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Article

Umysły przyszłości wyzwaniem dla współczesnej edukacji: Propozycje reformatorskie Marii Montessori i Howarda Gardnera [The minds of the future as a challenge for contemporary education: The reform proposals of Maria Montessori and Howard Gardner]

Available from: University of Gdańsk

Publication: Edukacja Elementarna w Teorii i Praktyce / Elementary Education in Theory and Practice, vol. 10, no. 36/2

Pages: 11-30

Howard Gardner - Biographic sources, Howard Gardner - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Dyskusje wokół wartości pedagogiki Marii Montessori w świetle współczesnych badań psychologicznych koncentrują się często na obszarze poznawczym czy też społecznym w rozwoju dziecka. Poniższy artykuł jest natomiast próbą znalezienia podobieństw w zakresie proponowanego wizerunku młodego człowieka ukształtowanego drogą określonych działań stymulujących w metodzie Montessori a koncepcji umysłu przyszłości Howarda Gardnera. Celem pedagogiki Montessori jest wychowanie człowieka potrafiącego zachować wolność i dyscyplinę wewnętrzną, myślącego niezależnie i krytycznie, odnoszącego się z szacunkiem do siebie i innych, dbającego o ład i harmonię w sobie i wokół siebie. Oddziaływania edukacji w myśl założeń H. Gardnera powinny rozwijać u młodego człowieka sposób funkcjonowania, który zapewni mu produktywne życie w pokojowej wspólnocie ludzi. Umysł człowieka odpowiadającego na potrzeby współczesności zawiera pięć istotnych elementów: myślenie kategoriami określonej dyscypliny wiedzy, zdolność do syntezy, zdolność do rozumienia innych ludzi, kreatywność oraz respektowanie zasad etycznych. Obie propozycje opierają się na interdyscyplinarnym myśleniu twórców, uwzględniającym aspekt antropologiczny, psychologiczny i edukacyjny w refleksji nad rozwojem człowieka. Obie również dotykają takich zagadnień jak dbanie o siebie i otoczenie (ekologia, współodczuwanie), kształcenie narzędzi myślenia w celu osiągnięcia jak największej niezależności w myśleniu, intencjonalne przygotowanie otoczenia promujące troskę o środowisko. W stylistyce opisu propozycji wychowania i edukacji odnaleźć można u obu twórców bogatą metaforykę ułatwiającą odbiorcy recepcję opisywanych idei. Wzywania i potrzeby globalnego świata stawiają kolejne pytania dotyczące optymalnej edukacji. Formułowanie odpowiedzi na te pytania jest procesem dynamicznym, dostarczającym wciąż nowych rozwiązań. [In the light of contemporary psychological research, discussions around the value of Maria Montessori's pedagogy often focus on the cognitive or social area of ​​a child's development. The following article is an attempt to find similarities in the proposed image of a young person shaped by specific stimulating activities in the Montessori method and Howard Gardner's concept of the future mind. The aim of Montessori pedagogy is to educate a person who can maintain freedom and internal discipline, think independently and critically, respect himself and others, care for order and harmony in and around himself. The impact of education, according to the assumptions of H. Gardner, should develop in a young person a way of functioning that will ensure a productive life in a peaceful community of people. The mind of a person responding to the needs of modern times contains five essential elements: thinking in terms of a specific discipline of knowledge, the ability to synthesize, the ability to understand other people, creativity and respect for ethical principles. Both proposals are based on the interdisciplinary thinking of the creators, taking into account the anthropological, psychological and educational aspects in reflection on human development. Both also touch upon issues such as taking care of oneself and the environment (ecology, compassion), shaping the tools of thinking in order to achieve the greatest possible independence in thinking, and intentional preparation of the environment promoting care for the environment. In the style of describing the upbringing and education proposals, both authors can find rich metaphors that make it easier for the recipient to receive the described ideas. The challenges and needs of the global world raise new questions about optimal education. Formulating answers to these questions is a dynamic process that constantly provides new solutions.]

Language: Polish

DOI: 10.14632/eetp_36.1

ISSN: 1896-2327, 2353-7787

Book Section

Fuller, Montessori, and the Child

Book Title: Montessori and the Special Child

Pages: 33-42

Children, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, R. Buckminster Fuller - Biographic sources, R. Buckminster Fuller - Philosophy

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Language: English

Published: New York: Putnam's sons, 1969

Article

Maria Montessori e Sigmund Freud

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 32, no. 9-10

Pages: 40-46

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Sigmund Freud - Biographic Sources

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

Doctoral Dissertation

La Problematique de l'Education a la Paix a la Lumiere de Deux Representants de l'Education Nouvelle: Célestin Freinet et Maria Montessori [The Problematic of Education for Peace in the Light of Two Representatives of New Education: Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori]

Available from: Université Lyon 2 Theses

Célestin Freinet - Biographic sources, Célestin Freinet - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, New Education Fellowship, Peace education

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Abstract/Notes: L'étude du thème de l'éducation à la paix en regard des options spécifiques, éducatives et pédagogiques - historiquement ancrées - de Célestin Freinet et Maria Montessori, inscrites dans le mouvement de l'Education nouvelle, imposent avant tout d'interroger le concept de paix à la lumière des approches philosophiques. La notion de conflit, comme lieu - d'espace et de temps, moment différé à la violence - où s'articulent les rapports de tensions entre les contraires mis en présence, apparaît dès lors comme l'élément central à prendre en considération dans ce qui caractérise les relations humaines, afin que ces dernières ne dégénèrent pas en violence aveugle. S'il est indéniable que les deux pédagogues ont été animés par un profond désir de voir la paix s'installer dans le monde après deux catastrophes mondiales, il n'en demeure pas moins que leurs approches en ce domaine révèlent, à l'instar de leur attitude vis à vis des conflits armés, un déni de la notion même de conflit au sein des relations entre les hommes et par voie de conséquence de la valeur qui lui est attachée. L'établissement d'une adéquation entre nature et paix, renforcée en cette époque charnière du début du XXe siècle, amène Célestin Freinet et Maria Montessori à asseoir leurs conceptions, pour l'un comme pour l'autre, sur les bases du naturalisme et du vitalisme en prenant, pour Maria Montessori plus particulièrement, le chemin de la religion. C'est en cela que les conceptions et démarches de ces deux pédagogues, s'inscrivant dans le mouvement plus général de l'Education nouvelle, s'appuient sur la nécessité de l'éradication des conflits. Outre le fait que par la voie du pacifisme, la paix ne saurait advenir, l'éducation à la paix demeure un problème parce qu'elle se doit de considérer la composante conflictuelle tant dans les relations inter-individuelles qu'inter-éthniques et inter-étatiques. Il reste au demeurant que non seulement on peut mais que l'on doit éduquer à la paix, au risque de la violence possible, afin d'assurer aux futures générations l'apprentissage de liberté et de l'autonomie. [The probematics of education for peace in light of two representatives of the New education : Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori The study of education for peace theme from the specific, educational and pedagogical – historically rooted – options of Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori, registered in the New Education movement, imposes first to question the concept of peace in the light of philosophical approaches. The notion of conflict, as unit – of space and time, moment differred to violence – where tension struggles between opposites, appear from that time as the central element to be considered in what caracterizes human relations, so that these relations do not degenerate in blind violence. If it is undeniable that both pedagogues have been incited by a deep desire to see peace spreading over the world after both world catastrophes, the fact remains that their approaches in this domain reveal, in the manner of their attitude towards armed conflicts, a denial of the very notion of conflict in relations between men and consequently of the value hereto attached. The setting-up of an adequacy between nature and peace, reinforced at this hinge time of the beginning of the 20th century, leads Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori to ground their conceptions, for both of them, on the basis of naturalism and vitalism, by taking, especially for Maria Montessori, the way of religion. Conceptions and approaches of these both pedagogues, in the scope of the general New Education movement, lean on the necessity to eradicate conflicts. Besides the fact that by the way of pacifism, peace could not come to pass, education to peace remains a problem because it has to consider the conflict element in inter-individual as well as inter-ethnical and inter-state relations. The fact remains that education to peace not only can be but has to be dispensed, at the risk of possible violence, in order to ensure to future generations learning of freedom and autonomy.]

Language: French

Published: Lyon, France, 2004

Master's Thesis

Printing Peace: Cultural and Pedagogical Negotiation Through Children's Periodicals in Costa Rica, 1912-1947

Available from: University of Illinois - IDEALS

Americas, Carmen Lyra - Biographic sources, Central America, Costa Rica, Latin America and the Caribbean, Luisa González - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History, Peace

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Abstract/Notes: At the turn of the twentieth century, in the context of the budding nation-state formation process throughout Latin America, liberalism, nationalism, and social reforms dominated Latin American intellectual political discourse in its relentless quest for modernity. Popular literacy movements and the expansion and centralization of the educational sphere, which was essential for cultivating national identities and reinforcing allegiance, proliferated throughout Latin America. In Costa Rica, the Olympians, a group of elite intellectuals intricately connected with the agro-export oligarchy, directed social and political reforms. The Olympians were overwhelmingly patriotic and patriarchal, and aimed to create a national culture that would reinforce existing economic, gender, and racial hierarchies. This project focuses on revolutionary feminists Carmen Lyra and Luisa González, who negotiated the cultural politics of education as intermediaries between students and the state through the publication of children’s periodicals. Specifically, this project analyzes the periodicals San Selerín (1912-1913, 1923-1924) and Triquitraque (1936-1947) to elucidate the ways in which these educators used children’s literature and Montessorian pedagogy to create a culture of inclusion and engagement rather than the patriotic and patriarchal pedagogy the Olympians. Contemporary memory has forgotten the revolutionary ideals of these educators, but this project affirms Carmen Lyra and Luisa González cannot be separated from their legacies as active members of the Costa Rican Communist Party, as fervent proletarian internationalists, and as revolutionary feminists. To do so would be to neutralize the potency of their memory.

Language: English

Published: Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, 2016

Conference Paper

Margaret McMillan and Maria Montessori: Champions of the Poor

Available from: ERIC

Annual Meeting of the National Association for the Education of Young Children (New Orleans, Louisiana, November 12-15, 1992)

England, Europe, Great Britain, Margaret McMillan - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Northern Europe, United Kingdom

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Abstract/Notes: This paper discusses the life and works of Margaret McMillan and Maria Montessori, two advocates for the poor who played a significant role in social and educational reform in Britain and Italy, respectively, in the late 19th- and early 20th century. The upbringing, education, and social milieu of the two women are compared, as well as their philosophy and educational outlook. The paper notes that both women had a deep concern for the misfortunes of the poor and oppressed, understood the importance of good health and nutrition in the lives of children, and began schools to educate the children of the less fortunate. They had a deep sense of commitment and a broad vision for the improvement of all humanity through working with children in poverty. The paper concludes that today's educators and child advocates can learn a great deal from the lives of McMillan and Montessori. (MDM)

Language: English

Archival Material Or Collection

Indian Twilight

Available from: Archives West

Asia, Ceylon, Edwin Mortimer Standing - Biographic sources, Edwin Mortimer Standing - Writings, India, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, South Asia, Sri Lanka

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Abstract/Notes: This is an unpublished 4-volume chronicle of Standing’s years as a Montessori tutor for the Saharabai family in India (circa 1920-1925). Included are reprints of Standing’s letters documenting his experiences, photographs of the people and architecture of India before its independence from England; and brief references to conversations with Mahatma Gandhi who was a close friend and neighbor of the Saharabai family.

Language: English

Archive: Seattle University, Lemieux Library and McGoldrick Learning Commons, Special Collections (Seattle, Washington)

Book Section

Message to the West, 1931

Available from: Internet Archive

Book Title: Mahatma: Life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Pages: 165-184

Asia, India, Mahatma Gandhi - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Specifically refer to pages 170-171 for details concerning Gandhi and Montessori.

Language: English

Published: Bombay, India: The Times of India Press, 1952

Volume: 3 of 8

Book Section

At the Reception by Montessori

Available from: Internet Archive

Book Title: Gandhi Versus the Empire

Pages: 157-158

England, Europe, Great Britain, Mahatma Gandhi - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Northern Europe, United Kingdom

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Abstract/Notes: Includes quotes from Montessori and Gandhi during their meeting in London in October 1931.

Language: English

Published: New York: Universal Publishing Company, 1932

Article

Gandhi and Maria Montessori

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1969, no. 2/3

Pages: 21–23

Mahatma Gandhi - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, ⛔ No DOI found

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Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

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