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A Comparison of Two Approaches Used Within a Multi-tiered System of Supports That Enhance Students' Academic Achievement
Available from: Bethel University - Institutional Repository
Abstract/Notes: While students are receiving a high-quality education within the classroom, some students face difficulty performing adequately on assessments. These students typically receive intervention support to assist in increasing their skill deficits. However, many schools are unaware of the different approaches they can implement within a Multi-Tiered System of Supports framework. While utilizing a standard protocol has been the preferred method, many schools are currently implementing the problem-solving approach because it targets one skill the student is struggling with. Little research has been conducted comparing or combining the two approaches leading schools to be clueless about which one will provide more positive results. A synthesis of articles implementing one or both approaches was conducted to determine which approach would work best in a Montessori school. Results showed an individualized approach might assist students more based on higher effect sizes. However, some researchers who compared the two approaches indicate both approaches are comparable in yielding positive results. To implement interventions effectively, educators must use an evidence-based intervention that’s explicit and structured, screen and monitor progress to make informed decisions, and implement the intervention with fidelity.
Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2023
A utilização do Método Montessori como ferramenta para contribuição do desenvolvimento socioemocional na primeira infância / The use of the Montessori Method as a tool to contribute to early childhood socio-emotional development
Available from: European Publications
Publication: Cuadernos de Educación y Desarrollo, vol. 15, no. 9
Abstract/Notes: When intrapersonal conflicts are observed in the resolution of everyday setbacks in most children who are experiencing early childhood (2 to 6 (two to six years)), there was a need to elaborate this research in order to find ways that can contribute to the processes of building socio-emotional knowledge. Therefore, we want to analyze whether and how the Montessori Method can contribute to this development of the subject when it needs to resolve conflicts. In view of this, the application of the Montessori method may be a methodology capable of helping to alleviate, or even to resolve, the problem. This method seeks to make children more independent as to the mastery of their emotional and social stability. The general objective of this article is to analyze the contribution of the Montessori Method to the independence of children, in the area of their socio-emotional aspects. The specific objectives are: to clarify what intrapersonal conflicts are and to exemplify situations; to understand the Montessori Method when it comes to autonomy and independence in childhood and to ratify the contribution of the method to socio-emotional development. The sequence of discussion sessions of the article deals with subjects that can clarify the aforementioned objectives, which are called: Intra-personal conflicts and example of situations; Montessori method - autonomy and independence of children and contribution of the Montessori method to socioemotional development in early childhood. The methodology used for this research is qualitative and bibliographic, since concepts and reflections that already exist on the theme will be analyzed. The expectation of the authors is that adults who read this article can promote actions and behaviors that contribute to the independence and autonomy of children, mainly in relation to the domain of emotional stability, so that children learn to deal with their intrapersonal conflicts in a natural, reflective, calm and direct way; demonstrating the possible contribution of the method in the maturation of this domain. / Ao serem observados conflitos intrapessoais na resolução de contratempos cotidianos em grande parte das crianças que estão vivenciando a primeira infância (2 a 6 (dois a seis anos)), houve a necessidade de elaborar esta pesquisa a fim de encontrar maneiras que possam contribuir para os processos de construção de conhecimentos socioemocionais. Portanto deseja-se analisar se, e como, o Método Montessori pode contribuir para este desenvolvimento do sujeito quando este necessita resolver conflitos. Em vista disso, a aplicação do Método Montessori pode ser uma metodologia capaz de contribuir para amenizar, ou até mesmo, para uma possível resolução da problemática. Este método procura tornar as crianças mais independentes quanto ao domínio de suas estabilidades emocionais e sociais. O objetivo geral deste artigo consiste em analisar a contribuição do Método Montessori para a independência das crianças, quanto ao domínio dos seus aspectos socioemocionais. Quanto aos objetivos específicos destaca-se: esclarecer o que são os conflitos intrapessoais e exemplificar situações; compreender o Método Montessori quando se trata de autonomia e independência na infância e ratificar a contribuição do método para o desenvolvimento socioemocional. A sequência de sessões de discussão do artigo trata de assuntos que possam esclarecer os objetivos supracitados, os quais são denominados: Conflitos intrapessoais e exemplo de situações; Método Montessori – autonomia e independência infantil e contribuição do Método Montessori para o desenvolvimento socioemocional na primeira infância. A metodologia utilizada para esta pesquisa é qualitativa e bibliográfica, pois serão analisados conceitos e reflexões que já existem a respeito do tema. A expectativa das autoras é que os adultos que lerem este artigo possam promover ações e condutas que contribuam para a independência e autonomia das crianças, principalmente, com relação ao domínio da estabilidade emocional, para que as crianças aprendam a lidar com seus conflitos intrapessoais de maneira natural, reflexiva, calma e direta; demonstrando a possível contribuição do método na maturação deste domínio.
Exploring New Approaches to Youth Sports Programs: Montessori Motor Development
Available from: Taylor and Francis Online
Publication: Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, vol. 94, no. 7
Abstract/Notes: Children are being introduced to organized sports programs at younger ages today. The first experience sets the stage for how they may view their physical competency and acceptance within a group. In these experiences, frequently, the coach is a well-intended parent who may not have any background in coaching or physical education training. Dr. Maria Montessori is widely known for her contributions to experiential learning for young children. Although Montessori addressed motor development through her pedagogical approach, it is rarely associated with physical education or sports. This article aims to provide some insight to educators, physical education teachers, coaches, and parents with an alternative approach to sport introduction through a Montessori theoretical lens which may allow children to develop a love for physical activity and/or future athletes.
Montessori Educational Thought and Its Implications for Family Education
Available from: Clausius Scientific Press
Publication: Applied & Educational Psychology, vol. 4, no. 8
Abstract/Notes: The aim of this paper is to study and analyze Montessori's educational ideas and their implications for family education. Through the study of representative works such as The Complete Montessori Book of Early Education, The Montessori Handbook of Sensitive Periods for Children, The Montessori Family Program, The Montessori Method of Early Education, The Secret of Childhood and The Absorbent Mind, we have come to the following conclusions. Firstly, Montessori's educational philosophy emphasizes the creation of a home environment that matches the child. This includes providing an orderly, quiet, warm and inspiring environment, and parents should be supporters and observers of children's development, respecting their individual interests and needs. Secondly, Montessori emphasized grasping the child's sensitive periods. She observed that children are more sensitive to certain experiences and skills at certain ages and learn best during this period. Finally, Montessori's educational ideas provide theoretical and practical implications for preschool education. She emphasizes the development of children's self-discipline, self-confidence, independent thinking and problem-solving skills. Encouraging children to actively participate in daily life activities, developing good social skills and emotional development, and providing appropriate learning experiences lay a solid foundation for children's preschool education. In summary, Montessori's educational ideas give important insights in the area of family education. Creating a family environment adapted to children, grasping sensitive periods, and developing various abilities are insights that provide theoretical and practical implications for preschool education.
Investigating the Effect of Cognitive Rehabilitation on the Memory Improvement of Patients With Alzheimer
Available from: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences (Iran)
Publication: Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, vol. 21, no. 2
Date: Jun 2023
Abstract/Notes: Objectives: Alzheimer's is the most prevalent cognitive disturbance, with a high spread among the elderly. The current research aims to investigate the impact of cognitive rehabilitation on the memory improvement of Alzheimer's disease patients. | Methods: The current research used a semi-experimental design with pre-test and post-test designs. The statistical population in Baghdad in 2021 included 60 patients with Alzheimer's illness, all considered a statistical sample and separated into two experimental and control groups (30 people in each group). The patient's cognitive abilities were assessed prior to the intervention (pre-test), straightly after the intervention (post-test), and two months later (follow-up). The experimental group had twenty-eight 45-minute sessions of training based on the Montessori Method (two sessions per week). The data were analyzed in SPSS version 19 using the independent t-test and repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results have a P-value of less than 0.05. | Results: The findings of the independent t-test demonstrated that there is no significant differ between the scores of the both groups during the pre-test stage (P>0.05) but that this difference is significant during the post-test and follow-up stages (P<0.001). In addition, the findings of repeated measures ANOVA indicated a significant differ between the both groups' mean scores in post-test and follow-up (P<0.001). | Conclusion: Cognitive rehabilitation can help patients with memory disorders and positively affect their memory performance.
ISSN: 1735-3602, 1735-3610
Learning by Heart or with Heart: Brain Asymmetry Reflects Pedagogical Practices
Available from: MDPI
Publication: Brain Sciences, vol. 13, no. 9
Abstract/Notes: Brain hemispheres develop rather symmetrically, except in the case of pathology or intense training. As school experience is a form of training, the current study tested the influence of pedagogy on morphological development through the cortical thickness (CTh) asymmetry index (AI). First, we compared the CTh AI of 111 students aged 4 to 18 with 77 adults aged > 20. Second, we investigated the CTh AI of the students as a function of schooling background (Montessori or traditional). At the whole-brain level, CTh AI was not different between the adult and student groups, even when controlling for age. However, pedagogical experience was found to impact CTh AI in the temporal lobe, within the parahippocampal (PHC) region. The PHC region has a functional lateralization, with the right PHC region having a stronger involvement in spatiotemporal context encoding, while the left PHC region is involved in semantic encoding. We observed CTh asymmetry toward the left PHC region for participants enrolled in Montessori schools and toward the right for participants enrolled in traditional schools. As these participants were matched on age, intelligence, home-life and socioeconomic conditions, we interpret this effect found in memory-related brain regions to reflect differences in learning strategies. Pedagogy modulates how new concepts are encoded, with possible long-term effects on knowledge transfer.
"Follow Your Heart": Heart-to-Brain-Driven Interplay Relates to Self-Congruency
Available from: Research Square
Abstract/Notes: When emotions, thoughts, and actions align, this is referred to as “self-congruency”. Therefore, this study aimed to determine how temporal covariance of the heart and brain signals were related to self-congruency. Thirty-eight healthy adults underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging to obtain neural markers of variability, whereas heart rate variability (HRV) was measured using photoplethysmography. Participants were also asked to report their level of self-congruency with a graphic rating scale. A cross-covariance analysis (CCA) was performed to assess the temporal covariance of signals arising from both organs, which was then correlated with self-congruency scores. Overall, the CCA results revealed brain-to-heart-driven interplay in brain regions involved in the neurovisceral integration model (e.g., ventromedial prefrontal cortex) and in emotion regulation (e.g., anterior cingulate). However, higher self-congruency scores were related to heart-to-brain-driven interplay in brain regions involved in emotion regulation and empathy. Together, the present findings suggest that, while global brain-to-heart-driven interplay occurs on average, it is heart-to-brain-driven interplay that reflects higher self-congruency. Given the impact of heart-brain interplay and self-congruency on mental health, further investigations on each concept could be interesting in developing tools for early intervention.
Published: Aug 30, 2023
The Effects of Mild but Chronic Stress at School on Brain Development: A Comparative Morphometric Study Between Traditionally and Montessori-schooled Children
Available from: Research Square
Abstract/Notes: While many children suffer from stress due to school-related factors, some alternative schooling systems, such as the Montessori pedagogy, emphasize stress-free learning environments (e.g., no grades, no tests, peer-peer learning). This study compared brain markers of stress, i.e., hippocampus, amygdala, and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) volumes, as a function of school experience. A cross-sectional comparative morphometric study was run between 45 traditionally schooled children and 44 Montessori-schooled children (3-12 years). While both groups were comparable in terms of cognitive abilities, socio-economic environment, and anxiety levels, volumetric values within their hippocampus and their mPFC differed. While there was hippocampal growth across development for all participants, there was a higher gain for Montessori-schooled children. Furthermore, female traditionally schooled children showed a loss in hippocampal and mPFC volume across age, while female Montessori-schooled children showed a gain. It seems that traditional pedagogical approaches induce mild but chronic stress, affecting underlying brain structures.
Published: Jun 22, 2023
Archival Material Or Collection
Grace Gallatin Seton-Thompson papers
Abstract/Notes: The collection includes biographical articles and clippings, correspondence, published writings and typescripts, memorabilia, notes, photographs, and organization files. Correspondence (1903-40) pertains to her travels, publications, and involvement in feminist and social organizations. Organizational files include minutes, agendas and reports relating to the International Council of Women (1915-26),the National Council of Women, and the Montessori Education Association of New York. Her work for the International Writers Conclave (Chicago, 1933) brought occasional correspondence from women authors around the world. Typescripts of articles and addresses including an essay on Chinese medicine and information on Dr. Mary Stone, medical missionary, China (n.d.). Material related to her world travels includes writings, correspondence, travel literature, maps and notes. Individuals represented include May Wright Sewall, Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman, Lena Madesin Phillips, and Kate Douglas Smith Wiggin.
The Urgent Need for an Early Years Workforce Strategy
Available from: MAG Online Library
Publication: Early Years Educator, vol. 24, no. 3
Date: Oct 2023
Abstract/Notes: Statistics published by the DfE in July show the proportion of staff working in the the early years sector with a relevant early years qualification has fallen since 2020. Dr Nathan Archer, director of the International Montessori Institute, outlines his thoughts on how the government could tackle the recruitment and retention crisis and the need for a workforce strategy.
ISSN: 1465-931X, 2052-4617
Entre Pauline Kergomard et Maria Montessori [Between Pauline Kergomard and Maria Montessori]
Available from: Open Edition
Publication: Le Portique, vol. 2007, no. 4
Date: Jun 2007
Abstract/Notes: In the 19th century the references concerning the education in the early years of infants took 2 different orientations. One uses an “educational mother” as the model. Between the love and limits that she offers her child, she brings a moral education. In the other reference, the educator, very respectful to the dynamic of the child, intervenes as little as possible. The objective is that he conquers autonomy and learns a sense of responsibilities. Two educated women are representative of these 2 tendencies: On one hand Pauline Kergomard (preschool inspector 1838–1925), author of “the motherly education at school”, in her teaching to school principals, presents as a reference the “comprehensive and devoted mother” taking care of the physical intellectual and moral development of children. In this case she represents more the dimension of “care”. On the other hand, Maria Montessori, (Italian pedagogue, 1870-1952) author of "scientific education”, is going to impute little by little her ideas based on the fact that the child has the necessary qualities to grow on his/her own. So according to the educator with just creating a high-quality environment in order to enable the child to find the extract to grow up and be the autor of their own evolution. We consider her to represent the concept of education, resulting from a method. We have presented the essence of both authors convictions. Alter restoring them in their context, we will confront them to see in what degree these methods are opposed or not, in the sense of seeing how they complete and intervene with each other. Our idea is to make use of the analysis of both orientations and develop to what point care is indispensable to the quality and the education of child and more over at the present time. Au XIXe siècle les références concernant l’éducation de la petite enfance ont pris deux orientations différentes. L’une donne comme modèle la mère éducatrice. Dans l’autre référence, l’éducatrice très respectueuse de la dynamique de l’enfant, intervient le moins possible. Deux femmes pédagogues sont représentatives de ces courants : D’une part, Pauline Kergomard (inspectrice des écoles maternelles, 1838-1925) auteur de « L’éducation maternelle à l’école » présente comme référence « la mère intelligente et dévouée » ; elle représente plutôt la dimension « soin ». D’autre part, Maria Montessori (pédagogue italienne,1870-1952) auteur de « La pédagogie scientifique » va peu à peu imposer ses idées basées sur le fait que l’enfant possède les qualités nécessaires pour grandir par lui-même. Nous la considérons comme représentant le concept d’éducation fruit d’une méthode. Notre propos est de nous servir de l’analyse de ces deux orientations pour dévoiler combien les soins sont indispensables à la qualité de l’éducation même.
Da Maria Montessori a Margherita Zoebeli: l'Impegno Educative nei Confronti dell'Infanzia Traumatizzata dalla Guerra [From Maria Montessori to Margherita Zoebeli: the Educational Commitment in the Confrontation of Children Traumatized by War]
Available from: Annali online della Didattica e della Formazione Docente
Publication: Annali della Didattica e della Formazione Docente, vol. 8, no. 12
Abstract/Notes: Attraverso l’utilizzo di un’ampia documentazione, basata su fonti bibliografiche e archivistiche, nel presente saggio è stato individuato un filo conduttore tra due personalità femminili, tra loro molto diverse, anche dal punto di vista generazionale: Maria Montessori e Margherita Zoebeli. Le loro iniziative in campo educativo, rispettivamente durante la prima e la seconda guerra mondiale, si svilupparono a partire dai bisogni di un’infanzia segnata tragicamente dagli eventi bellici. Proprio nelle loro esperienze è possibile individuare il fulcro vitale e propulsivo di quella che oggi viene definita “pedagogia dell’emergenza”. / In this essay, through the use of an extensive documentation, based on bibliographical and archival sources, a red thread has been identified between two female personalities, who are very different from each other, not only from a generational point of view: Maria Montessori e Margherita Zoebeli. Their initiatives in the educational field, respectively during the first and the second world war, developed starting from the needs of a childhood tragically marked by the war. In their experiences it is possible to find the cornerstone of what we can define today as “Emergency Pedagogy”.
A Montessori Teacher's Perspective The Price of Montessori
Publication: Tomorrow's Child, vol. 21, no. 3
Date: Apr 2013
Abstract/Notes: Dear Cathie
Montessori på savannen [Montessori on the Savannah]
Publication: Montessori-tidningen (Svenska montessoriförbundet), no. 4
Método Montessori: vida práctica para el desarrollo de la autonomía en preescolares de una institución de ventanilla, 2018 [Montessori Method: Practical Life for the Development of Autonomy in preschools of a Ventanilla institution, 2018]
Available from: Universidad César Vallejo - Institutional Repository
Americas, Autonomy in children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Peru, Practical life exercises, South America
Abstract/Notes: Esta investigación tituladam Método Montessori: Vida Practica para el desarrollo de la Autonomía en preescolares de una institución de Ventanilla, 2018, el cual fue fundamentado en la pedagogía Montessori para lograr el desarrollo de la autonomía de los niños del nivel inicial, a través del programa empleado para que los niños y niñas sean mas independientes, ya que se fomento la libertad, movimiento en el aula, potenciando las capacidades de toma de desciciones, el objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la Influencia del método Montessori: Vida Practica para el desarrollo de la autonomía en niños de 3 años de una institución de ventanilla, 2018, esto fue evidenciado en la aplicación del programa Metodo Montessori: Vida Práctica Yo Puedo hacerlo sin tu ayuda, ya que la investigación es de tipo aplicada, con diseño cuasi experimental, lo que influyo la ejecución del pre y pos test en la muestra que fueron los niños y niñas de 3 años, la población fue constituida por 60 alumnos del nivel inicial, por el tipo de investigación la pueba realizada fue no paramétrica utilizando asi para los resultados la prueba estadisstica U de Man Whitney, en base a los datos recopilados a travez de la observación, se concluyo que el programa es efectivo para el desarrollo de la autonomía, por tanto la influencia del método Montessori es alta. [This research titled "Montessori Method: Practical Life for the Development of Autonomy in preschools of a Ventanilla institution, 2018, which was based on the Montessori pedagogy to achieve the development of the autonomy of the children of the initial level, through the program used for children to be more independent, since freedom is promoted, movement in the classroom, enhancing the abilities of decision making, the objective of this research was to determine the Influence of the Montessori method: Practical Life for the development of the autonomy in children of 3 years of a window institution, 2018, this was evidenced in the application of the program Montessori Method: Practical Life I can do it without your help, since the research is of applied type, with quasi-experimental design, that influenced the execution of the pre and post test in the sample that was the children of 3 years, the population was with It was constituted by 60 students of the initial level, for the type of research the study was non-parametric, using for this the Man Whitney U statistic test, based on the data collected through the observation, it was concluded that the program is effective for the development of autonomy, therefore the influence of the Montessori method is high.]
Published: Lima, Peru, 2018
L’impact de la pédagogie Montessori sur le développement cognitif, social et académique des enfants en maternelle [The impact of Montessori pedagogy on the cognitive, social and academic development of children in kindergarten]
Available from: HAL Theses - Online Theses
Abstract/Notes: La pédagogie Montessori est une méthode d’éducation qui a été mise au point au début du siècle dernier par Maria Montessori pour des enfants d’un quartier défavorisé de Rome en Italie. Depuis sa création, elle s’est développée à la marge de l’éducation nationale et se retrouve principalement dans des écoles privées. La pédagogie Montessori devient cependant de plus en plus populaire auprès des enseignants de l’école maternelle publique. Ce récent engouement apparaît fondé à la vue de plusieurs principes de cette méthode. En effet, elle promeut l’autonomie, l’auto-régulation, la coopération entre pairs d’âges variés et l’apprentissage à partir de matériels sensoriels et auto-correctifs. Ces caractéristiques sont plutôt en accord avec les connaissances scientifiques sur l’apprentissage et le développement de l’enfant. Cependant, à ce jour, les preuves expérimentales rigoureuses de son efficacité sont limitées. Dans cette thèse, nous avons mesuré les compétences langagières, mathématiques, exécutives et sociales d’enfants d’une école maternelle, repartis aléatoirement entre des classes appliquant la pédagogie Montessori ou une pédagogie conventionnelle. Nous avons suivi leurs progrès au cours des trois années de l’école maternelle (étude longitudinale) et avons comparé les performances des enfants en fin de Grande Section (étude transversale). Nous avons également élaboré une mesure pour évaluer objectivement la qualité d’implémentation de la pédagogie Montessori dans cette école, situé dans un quartier défavorisé. Nos résultats ne montrent pas de différences entre les groupes dans les domaines des mathématiques, des compétences exécutives et des compétences sociales. Cependant, les enfants issus des classes Montessori avaient de meilleures performances en lecture que les enfants issus des classes conventionnelles en fin de Grande Section. La pédagogie Montessori apparaît donc comme adaptée à l’apprentissage de la lecture chez le jeune enfant. [The Montessori method of education was created at the beginning of the last century by Maria Montessori to help children in a disadvantaged neighborhood of Rome in Italy. Although it is nowadays most commonly found in private schools, the Montessori method has gained popularity among teachers in public preschool and kindergarten in France and around the world. This popularity may appear legitimate with regards to the principles underlying the Montessori methods, which involve autonomy, self-regulation, cooperation between children from different age groups and learning with multi-sensorial and self-correcting materials. These characteristics are broadly in line with research on learning and development in young children. However, there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of the Montessori method in the scientific literature. In this thesis, we measured the linguistic, mathematical, executive and social skills of preschoolers and kindergarteners from a public school in which children were randomly assigned to classrooms in which the Montessori method was implemented or to classrooms in which a conventional teaching was used. We followed children from the first year of preschool to kindergarten (longitudinal study) and compared the performance of children at the end of kindergarten (cross-sectional study). We also developed a scale to evaluate the quality of implementation of the Montessori method in the school, located in a disadvantaged neighborhood. Our results do not show any difference between groups in terms of mathematical, executive and social skills. However, children from Montessori classrooms had better reading performance than children from conventional classrooms at the end of kindergarten. Therefore, the Montessori method appears to be well suited for developing reading skills of young children.]
Published: Lyon, France, 2019
Montessori敎育의 再評價에 關한 硏究 [A Study on the Re-evaluation of Montessori Education]
Published: Daegu, South Korea, 1980
Montessori Step by Step [Step by Step Montessori Center, Northfield, MN]
Publication: Montessori Education, vol. 7, no. 2
Date: Sep 1995
A Study on Childhood Education of Montessori / Montessori 敎育論 小考
Available from: RISS
Publication: 論文集 - 대구교육대학교 [Essay Collection - Daegu National University of Education], vol. 16
Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori, a doctor of medicine in Italy, employed herself in curing abnormal children, afterwards, turned to an educator. She was influenced partly by Itard and Seguin, and partly by Rousseau and Froebel. Recently arguments on Montessori method have resumed with the worldwide concern to develop early the powers latent within children. Montessori method is characterized by the concreteness which her theory can be rightly put into practice because her principles were established on the basis of her experiences in a "Children's House". Since the first criticism on her theory by kilpatrick, however, there have been arguments for and against her theory. Her educational theory, first of all, premised that the fundemental differences between children and adults must always be considered; unlike the case of adults with their development stopped, "preparing environment" required along the developmental stages of children must be given to them. She stressed, under this environment, the importance of the spontaneous activity by child without being interfered and of the role of teachers as his assistants only when help demanded. She discovered the phenemenon of concentration through children's sponta-neous interest in learning, and regarded such a situation reached as being normalized. She also considered the sensitive period, in which intellectual absorption is most remarkable, she said that unless a papticular ability was gained in the period, child would lose an opportunity of developing the ability. Though her educational theory and method has an important effect upon early childhood education, there are many problems awaiting solution. Therefore it is desirable that the questions are settled and new Montessori school based on Montessori method is developed.
Die Arbeit der Montessori Vereinigung in Zahlen und Fakten [The work of the Montessori Association in facts and figures]
Book Title: Montessori-Pädagogik in Deutschland: Rückblick - Aktualität - Zukunftsperspektiven ; 40 Jahre Montessori-Vereinigung e.V. [Montessori Pedagogy in Germany: Review - Current Issues - Future Perspectives 40 years of the Montessori Association]
Published: Münster, Germany: Lit, 2002
Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 7