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Book

Where State Education Fails

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Abstract/Notes: Despite being published in the early part of the twentieth century many of the issues this volume discusses are still being debated in education today. The author maintains that state education is not functioning as it should – that the output is not commensurate with the outlay, that education has become too narrow in its focus and that more importance should be given to the teaching of younger children. The balance between a traditional academic education versus the skills needed for practical trades is also discussed, as is the disparity between the types of education available to rich and poor.

Language: English

Published: New York: George Routledge and Sons, 1927

Edition: 1st

Undergraduate Thesis

Musikundervisning utifrån Montessori- och Waldorfpedagogikens perspektiv: En hermeneutisk undersökning / Music teaching seen from the perspectives of Montessori and Waldorf pedagogies: A hermeneutical inquiry

Available from: DiVA Portal

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Abstract/Notes: Undersökningen fokuserar på musikundervisning inom Montessori- och Waldorf pedagogiska ramar. Undersökningen syftar till att skapa förståelse för hur musikens roll i utbildning uppfattas inom dessa ramar och hur dessa uppfattningar förverkligas i musikundervisningen ur ett hermeneutiskt perspektiv grundat i Gadamer, Heidegger och Gallagher. För att nå kunskap har det genomförts två kvalitativa intervjuer; en med en specialist i Montessoripedagogik och en med en specialist i Waldorfpedagogik. Båda intervjupersonerna, Signert (Montessori) och Seiger (Waldorf), har arbetat länge inom olika kontexter och roller som exempelvis lärare, lärarutbildare och föreläsare. Undersökningsresultatet visar att musiken förstås som ett viktigt ämne som borde värderas lika högt som andra inom utbildning. Den hermeneutiska analysen av intervjuerna belyser hur särskilda pedagogiska tankar förverkligas i undervisning genom exempelvis val av innehåll, användning av utrustning som till exempel musikinstrument och skapande av relationer. Denna kunskap om delar och särskilda aspekter av dessa pedagogiska inriktningar, som exempelvis de verktyg som används eller specifika arbetssätt, kan bidra till bättre förståelse för musikens roll inom pedagogikens helhet.

Language: Swedish

Published: Växjö, Sweden, 2022

Article

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Montessori, Reggio Emilia ve Waldorf Okullarının İstanbul ili Örneğinde İncelenmesi / Investigation of Montessori, Reggio Emilia and Waldorf Schools in the Example of Istanbul Province

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Uluslararası Beşeri ve Sosyal Bilimler İnceleme Dergisi [International Humanities and Social Sciences Review Journal], vol. 3, no. 2

Pages: 81-98

Asia, Comparative education, Middle East, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Reggio Emilia approach (Early childhood education) - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Turkey, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Bu çalışmanın amacı alternatif okul olarak nitelendirilen düşünsel yapının Türkiye’deki uygulamalarını incelemektir. Alternatif eğitim, çocuğun mutluluğunu temel prensip olarak görme ve tüm sayıtlılarını bu prensip üzerine kurma gibi iddialarla karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Bu çalışmada alternatif okulları cazip kılan nedenler ve Türkiye’deki alternatif eğitim uygulamalarının aslına benzerlik ve farklılıkları incelmiştir. Araştırma nitel bir araştırmadır. Araştırma, İstanbul ilindeki Montessori, Reggio Emilia ve Waldorf yaklaşımını uygulayan eğitim kurumlarında görev yapan öğretmen ve idareciler ile yapılan görüşmeler şeklinde yapılmıştır. Bu amaca en uygun, yarı- yapılandırılmış görüşme formu hazırlanmıştır. Araştırmacının yaptığı gözlemlerde veri olarak kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada alternatif okullarda; okulun genel bilgilerine, öğretmenin görevlerine, sınıf yönetimine, uygulanan eğitim programına, çocuk gelişimine, veli-okul ilişkisine, okul yönetimine ve eğitim modeline ilişkin bulgulardan faydalanılmıştır. Yapılan çalışma sonucunda alternatif okulda okuyan çocukların iletişim becerilerinin yüksek olduğu ortaya çıkmıştır. / The aim of this study is to examine the practices of the intellectual structure, which is described as an alternative school, in Turkey. Alternative education comes up with claims such as seeing the happiness of the child as the basic principle and establishing all its assumptions on this principle. In this study, the reasons that make alternative schools attractive and the similarities and differences of alternative education practices in Turkey are examined. The research is a qualitative research. The research was conducted in the form of interviews with teachers and administrators working in educational institutions that apply Montessori, Reggio Emilia and Waldorf approaches in Istanbul. The most suitable semi-structured interview form was prepared for this purpose. It was used as data in the observations made by the researcher. In the research, alternative schools; The findings related to the general information of the school, the duties of the teacher, classroom management, the applied education program, child development, parent-school relationship, school management and education model were used. As a result of the study, it was revealed that the communication skills of the children studying in the alternative school were high.

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 2667-8144

Book

Montessori ili Waldorf?: knjiga za roditelje i pedagoge [Montessori or Waldorf?]

Alternative education, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Rudolf Steiner - Philosophy, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: Translation of: "Montessori oder Waldorf?"

Language: Croatian

Published: Zagreb, Croatia: Educa, 1997

ISBN: 953-6101-22-X 978-953-6101-22-1

Series: Educa , 29

Doctoral Dissertation

Everyday Spirituality: Supporting the Spiritual Experience of Young Children in Three Early Childhood Educational Settings

Available from: Massey University - Theses and Dissertations

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Child development, Comparative education, Montessori schools, New Zealand, Oceania, Spirituality, Waldorf schools

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Abstract/Notes: The focus of this research is the spiritual experience of young children in early childhood educational settings. Spirituality is included in the New Zealand early childhood curriculum, Te Whariki, but is a relatively unarticulated aspect of educational practice. In order to find out how spirituality is supported in early childhood educational contexts this qualitative case study research took place in three early childhood settings: a Montessori casa, a private preschool and a Steiner (Waldorf) kindergarten. The methods used in the research included participant observation, interviews and focus groups. The teachers were asked to make a video about spirituality to reflect their own context and photographs were taken in each setting. The metaphor of spiritual landscape is used in this research. In this landscape everyday experience merged with the spiritual to form the concept of everyday spirituality. The cultural theories of everyday life supported a realisation that ordinary daily activity can become wonderful and mysterious when the spiritual dimension is realised. The themes that emerged from analysis of the case studies are conceptualised as transformative aspects of learning and relationships. They are aspects of everyday spirituality identified as spiritual withness; spiritual inbetweenness; and the spiritually elsewhere. Representing spiritual experience is challenging. The thesis is written in narrative form and contains core narratives as prose and poems. Using writing as a means of discovery made communicating spirituality through the medium of words a possibility. Spirituality is proposed to be an inclusive concept that affirms a sense of connection and this thesis found that all pedagogical practices in early childhood settings have the potential to include a spiritual aspect. In Aotearoa New Zealand many children lead their everyday lives in the context of an early childhood environment that includes teachers and parents as part of that community. This thesis argues that when everyday spirituality permeates early childhood contexts that all aspects of the curriculum are realised and the spiritual experience of everyone connected to that setting is supported.

Language: English

Published: Palmerston North, New Zealand, 2007

Article

Humanistic Methods in Foreign Language Teaching

Available from: Central and Eastern European Online Library

Publication: Euromentor Journal: Studies about Education, vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 71-79

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: The psychological research and changes occurred in pedagogical thinking have led to new methods in foreign language teaching called “humanistic methods” or “fringe methods” which focus on some aspects neglected by the traditional strategies: feelings, emotions, interpersonal relationships: suggestopedia, first an experimental method belonging to suggestology, has become a psychological method of teaching and learning foreign languages based mainly on indirect suggestion which appeals to a peripheral subliminal; the silent way, which stems from the trend initiated by the Italian specialist in pedagogy Maria Montessori is based on the fact that the process of learning a foreign language is a natural one, which children perform involuntarily; cooperative learning, whose roots are in the counseling techniques of psychotherapy, is greatly based on group dynamics; the total physical response, which originates in the action-based methods, refers to the learner’s reaction, to the instructions received from the teacher and it has been a successful method to teach foreign language for children.

Language: English

Master's Thesis

Método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa No. 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019 [“Montessori” method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-olds of the educational institution No. 437 of the Santo Domingo de Acobamba district 2019]

Available from: Universidad César Vallejo - Institutional Repository

Americas, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Peru, South America

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Abstract/Notes: La presente investigación plantea como problema ¿Cuál es la relación entre el método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa Nº 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019? La hipótesis, existe relación entre el método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa Nº 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019, el objetivo general fue determinar la relación entre el método “Montessori” y el aprendizaje de la lectoescritura en niños de 5 años de la institución educativa Nº 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019. La investigación se desarrolló de acuerdo al método científico, como método específico al descriptivo estadístico. La investigación es no experimental, y su diseño correlacional. Considera una muestra censal de 36 alumnos entre varones y mujeres de cinco años. La técnica empleada fue la encuesta, se aplicaron dos instrumentos; un cuestionario sobre el método Montessori, y un test de lectoescritura. El método “Montessori presenta tres dimensiones; etapa de conversación, pre lectura, pre escritura. La variable lectoescritura estudia las dimensiones: habilidades de lenguaje, habilidades de lectura y habilidades de escritura. Aplicado los instrumentos de investigación, se realizó el procesamiento de datos mediante la prueba t de student para muestras relacionadas La investigación permitió determinar que existe diferencia significativa (p= 0.000) según el método Montessori en el aprendizaje de la Lectoescritura pretest y el aprendizaje de la Lectoescritura postest en los niños de 5 años de la institución educativa N° 437 del distrito de Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019. [The present research poses as a problem: What is the relationship between the “Montessori” method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-old children of the educational institution No. 437 of the district of Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019? The hypothesis, there is a relationship between the "Montessori" method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-old children of the educational institution No. 437 of the district of Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019, the general objective was to determine the relationship between the "Montessori" method and the learning of literacy in 5-year-old children of the educational institution No. 437 of the Santo Domingo de Acobamba district 2019. The research was developed according to the scientific method, as a specific method to the statistical descriptive. The research is non-experimental, and its design correlational. Consider a census sample of 36 five-year-old boys and girls. The technique used was the survey, two instruments were applied; a questionnaire about the Montessori method, and a literacy test. The “Montessori method has three dimensions; stage of conversation, pre reading, pre writing. The literacy variable studies the dimensions: language skills, reading skills, and writing skills. Applying the research instruments, the data processing was carried out using the student's t test for related samples The research allowed to determine that there is a significant difference (p = 0.000) according to the Montessori method in the learning of Pretest Literacy and the learning of the Post-test literacy in 5-year-old children from educational institution No. 437 of the district of Santo Domingo de Acobamba 2019.]

Language: Spanish

Published: Trujillo, Peru, 2019

Book

Guide for the Application of the Montessori Method to Teaching 2nd Language in Adult Education

Available from: Zenodo

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Abstract/Notes: The main objective of the project ‘Montessori Method in Teaching 2nd Language to Adults - MMTLA is to define a method for language teaching based on the concept of the Montessori’ methodology which can be adaptive, intuitive, easy to implement, practical and easy way for people of all ages to understand the concept of learning language and improve much better and learn languages. This manual guidebook is prepared by the full contribution of all project partners for the transfer of the Montessori Method in language teaching/learning to adults. The manual guidebook contains the philosophy of Montessori Method, its principles and the reports of teacher training activities in partner countries.

Language: English

Published: Brussels: Erasmus+ Programme, European Union, 2021

Article

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Influencia del método Montessori en el aprendizaje de la matemática escolar / Influence of the Montessori Method on Learning School Mathematics

Available from: Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia

Publication: Revista de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación, vol. 11, no. 3

Pages: 555-568

Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Mathematics education, Montessori method of education

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Abstract/Notes: Actualmente, el aprendizaje de la matemática escolar se ha constituido en un problema latente, generado por diversos factores, entre ellos, los métodos usados por el profesor. El objetivo de la investigación consistió en establecer la influencia que tiene el método Montessori en el fortalecimiento del pensamiento lógico-matemático en los infantes de grado tercero, en una Institución educativa colombiana. La metodología fue cuantitativa, con diseño cuasi-experimental; la información fue recogida en un diario de campo por observación directa y una prueba de entrada-salida; los datos se procesaron con el software SPSS y las hipótesis se comprobaron con la prueba de Wilcoxon. Los resultados mostraron que el método Montessori plasmado en una secuencia didáctica, influyó de manera significativa en el aprendizaje estudiantil asociado a las operaciones de adición y multiplicación con números naturales. Se concluye que este método promueve el aprendizaje significativo de los escolares, basado en experiencias y descubrimientos. / Currently, the learning of school mathematics has become a latent problem, generated by various factors, including the methods used by the teacher. The objective of the research was to establish the influence of the Montessori method in strengthening logical-mathematical thinking in third grade infants, in a Colombian educational institution. The methodology was quantitative, with a quasi-experimental design; the infor-mation was collected in a field diary by direct observation and an entry-exit test; the data were processed with the SPSS software and the hypotheses were verified with the Wilcoxon test. The results showed that the Montessori method, embodied in a didactic sequence, significantly influenced student learning associated with the operations of addition and multiplication with natural numbers. It is concluded that this method promotes meaningful learning in schoolchildren, based on experiences and discoveries.

Language: English

DOI: 10.19053/20278306.v11.n3.2021.13354

ISSN: 2027-8306, 2389-9417

Article

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School Environment and Methods of Teaching as Correlates of Language Skills Achievement of Pre–Primary School Pupils in Edo State Nigeria

Available from: Asian Institute of Research

Publication: Education Quarterly Reviews, vol. 4, no. 3

Pages: 243-251

Africa, Comparative education, Montessori method of education, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa

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Abstract/Notes: The study investigated the effects of school environment and methods of teaching on language skills achievement of pre – primary school pupils in Edo State. It also investigated the interaction effects of Montessori and played methods and urban and rural environments on pupils' achievement in listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. Three urban and three rural areas which were selected from two Local Government Areas (LGAs) were used for the study. Six pre - primary schools were purposively selected for the study. A total of 228 kindergartens 2 pupils intact classes were used for the study which lasted for eight weeks. The study was a pretest, posttest, quasi- experimental control group design with independent variables as methods and school location while achievement in Language Skills Achievement Test (LSAT) was the dependent variable. Descriptive statistics and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) were used to analyze the data obtained while the Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA) was used as post-hoc test for further significance. Three research questions were answered with three hypotheses, tested at 0.05 level of significance. Results showed that the Montessori Method of teaching pre –primary pupils was more effective than the play method. Similarly, urban school pupils achieved higher than their rural counterparts. There was also a significant interaction effect of methods and school location on pupils' academic achievement in Language skills. It was therefore recommended that the Nigerian Government should adopt the Montessori Method as a dominant method of teaching pre – primary school pupils and that pre – primary school owners should provide materials adequately for teaching and learning.

Language: English

DOI: 10.31014/aior.1993.04.03.335

ISSN: 2621-5799, 2657-215X

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