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Promoting a Person-Centered Approach to Strengthening Early Childhood Practices that Support Social-Emotional Development
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Early Education and Development, vol. 33, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: Research Findings: This paper presents findings from an exploratory study to define associations between social–emotional teaching practices and teacher characteristics through a person-centered approach. The sample consisted of 97 teachers working in center-based early childhood education settings with young children ages 2–5 in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. We analyzed teachers’ observed classroom social–emotional teaching practices and self-reported Professional Development (PD) experiences, job attitudes (e.g., job-related stress, satisfaction, and commitment), and disciplinary efficacy to identify profile membership of teachers. A latent profile analysis revealed 4 profiles: (a) higher practice quality, higher PD experience, higher job attitudes, and higher disciplinary efficacy, (b) higher practice quality, mixed PD experience, lower job attitudes, and lower disciplinary efficacy, (c) lower practice quality, mixed PD experience, higher job attitudes, and higher disciplinary efficacy, and (d) lower practice quality, mixed PD experience, mixed job attitudes, and lower disciplinary efficacy. Practice or Policy: The results suggest that a person-centered approach to understanding classroom quality might provide multiple dimensions to consider for quality improvement. Additionally, a tailored and tiered professional development approach to support the early childhood workforce is needed that considers the complex connections between teachers’ practices, beliefs, and job attitudes.
ISSN: 1040-9289, 1556-6935
Promising Practices in the Prevention of Bullying: Using Social and Emotional Skills to Prevent Bullying
Available from: University of Southern California - Digital Library
Abstract/Notes: This study applies Bronfenbrenner's ecological framework as a theoretical lens in looking at using social and emotional learning in the prevention of bullying. The purpose of this study was to determine what systems and structures were perceived to make a positive difference in creating an anti-bullying climate. Additionally, this study sought to determine how those systems and structures were implemented and sustained. Taking a case study approach, a small, private school of approximately 360 students was used in this qualitative research. Utilizing interviews, observations and artifact review data were triangulated and interpreted for analysis. Findings for this study indicate that applying a whole school approach emphasizing continuity, creating a community of belonging and connection, and focusing on the development of the whole child contributes to creating and sustaining an anti-bullying climate. Additionally, developing social and emotional skills through integrated curriculum, the learning environment, and the teacher as facilitator contribute to a healthy climate that resists bullying. As this study suggests social and emotional learning can positively affect classroom and school climates.
Published: Los Angeles, California, 2014
Montessori: Social-Emotional Perspectives
Available from: Books to Borrow @ Internet Archive
Book Title: Montessori in Contemporary American Culture
Published: Portsmouth, New Hampshire: Heinemann, 1992
ISBN: 0-435-08709-6 978-0-435-08709-8
Implementasi Metode Islamic Montessori dalam Mengembangkan Sosial Emosional Anak Usia Dini [Implementation of the Islamic Montessori Method in Developing Social Emotional Early Childhood]
Available from: Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai
Publication: Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Pahlawan, vol. 7, no. 2
Date: Aug 2023
Asia, Australasia, Early childhood care and education, Islamic education, Indonesia, Islamic Montessori method of education, Islamic education, Montessori method of education, Social development, Social emotional learning, Southeast Asia
Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh peserta didik yang perkembagan sosial emosionalnya kurang optimal. Hal ini terlihat pada jam pembelajaran ada sebagian anak tidak mau antri ketika berwudhu, tidak menjaga kebersihan kelas, dan hubungan dengan teman yang tidak solid. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan implementasi metode Islamic Montessori dalam mengembangkan sosial emosional anak usia dini melalui kegiatan practical life di TK IT Mutiara kecamatan Pariaman Tengah Kota Pariaman. Metode penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan metode Islamic Montessori dalam mengembangkan sosial emosional anak usia dini melalui kegiatan practical life di TK IT Mutiara sudah dilakukan mulai dari perencanaan pembelajaran, pelaksanaan, dan evaluasi pembelajaran. Lingkungan sangat berperan dalam membentuk dan mengoptimalkan perkembangan sosial emosonal anak usia dini. / This research is motivated by students whose social emotional development is not optimal. This can be seen in the learning hours where some children do not want to stand in line for ablution, do not keep the classroom clean, and do not have a solid relationship with friends. This study aims to explain the implementation of the Islamic Montessori method in developing social-emotional early childhood through Practical Life activities at IT Mutiara Kindergarten, Central Pariaman District, Pariaman City. This research method is a qualitative descriptive research. The results showed that the application of the Islamic Montessori method in developing Social Emotional Early Childhood through Practical Life activities at IT Mutiara Kindergarten had been carried out starting from lesson planning, implementation, and learning evaluation. The environment plays a very important role in shaping and optimizing the social-emotional development of early childhood.
ISSN: 2614-3097, 2614-6754
Social and Emotional Adjustment of First Grade Children with and without Montessori Preschool Experience
Available from: APA PsycNET
Publication: Child Study Journal, vol. 11, no. 4
Abstract/Notes: Social and emotional behaviors of 56 Ss with and without Montessori preschool experiences as 3-, 4-, and 5-yr-olds were assessed upon entrance into 1st grade. Social and emotional behaviors were rated with the Classroom Behavior Inventory (CBI) by independent researchers and teachers. Self-concept of the selected sample of children was assessed using the Inferred Self-Concept Scale. The observed social and emotional behaviors were correlated with the children's scores on the Metropolitan Readiness Test (MRT) to examine possible relationships between social and emotional behaviors and achievement level. No differences in social and emotional behaviors of Ss entering 1st grade with and without the Montessori preschool experiences were observed. Nor were there any differences in the self-concept of Ss with and without the preschool experience. Positive task-oriented behaviors as observed with the CBI were found to be positively related to achievement level as measured by the MRT. (16 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)
The Difference on the Linguistic Ability and the Social and Emotional Development According to Children's Age and Sex / 유아의 연령과 성별에 따른 언어발달과 사회정서발달의 차이
Available from: RISS
Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 14, no. 2
Asia, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Attention-deficit-disordered children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, East Asia, Montessori method of education, South Korea
Abstract/Notes: This research was planned to inspect the difference of children's literacy development and socio-emotional development according to their genders and ages. The subjects of the study were 62 four to five year old children, 26 boys and 36 girls. The result of this study showed that according to the children's ages, their socio-emotional development had shown meaningful differences, especially in internal control, stabilitiveness in the institute, independence to teachers, peer interaction. Moreover children's socio-emotional development are different by their gender variance. To the five year old children, girls are more developed than boys in socio-emotional development. However there was no difference between 4 year old boys and girls. In literacy development, The difference was showed not by gender but by age variance. / 본 연구는 만 4,5세 유아의 성별과 연령별로 언어발달과 사회정서발달의 차이를 알아보는 데 그 목적이 있다. 연구대상은 만 4-5세 유아 62명이며 성별로는 남아 26명, 여아 36명이고 연령별로는 만 4세 32명, 만 5세 30명이다. 연구결과 연령의 증가와 함께 사회정서발달 특히 내적통제, 유치원에서의 안정감, 호기심, 교사에의 비의존성, 또래와의 상호작용에서 유의미한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 유아의 성별에 의해서도 사회정서발달에 차이가 있는 것으로 즉, 만 5세 유아는 여아가 남아보다 사회정서발달이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 하지만 만 4세에서는 성별에 의한 차이가 보이지 않았다. 언어발달은 연령의 증가와 함께 언어능력도 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났으나 성별에서는 남아와 여아와의 차이가 나타나지 않았다.
An Examination of the Development of Children’s Social and Emotional Competencies in Pre-School
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: International Journal of Early Years Education
Date: Dec 30, 2020
Abstract/Notes: This paper presents perspectives from early childhood practitioners of pre-school children’s (n = 100) social and emotional competencies upon entering pre-school and again after term three of the pre-school year. This research reports findings from five pre-school settings within rural and urban locations. A quantitative approach is used with pre-school practitioners completing the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and an Emotional Regulation Questionnaire to rate the children’s social and emotional competencies. Our findings indicate that many of the social and emotional competencies increase by the end of term three of the pre-school year. We report higher proficiencies in emotional competencies in comparison to their social competencies. Overall the findings suggest that children can transform their competencies during the pre-school year.
Multi-Age Grouping In A Montessori Classroom Effects Positively On A Child's Social And Emotional Development
Available from: Zenodo
Publication: Multicultural Education, vol. 7, no. 4
Abstract/Notes: This research study was conducted to see and understand the importance and positive effects of multi-age grouping classrooms on children’s social and emotional development. Themulti-age grouping study emphasize that a child can learn and become more confident in a group of fellows of different ages in a better way than of in the same age group. The Research works on different social and emotional aspects in a child’s life through discussing views of educationalists and psychologists. Some of them have been noted in literature review, then there is an analysis and conclusion too. There is an interview conducted with a head of a pre-school which follows system of mixed-age classroom and a questionnaire has been made to get reviews of the teachers. The findings concluded that the children getting education in multi-age grouping are far more active socially and emotionally than the children in regular same age group classrooms, however it is also needed to give awareness regarding the system of education as it is not very common in our society.
Cognitive and Social-Emotional Development of Children in Different Preschool Environments
Available from: SAGE Journals
Publication: Psychological Reports, vol. 65, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: 62 English-speaking preschool children were divided into three groups, a Montessori group (n = 21), a traditional preschool group (n = 21), and a homestaying group (n = 20) to compare their relative cognitive and social-emotional development. Significant differences in favour of the school groups were found for vocabulary, language comprehension, ability to judge the correctness of figural stimuli, visual memory, and perceptual organization. No differences were found for social-emotional development, and no relationship existed between type of preschool and level of development.
Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)
The Effects of Character Education on Social-Emotional Behavior
Available from: St. Catherine University
Abstract/Notes: The addition of character education to school curricula has become an increasingly popular response to today’s heightened emphasis for students to succeed on academic high stake tests, leaving little regard for the development of social-emotional competencies. The purpose of this research was to study the effects of character education on the social-emotional behavior of elementary students in a private Montessori school. The study consisted of 18 students in a grade 1-4 classroom over a period of five weeks. Data was collected through daily tallying of negative behavior and through incident forms as well as student pre- and post-test evaluations regarding self and social awareness. Findings indicated that negative behaviors decreased overall and that student understanding of values improved. In addition, the data also indicated that there remains a need for character education to continue for more definitive results.
Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2016