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Book

Multi-Age Grouping: Enriching the Learning Environment

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: Heterogeneous mixtures of children occur naturally in play and in many school activities, for example, student council meetings, clubs, and social affairs. These activities demand the variety of ages, talents, interests, and experiences represented by the whole range of students in a school. It is questioned whether academic activities would not also be greatly enhanced by the contributions of, and cooperation among, a heterogeneous group of students learning together. The American school system at present generally organizes students into classes according to age. Because of the abundant research demonstrating the vast differences in ability and rate of development within any one age group, it is argued in this pamphlet that it is perhaps highly artificial to organize classrooms by age alone. The study committee responsible for the content of this pamphlet investigated both the theory and practice of multi-age grouping. In multi-age grouping, children are grouped randomly with no particular consideration of age or ability, although it is recognized that not all areas of study are amenable to such grouping. But for those subjects like art, creative writing, and discussion periods, in which varied levels of maturity, perspective, and experience can contribute more to the learning process, the learning process will be more likely enriched by a greater heterogeneity of pupils. Heterogeneous interaction of age groups contributes to social growth and understanding as well as to academic growth. OCLC: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301385001

Language: English

Published: Washington, D.C.: National Education Association of the United States, 1968

Book Section

Miljöns betydelse för lusten att lära: några lärares tankar om den förberedda miljön inom montessoripedagogiken [The importance of the environment for the desire to learn: some teachers' thoughts on the prepared environment in Montessori pedagogy]

Available from: Malmo University

Book Title: Barns villkor i cirkelform: forskningscirkel om barndom, lärande, ämnesdidaktik [Children's conditions in a circular form: research circle on childhood, learning, subject didactics]

Pages: 12-50

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Abstract/Notes: En intervjustudie av Bodil Cronquist, handlar om montessoriverksamheten och det som kallas den ”förberedda miljön” i montessoripedagogiken. [An interview study by Bodil Cronquist, is about the Montessori activities and what is called the "prepared environment" in Montessori pedagogy.]

Language: Swedish

Published: Malmö, Sweden: Malmö högskola, 2014

ISBN: 978-91-7104-449-5

Series: Rapporter om utbildning , 2

Book

Music Theory with the Bells in a Montessori Environment

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Language: English

Published: Cleveland, Ohio: Montessori Development Foundation, 1970

Article

Helping Parents to Develop an Understanding Attitude Towards a Montessori Environment

Publication: Sophos: A Montessori Quarterly, vol. 1, no. 3

Pages: 7-10

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Language: English

Book Section

An Environment for the Child

Book Title: Maria Montessori Speaks to Parents: A Selection of Articles

Pages: 1-5

Maria Montessori - Writings

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Language: English

Published: Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Montessori-Pierson Publishing Company, 2017

ISBN: 978-90-79506-36-1

Series: The Montessori Series , 21

Article

Development of a Montessori Outdoor Environment

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 17, no. 3

Pages: 5–17

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

The Natural World as Prepared Environment

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 27, no. 3

Pages: 131-148

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Abstract/Notes: Weaves theoretical concepts of Maria Montessori and Edith Cobb to suggest that a moral, meaningful life is influenced by early contact with nature in which adults draw children's attention to its value. Suggests that nature is the prepared environment fostering cosmic harmony and asserts that educators should provide opportunities for early encounters with nature and learning about global needs around the use and distribution of natural resources. (KB)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Master's Thesis

Respectful Relationships: How Does the Montessori Environment Foster Relationships with Respect?

Available from: Auckland University of Technology Library

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Zealand, Oceania

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Abstract/Notes: This study investigates the phenomenon of respect through examination of the literature and observation of lived experience in two Montessori environments in Aotearoa, New Zealand. Utilising a case study approach, the thesis seeks to reveal the nature of respectful relationships and how these are fostered in two Montessori early childhood centres. A qualitative approach is used to study the social setting in order to understand the meaning of participants’ lives in their own terms. This design makes explicit the ways people come to understand and manage day-to-day situations. A phenomenological method was employed to look beyond the details of everyday life in order to draw upon the lived experiences of the participants. The technique of bracketing observations required the researcher to suspend assumptions and common-sense explanations concerning the experience. This assisted the researcher to encounter the observations independently and reduced bias. The findings reveal four aspects that work in conjunction with the child’s natural development to foster respect: A prepared environment and the child’s freedom within that environment serve to demonstrate how the respectful relationship can be supported and fostered in individuals. In addition, the development of a mutual relationship based on recognition of the child's capabilities; and freedom of movement within the environment work in conjunction to foster respect for self, others and the environment. Information for the case studies was recorded by video camera. Relationship building prior to data collection alleviated fears associated with the video recording and provided more insight into participants’ lived experiences. In conjunction, video data provided a record of moments in time for review and reflection. Future research may seek to provide comparison of the outcomes of practice in differing situations but a key point in this research was an emphasis on non-judgmental acceptance of each Montessori environment. The research sheds light on situations in which teachers, other adults and children develop respectful practice(s). The study indicates how Montessori philosophy and nature intertwines to achieve reciprocal and respectful relationships between all involved in this approach to education and life.

Language: English

Published: Auckland, New Zealand, 2013

Article

The Outdoor Environment: Are You Prepared?

Publication: NAMTA Quarterly, vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 49-57

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals, Prepared environment

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Language: English

Article

The Spontaneous, Interested, and Observant Adult in the Prepared Environment

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 33, no. 1

Pages: 313–319

North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals

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Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

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