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1847 results

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

The Significance of Montessori Teaching Method in Improving Students’ Interest at Gifted Kids Montessori School in Pontianak

Available from: Universitas Widya Dharma Pontianak (Indonesia)

Publication: Bilingualism, Language, and Education Studies (BLESS), vol. 2, no. 1

Pages: 32-40

Asia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Southeast Asia, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: The objective of this study is to investigate the Montessori teaching method to improve students’ interest, and to create outstanding young children who are independent, discipline, responsible, and creative by providing a type of learning system called Montessori. It is the learning approach types that provides attractive set of educational as materials and books, creative teachers and supporting environment. The investigation used the qualitative and observational methods. The sample for the study comprised 20 kindergarten pupils from Gifted Kids Montessori School located in Pontianak. The instruments that the writer used for collecting data were questionnaires, interviews, and the observations. Based on the study the writer concluded that kids (under age six) have intern desire to learn and explore, with the help of parent, peers way and environment which supporting they can achieve quality of learning well. This study offers suggestion to future researchers on alternative learning methods, especially for the parents of very young children. The findings of this research could be used as a model for learning other subjects.  Keywords:  Montessori, Learning, Teaching, Sensory

Language: English

ISSN: 2656-0518

Book Section

Die Montessori-Pädagogik auf den Philippinen [The Montessori pedagogy in the Philippines]

Book Title: Die Montessori-Pädagogik und das behinderte Kind: Referate und Ergebnisse des 18. Internationalen Montessori Kongresses (München, 4-8 Juli 1977) [Montessori Pedagogy and the Handicapped Child: Papers and Results of the 18th International Montessori Congress (Munich, July 4-8, 1977)]

Pages: 374-376

Asia, Conferences, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977), Philippines, Southeast Asia

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Language: German

Published: München: Kindler, 1978

ISBN: 3-463-00716-9

Article

Montessori Elementary Philosophy Reflects Current Motivation Theories

Available from: ProQuest

Publication: Montessori Life, vol. 23, no. 1

Pages: 22-33

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori's theories, developed more than 100 years ago, certainly resonate with current psychological research on improving education. Autonomy, interest, competence, and relatedness form the foundation for three contemporary efforts to organize the vast literature on motivation into a parsimonious theory. These four elements also comprise fundamental aspects of Montessori elementary educational practice. By integrating modern motivation theory development with well-established Montessori practice, one could argue that Maria Montessori was a woman before her time. She was passionate in the early 1900s about the importance of students becoming actively engaged in their own learning. Montessori schools around the world today live that vision through practices that are beginning to be recognized as crucial to the formation of internal motivation. (Contains 1 figure.)

Language: English

ISSN: 1054-0040

Article

Materiales sensoriales Montessori en el desarrollo de la noción de seriación en infantes de cinco años [Sensory materials Montessori in the development of the notion of seriation in infants of five years]

Available from: Universidad César Vallejo

Publication: Eduser. Revista Científica de Educación, vol. 5, no. 1

Americas, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Peru, Sensorial materials, South America

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Abstract/Notes: El objetivo de la presente investigación determinar la influencia de los materiales sensoriales Montessori en el desarrollo de la noción de seriación en infantes de cinco años de una institución educativa de Comas, 2016; diseño experimental de tipo cuasi-experimental, de corte longitudinal, con una población de 50 infantes, la información fue obtenida mediante la administración individualizada de una escala valorativa con respuestas de tipo Likert, para el análisis de datos se utilizó el programa estadístico SPSS versión 22. A partir de los resultados obtenidos se encontró que los materiales Montessori favorecen el desarrollo de la noción de seriación en infantes de cinco años. [The objective of the present investigation was to determine the influence of the sensory materials Montessori in the development of the notion of seriation in infants of five years of an educational institution of Comas, 2016; Experimental design of quasi-experimental type, of longitudinal cut, with a population of 50 infants, the information was obtained by means of the individualized administration of a valuation scale with Likert-type responses, for the analysis of data the statistical program SPSS version 22 was used From the results obtained it was found that the Montessori materials favor the development of the notion of seriation in infants of five years.]

Language: Spanish

Book

Montessoris pedagogiska imperium: Kulturkritik och politik i mellankrigstidens Montessorirörelse [Montessori's educational empire: Cultural criticism and politics in the Montessori movement of the interwar period]

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: Under 1900-talets första decennier vann den italienska läkaren Maria Montessori berömmelse som pedagogisk förnyare. Den frihetliga andan och mönstergilla disciplinen i hennes förskolor och skolor slog omvärlden med häpnad. Men Montessori skulle inte bara lansera en ny pedagogik. Under mellankrigstiden, när hennes metod fick stort genomslag internationellt, påtog hon sig rollen som kulturkritisk rörelseledare. Med paroller om barnets frigörelse och samhällets rekonstruktion värvade rörelsen många entusiastiska anhängare. I dåtida press talades det om montessorism i liknande ordalag som man talade om feminism, freudianism och marxism. Förväntningarna på vad montessorismen skulle kunna åstadkomma också utanför skolportarna var höga. I Montessoris pedagogiska imperium belyser Christine Quarfood, utifrån ett omfattande historiskt källmaterial, Montessorirörelsen som kulturkritisk och opinionsbildande strömning. Boken lyfter fram det mångfasetterade i rörelsens budskap, utöver den psykopedagogiska tematiken också den politiskt och socialt laddade problematik kring makt- och auktoritetsfrågor, krig och fred som adresseras i rörelsens skrifter. Huvudfokus ligger på mottagandet i de länder där rörelsen fick störst genomslag, USA vid tiden kring första världskriget, England under 1920-talet, samt Mussolinis Italien, där Montessorirörelsen fick fascistregimens stöd från 1926 till 1934. / During the first decades of the 20th century, the Italian physician Maria Montessori gained fame as an educational innovator. The liberal spirit and exemplary discipline of her preschools and schools amazed the outside world. But Montessori would not just launch a new pedagogy. During the interwar period, when her method had a major impact internationally, she took on the role of culturally critical movement leader. With slogans about the child's liberation and the reconstruction of society, the movement recruited many enthusiastic supporters. In the press of that time, Montessori was spoken of in similar terms as feminism, Freudianism, and Marxism. Expectations of what Montessori could achieve outside the school gates were high. In Montessori's educational empire, Christine Quarfood, based on extensive historical source material, highlights the Montessori movement as a culturally critical and opinion-forming current. The book highlights the multifaceted in the movement's message, in addition to the psychopedagogical theme also the politically and socially charged issues around power and authority issues, war and peace that are addressed in the movement's writings. The main focus is on reception in the countries where the movement had the greatest impact, the United States during the First World War, England in the 1920s, and Mussolini's Italy, where the Montessori movement received the support of the fascist regime from 1926 to 1934.

Language: Swedish

Published: Göteborg, Sweden: Daidalos, 2017

ISBN: 978-91-7173-512-6

Book Section

Vorwort zum 18. Internationalen Montessori-Kongreß [Preface to the 18th International Montessori Congress]

Book Title: Die Montessori-Pädagogik und das behinderte Kind: Referate und Ergebnisse des 18. Internationalen Montessori Kongresses (München, 4-8 Juli 1977) [Montessori Pedagogy and the Handicapped Child: Papers and Results of the 18th International Montessori Congress (Munich, July 4-8, 1977)]

Pages: 9-13

Conferences, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977)

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Language: German

Published: München: Kindler, 1978

ISBN: 3-463-00716-9

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Racial Discipline Disproportionality in Montessori and Traditional Public Schools: A Comparative Study Using the Relative Rate Index

Available from: University of Kansas Libraries

Publication: Journal of Montessori Research, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 14-27

African American community, African Americans, Americas, Comparative education, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, North America, Public Montessori, School discipline, Teacher-student relationships, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Research from the past 40 years indicates that African American students are subjected to exclusionary discipline, including suspension and expulsion, at rates two to three times higher than their White peers (Children’s Defense Fund, 1975; Skiba, Michael, Nardo, & Peterson, 2002). Although this phenomenon has been studied extensively in traditional public schools, rates of racially disproportionate discipline in public Montessori schools have not been examined. The purpose of this study is to examine racial discipline disproportionality in Montessori public elementary schools as compared to traditional elementary schools. The Relative Rate Index (RRI) is used as a measure of racially disproportionate use of out-of-school suspensions (Tobin & Vincent, 2011). Suspension data from the Office of Civil Rights Data Collection was used to generate RRIs for Montessori and traditional elementary schools in a large urban district in the Southeast. While statistically significant levels of racial discipline disproportionality are found in both the Montessori and traditional schools, the effect is substantially less pronounced in Montessori settings. These findings suggest that Montessori schools are not immune to racially disproportionate discipline and should work to incorporate more culturally responsive classroom management techniques. Conversely, the lower levels of racially disproportionate discipline in the Montessori schools suggests that further study of discipline in Montessori environments may provide lessons for traditional schools to promote equitable discipline.

Language: English

DOI: 10.17161/jomr.v1i1.4941

ISSN: 2378-3923

[Thesis In Preparation]

Evaluation de la mise en oeuvre d'une approche centrée sur la personne à travers l'application de la méthode Montessori dans l'accompagnement des personnes âgées présentant des troubles cognitifs [Assessing implementation of a person-centered care through application of Montessori principles in dementia care]

Available from: Theses Portal (France)

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: Les approches centrées sur la personne constituent, dans l'accompagnement des personnes atteintes de démence, un courant humaniste fort et en plein essor. Néanmoins, les grands principes peuvent parfois être difficiles à traduire en actions concrètes sur le terrain. La méthode Montessori adaptée aux personnes âgées représente en essence une mise en œuvre de la vision des approches centrées sur la personne. Dans ce travail, nous nous intéresserons à son application par les professionnels de l'accompagnement des personnes âgées, en tant qu'approche centrée sur la personne, à un niveau individuel et collectif. Dans une première partie, nous effectuerons une revue détaillée de la littérature scientifique sur la méthode Montessori adaptée aux personnes âgées et ses liens avec les approches centrées sur la personne. Dans une seconde étude, nous nous intéresserons aux conditions d'application des principes Montessori à un niveau individuel dans le contexte de l'évaluation de personnes présentant des troubles cognitifs sévères, en utilisant la Montessori Assessment System et en nous intéressant à l'impact potentiel des troubles du comportement sur son administration. Dans une troisième étude, nous construirons un questionnaire visant à évaluer l'application des principes Montessori à l'échelle collective au sein d'institutions accompagnant des personnes âgées. Nous réaliserons une étude multi-centrique de validation (validité inter-juges, validité discriminante, cohérence interne). [Person-centered care in dementia care represents a strong and booming humanistic movement. However, its principles may be challenging to apply concretely on the field. The Montessori method for people with dementia is, in essence, an attempt to apply the philosophy and vision of person-centered care. In this work, we will focus on the application of the Montessori method for people with dementia by staff in dementia care, at an individual and collective level, as a person-centered approach. In a first part, we will make a detailed and review the scientific literature about Montessori for dementia and its links with person-centered care. In a second study, we will focus on the application conditions of Montessori principles at an individual level, in the context of assessment of person with severe dementia with the Montessori Assessment System. More specifically, we will observe the impact of behavioral disturbances on its administration. In a third study, we will create a questionnaire to assess Montessori principles application at a collective and institutional level, in nursing homes for persons with dementia. We will assess its validity (inter-rater reliability, discriminant validity, internal consistency) in a multi-center study.]

Language: French

Published: Montpellier, France, 2019

Thesis

Komparace školního hodnocení v hodinách výchovy k občanství na tradiční a Montessori základní škole / Comparison of students assessment in citizenship education classes at traditional and Montessori basic schools

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Tato diplomová práce se zabývá školním hodnocením. Práce je rozdělena na dvě části, a to teoretickou a praktickou. V teoretické části dochází nejprve k vysvětlení Montessori pedagogiky a jejich principů jako jsou svoboda dětí, předem připravené prostředí či principy věkové heterogenity. Dále se zde pojednává o didaktickém materiálu, které tyto typy škol využívají. Poslední částí této kapitoly je postavení učitelů a dospělých ve škole. Poté následuje kapitola o hodnocení. Dochází zde k vymezení jeho definice, jaké funkce hodnocení existují a také typy, které jsou ve školách využívány. V neposlední řadě pak formy hodnocení, tedy klasifikace pomocí známek a slovní hodnocení. Druhou částí této práce je praktická část. Cílem praktické části je najít odlišnosti ve způsobu hodnocení ve dvou typech základních škol, tedy v Montessori základní škole a běžné základní škole a také zjistit, které typy hodnocení, o kterých pojednává teoretická část, jsou v hodinách nejvíce využívány. Pro výzkum byla použita metodu pozorování a hloubkové rozhovory s vyučujícími, u kterých probíhal náslech. Výsledky praktické části ukázaly, že oba typy základních škol využívají jiné formy hodnocení. V běžné základní škole se jedná nejvíce o známky, které jsou i na vysvědčení. V Montessori základní škole se využívá slovní hodnocení a zpětná vazba žákova výkonu. Na konci roku pak žáci dostávají tzv. dopisy, které shrnují jejich výsledky na uplynutý rok. / This diploma thesis deals with a school assessment. It is divided into two parts, the theoretical and the practical one. In the theoretical part, first of all, the Montessori pedagogy and its principles like a freedom of children, beforehand prepaired surroundings or principals of the age heterogeneity are clarified. Further on the didactical material, used in those types of schools, is discussed. The last part of this chapter deals with the position of teachers and adults at school. Next there is a chapter about the assessment. It circumscribes the definition, functions and types of the assessment used in schools. Last, but not least, the forms of the assessment, which means classification by marking or a word evaluation. The second part is the practical one. It is aimed at finding the difference between the way of assessment in two types of primary schools, which means the Montessori primary school and an ordinary primary school and also at finding out, which types of assessment, concerned by the theoretical part, are used the most during lessons. For the research the method of observation and in-depth conversations with the teachers, at whose lessons the sitting in on a classes took place, were used. The outcome of this work was that both types of primary schools use different types of assessment. At the ordinary school it is mostly about the grades, which also occur at the school report. At the Montessori school, the verbal assessment and a feedback to student’s performance is used; at the end of the year the students receive the so called letters, which summarize their results from the last year.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2017

Article

Maria Montessori. The Montessori Method, the Montessori Elementary Material and Spontaneous Activity in Education [Book Review]

Publication: The Month (London), vol. 33, no. 1

Pages: 189

Book reviews

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Language: English

ISSN: 0027-0172

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