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Book

Studien zur Montessori-Pädagogik I: Maria Montessori und die "reform-pädagogische Bewegung" [Studies on Montessori Education I: Maria Montessori and the "New Education Movement"]

Europe, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: German

Published: Freiburg, Germany: Herder, 1986

ISBN: 978-3-451-20919-2

Article

The Metaphysics of Maria Montessori [Early draft]

Available from: People @ Whitman College

Publication: European Journal of Philosophy

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori is not generally known as a philosopher. She is best known for the Montessori schools around the world that bear her name, and for her (oftmisunderstood) pedagogical ideas about children’s liberty. But after completing her medical degree and spending several years in professional medicine and psychiatry, including working with children, Montessori left most of her professional responsibilities to enroll in a PhD program in philosophy at the University of Rome, in order, as she put it, to “undertake the study of [...] the principles on which [pedagogy] was based” (MM 33). There she studied under philosophers such as Giacomo Barzelloti (for history of philosophy); Pietro Ragnisco (moral philosophy); and one of the most important Italian philosophers of the early 20th century, Antonio Labriola (see Trabalzini 2011:39). Even her more empirical studies in psychology and anthropology (particularly with Guiseppi Sergi and Sante DeSanctis) were infused with an intense mood of “evolutionary positivism” (see Cimino and Foschi 2012; Foschi 2012), a philosophical approach that was further enhanced through her time in Paris, where she studied the thought of Itard and Seguin (cf. Foschi and Cicciola 2006). At the same time, her personal interest in psychology intersected with a general (albeit minority) Italian interest in American pragmatism, particularly William James (see Frierson 2014; James 1906; Santucci 1963), whose philosophical-psychological writings she cites throughout her works.

Language: English

Article

Montessori was a Theosophist

Available from: Website

Publication: History of Education Society Bulletin, vol. 36

Pages: 52-54

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, New Education Fellowship, Theosophical Society, Theosophy, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

ISSN: 0018-2699

Article

Frictions and Fractions in the New Education Fellowship, 1920s-1930s: Montessori(ans) vs. Decroly(ans)

Available from: Università di Macerata

Publication: History of Education and Children's Literature (HECL), vol. 12, no. 1

Pages: 251-270

Belgium, Europe, Holland, Netherlands, New Education Fellowship, Theosophical Society, Theosophy, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The role of important figures and their interconnections has been vital in the existence and development of the New Education Fellowship (NEF). Already from the very beginning the NEF struggled with rivalries partly due to the adoration some of these coryphaei enjoyed by their followers. This affected the so highly-praised solidarity and close cooperation for the benefit of the child. During the 1920s and 1930s a conflict ran on between Montessorians and Decrolyans, culminated at the Locarno Congress (1927) and actually held the potency to undermine the NEF. These two camps propagated Il Metodo (1909) or La Méthode Decroly (1922), and for this purpose made use of Pour l’ère nouvelle, one of the NEF journals. We particularly observed this rivalry within the context of the Low Countries, Belgium and The Netherlands, although the conflict had a wider international character. In The Netherlands, the controversy carried on by the ambiguous Montessorian-Decrolyan Cornelia Philippi-Siewertsz van Reesema, who supported an ‘experimental eclecticism’, ended in a division of the Montessori Society. Even Montessori’s son, Mario, interfered by publishing a «philippic». In the long run, top people as Ensor, Ferrière, Claparède and Bovet – the last two likewise advocates of experimental eclecticism – were compelled to take up a position in order to restrain the conflict, to emphasise again the NEF’s internationality and to guarantee its survival.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 1971-1093, 1971-1131

Book Section

Notes; Hand-spinning at Adyar (Young India, 4-12-1924)

Available from: Internet Archive

Book Title: The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi

Pages: 384-385

Asia, India, South Asia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: This is an excerpt from an article/section that appeared in the December 4, 1924 issue of the periodical 'Young India'. It includes a reference to an article that appeared in 'The Theosophist' in which Annie Besant reports about some happenings in Adyar in relation to 'Hand Spinning at Adyar'. In her remarks, Besant references a 'new vocational shed belonging to Miss [Mary W.] Barrie's Montessori school'.

Language: English

Published: New Delhi: Publications Division, Government of India, May 1967

Volume: 25 (August 16, 1924 – January 15, 1925) of 100

Book Section

Notes; Hand-spinning at Adyar (Young India, 4-12-1924)

Available from: Gandhi Sevagram Ashram

Book Title: The Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi

Pages: 402-403

Asia, India, South Asia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: This is an excerpt from an article/section that appeared in the December 4, 1924 issue of the periodical 'Young India'. It includes a reference to an article that appeared in 'The Theosophist' in which Annie Besant reports about some happenings in Adyar in relation to 'Hand Spinning at Adyar'. In her remarks, Besant references a 'new vocational shed belonging to Miss [Mary W.] Barrie's Montessori school'.

Language: English

Published: New Delhi: Publications Division, Government of India, 1999

Edition: Electronic Book

Volume: 29 (16 August, 1924 - 26 December, 1924) of 98

Article

The Montessori Method

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: The Herald of the Star, vol. 3, no. 5

Pages: 308-311

Asia, India, South Asia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

Article

The Children's House

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: The Herald of the Star, vol. 6, no. 4

Pages: 174-180

Asia, India, South Asia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: Includes photographs and illustrations.

Language: English

Article

Editorial Notes

Available from: HathiTrust

Publication: The Herald of the Star, vol. 11, no. 5

Pages: 164-167

Asia, India, South Asia, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

Article

Maria Montessori

Publication: American Theosophist, vol. 61, no. 9

Pages: 274-276

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: English

ISSN: 0003-1402

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