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2012 results

Article

What Makes a Good School - and How to Get One: Beware of Gimmicky Innovations; the Essential Ingredient in Good Schooling Is Good Teaching, and That's Where Our Efforts and Our Money Should Go

Available from: ProQuest - Women's Magazine Archive

Publication: Parents' Magazine and Better Family Living, vol. 47, no. 1

Pages: 44-45, 82

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Language: English

ISSN: 0031-191X

Master's Thesis

La méthode Montessori en regard de la cohérence et de la continuité d'un projet éducatif [The Montessori method with regard to the coherence and continuity of an educational project]

Available from: Université du Québec à Chicoutimi - Institutional Repository

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: La littérature pédagogique préconise que toute action éducative doit tenir compte des principes tels que: la continuité dans l'éducation du jaune, la cohérence entra les valeurs éducatives et les pratiques éducatives au quotidien, ainsi que le respect de l'enfant tout au long de sa formation. L'examen de la pratique scolaire courante soulève cependant une certaine incohérence entre ce qui se fait réellement dans les écoles et les intentions annoncées dans les textes officiels des pouvoirs organisateurs, d'une part, et d'autre part une certaine discontinuité entre les différents cycles scolaires successifs. De là nous est venue l'idée de comprendre comment peut-on assurer cohérence et continuité dans un système éducatif. Le système de la pédagogie Montessori est une preuve qu'on peut assurer cohérence et continuité tout au long d'un processus éducatif, c'est-à-dire à partir des intentions énoncées dans les programmes jusqu'aux actions quotidiennes dans les classes. L'objectif de cette recherche est de découvrir quels éléments favorisent la cohérence et la continuité de cette méthode. Pour ce faire, il nous a fallu d'abord établir, à un niveau général, un parallèle entre les valeurs de références, les buts et les objectifs préconisés par le MEQ et ceux préconisés par la méthode Maria Montessori. Nous sommes arrivés au constat que les deux modèles mettent de l'avant à peu de chose près, les mêmes valeurs et les mêmes objectifs éducatifs. Donc, au niveau des intentions peu de choses distinguent les deux modèles. Par exemple, nous avons retenu trois grandes valeurs communes: premièrement l'individualisation et le respect des besoins de l'enfant, deuxièmement l'autonomie et la liberté, et finalement la relation maître-élève de type guide. Toujours à ce niveau général, nous avons défini et analysé les grands concepts utiles à la compréhension de notre démarche (notion de paradigme, de vision éducative, de projet éducatif, de conception de l'éducation, de courant, d'approche, de pratique, de technique et de fait pédagogiques). Une fois ce cadre de référence établi, nous avons ensuite examiné un premier niveau de traduction des intentions en acte, c'est-à-dire celui des programmes éducatifs et de l'organisation scolaire. Afin de se rapprocher du concret, nous avons également étudié les différentes méthodes d'intervention auprès des élèves. Une fois les deux systèmes analysés, nous avons tenté de démontrer la cohérence et la continuité montessoriennes, à partir des observations dans des classes Montessori et des données théoriques amassées tout aussi bien au cours d'une formation des maîtres Montessori que dans la littérature. Nous avons ainsi confronté aux critères et dimensions d'analyse des modèles de Paquette et Houssaye les trois catégories des faits observables en classe que sont l'aménagement physique, les activités d'apprentissage et l'intervention pédagogique; ceci pour voir si ces faits pédagogiques sont en cohérence et en continuité avec les niveaux en amont du système (Paquette) ou avec les dimension du «Triangle pédagogique» (Houssaye). Les résultats de nos analyses confirment que le système montessorien, par son organisation rigoureuse et systématique, permet d'assurer plus de cohérence et de continuité entre les valeurs et les principes éducatifs annoncés au départ et la pratique quotidienne dans les classes. Cette constatation nous permet de comprendre que la notion de projet éducatif, définit par Paquette comme étant un processus continu fondé sur une éducation cohérente implique nécessairement la continuité et de cohérence des gestes au quotidien. En effet, un projet éducatif efficace, assure un travail d'équipe; est porteur d'une tradition éducative; engendre un souci de clarté et de transparence au niveau des actions collectives et individuelles; stimule l'analyse réflexive de tous les partenaires issus du même projet, pour finalement se centrer sur la qualité des apprentissages et redonner à l'élève la place qui lui revient au coeur de son propre développement.

Language: French

Published: Saguenay, Quebec, Canada, 1998

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori et les Enfants Nomades: Forme Scolaire et Mouvement de l’Enfant [Montessori and Nomadic Children: School Form and Movement of the Child]

Available from: Open Edition

Publication: Tréma, no. 50

Child development, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori schools

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Abstract/Notes: Cet article entend tenter de rendre compte du régime spatio-temporel spécifique qui est celui des enfants de maternelle Montessori, ce dernier entrant en contradiction ou en friction avec la forme scolaire traditionnelle. Ces pratiques entendent en effet modifier le centre de gravité du « travail » de l’enseignant vers l’enfant, et pour cela libérer le mouvement de ce dernier. [This article attempts to give an account of the specific spatio-temporal mode of Montessori schools, which is in conflict with the traditional “school form”. These practices intend to modify the center of gravity of the activities of the school, from the teacher towards the child, and for this to release the movement of the latter. We first propose to define what a Montessori practice might be, or to define the questions and problems that such an attempt at definition raises; we then seek to describe the primary effect that this spatio-temporal mode produces in the classroom: child walkers, or nomadic children.]

Language: French

DOI: 10.4000/trema.4309

ISSN: 1167-315X

Article

Tiny Home Montessori Nursery Opens in Jumeirah, Dubai

Publication: Islamic Finance News

Asia, Middle East, United Arab Emirates, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Dubai, Nov. 9 -- Tiny Home Nursery, a leading Montessori nursery, has relocated its sprawling premises to Al Manara, Jumeirah in Dubai. In keeping with a growing demand for Montessori education, Tiny Home Montessori Nursery, which was founded in 1989 in Dubai, has moved to an expansive facility to accommodate more students, at the same time offering easy access to all areas of Dubai. Following a Montessori education, the curriculum aims to offer a development of personal dignity and ability in each child, ensuring that the child emerges as a confident independent thinker, generating the love to learn in them for life. Tiny Home Nursery will host an Open Day for parents on Saturday, November 10, 2012 to help them familiarize with the Nursery's offerings and mode of teaching. Commenting on the move, Ms. Helen Taylor Shaw, Principal of Tiny Home Nursery, said, "There is a growing demand for Montessori form of learning as more and more parents believe in self-learning for their children. Montessori is a simple and interactive mode of education where each act and play is an experience of learning. At Tiny Home, we provide responsive individual attention to each child and are excited to welcome smiling faces and tiny feet that are more than eager to explore their world." Ms. Helen added, "Our staff is our strength, and all our teachers are Montessori trained. We have purpose built beautiful and spacious classrooms, a diverse community of children, and high quality Montessori materials which make learning fun. We look forward to parents coming in at our Open Day on November 10 at our new premises." The Montessori method of teaching aims for complete development of the child and preparing them for life's rich experiences from the start. Montessori training encourages independence and self-learning of the child, and trains them toward critical thinking and problem solving abilities right from the start. Making good use of their fine motor skills is also done, making learning a fruitful and fun-filled experience for the child, and generate quick results. Some of the facilities that Tiny home Nursery offers are: Purpose built classrooms, spacious outdoor and indoor play area with latest play equipment, a library, a planting garden exclusively for the children, an educational summer programme and highly qualified Montessori trained teachers, liability insurance for all the children, along with doctor visits from one of the top peadiatric clinics in Dubai. Activities such as show and tell, music sessions, field trips, science experiments, water play are also a part of the curriculum provided. An indoor and soft play area ensures the safety and security of the child. The nursery also provides transport services from around the region. Tiny Home Nursery is located close to Emirates International School, in Jumeirah 3, Dubai.

Language: English

Book

Maria und Mario Montessoris Kosmische Erziehung: Vision und Konkretion [Maria and Mario Montessori's Cosmic Upbringing: Vision and Concretion]

Cosmic education, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Das Konzept der Kosmischen Erziehung basiert auf überlegungen Maria Montessoris zur Stellung des Menschen im Kosmos, die sie in den 1930er Jahren als großartige Vision vorstellte und in den 1940er Jahren in Indien gemeinsam mit ihrem Sohn Mario zu einem konkreten pädagogischen Konzept ausformte. Maria Montessoris Absicht mit dieser Vision war, den Blick Heranwachsender Menschen auf Interdependenzen naturgeschichtlicher wie historisch-gesellschaftlicher Evolutionsprozesse zu richten, um dadurch in der Erziehung den Grundstein für ein verantwortungsvolles Umgehen mit ökologischen Kreisläufen wie auch für Solidarität zwischen sozialen Gruppen und Nationen zu legen. Dabei wird erstmals Mario Montessoris wichtiger, lange Zeit kaum beachteter Beitrag zur Entwicklung und Etablierung des Konzepts "Kosmische Erziehung" ausdrücklich herausgearbeitet. [The concept of cosmic education is based on Maria Montessori's considerations about the position of man in the cosmos, which she presented as a great vision in the 1930s and which was developed in India in the 1940s together with her son Mario into a concrete educational concept. Maria Montessori's intention with this vision was to focus on the interdependencies of natural history as well as historical-social evolutionary processes in order to lay the foundations for a responsible handling of ecological cycles as well as for solidarity between social groups and nations. For the first time, Mario Montessori's important, long neglected contribution to the development and establishment of the concept "Cosmic Education" is explicitly worked out.]

Language: German

Published: Münster, Germany: Lit, 2007

Edition: 2nd

ISBN: 978-3-8258-0242-4 3-8258-0242-6

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 15

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Um movimento em direção aos espaços educadores sustentáveis na Pedagogia Montessori [A movement towards sustainable educational spaces in Montessori Pedagogy]

Available from: Comunicações

Publication: Comunicações, vol. 22, no. 2

Pages: 391-413

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Apresenta-se aqui o resultado da pesquisa feita numa escola de educação infantil e ensino fundamental de São José (SC) que objetivou verificar as contribuições da pedagogia Montessori às dimensões da escola como um espaço educador sustentável (EES). Revisitaram-se as ideias de educadores que pensaram uma escola à realidade da educação de seu tempo histórico e cultural, especialmente as de Maria Montessori. Na educação ambiental, destacaram-se a sustentabilidade, a escola sustentável e o nosso modo de ser, estar e permanecer na “casa de vida”, sob o olhar de Sauvé, Sato e outros. Ancorou-se em Foucault, com seu entendimento sobre os discursos de verdade, e em Bachelard, que interligou ciência e arte. A pesquisa evidenciou que a escola em foco está em processo de transição de constituir um EES quanto à dimensão do currículo, do projeto político pedagógico e da interação escola-comunidade e em virtude de seus caminhos e escolhas, entretanto algumas limitações existem, principalmente no espaço arquitetônico. Nas falas da comunidade escolar, viu-se que a escola busca criar seu próprio caminho, suas próprias estradas, e, embora não apresente total consonância entre sua proposta e os objetivos do Programa Nacional Escolas Sustentáveis, ambos possuem aspectos em comum. Concluiu-se que o projeto do centro educacional continua se efetivando entre saberes e fazeres da pedagogia Montessori. [We present here the result of a research carried out in a kindergarten and elementary school in São José (SC) which aimed to verify the contributions of Montessori pedagogy to the dimensions of the school as a sustainable educational space (EES). The ideas of educators who thought a school to the reality of education in its historical and cultural time were revisited, especially those of Maria Montessori. In environmental education, sustainability, the sustainable school and our way of being, being and staying in the “home of life” were highlighted, under the eyes of Sauvé, Sato and others. It was based on Foucault, with his understanding of truth discourses, and on Bachelard, who linked science and art. The research showed that the school in focus is in a transition process of constituting an EES regarding the dimension of the curriculum, the pedagogical political project and the school-community interaction and due to its paths and choices, however some limitations exist, mainly in the space architectural. In the speeches of the school community, it was seen that the school seeks to create its own path, its own roads, and, although it does not present total consonance between its proposal and the objectives of the Sustainable Schools National Program, both have aspects in common. It was concluded that the project of the educational center continues to be carried out between the knowledge and practices of Montessori pedagogy.]

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.15600/2238-121X/comunicacoes.v22n2ep391-413

ISSN: 2238-121X, 0104-8481

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Montessori Bibliography Online: A Resource for the Global Montessori Community

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 8, no. 1

Pages: 1-12

Bibliographies

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Abstract/Notes: The Montessori Bibliography Online (MBO) makes information about Montessori education and the Montessori movement more accessible through an online interface that includes links to digitized source materials. Historically, Montessori bibliographies and indexes have been published in physical form and include references to other sources, but a direct link is absent. This database builds on previously compiled indexes to consolidate citations into a comprehensive repository with an intuitive user interface and a robust search capability. Additionally, the MBO provides hyperlinks to digitized source material. Although this type of tool is not unprecedented in the larger research and educational landscape, it is novel within the domain of Montessori education. This methodological essay discusses the steps I took to compile and develop the MBO. Beginning with a review of the literature and legal matters, the discussion describes the methods and processes employed. It concludes by outlining future directions for the MBO. The MBO is accessible at https://montessoribib.ku.edu.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v8i1.16425

ISSN: 2378-3923

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Relações interdisciplinares na pedagogia: Piaget e Montessori [Interdisciplinary relationships in pedagogy: Piaget and Montessori]

Available from: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria

Publication: Educação (UFSM), vol. 25, no. 1

Pages: 123-134

Jean Piaget - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Explicita-se as relações interdisciplinares na pedagogia através da epistemologia genética, analisando uma formulação teórica específica, no caso a pedagogia montessori. Através da operaciomalização da epistemologia genética verifica-se se ela é capaz de captar relações interdisciplinares no interior de uma formulação pedagógica específica e se esta pode ser considerada interdisciplinar. A pesquisa desenvolvida traz uma contribuição à pedagogia pois operacionaliza um modelo de análise de relações interdisciplinares no interior da pedagogia. O estudo concluiu que o modelo psicogenético possibilitou captar relações interdisciplinares no interior de formulações teóricas bem como possibilitou uma análise genuína da pedagogia montessori demonstrando o seu potencial em termos de formação integral do homem. [The interdisciplinary relationships in pedagogy are explained through genetic epistemology, analyzing a specific theoretical formulation, in this case, the montessori pedagogy. Through the operationalization of genetic epistemology, it is verified whether it is capable of capturing interdisciplinary relationships within a specific pedagogical formulation and whether this can be considered interdisciplinary. The research developed brings a contribution to pedagogy as it operationalizes a model for the analysis of interdisciplinary relationships within pedagogy. The study concluded that the psychogenetic model made it possible to capture interdisciplinary relationships within theoretical formulations as well as a genuine analysis of Montessori pedagogy, demonstrating its potential in terms of the integral formation of man.]

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.5902/19846444

ISSN: 1984-6444

Doctoral Dissertation

Nisaidie nif anye mwenyewe, Pomogi mne eto sdelat' samomu: A comparative case study of the implementation of Montessori pedagogy in the United Republic of Tanzania and The Russian Federation

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

Africa, Comparative education, East Africa, Eastern Europe, Europe, Russia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania

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Abstract/Notes: The system of education developed by Maria Montessori, noted Italian feminist, anthropologist and physician, is the single largest pedagogy in the world with over 22,000 public, private, parochial, and charter schools on six continents, enduring even as other teaching methods have waxed and waned. Despite its international diffusion and longevity, research into the pedagogy is glaringly absent from mainstream educational literature. The purpose of this study is, first, to explore Dr. Montessori's involvement in international conferences and examine how the exchange of ideas by participants may have influenced her pedagogy. Second, this study investigates the implementation of Montessori pedagogy in two countries, the United Republic of Tanzania and the Russian Federation, focusing on the interplay of teacher training, classroom practice, and culture. This comparative multiple case study was designed to differentiate what is universal in the Montessori pedagogy and what is country specific or culture bound. Observations in classrooms guided by a checklist of ten essential elements, interviews with teachers, trainers and leaders of Montessori associations, and historical and contemporary documents are the primary sources of data. The results of the data indicate that limited economic resources, the quality of training, government regulations and availability of Montessori books translated into the Kiswahili and Russian languages influence the implementation of Montessori pedagogy in the United Republic of Tanzania and the Russian Federation to a greater extent than culture. Montessori pedagogy as implemented in Tanzania is thriving and is providing much needed quality education for young children. Several factors influence its implementation, but poverty permeates through all the classrooms and is the most significant. Montessori pedagogy as implemented in Russia also is thriving, in spite of the challenge of consistent training. Impressive efforts such as the work of the Belgorod Montessori Study Center to develop the theoretical understanding and practical applications of cosmic education and Michailova Montessori School's experiment in integrating into a self-managed government school may determine whether Montessori remains on the periphery of pedagogy or moves to the center, influencing future policy.

Language: English

Published: Minneapolis, Minnesota, 2010

Article

The Effect of Using Montessori Method on Developing Kindergartener's Speaking and Reading skills

Available from: The Egyptian Knowledge Bank

Publication: مجلة التربية في القرن 21 للدراسات التربوية والنفسية [Journal of Education in the 21st Century for Educational and Psychological Studies], vol. 1, no. 10

Pages: 1-23 (Article 3)

Africa, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Egypt, Language development, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North Africa, Reading - Academic achievement

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Abstract/Notes: play and have fun, the learning and teaching processes should be suited totheir nature. There is a number of known interesting learning activitieswhich are based on the arts, games and other oral activities. Thus Englishshould be taught as a means of communication and researchers should dotheir best to help EFL learners to develop their reading and speaking skills.Ur (2000: 12) declared that "out of all the four skills ,listening,speaking, reading and writing, speaking seems the most important, peoplewho speak a language are known as speakers of the language, as if speakingincluded all other kinds of knowing a target language" Today, many secondlanguage learners give the speaking skill priority in their learning because ifthey master this skill then they will be considered as if they have masteredall of the other skills.The importance of speaking is best shown with the integration of theother language skills. For instance, speaking can help students develop theirvocabulary and grammar and improve their writing skill. Ability to read isthe primary fundamental skill required for children to achieve academicsuccess. Currently, the expectation is that all children should begin readingearly and be able to read on grade level by third grade (U.S. Department ofEducation, 2002)Another way that speaking and reading are connected is throughdecoding .decoding is the process of pulling apart the sounds that each(1)letter makes, and then putting them back together to make a word.it is mucheasier for a child to sound out a word on the page that they have alreadyheard in conversation, than a completely new word. There less informationto process since the meaning and the pronunciation of the word are alreadyknown. A child who has heard more words spoken is at an advantage whenlearning to read, the skill of reading is special and often difficult to acquire.the fact that anyone learns how to read is something of a miracle. Learningto read is different from learning to speak; in the development of humanhistory, speaking precedes reading by thousands of yearsItalian educator and physician Maria Montessori developed aninnovative teaching methodology for children that left an indelible mark oneducation curricula throughout the world. Montessori education is a sensorybasedpedagogy that is based on the belief that children learn at their ownpace through manipulation of objects (Lopata, Wallace, & Finn,2005).According to Montessori, (Montessori, 1967, p.14). the goal ofeducation is “to be able to find activities that are so intrinsically meaningfulthat we want to throw ourselves into them” (Crain : 2004) confirmed thisassertion by noting that “when children find tasks that enable them todevelop their naturally emerging capacities, they become interested in themand concentrate deeply on them.In general, there is a need for more research regarding successfuleducational methods and pedagogy for this disenfranchised populationbecause the existing research does not adequately provide educationalplanners with the resources or information to develop effective programs(Williams:2001) examined the impact of the Montessori Method on(2)refugee children‟s social, cognitive and motor development using adifference-in-difference approach .The Montessori method of teachingaimed the fullest possible development of the whole child, ultimatelypreparing him for life‘s many rich experiences. Complemented by hertraining in medicine, psychology and anthropology, Dr .Maria Montessori(1870-1952) developed her philosophy of education based upon actualobservation of children.Students are assigned their own personal workstations designed witheducational items that correspond to the daily lesson plans and activities.Students are responsible for setting up the work area, choosing the learningactivity, applying the physical materials, and returning the materials back tothe shelves (Pickering: 2004).Children are always free to move around theroom and are not given deadlines for the various learning tasks. Desks arearranged into open networks that encourage meaningful group discourse, aswell as independent learning.Students work together with the teachers to organize time strategicallyin order to complete the necessary learning tasks of the day. The amount ofteachers in the classroom varies based on class size, but usually two teachersare used for sections with thirty or more students, In most settings, childrenare grouped in mixed ages and abilities based on three to six-year incrementssuch as 0-3, 3-6, 6-12, 12-15 and 15-18 (other Montessori schools use onlythree year increment settings). Ages are mixed so that older students canassist and mentor the younger children in the group. Students are groupedaccording to common interests and experiences rather than the ability andskill level (Pickering: 2004).According to Montessori, from birth to age three the child learnsprimarily through the “unconscious absorbent mind.” During education in(3)the first three years, Montessori believed that it was necessary for theparents to develop in the role of unobtrusive educator; there to protect andguide without infringing on the child‟s right to self-discovery (Crain: 2004).This early developmental model enabled children to learn their own skillsat their own place. During the ages of three to six the child begins to utilizethe “conscious absorbent mind” which prompts students to participate increative problem-solving consisting of wooden and metal objects of varioussizes and shapes, personally designed by Montessori. If a problem becomestoo difficult or overwhelming for the student, the teacher delays the projectfor a future day. Children also engage in practical work consisting ofhousehold tasks and personal maintenance.

Language: Arabic

DOI: 10.21608/jsep.2020.84322

ISSN: 2682-1931

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