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Article

Training of Personnel for Programmes in Early Childhood Care and Education in India

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 24, no. 2

Pages: 35-40

Asia, India, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: This article describes in some detail the Indian National Education Policy of 1986 which proposes a multifaceted approach to the training of personnel working with preschool children and their families. The magnitude of the challenges for current and training staff is discussed and some innovative programs for young children are presented in detail. Consideration is given to the nature of the training required to put these programs into practice in a country as diverse as India. There are many different programs designed to enable staff, many of whom have received only short periods of training, to execute the content based on basic child development knowledge. In all program modalities, the emphasis is on an integral approach that includes educational activity in health care, and if necessary a food supplement if necessary. Each type of program is designed to meet a specific need. In some projects, such as Anganwadi and Crèches Mobiles, basic staff training is supervised and extended by formally trained project managers, whose task is to engage staff in on-the-job training, at the same time. as their knowledge and understanding grows. This article shows how the service manages to employ staff from extremely diverse backgrounds and educational backgrounds. [Cet article décrit de façon assez détaillée la Politique Educative Nationale Indienne de 1986 qui propose une approche à multiples facettes de la formation du personnel travaillant avec les enfants d’âge préscolaire et leurs familles. On discute de l’ampleur des défis relatifs au personnel en fonction et en formation et on présente en détail quelques programmes innovateurs pour jeunes enfants. On considère la nature de la formation nécessaire pour la mise en pratique de ces programmes dans un pays aussi vaste divers que l’Inde. Il existe beaucoup de programmes différents concus pour permettre aux personnels, dont beaucoup n’ont reçu que de courtes périodes de formation, d’en exécuter le contenu à partir de connaissances de base du développement de l’enfant. Dans toutes les modalités de programme, l’accent porté sur une approche intégrale qui englobe l’activité éducative dans les soins d’ordre sanitaire, et au besoin un supplément alimentaire si nécessaire. Chaque type de programme est élaboré pour répondre à un besoin spécifique. Dans certains projets, comme ceux d’Anganwadi et des Crèches Mobiles, la formation de base du personnel est supervisée et étendue par des responsables de projet officiellement formés, dont la tâche consiste à engager le personnel dans une formation en cours d’emploi, au fur et à mesure que leurs connaissances et leur compréhension se développent. Cet article montre comment le service arrive à employer des personnels dont l’origine et l’expérience éducative sont extrêmement diverses. / Este artículo describe con basante detalles la Política Educativa Nacional de la India en 1986 que propone enfoques con múltiplos aspectos al problema de la formación del personal trabajando con niños de edad preescolar y sus familias. Se discute de la amplitude de los desafíos relativos al personal empleado y en periodo de formación, y se presenta con detalles algunos programas innovadores para niños pequeños. Se considera la naturaleza de la formación necessaria para poner en práctica esos programas en un país tan grande y tan variado como la India. Hay muchos programas que permiten a los distintos personales, entre los cuales hay muchos que han tenido solo cortes períodos de formación, de efectu su contenido partiendo de conocimientos básicos sobrer el desarollo del niño. En todas las versiones, se ha puesto el énfasis sobre enfoque integral, incluiendo actividad educativa con atención sanitaria y un suplemento alimenticio donde es necesario. Cada tipo de programa fue elaborado para responder a una necasidad específica. En algunos proyectos, como Anganwadi o Creches Moviles, la formación de base del personal está supervisada y ampliada por responsables del proyecto oficialmente preparados, cuya tarea es de comprometer el personal en una formación continua, a medida que se desarollen sus conocimientos y su comprensión. Este artículo demuestra como el servicio llega a emplear personas de experiencia educativa y origen muy distintos.]

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/BF03175503

ISSN: 0020-7187, 1878-4658

Article

The Efficacy of Memory Training Using Montessori Philosophy-based Activities in Mild Dementia Elderly

Available from: Thai Journals Online

Publication: Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, vol. 54, no. 2

Pages: 197-208

Alzheimer's disease, Asia, Dementia, Gerontology, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI), Southeast Asia, Thailand

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Abstract/Notes: AbstractObjective: To compare the memory scores in mild dementia elderly who attended Montessori-based Memory training with the control group who did not.Method: The Solomon four-group design was used to test the memory of the subjects. The subject of the study consisted of 40 elderly at Banbanglamung Social Welfare Development Center for Older Persons. Participants were divided to 2 experimental and 2 control groups by random sampling technique. Mini mental status Exam-Thai 2002 and Thai Geriatric Depression scale were used as a tool in selecting the subject and a tool to differentiate the mild dementia elderly group from the depressed group. The digit span and digit symbol subtests of The Wechsler Intelligence scale were used in memory testing. The data obtained was analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, t-test and one-way ANOVA.Results: The average scores of the digit span and digit symbol of the experimental groups and the controlled groups were significantly different (p<0.05). After 4 weeks of training, the average scores ofthe experimental groups increased more than that of the controlled group. After training, the average scores of memory of the four groups were significantly indifferent (p<0.05). Digit symbol scores of the experimental groups were higher than of the controlled groups by using LSD method.Conclusion: After memory training, the average scores of the digit span and digit symbol of the experimental groups were significantly higher than the controlled group. This differentce still persistedat the 12th week of training. Therefore, this memory training should be used with the elderly to prevent and delay dementia.

Language: Thai

ISSN: 2697-4126

Article

Training Course at Exposition: Miss Margaret Wilson and Dr. Montessori to Conduct Classes at Exposition

Available from: Library of Congress

Publication: Ogden Standard (Ogden, Utah)

Pages: 12

Americas, International Montessori Training Course, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, North America, Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915, San Francisco, California), Teacher training, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: "San Francisco, Cal., June 26 - Under the patronage of Miss Margaret Wilson, daughter of President Woodrow Wilson, Dr. Maria Montessori, the noted Italian educator, will conduct an international Montessori training course at the Panama-Pacific International exposition during August, September, October and November. With Miss Wilson on the committee in charge of the course are David Starr Jordan, president of the National Education association, which meets in Oakland in August, and P. P. Claxton, United States commissioner of education. The special course will be for the benefit of teachers, parents and others interested in child welfare, and in connection with it will be held a number of demonstration schools in which teachers will do practice work. Noted educators from all parts of the United States and from abroad have been asked to conduct a thorough study and test of Dr. Montessori's method of child training during this course. The exposition authorities asked Dr. Montessori to conduct her international training course on the exposition grounds because of the opportunity it will afford to give an international test of this newest and unique method of developing individual initiative in very young children. An essential part of the plan consists in the appointment of an international committee which will give careful and extended stay to the demonstration classes and report at the close of the exposition concerning the actual progress made and the real contribution that the Montessori principles have made to educational advancement. The arrangements for the course are in the hands of Wallace Hatch of Berkeley, Cal., who was formerly acting chief of the department of education of the exposition."

Language: English

Article

Training, 1994: Our Annual Training Center Survey

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 6, no. 3

Pages: 15-17, 19-21

Public Montessori, Trainings

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Language: English

Article

Productive Assistants: Tools and Techniques for Training [Reviews of training videos, workshops, etc.]

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 16, no. 4

Pages: 20-21

Public Montessori

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Language: English

Article

Consultant Training Course: 2001 Consultant Training Course Dedicated to Margot Waltuch

Publication: AMI/USA News, vol. 13, no. 4

Pages: 4

Margot R. Waltuch - Biographic sources, Trainings

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Language: English

Article

Gli effetti di un training cognitivo per l'incremento della produzione ideativa in bambini di scuola primaria: un confronto tra metodo Montessori e tradizionale [The effects of cognitive training for the increase of ideational production in primary school children: a comparison between the Montessori and traditional methods]

Available from: Torrossa

Publication: Ricerche di Psicologia, vol. 3

Pages: 519-545

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Language: Italian

DOI: 10.3280/RIP2019-003005

ISSN: 1972-5620, 0391-6081

Article

Effectiveness of Montessori Sensorial Training Program for Children with Mild Intellectual Disabilities in Pakistan: A Randomized Control Trial

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: International Journal of Disability, Development and Education

Pages: 1-11

Asia, Children with disabilities, Developmentally disabled children, Pakistan, Sensorial education, Sensorial materials, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Intellectual disability is a serious lifelong disability that places heavy demands on society and the health system. The study was designed to determine the extent to which the intellectually challenged children are capable of improving their cognitive abilities as well as adaptive functioning through the Montessori Sensorial Training program when introduced in a different setting (i.e. special education school system). With randomised control trial (RCT) of pre-and post-testing, 30 children with mild intellectual disabilities were randomly allocated to Montessori Sensorial Training intervention condition (n = 15) and waitlist control condition (n = 15). The intervention group showed significant improvement in cognitive abilities (i.e. classification, seriation, recognition, ordination, and visual and auditory discrimination) as compared to the control group at post-assessment. Children who received training also showed improvement in communication and self-care domain as compared to the control group. This study provides evidence that Montessori Sensorial Training is not only effective for children going to mainstream schools but also for children with intellectual disabilities. Despite some limitations, the results of the study are encouraging and suggesting that Montessori Sensorial Training is an effective intervention to facilitate self-based learning, independence, and decision-making skills in children with mild intellectual disabilities.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/1034912X.2021.2016657

ISSN: 1034-912X

Article

Formare il «nuovo Maestro» secondo Maria Montessori / Formar al «nuevo Maestro» según Maria Montessori / Training the «new Teacher» according to Maria Montessori

Available from: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

Publication: RELAdEI (Revista Latinoamericana de Educación Infantil), vol. 5, no. 4

Pages: 78-91

Hélène Lubienska de Lenval - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Teacher training, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Teacher training

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Abstract/Notes: È noto quanto Maria Montessori fosse esigente nei confronti del maestro. In questo articolo si presenta la sua visione delle caratteristiche che devono animare il «nuovo Maestro» per consentire «al bambino nuovo» di potersi sviluppare in modo armonioso ed equilibrato. Dato che la peculiarità della pedagogia montessoriana è cambiare la modalità relazionale tra l’adulto e il bambino, sono messi in risalto alcuni aspetti concreti e universali condivisibili da tutti gli insegnanti. Questi possono essere applicati ovunque e possono anche facilitare la didattica, anche senza applicare tutto il Metodo Montessori, giacché l’autoeducazione del bambino è legata all’autodisciplina dell’adulto. Per formare i maestri Maria Montessori aveva scelto di organizzare i Corsi internazionali di formazione che duravano diversi mesi. Per chiarire gli elementi essenziali, vengono studiate le conferenze riguardo al nuovo maestro pronunciate durante questi corsi. Da esse vengono ricavati i tre livelli di formazione: materiale, scientifica e spirituale. Alcuni aspetti imprescindibili vengono più approfonditi, quali lo spogliarsi dei preconcetti, il cambiare le attitudini morali e l’essere un’osservatore gioioso, aspetti che la Montessori considerava essenziali per risolvere il problema dell’educazione. Basandosi anche su alcuni racconti di allieve, sono proposte alcune modalità scelte da Hélène Lubienska de Lenval durante il suo Cours Pédagogique, e sono presentate alcune scelte pedagogiche di Adele Costa Gnocchi, che aprirà la Scuola Assistenti all’Infanzia dove saranno approfondite le intuizioni della Montessori per il bambino piccolo fino a tre anni. / Es conocido lo exigente que Maria Montessori ha sido en relación a los maestros. En este artículo se presenta su visión de las características que debería poseer el “nuevo maestro” para permitir al “nuevo niño” desarrollarse de manera armoniosa y equilibrada. Considerando que la finalidad de la pedagogía montessoriana es cambiar la modalidad de interacción entre el adulto y el niño, se pueden destacar algunos aspectos concretos y universales que puedan compartir por todos los maestros. Sin necesidad de aplicar completamente el Método Montessori, estos elementos pueden ser útiles en todo tipo de circunstancia y facilitar la didáctica, puesto che la autoeducación del niño depende de la autodisciplina del adulto. Para formar a los maestros, Maria Montessori decidió organizar los cursos internacionales de formación con una duración de varios meses. Para aclarar los aspectos esenciales, en este artículo se toman en consideración las conferencias relativas al “nuevo maestro” que se pronunciaron en estos cursos. A partir de ellas se pueden derivar los tres niveles de formación: material, científica y espiritual. Se profundiza sobre algunos aspectos fundamentales como liberarse de los prejuicios, cambiar la actitud moral y ser un alegre y atento observador, aspectos que Maria Montessori consideraba primordiales para resolver el problema de la educación. Basándose en algunos relatos de sus alumnas, también se exponen algunas modalidades adoptadas por Hélène Lubienska de Lenval presentadas durante su Cours Pédagogique y además se presentan algunas opciones pedagógicas de Adele Costa Gnocchi, que abrirá la Escuela de Asistentes de la Infancia donde se estudiará a profundidad la visión de Maria Montessori para el niño pequeño, hasta los tres años de edad. / It is well known how much Maria Montessori demanded of teachers. This article presents her vision of the characteristics which should animate the “new teacher” in order to allow the development of the “new child” in a harmonious and balanced manner. Given that the goal of the Montessori pedagogy is to change the manner of relating between adult and child, some concrete and universal characteristics are highlighted which are common to all teachers. Even without applying the entire Montessori methodology, these elements can be useful in all circumstances and can facilitate teaching, given that the self education of the child is linked to the self discipline of the adult. To train teachers, Maria Montessori chose to organize international training courses lasting several months. To clarify the essential elements, the conferences regarding the topic of the new teacher during these training courses are presented here. These elements are divided into three levels of training: the material level, the scientific level, and the spiritual level. Some essential aspects are covered in depth, such as the denuding of preconceptions; changing of moral attitudes; being a joyful observer; all approaches that Maria Montessori considered essential to solve the problem of education. Finally, on the basis of stories of students, there are presented some methods chosen by Helene Lubienska de Lenval taken from her Cours Pedagogique, and some pedagogical methods taken from Adele Costa Gnocchi, who will open the Scuola Assistenti all’Infanzia, where they will delve deeper into Montessori insights regarding the small child up to three years of age.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2255-0666

Article

Aims, Beliefs, Practices and Training of Early Childhood Practitioners from Three Different Backgrounds: Montessori, Traditional and the Preschool Playgroups Association

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood, vol. 27, no. 2

Pages: 1-9

Comparative education, Trainings

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Abstract/Notes: The study described below compares the goals, beliefs, practices and training of early childhood educators from three different origins: Montessori, Traditional and the Association of Playgroups (PPA), and reports practice of a research in progress. The information was gathered by means of a questionnaire which was sent to early childhood practitioners and which covers various subjects such as reading, writing, arithmetic, free choice, accessible activities, scoring, role played and commitment of parents. There was consensus on the main goals of early childhood practitioners, but many differences emerged between groups for beliefs, practice and training. The importance of high quality training for early childhood practitioners has been demonstrated. The Traditional group appeared to have the highest level of training and the practice is more often than not to maintain contact with current research more than the other two Montessori and PPA groups.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1007/BF03174924

ISSN: 0020-7187, 1878-4658

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