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476 results

Article

Something's Wrong with My Child

Publication: American Montessori Society Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 2

Pages: 1-11

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Abstract/Notes: From talks presented at the American Montessori Society Seminar, Boston, June, 1974; and Palm Beach Junior College, FL, December, 1974.

Language: English

ISSN: 0277-9064

Article

Designing a Model Program for Young Children Which Responds to the Child

Publication: American Montessori Society Bulletin, vol. 9, no. 3

Pages: 1-21

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Abstract/Notes: Session held at the American Montessori Society Centennial Conference/Seminar, New York, June, 1970

Language: English

Conference Paper

Culturally Relevant Education and the Montessori Approach: Perspectives from Hawaiian Educators

Available from: ERIC

Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, Apr 8, 2006)

Americas, Culturally relevant pedagogy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, Apr 8, 2006). The purpose of this study was to investigate why some Hawaiian language and culture-based (HLCB) educators perceived the Montessori approach to be congruent with their goals and values and to determine the salient features of the Montessori approach used by HLCB teachers who received Montessori training. The sociocultural perspective on learning provided the theoretical foundations and grounded theory methodology guided the research process. Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 40 HLCB participants, including 15 key informants who had at least 180 hours of Montessori training. Data also included classroom and school visits and analyses of school documents. Data analysis revealed six themes and two linkages that related the themes and their elements. Four themes were related to why HLCB educators have perceived the Montessori approach to be congruent with their values and goals. These were (a) similar views regarding their work as a lifestyle, (b) common pedagogical practices, (c) shared values and beliefs as educators, and (d) an overlapping world-view. One theme described the distinctions between the approaches. The final theme included challenges to implementing and maintaining HLCB programs. The findings suggest that researchers and teacher educators interested in culturally congruent education should take into account the underlying world-view of both the research paradigm and the participants involved, and that school reform should be comprehensive, culturally congruent, and generated from within communities and other stakeholders. They also indicate that culturally congruent, place-based education may enhance academic self-efficacy and could serve as a bridge between seemingly disparate educational approaches.

Language: English

Article

The Whys and Hows of the Multi-Age Primary Classroom

Publication: American Educator: The Professional Journal of the American Federation of Teachers, vol. 14, no. 2

Pages: 28-32, 39

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Abstract/Notes: Discusses the advantages of mixed-age primary classrooms. Suggests different ways to group children of different ages and methods for successful implementation. Emphasizes the importance of an integrated curriculum similar to a Montessori curriculum.

Language: English

Book

Questions About Montessori Education Today

Available from: ERIC

American Montessori Society (AMS), Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: In three parts, this symposium presentation to the American Montessori Society: (1) comments generally on current perceptions of Montessori education; (2) poses questions about practices in Montessori classrooms that challenge Montessori educators' core beliefs about Montessori education; and (3) discusses the cutting edges of contemporary Montessori methods education. In addition to general comments, Part 1 provides a discussion of the function of ideology in early childhood education and ways of opening closed belief systems to rational examination. Questions posed in part 2 concern essential aspects of classroom practices, the Montessori position statement, and general questions about Montessori theory to promote open discussion. Part 3, noting that a few decades ago the incorporation of pretend play activities into the Montessori classroom was the "cutting edge" of Montessori practices, asks such questions as "How would Maria Montessori respond to contempory educators' emphasis on project work and current advances in knowledge about teaching strategies that facilitate language development?" In conclusion, suggestions are offered on the substantial assets of the Montessori method, with a view toward future developments.

Language: English

Published: Urbana-Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois, 1990

Article

Perspectives in Early Childhood Education: Belize, Brazil, Mexico, El Salvador and Peru

Available from: ERIC

Publication: Forum on Public Policy Online, vol. 2012, no. 1

Pages: 1-27

Americas, Belize, Brazil, Central America, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, El Salvador, Latin America and the Caribbean, Mexico, Peru, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Early childhood education (ECE) provision is becoming a growing priority. During the past twenty years, Latin America has shown a growing recognition in the provision of educational programs for young children, birth to age eight, is essential. Urban and rural populations intimated in 2009, that many countries utilizing equitable access to quality early childhood programs is often seen by policy makers as a means of achieving economic and political goals (United Nations, 2012). Unfortunately, a pre-occupation with economic and political goals may conflict with the provision of quality programming for young children. In a number of Latin American countries provisions for educating young children exist as intent to provide quality services. The continuing challenge is to finance, organize and regulate those well-meaning intentions. The objective of this article is two-fold. First, to describe national policy efforts that regulate the education of young children consistently. And, second, to reflect the status of early childhood education programming; and to examine the possibilities for the improvement of the quality and accessibility of an education for all young children. Five Latin American nations have been chosen for examination, including: Belize, Brazil, El Salvador, Mexico, and Peru. (Contains 4 tables.)

Language: English

ISSN: 1938-9809

Article

Individuality in Development

Publication: American Montessori Society Bulletin, vol. 4, no. 1/2

Pages: 12-24

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Abstract/Notes: Paper presented at 4th Annual American Montessori Society Seminar, New York, June, 1965.

Language: English

ISSN: 0277-9064

Article

A Psychologist Looks at Montessori

Publication: American Montessori Society Bulletin, vol. 4, no. 1/2

Pages: 1-11

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Abstract/Notes: Paper presented at the 4th annual American Montessori Society Seminar, New York City, June 1965.

Language: English

Book Section

Montessori’s Training Course

Available from: Springer Link

Book Title: America's Early Montessorians: Anne George, Margaret Naumburg, Helen Parkhurst and Adelia Pyle

Pages: 69-97

Americas, International Montessori Training Course (1st, Rome, Italy, 1913), International Montessori Training Course (2nd, Rome, Italy, 1914), Montessori Training Course (2nd, Rome, Italy, 1910), North America, Trainings, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Anne George, Adelia Pyle, Margaret Naumburg and Helen Parkhurst were all trained as directresses by Maria Montessori. George, Montessori’s first American student, took the course in 1910; Pyle and Naumburg were among the ninety students in Montessori’s First International Training Course in 1913; Parkhurst, one of eighty students, completed the Second International Training Course in 1914. Their training established their credentials in American Montessori education. Their role in the early history of the Montessori movement is largely an extension of and implementation of what they learned in the course. The training course consisted of lectures and clinical observations of Montessori classes. Montessori lectured on: (1) applying science to education; (2) the correct method of observing children; (3) using empirical techniques to render anthropological and clinical information into replicable and usable educational practices; (4) designing and using didactic apparatus and materials to develop children’s skills and abilities at crucial sensitive periods in their development. And (5) replicating the Montessori classroom, the prepared educational environment. After completing the course, George, Parkhurst and Naumburg faced the challenge of transporting and recreating the Montessori Method in the United States.

Language: English

Published: Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020

ISBN: 978-3-030-54835-3

Series: Historical Studies in Education

Master's Thesis

The Activity Preferences of Pre-School Children Exposed to an Environment Based on Montessorian Principles

Available from: University of the Orange Free State - Institutional Repository

Africa, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Preschool children, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Abstract/Notes: The initial purpose of the study was twofold: to assess the possibility of establishing a Montessori environment without formal training, and to determine the extent to which this was successful. The literature study undertaken investigated Montessori from a historical perspective, before detailing the elements of the theory necessary for establishment of a research environment. The positive value of Montessorianism was shown indisputably by an indepth investigation of the opportunities for fulfilling developmental tasks offered by the Montessori environment. The relationship between the theories of Montessori and Piaget was investigated. Extensive agreement as well as areas of disagreement were discovered, the latter mainly due to Piaget's epistemological approach as opposed to Montessori's concern with the needs for development. The research evaluation showed general positive effects of exposure to a Montessori environment. Results were however difficult to interpret due to differences and weaknesses in methodology. In the context of the nature of Montessorianism, an evaluation of process (the HOW of development as addressed by Montessori) is suggested in preference to the nomal product evaluation provided by purely testing procedures. A Montessori environment was established after careful consideration of the works of Maria Montessori. Construction of apparatus was undertaken. Children and facilitators were recruited on a voluntary basis. A total of 27 children were obtained. Two mature facilitators oversaw the running of the group. After a period of 6 months, allowed for settling in, naturalistic observation was begun. Observation was done by classification of the use of specific apparatus into broad activity categories. The proportion time each child engaged in a particular activity category was recorded. This data was summarized and analysed in order to investigate trends in development. The raw data was used for hypothesis testing. Four hypotheses were tested: a sensitive period for motor refinement was not confirmed using the Mann-Whitney U test; a sensitivity for pre-academic activities was confirmed, also using the Mann-Whitney U test; and a preference for functional play over fantasy play in the pre-school period was confirmed, using the parametric t-test. The fourth hypothesis, based on test data delivered by the Griffiths Developmental Scales affirmed the general facilitative effects of the research environment. The sign test was used. The presence of sensitive periods was taken as a sufficient indication that the research environment was "Montessorian", established and run without formal training. The test results proved the facilitativeness of the experience, further supporting the possibility of running a Montessori school without the expense of training. By way of conclusion it was suggested that further research be undertaken to establish the visibility of Montessori in the broader South African context, given the proof that the elitism engendered by expensive training and administration procedures of this approach is not warranted. Given also its benefits, proven elsewhere, the present study is considered a pilot study to further research on this subject in the wider cultural and ethnic conditions.

Language: English

Published: Bloemfontein, South Africa, 1987

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