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527 results

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

An fMRI study of error monitoring in Montessori and traditionally-schooled children

Available from: npj Science of Learning

Publication: npj Science of Learning, vol. 5

Pages: Article 11

Neuroscience

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Abstract/Notes: The development of error monitoring is central to learning and academic achievement. However, few studies exist on the neural correlates of children’s error monitoring, and no studies have examined its susceptibility to educational influences. Pedagogical methods differ on how they teach children to learn from errors. Here, 32 students (aged 8–12 years) from high-quality Swiss traditional or Montessori schools performed a math task with feedback during fMRI. Although the groups’ accuracies were similar, Montessori students skipped fewer trials, responded faster and showed more neural activity in right parietal and frontal regions involved in math processing. While traditionally-schooled students showed greater functional connectivity between the ACC, involved in error monitoring, and hippocampus following correct trials, Montessori students showed greater functional connectivity between the ACC and frontal regions following incorrect trials. The findings suggest that pedagogical experience influences the development of error monitoring and its neural correlates, with implications for neurodevelopment and education.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1038/s41539-020-0069-6

ISSN: 2056-7936

Article

Some Results and Experiences with Small Children

Publication: Around the Child, vol. 6

Pages: 42-46

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Language: English

ISSN: 0571-1142

Book Section

Children's Well-Being and Teachers' Benevolence as the Road to Higher Performance?: Cognitive Neuroscience and Montessori in Preschools

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Book Title: Education, Parenting, and Mental Health Care in Europe: The Contradictions of Building Autonomous Individuals

Pages: 63-78

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Abstract/Notes: There is now a broad international consensus that investing in early childhood education and care represents the highest “return on investment” in terms of economic and social development. The pursuit of the dual objective of efficiency and equity has resulted in a reorientation of preschool curricula towards preparation for compulsory schooling, emphasizing the acquisition of the “fundamentals” (reading, writing, and arithmetic) most useful for future academic success. The chapter offers first a comparative analysis of how this “schooling process” unfolded in French and Belgian nursery schools and in the Danish kindergarten. It attests to the persistence of specific cultural and political traditions relating to both the respective roles of the state and families in early childhood education, as well as of conceptions of childhood and relations between adults and children. Second, based on field research conducted in French-speaking Belgium, it discusses the idea that the search for children's well-being and performance at the same time creates tensions in the exercise of the teaching profession. It then shows that it is possible to understand the success of the discourse of cognitive neuroscience and so-called alternative pedagogical methods, including Montessori, because these discourses seem to propose a way to overcome these tensions.

Language: English

Published: New York, New York: Routledge, 2024

ISBN: 978-1-00-337720-7

Doctoral Dissertation

Seriation Skills in Three-Year-Old Children: A Training Study Using Montessori Materials

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Language: English

Published: Houston, Texas, 1978

Article

Looking at How Children Succeed, Through a Montessori Lens

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 26, no. 1

Pages: 42-46

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Abstract/Notes: In this article author Prairie Boulmier writes that Paul Tough, author of "How Children Succeed," has emerged as a visible and respected voice on education reform and research in the U.S. Boulmier describes "How Children Succeed" and its focus on an increasing knowledge base that supports so-called "noncognitive" skill development in children--including traits like curiosity, self-control, and character--and programs such as Tools of the Mind and the KIPP character education program. Boulmier points out that although Tough admits he has not yet seen the perfect solution, he still offers a challenging view of what education reform could look like if schools cared more about noncognitive skills. "How Children Succeed" (2012) is described as a compelling overview of decades of research, looking deeply into programs, teachers, mentors, and students who are challenging the American view of education. The hope that the focus in education appears to be shifting toward emotional regulation, executive functioning, and character traits should be encouraging to those involved in the Montessori movement.

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Children and Community Life

Available from: Internet Archive

Publication: The Western Comrade, vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 15-19

Americas, Llano del Rio Colony, Montessori method of education, North America, North America, United States of America

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Language: English

Book

The Child in the Church: Essays on the Religious Education of Children and the Training of Character

Edwin Mortimer Standing - Writings, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Writings, Religious education

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Language: English

Published: London, England: Sands and Co., 1929

Book

The Mind Behind the Musical Ear: How Children Develop Musical Intelligence

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Language: English

Published: Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1991

ISBN: 0-674-57607-1

Article

Effect of Montessori on Children Development: Systematic Review

Available from: Research Gate

Publication: Teikyo Medical Journal / Teikyō Igaku Zasshi, vol. 45, no. 1

Pages: 5729-5741

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Autism, Child development, Montessori method of education - Evaluation

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Abstract/Notes: To find the evidence for the effectiveness of Montessori in improving children development. Systematic search was done on the PubMed, Cochrane library, Web of science, PEDro, Scopus and Google Scholar databases till May 2021. Manual search was also done to find relevant studies. Two authors independently assessed retrieved records and studies against the eligibility criteria specified for this review, then extracted data from the included studies and assess studies methodological quality by using the methodological index for non-randomized studies (MINOR) scale for the clinical studies and the national institute of health (NIH) tool for observational designs. Eighteen studies were included; fifteen on normal children and three on children with communication disorders, autism and attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD). Quality of 5 clinical studies rated as moderate and 7 was poor, while the quality of 5 observational studies was fair and only 1 was poor. These included studies have different outcomes including gross and fine motor skills, executive function, activity of daily living and cognitive skills. Meta-analysis was not appropriate because of the included studies heterogeneity descriptive analysis indicated that Montessori seems to be effective in improving child development. Based on this review findings the present evidence promise an effective role of Montessori for improving child development. More well-designed primary studies are recommended to find clear evidence.

Language: English

ISSN: 0387-5547

Article

An Interview with Riane Eisler, Author of The Chalice and the Blade and Tomorrow's Children

Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 8, no. 4

Pages: 9–11

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

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