinese traditional education on the language cognitive development of 3–6 years-old-children.
Kindergartners' Play with Preschool- and School-Aged Children within a Mixed-Age Classroom
Available from: JSTOR
Publication: Elementary School Journal, vol. 83, no. 5
ISSN: 1554-8279, 0013-5984
Private Speech in Two Preschools: Significance of Open-Ended Activities and Make-Believe Play for Verbal Self-Regulation
Available from: ScienceDirect
Publication: Early Childhood Research Quarterly, vol. 13, no. 4
Abstract/Notes: Contextual influences on private speech were examined in two preschools differing in the learning environments they provide for children. Observations of 3- to 5-year-olds were made during free-choice periods in a Montessori and a traditional (play-oriented) program. Consistent with Vygotsky's theory that make-believe play serves as a vital context for the development of self-regulation, the incidence of private speech was much higher during open-ended activities, especially fantasy play, that require children to determine the goal of the task, than during closed-ended tasks with predetermined goals. In line with previous research, the more direct involvement, or external regulation, teachers displayed, the lower the rate of children's private speech. In addition, transitions (as opposed to involvement in activities) were linked to reduced private speech, whereas engagement with peers, in the form of associative play, predicted greater self-directed language. Diminished make-believe play, greater teacher direct involvement, and heightened time spent in transitions largely accounted for the lower incidence of private speech in the Montessori compared with the traditional preschool. Contextual factors also contributed to a drop in private speech at age 5. Implications for fostering children's verbal self-regulation during early childhood are considered.
ISSN: 0885-2006, 1873-7706
The role of play in preschool Montessori classrooms
Published: Anchorage, Alaska, 2009
A Comparison of Preschool Competencies Required by Thai Curriculum as Realized in a United States Play-Oriented Program and a Montessori Program
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Americas, Comparative education, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, Play, Thai children, United States of America
Abstract/Notes: This research involved observing children in two programs, Montessori and play-oriented program, in order to determine the extent of children's opportunity to develop competency according to their choice of activities and to identify which program provided more appropriate activities for Thai children. The results showed that children in a play-oriented program had more opportunity to develop competency in language, social science, motor skill, eye-hand coordination, shape and size recognition and discrimination, creativity, problem solving, and imagination than did children in a Montessori program. However, children in a Montessori program had more opportunity to develop competency in mathematics and science than did children in a play-oriented program. Thus, it would be necessary to combine activities from both programs in the Thai curriculum.
Published: Denton, Texas, 1991
Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)
A Comparative Multi-Case Study of Teacher Roles in U.S. Montessori Preschool and Saudi Public Preschool
Available from: OhioLINK ETD Center
Americas, Asia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Montessori schools, North America, Public Montessori, Saudi Arabia, Teachers, United States of America
Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast teacher roles in two early childhood education settings—a U.S. Montessori preschool and a traditional Saudi public preschool—and to examine the philosophical, cultural, and theoretical influences on those roles. Cognitive constructivism, social constructivism, and multi-cultural theories were used as a research framework. Data was collected from the two teacher cases in their respective settings through classroom observations, in-depth interviews, and lesson plan/student assessment documents. The study’s findings showed that the roles of a U.S. Montessori preschool teacher and the roles of a Saudi traditional preschool teacher are generally much the same. Though the contexts and the surrounding national cultures and educational philosophies contrast significantly, the work of an early childhood teacher can be summarized in five categories which were consistent between data contexts: academic instruction, relationship with students and other adults, personal and professional development, behavioral management, and environmental preparation. Complementing this general role similarity between contexts, however, was the contrast in aspects of these roles between the two case teachers: the degrees of their attention to their roles, their efforts to perform these roles with excellence, and their application of their philosophies within their particular preschool settings and national cultures. Internationally, ECE programs need clarity about teachers’ responsibilities and a greater awareness of the cultural and philosophical influences on preschool teachers’ work.
Published: Kent, Ohio, 2017
Preschools and Montessori Preschools: A Discussion
Published: Newtown, Australia: Nursery School Teacher's College, 1980
Vilka metoder väljer förskollärare och barnskötare för arbetet med förskolebarns skriv- och läsutveckling? [What methods do preschool teachers and childminders choose for the work with preschool children's writing and reading development?]
Available from: DiVA Portal
Abstract/Notes: Syftet med studien var att få kunskap om de metoder som förskollärarna använder vid arbetet med skriv- och läsutveckling. I studien ingick sju förskolor där de ansvariga förskollärarna/barnskötarna ...
Published: Stockholm, Sweden, 2013
Exploring the Social Logic of Preschool Environments Structured with Waldorf, Montessori, and Reggio Emilia: A Semantic and Syntactic Study on Preschool Environments
Available from: ResearchGate
Space Syntax Symposium (13th, 20-24 June 2022)
Abstract/Notes: Kindergartens are socio-spatial organizations with their social and cultural as well as their spatial structures which prepare children to be responsible members of the society. In the ear ly years of the twentieth century, the issue of how to raise new generations was one of the primary research areas of many educational scientists, especially in Europe, and therefore different progressive pedagogical methods were generated. Among these views, the Waldorf pedagogical approach developed by Rudolf Steiner, Montessori pedagogical approach developed by Maria Montessori, and Reggio Emilia pedagogical approach developed by Loris Malaguzzi became prominent. Although these three pedagogical approaches have a common view that the child should be accepted as an individual with his/her rights, each of them involved different physical environment requirements in the context of their educational philosophies. The projects obtained in an architectural design studio course constitute the focus of this paper and it aims to decipher the semantic and syntactic characteristics based on twelve student projects. The semantic dimension of the study was revealed by coding the related themes through students' project reports while the syntactic dimension of the study demonstrated the prioritized social interaction area through isovist area and variance values. Considering the semantic results, it was revealed that the students not only comprehended the spatial requirements of a specific educational pedagogy but also grasped the transformative power of the methods, in terms of physical, social, and natural characteristics. Considering the syntactic results, the fact that the mean isovist area value was higher in Reggio Emilia schools showed that the piazza dominates the physical setting. The fact that the school cluster with the highest variance value emerged in Montessori draws attention to the changeability of isovist perimeter value within the interiors to orientate the individuals to the classroom units.
Published: Bergen, Norway: Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, 2022
Pages: 25 p.
Cooperation Between Parents and Preschool Institutions Through Different Concepts of Preschool Education
Available from: Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal
Publication: Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal, vol. 7, no. 4
Europe, Slovenia, Southern Europe
Abstract/Notes: This paper analyses the importance, role, and methods of cooperation between parents and preschool institutions through the different concepts of preschool education and different educational approaches and formal frameworks. Through educational approaches, the authors analyse how cooperation affects the implementation of preschool education in alternative educational approaches, such as the Waldorf, Montessori, and Reggio Emilia approaches, and Slovenian public preschool institutions. They envisage that different educational approaches in preschool education perceive the importance and role of cooperation with parents differently and conclude that there are various models of cooperation, which can be demonstrated through a theoretical analysis of the aforementionedalternative preschool approaches. In their view, partnership promotes a shared commitment to the quality realisation of educational goals; it also develops understanding and an ethos of openness in the relationship between all actors in the process of care and education ofpreschool children.
ISSN: 2232-2647, 1855-9719
Development of Social, Personal and Cognitive Skills of Preschool Children in Montessori and Traditional Preschool Programs
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Early Child Development and Care, vol. 72, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: The relationship between time in Montessori and Traditional Preschool programs and the preschool child's develoment of  personal skills,  relationship with teachers,  peer relations,  behavioral control, and  cognitive skills with age controlled was used to compare the relative effectiveness of the programs. This design was necessary since it is likely that parents who select the Montessori program for their child are different from parents selecting traditional preschool programs for their children. Three Montessori programs [n = 108] and three traditional programs [n = 116] provided the subjects for the study. The Pre Kindergarten Scale [PKS], a multiple choice behavioral rating scale was completed by the programs’ teachers on each child. The results revealed that the only variable significant in predicting time in program for the traditional program, relationship with teacher, was the only variable insignificant in predicting length of time in program for the Montessori program. The strongest relationship was for length of time in the Montessori program and relationship with peers [18 percent of variance] with age controlled.
ISSN: 0300-4430, 1476-8275