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1428 results

Article

Les Mathèmatiques et la Méthode Montessori [Mathematics and the Montessori Method]

Available from: Bibliothèque Nationale de France (BNF) - Gallica

Publication: La Nouvelle éducation, no. 125

Pages: 66-70

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Abstract/Notes: extract from an article in The New Era.

Language: French

ISSN: 2492-3524

Doctoral Dissertation

Habilidades de resolução de problemas: desenvolvimento de uma medida e relações com o Método Montessori [Problem-solving: development of a measure and relations with the Montessori Method]

Available from: Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora - Institutional Repository

Americas, Brazil, Comparative education, Creative thinking in children, Critical thinking in children, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Problem solving in children, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Problemas dos mais simples aos mais complexos estão presentes no dia-a-dia das pessoas. Assim, diferentes áreas da Psicologia têm estudado os processos psicológicos relacionados à resolução de problema (RP), destacando-se a interface entre RP e processos educacionais. Embora as habilidades de RP sejam aspectos chave do processo educacional, há controvérsias sobre como promovê-las em ambiente escolar. O Método Montessori (MM) é uma das estratégias educacionais que têm como um de seus propósitos desenvolver essas habilidades em sala. Desse modo, esta Tese conduziu estudos com diferentes delineamentos – correlacional e quase experimental – com o objetivo de analisar se o MM promove habilidades gerais de RP. Devido à carência de instrumentos brasileiros que avaliam este construto, no primeiro capítulo é apresentado o processo de construção das Escalas de Resolução de Problema (ERP), incluindo elaboração de itens, grupos focais (N = 24) e análise por juízes (N = 23), bem como estudos (N = 767) para a obtenção de evidências de validade baseadas na estrutura interna e estimativas de fidedignidade para as ERP. Análises fatoriais confirmatórias evidenciaram que as ERP possuem duas escalas (Habilidades de Resolução de Problemas (HRP) e Orientação em Relação ao Problema (ORP)) com consistência interna satisfatória. As ERP foram utilizadas em um estudo (Capítulo 2) que teve como objetivo comparar as habilidades de RP de estudantes (N = 91) de escolas tradicionais e montessorianas, sendo que, no último caso, considerou-se a fidelidade de implementação (Montessori Clássico ou Montessori Suplementar), além de variáveis demográficas e educacionais. Não foram obtidas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os alunos dos dois tipos de escolas pesquisadas. ORP não se associou às variáveis demográficas e educacionais investigadas e, ao classificar HRP em níveis (baixo, médio e alto), observou-se um escore mais elevado de alunas com níveis médios. Com o objetivo de analisar os efeitos de um processo de educação matemática baseado em princípios do MM no desenvolvimento de habilidades de RP, conduziu-se um quase experimento (Capítulo 3) com alunos de quarto e quinto anos do Ensino Fundamental (N = 18). Após serem subdivididos em Grupo Montessori (GM) e Grupo Ensino Tradicional (GET), eles participaram de um processo de educação matemática. As ERP foram aplicadas pré e pós-educação matemática. Foram observados ganhos tanto em HRP quanto em ORP, ainda que limitados, no GM. Todavia, GM e GET não 5 diferiram quanto ao desempenho em matemática. É possível afirmar que, apesar de outras pesquisas serem necessárias para obter mais evidências de validade e estimar sua fidedignidade, as ERP possuem propriedades psicométricas satisfatórias. Também há evidências de que o MM pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento de habilidades de RP. Porém, no último caso, também são necessárias mais evidências empíricas, especialmente aquelas obtidas em salas de aula e não em experimentos. Desenvolver as habilidades de RP dos discentes é fundamental, pois elas são essenciais tanto no processo de ensino-aprendizagem quanto na vida. [Problems, from simple to complex ones, are present in people's daily lives. The way each person responds to them is related to several psychological correlates, such as better psychological adjustment. Thus, different areas of Psychology have studied the psychological processes related to problem-solving (PS), emphasizing the interface between PS and educational processes. Even though PS skills are key aspects of the educational process, there are controversies about how to promote them in the school environment. The Montessori Method (MM) is one of the educational strategies that has as one of its purposes to develop these skills in the classroom. Thus, this thesis has conducted studies with different designs - correlational and quasi-experimental - with the objective of analyzing whether the MM promotes general PS skills. Due to the lack of Brazilian instruments that assess this construct, the first chapter presents the construction process of the Problem-Solving Scales (ERP), including the elaboration of items, focus groups (N = 24) and analysis by judges (N = 23), as well as studies (N = 767) to obtain evidence of validity based on internal structure and reliability estimates for ERP. Confirmatory factor analyzes showed that the ERP have two scales (Problem Resolution Skills (PSS) and Problem Orientation (PO)) with satisfactory internal consistency. The ERP were used in a study (Chapter 2) that aimed to compare the PS skills of students (N = 91) of traditional and montessorian schools and, in the latter case, implementation fidelity was considered (Classic Montessori or Supplemented Montessori). Associations were also made between these skills and demographic and educational variables. There were no statistically significant differences between the students of the two types of schools researched. PO was not associated to the demographic and educational variables investigated and when PSS was classified in levels (low, medium and high), a higher score of students with average levels was observed. In order to analyze the effects of a mathematical education process based on MM principles on the development of PS skills, a quasi-experiment (Chapter 3) was conducted with students of fourth and fifth grades of Elementary School (N = 18). After subdividing them into Montessori Group (MG) and Traditional Schooling Group (TSG), they participated in a process of mathematical education. The ERP were applied pre and post-mathematical education. There were gains in both PSS and PO, albeit limited, in 7 the MG. However, MG and TSG did not differ in mathematical performance. It is possible to state that, even though other studies are necessary to obtain more evidence of validity and to estimate its reliability, the ERP have satisfactory psychometric properties. There is also evidence that the MM can contribute to the development of PS skills. However, in the latter case, more empirical evidence is also needed, especially those obtained in classrooms rather than in experiments. Developing the PS skills of the students is fundamental, since they are essential both in the teaching-learning process and in life itself.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: Juiz de Fora, Brazil, 2017

Article

Maria Montessori a L'UNESCO: La Plus Pacifique des Révolutionnaires [Maria Montessori at UNESCO: The Most Peaceful of Revolutionaries]

Available from: UNESDOC Digital Library

Publication: Le Courrier de l'UNESCO, vol. 2, no. 12

Pages: 4

Europe, Peace education, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

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Language: French

ISSN: 0304-3118, 1564-0574

Thesis

Montessori pedagogika v českém školství / Montessori pedagogy in the Czech education

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Diplomová práce zpracovává uplatnění montessori pedagogiky v českém prostředí. Úvodní kapitoly této práce se věnují životu a dílu Marie Montessori, základním antropologický myšlenkám a principům, dále pak vývoji montessori pedagogiky. Deskriptivní metodou práce mapuje současné zastoupení institucí a základních škol, které v českém prostředí působí. Další kapitoly obsahují případové studie dvou pražských Montessori základních škol. Výsledky této práce poukazují na to, že pedagogika Marie Montessori není jen strnulou koncepcí, nýbrž pedagogikou, která je stále schopna rozvoje v rámci živého procesu v praxi. / The thesis processes the use of Montessori pedagogy in the Czech environment. The introductory chapters of this thesis describe the life and work of Marie Montessori, the fundamental anthropological thoughts and principles, and the development of Montessori approach. The thesis maps out by descriptive method the current institutions and primary schools which operates in the Czech environment. The following chapters contain case studies of two Montessori primary schools in Prague. The results of this thesis show that the approach of Marie Montessori is not just a rigid conception, but that it is still capable of development in the living process in school practice.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2017

Article

El Método Montessori y la Educación Moderna [Montessori Method and Modern Education]

Publication: Revista de Pedagogía, vol. 1, no. 6

Pages: 201-204

Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori method of education

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Language: Spanish

Bachelor's Thesis

Duchovní aspekty pedagogiky Marie Montessori / Spiritual aspects of pedagogy Maria Montessori

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Bakalářská práce „Duchovní aspekty pedagogiky Marie Montessori“ ukazuje duchovní a náboženská východiska Marie Montessori, která se zrcadlí v celém jejím díle. Práce popisuje její život, didaktiku, vývoj dítěte, náboženskou výchovu, kosmickou výchovu a její pojetí křesťanství. / Bachelor thesis "The spiritual aspects of pedagogy of Maria Montessori". Work shows the spiritual and religious bases of Maria Montessori, which is reflected in all her work. Work describes her biography, didactics, child development, religious education, cosmic education and her conception of Christianity.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2016

Article

Über die Verwendung Einiger Lehrmittel M. Montessoris im Kindergarten einer Frauenschule [About the Use of Some of M. Montessori's Teaching Aids in the Kindergarten of a Women's School]

Publication: Kindergarten, vol. 62

Pages: 222-225

Montessori materials

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Language: German

Article

Uit de Pers: Lezingen; Dr. Montessori in Engeland; Montessoricursus in Schotland; Eigen Eindexamen voor Montessori- en Daltonscholen?

Available from: Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Amsterdam City Archives)

Publication: Montessori Opvoeding, vol. 22, no. 4

Pages: 32

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Language: Dutch

Article

Montessori? There's an App for That [Montessorium, Social Network and Shopping, Parent Education, Montessori Crosswords]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 23, no. 1

Pages: 16

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Book

L'Educazione 'Dilatatrice' di Maria Montessori [The dilating education of Maria Montessori]

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources

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Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Anicia, 2008

ISBN: 978-88-7346-520-1 88-7346-520-X

Series: Teoria e storia dell'educazione , 115

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