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Lun ziyou jiaoyu shi yu xia de meng tai suo li kecheng ji qi qishi / 论自由教育视域下的蒙台梭利课程及其启示 [On Montessori’s Curriculum of Liberal Education and Its Enlightenment]

Publication: Dongbei shi da xuebao (zhexue shehui kexue ban) / 东北师大学报 (哲学社会科学版) [Journal of Northeast Normal University (Philosophy and Social Sciences)], vol. 2015, no. 2

Pages: 185-189

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori’s curriculum is a hot issue in preschool education in the current, liberal education is the core value pursuit of Montessori education theory. Firstly,the concept of freedom is thought on philosophy, the history development of liberal education is describted, so as to understand the basic concept of Montessori liberal education; Then the implementation of Montessori’s curriculum is research on the ideas from liberal education. Finally we discuss the Montessori liberal education enlightens preschool education practice in our country.

Language: Chinese

ISSN: 1001-6201

Conference Paper

Montessori and Krishnamurti: A Comparison of Their Educational Philosophies and Schools in Practice in the U.S. and India

Annual Conference of the Australian Comparative and International Education Society (11th, Hamilton, New Zealand, August 21-24, 1983)

Americas, Annual Conference of the Australian Comparative and International Education Society (11th, Hamilton, New Zealand, August 21-24, 1983), Asia, Comparative education, India, Jiddu Krishnamuti - Biographic sources, Krishnamurti method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., North America, Peace education, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The educational philosophies of Maria Montessori and Jiddu Krishnamurti are compared and contrasted in this paper. The discussion is based on texts by both educators and direct observation of some of the schools (United States, Australia and India) where these ideas are being implemented. First, general principles of each educator are discussed. Both are said to have condemned traditional approaches to education and to have objected to the record of state involvement in education. The next three sections describe their ideas regarding: (1) how children learn and the role children should take in their own education; (2) the attributes, characteristics, and training of teachers, and the teacher-child relationship; and (3) the proper education environment, with focus on discipline, competition, evaluation, and the use of methods. In conclusion, it is said that Montessori's and Krishnamurti's philosophies have more similarities than differences. Children love being at both kinds of school. Their schools have successfully deinstitutionalized the learning process and made the teacher-pupil relationship a caring and loving one. The major difference between the two types of education is the approach to method: Krishnamurti scorns adopting a particular method while Montessori tried to design a method that was based on her observation of the "natural" child.

Language: English

Published: Bundoora, Victoria, Australia: Centre for Comparative and International Studies in Education, 1983


Montessori Approach in Character Education in Early Childhood Education

Available from: Journal of Positive School Psychology

Publication: Journal of Positive School Psychology, vol. 6, no. 6

Pages: 5936-5947

Asia, Australasia, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Character education is an effort to form good values imprinted in a person and manifested in the form of behavior so they can distinguish themselves from others. This character education aims to form a strong and noble human being. All educational institutions realize how important the development of character education is for students in their institutions. However, the process of character education has not been fully able to run effectively in all educational institutions because schools emphasize more on increasing students' cognitive abilities. This study aimed to obtain an overview of the extent to which teachers understand the importance of character education in Early Childhood Education (ECE) and the Montessori Method in shaping the character of students. This study is quantitative with a descriptive approach. The sample in this study was ECE teachers in Panongan Sub-district, Tangerang Regency, totaling 112 people. The selection of samples was done using the Simple Random Sampling method. The instrument used was a survey distributed to respondents via Google form. The results of the study indicate that ECE teachers have understood the importance of character education and the Montessori Method which is integrated into 6 aspects of early childhood development through a character education process that is provided continuously at every level.

Language: English

ISSN: 2717-7564


Montessori, Dewey, and Capitalism: Educational Theory for a Free Market in Education

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Abstract/Notes: Synthesizing ideas from such disparate thinkers as educator Maria Montessori, philosophers John Dewey and Ayn Rand, and Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises, Montessori, Dewey, and Capitalism presents a philosophy of education-the theory of concentrated attention and independent judgment-that requires laissez-faire capitalism for its full realization. It is not an argument, except indirectly, for the separation of education and state nor is it a critique of present and past state-run schooling. It is an argument for the abolition of coercion in all areas of life. What is the ideal education system? asks the author. One that rejects the premise of obedience to authority. Not just in teaching, but also in parenting and in all social relations. Just as an ideal social system would allow citizens to pursue their values without interruption or control from an outside authority, namely the state, so also the ideal education system should allow children and students to concentrate without interruption on the learning tasks that interest them. The adult guides and nurtures the young, neither coercing nor neglecting them, to develop the confidence and independence required for an adult life in a capitalist society.

Language: English

Published: Upland, California: Kirkpatrick Books, 2008

Edition: 1st

ISBN: 978-0-9787803-3-3

Doctoral Dissertation

Measuring Parent Perception and Understanding of Montessori Education in Three Massachusetts Montessori Schools

Available from: University of Pepperdine

Americas, Montessori schools, North America, Parents - Perceptions, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: The Montessori method is a comprehensive, child-centered, developmentalist philosophy of education developed by Dr. Maria Montessori in Rome, Italy, in the early 1900s. The Montessori method differs from traditional approaches to education, and has had limited exposure in the U.S. until the last 20 years. Despite this growth, little research data exists on the effectiveness of the method or of parent understanding of the method. This research project attempted to determine parent understanding of the Montessori method of education at three Montessori schools in Massachusetts that educate children from toddlers to grade 8. The objective of the research was to design, implement, and analyze a survey that measured parent understanding of the Montessori principles and classroom practices. The survey was developed using the Montessori principles as the foundation. The goal was to determine both the extent of parent understanding of the Montessori principles and parent perception of how these principles are carried out in the Montessori classroom. Parents and guardians were asked a total of 10 questions, 7 of which were five-point Likert scales. The quantitative questions specifically addressed the six Montessori principles and were designed to test parents’ overall understanding of each principle. Responses ranged from a principle being not at all important to very important. The qualitative portion of the survey instrument utilized three open-ended, self-completed questions designed to reveal a range of parent perceptions about Montessori education and classroom practices. The surveys revealed that parent values and thinking do line up with some aspects of the Montessori method and philosophy. The surveys also revealed that parents seem to value classroom practices contrary to the founding principles. What parents value and what parents think about regarding concepts such as goal setting, achievement, competition with peers, and teachers preparing and presenting lessons is in direct contrast with some of the Montessori founding principles and intentions. If Montessori schools wish to remain viable, they will need to reconcile the Montessori principles with conflicting parent values and, further, determine how to better align their principles with parent views and desires for their children.

Language: English

Published: Malibu, California, 2015


Materials and (Language) Learning Environment Based on Montessori Concepts

Available from: LLT Journal

Publication: LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching, vol. 21, no. 1

Pages: 46-54

Children with disabilities, Classroom environment, Inclusive education, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, People with disabilities, Prepared environment

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori Education is widely spread in almost all countries in the world. Even though this school is meant for all kinds of learners including “normal” learners, the Montessori education concepts used in Montessori schools will be very supportive education for children with special needs. Therefore, the schools which adopt Montessori education concepts can facilitate inclusion, especially with the concepts of ‘I can do it myself.’ Inclusive education needs to be carefully prepared and implemented by schools. The movement brings about some challenges for teachers. This paper explores the environment and materials based on Montessori education concepts. The environment and materials are suitable for all types of learners and thus can be an option to be implemented in the inclusive education setting. Teaching materials rooted in Montessori education concepts indeed cater all ages and embrace the needs of all students. DOI: doi.org/10.24071/llt.2018.210105

Language: English

DOI: 10.24071/llt.2018.210105

ISSN: 2579-9533


Integral Education in Ancient India from Vedas and Upanishads to Vedanta

Available from: Zenodo

Publication: International Journal of Research - Granthaalayah, vol. 6, no. 6

Pages: 281-295

Asia, India, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Western scholarship usually ignores the contributions from other civilizations, India for instance. At the same time, contemporary India seems to have forgotten to some extent the deepest achievements of its own tradition. Moreover, modern culture has often produced some kind of despise against ancient traditions as opposed to the freedom and emancipation of the modern world. This paper tries to unveil all the depth and beauty of Indian philosophy of education, especially through major traditions such as Vedas, Upanishads and Vedanta. It also tries to show that the pedagogic message of the sages of modern India revives all the depth of the ancient tradition. This long history of holistic education in India through 35 centuries may enrich the Western insights with figures such as Steiner, Montessori or Dewey, aware that intercultural dialogue will be one of the major challenges of the XXIst century. It becomes crystal clear through this paper that the vision of integral education in Indian culture was inseparable from the spiritual/ mystical dimension, or to put in reverse terms, the spiritual domain constituted the very foundation of the educational process in Indian philosophy of education, a fundamental point that would be again emphasized by Indian modern philosophers such as Vivekananda, Aurobindo and even Krishnamurti.

Language: English

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1308951

ISSN: 2394-3629, 2350-0530


Some Cycles of Nature: Applications of M. Montessori's Cosmic Education in a Nursery School

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Journal of Geoscience Education, vol. 56, no. 3

Pages: 220-224

Cosmic education

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Abstract/Notes: By means of Montessori education, children aged from 3 to 6 years were introduced to the basics of earth-sciences in general and of glaciology in particular. For this purpose, a one-year-program was established under the principles of Cosmic Education (Sensu Montessori) in order to provide an insight in some parts of the afore mentioned sciences via 3 steps. Step 1 brought up introductory informations about earth sciences, historical geology, planetology, and climatology. In Step 2, specific information about the Ice Ages and glaciology was given by introducing a story about a personified glacier which included information on mass budget (ablation/accumulation), dynamics, features (crevasses), and in relation to those, the dangers of a glacier. Step 3 completed the program by giving the children the opportunity for depicting and acting out their knowledge via glacier-“modelling”, painting, dancing, and making music.After this one-year-program the children were able to give a simple account of the basic principles of climatology and glaciology, which may contribute to a more careful and respectful attitude towards their environment.The program turned out as a helpful and appropriate tool for giving an introduction into the great cycles of nature to preschool children, not only in nursery schools, but also at home with their families. In addition, the interactive and hands-on ways of presentation described were responded by the children with interest and sometimes enthusiasm, which is taken as further evidence for the tool's efficacy.

Language: English

DOI: 10.5408/1089-9995-56.3.220

ISSN: 1089-9995


Maria Montessori: Queen of Efficient Education

Available from: University Constantin Brancusi, Romania

Publication: Horizons for Sustainability, vol. 1, no. 10

Pages: 59-65

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: This article deals with Montessori education and method that addresses "child", "education" and "freedom". Thus, the child is not a young adult, he is an individual with a unique personality and unique intellectual potential. Education is that concern of teaching the child to think and act independently in a responsible manner. In this sense, Montessori education gives children the freedom to find solutions to their own problems. To understand "what they do and what they do" they must be involved. "True freedom is a consequence of development. His famous maxim that he promoted was: "help me do it myself". The 3 components of the Montessorian approach are: the physical environment, the social environment and the adult one. At the center of these 3 components is the child's development from all points of view. All 3 should work in such a way that this development reaches its full potential.

Language: English

ISSN: 2501-8000

Master's Thesis

Görsel sanatlar eğitiminde Montessori eğitimi yaklaşımının, okul öncesi çocuklarının yaratıcılık gelişimlerine etkisi / The Montessorian education approach in visual arts education, the effect of preschool children's development

Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)

Art education, Asia, Child development, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: In this research, the effect of Montessori education approach on the creativity of pre - school children in visual arts lesson was investigated and the creativity developments in students were observed. The research was carried out in college kindergarten, which educates under Kayapınar district of Diyarbakır province. 20 students between 48-66 months were applied the Montessori Education Approach and 60 students were applied the Ministry of National Education pre-school program and these two were compared to each other. Equal units are applied in both programs, Ceramic, watercolor, collage technique. The problem addressed in the study;The loss of student creativity in the implementation of the Ministry of National Education Preschool Program, the loss of self-confidence while students work, and the fact that the applied approaches are teacher-centered and therefore the works are not unique but are similar to each other. In the classrooms where Montessori Education Approach is applied, reflections of originality in the works of art, attitudes of free children to the lesson, and increased co-operation during the lesson have been observed. It is also observed that in the classrooms in which the Ministry of National Education pre-school program is applied, the method of instruction, class rules reminded in the lesson, teachers' criticism of the works resulted in loss of self-confidence in the students, reluctance to the subject,not being able to bring out the creativity and being bad tempered to students' friends. / Bu araştırmada, okul öncesi eğitim programında yer alan görsel sanatlar eğitimi ders konularının, Montesori Eğitimi Yaklaşımı programı uygulanarak, yaratıcılık gelişimlerine etkisinin nasıl olduğu belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. 48-66 ay grubundaki 20 öğrenciye Montessori Eğitimi Yaklaşım Programı, aynı yaş grubundaki 60 öğrenciye Milli Eğitim Programı uygulanmış ve ikisi karşılaştırılmıştır. İki programda eşit üniteler işlenmiş, bunlar; Seramik tekniği, kolaj tekniği ve suluboya tekniğidir. Araştırma Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı Okul Öncesi Programının uygulandığı, görsel sanatlar eğitiminde, görsellerle yapılan anlatım sunumları, öğrencilerin yaratıcılıklarına etkileri, derste sınıf kuralları hatırlatarak ders işlenmesi aynı zamansa öğrenci eserlerine öğretmenlerin olumlu veya olumsuz eleştirilerinin etkileri araştırılmıştır. İkinci program olan Montessori Eğitimi Yaklaşımı programının uygulandığı, görsel sanatlar eğitiminin sonunda öğrencilerin yaratıcılıklarına etkileri, sanat çalışmalarının, özgünlük ve yenilik açısından yansımaları, özgür bırakılan çocukların derse kaşı tutumları, öğrenci başarısına etkileri belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırmanın sonuçları, Montessori Eğitimi Yaklaşımı programı uygulanan sınıftaki öğrencilerde yardımlaşmanın önemli ölçüde arttığı, çocuklara yönelik yönerge olmadan, derslere kendi istekleri doğrultusunda katıldıkları ve malzemelerin yerlerini öğrenerek ihtiyaç duydukları anda aldıkları görülmüştür. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı Programı ile işlenen, sanat eğitimi derslerinde, öğretmenlerin görsel materyalleri, örnek modelleri, anlatım ve soru-cevap yöntemlerini kullandıkları. Sınıftaki malzeme dolapları öğrencilerin ulaşamayacakları yükseklikte ve göremeyecekleri kapalı dolaplarda bulunması öğrencileri sınırladığı sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.

Language: Turkish

Published: Samsun, Turkey, 2018

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