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Book Section

Addressing Classism in Early Childhood Education: How Social-Class Sensitive Pedagogy and the Montessori Method Can Work Together

Available from: Emerald Insight

Book Title: Discussions on Sensitive Issues (Advances in Early Education and Day Care, vol. 19)

Pages: 113-135

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Abstract/Notes: Classist perspectives embedded in our meritocratic society permeate early childhood education. Curricula, instructional practices, and classroom interactions have the potential to send messages to children about who and what is valued by society; frequently influenced by the characteristics and abilities of a middle-class child. In order to best serve the needs and abilities of children from any social class, early childhood educators should be well versed in social-class sensitive pedagogy, a pedagogy that helps teachers to be inclusive of social class diversity in their classrooms. This chapter argues that aspects of Montessori theory, such as the four planes of development and the prepared adult, complement social-class sensitive pedagogy in ways that all early childhood educators may apply to their own teaching.

Language: English

ISBN: 978-1-78560-293-1 978-1-78560-292-4

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Vertentes da Pedagogia Montessoriana [Strands of Montessorian Pedagogy]

Available from: Brazilian Journals

Publication: Brazilian Journal of Development, vol. 6, no. 6

Pages: 34339-34344

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, Organização Montessori no Brasil (OMB), South America

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Abstract/Notes: A presente pesquisa bibliográfica busca apresentar uma das mais importantes vertentes da Pedagogia de Maria Montessori, pedagoga que revolucionou a forma de como a criança é compreendida e respeitada, a individualidade. Seu método tem como base a própria criança e sua autonomia. Este tema vem ganhando notoriedade devido ao crescimento de debates e interesse dos pais e professores para com tal pedagogia, uma vez que os resultados obtidos são satisfatórios e deixam as crianças mais empolgadas com o próprio desenvolvimento e o gosto pelo aprender. Porém, a falta de escolas que utilizem da metodologia Montessori dificulta a sua divulgação e deixa os pais e professores sem informação o bastante para aplicá-lo de maneira fiel à suas vertentes. Uma vez que os objetivos estudados por Montessori sejam compreendidos, o professor tem mais clareza ao visualizar em sua sala de aula os alunos como indivíduos capacitados, interessados e autônomos, começando assim a por em prática o que Maria Montessori sempre acreditou. No entanto, é necessário que o professor interessado na metodologia tenha passado por um curso aprovado pela OMB (Organização Montessori no Brasil) para que esteja capacitado a utiliza-la em seu espaço escolar. Porém, nada o impede de que ele coloque em prática nas escolas regulares os valores e ações de tal pedagogia, respeitando a criança e colocando sua autonomia e seu ensino como prioridades. [The present bibliographic research seeks to present one of the most important aspects of the pedagogy of Maria Montessori, an educator who revolutionized the way in which the child's individuality is understood and respected. Her method is based on the child himself and his autonomy. This theme has been gaining notoriety due to the growing debates and interest of parents and teachers towards such pedagogy, since the results obtained are satisfactory and make children more excited about their own development and the taste for learning. However, the lack of schools using the Montessori methodology hinders its dissemination and leaves parents and teachers without enough information to apply it faithfully to its aspects. Once the objectives studied by Montessori are understood, the teacher has more clarity when viewing students in his classroom as trained, interested and autonomous individuals, thus beginning to put into practice what Maria Montessori has always believed. However, it is necessary that the teacher interested in the methodology has passed a course approved by OMB (Montessori Organization in Brazil) so that he is able to use it in his school space. However, nothing prevents him from putting the values ​​and actions of such pedagogy into practice in regular schools, respecting the child and placing his autonomy and teaching as priorities.]

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.34117/bjdv6n6-107

ISSN: 2525-8761

Article

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The Behavioral Effects of Montessori Pedagogy on Children’s Psychological Development and School Learning

Available from: MDPI

Publication: Children (Switzerland), vol. 9, no. 2

Pages: Article 133

Child development, Cognitive development, Learning, Social development

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Abstract/Notes: This review examines the quantitative behavioural studies that have evaluated the effects of Montessori pedagogy on children’s psychological development and school learning. The analyses of only three “Randomized Controlled Trials—RCT” studies published to date reveal varied and contradictory effects. Firstly, these findings are discussed in the light of several methodological limitations: the absence of active control groups, small sample sizes, diversity of measures, or lack of control over the implementation fidelity of both Montessori and conventional pedagogy. Secondly, these findings are discussed in the light of what Montessori pedagogy does not emphasise in its conception of development and the role of the teacher, namely the place given to language and pretend play.

Language: English

DOI: 10.3390/children9020133

ISSN: 2227-9067

Doctoral Dissertation

Informationstechnologien und Montessori-Pädagogik: die Implementierung des Internets als Informationsmedium in Montessori-Schulen der USA [Information technologies and Montessori pedagogy: the implementation of the Internet as an information medium in Montessori schools in the USA]

Available from: Pädagogische Hochschule Freiburg

Americas, Information and communications technology (ICT), Montessori method of education, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Ausgehend von der Beobachtung, dass in der Unterrichtsforschung Konzepte des „offenen Lernens“ für die Implementierung neuer Medien, wie dem Internet, empfohlen werden, wird der Zusammenhang zwischen reformpädagogischen Ansätzen und neuen Informationstechnologien hergestellt. Hier knüpfen die Untersuchungen der vorliegenden Arbeit an. Herausgegriffen wird das Konzept Maria Montessoris, untersucht in den USA, wo sich zum einen alternative Pädagogiken freier entwickeln können und zum anderen die Implementierung neuer Medien in den Unterricht offensiver vorangetrieben wird. Es wird angenommen, dass die Lernumgebung Montessoris unter dem Gesichtspunkt einer Modernisierung des Konzepts auf die heutigen Ansprüche eine optimale Lernlandschaft bietet, das Internet als natürliche Informationsquelle in den Unterricht zu integrieren. Die gegenwärtig kontroverse Umsetzung der Pädagogik Montessoris (AMI und AMS) sowie die zu diesem Zeitpunkt verwirklichte Internetnutzung in den Schulen werden am Beispiel der USA einer kritischen Reflexion unterzogen. Kapitel 1 dieser Arbeit betrachtet die Pädagogik Montessoris. Ein Abschnitt liefert Informationen über die kontemporäre Verwirklichung ihrer Pädagogik in den USA. Die Möglichkeiten des Internets für den Unterricht, die Aussagen der Forschung über das informationstechnische Lernen sowie seine Integration in den USA, wird in Kapitel 2 näher untersucht. In Kapitel 3 wird die Notwendigkeit des Interneteinsatzes in Schulen überprüft und die Eignung offener Strukturen als Basis dafür begründet. Die gewonnenen Erkenntnisse geben die Grundlage zu den in Kapitel 4 und 5 beschriebenen Untersuchungen, wie diese Implementierung in der Praxis nordamerikanischer Montessori-Schulen verwirklicht ist. Beschrieben wird sowohl eine Querschnittsuntersuchung als auch eine Fallstudie. Kapitel 6 schildert die pädagogischen Konsequenzen für die Nutzung des Internets im Unterricht. [Based on the observation that teaching research recommends concepts of “open learning” for the implementation of new media such as the Internet, the connection between reform-pedagogical approaches and new information technologies is established. This is where the investigations of the present work tie in. The concept of Maria Montessori is being singled out, examined in the USA, where, on the one hand, alternative pedagogies can develop more freely and, on the other hand, the implementation of new media in the classroom is being promoted more aggressively. It is assumed that the Montessori learning environment, from the point of view of modernizing the concept to meet today's requirements, offers an optimal learning landscape to integrate the Internet as a natural source of information into the classroom. The currently controversial implementation of Montessori pedagogy (AMI and AMS) as well as the internet usage in schools at that time are subjected to critical reflection using the example of the USA. Chapter 1 of this thesis looks at Montessori's pedagogy. A section provides information on the contemporary realization of their pedagogy in the USA. The possibilities of the Internet for teaching, the statements of research about information technology learning and its integration in the USA are examined in more detail in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 examines the necessity of using the Internet in schools and explains the suitability of open structures as a basis for this. The knowledge gained provides the basis for the investigations described in Chapters 4 and 5, how this implementation is realized in practice in North American Montessori schools. Both a cross-sectional study and a case study are described. Chapter 6 describes the pedagogical consequences for the use of the Internet in the classroom.]

Language: German

Published: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany, 2003

Article

L’entrée en pédagogie Montessori d’enseignant.e.s d’écoles maternelles publiques française depuis 2010: Raisons et modalités [The entry into Montessori pedagogy of French public nursery school teachers since 2010: Reasons and modalities]

Available from: CAIRN

Publication: Spécificités, vol. 12, no. 1

Pages: 14-30

Europe, France, Montessori method of education - Teachers, Teachers, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: La proposition pédagogique de Maria Montessori, au début du XXème siècle, était une alternative à l’enseignement traditionnel. Elle connait, un siècle plus tard, un engouement sans précédent dans l’école maternelle publique française. Quatre éléments contextuels en ont permis l’émergence : l’évolution de la prescription institutionnelle à l’égard de l’école maternelle ; des enseignants confrontés à des demandes sociétales et institutionnelles paradoxales ; des pratiques pédagogiques qui s’essoufflent ; une motivation des enseignants à faire faire évoluer ces mêmes pratiques. Une primarisation croissante de l’école maternelle en conflit avec une demande sociétale de prise en compte plus individuelle de l’enfant a en effet déstabilisé le corps enseignant créant ainsi les conditions d’un changement de pratiques. Dans ce développement, les réseaux créés sur Internet ont joué un rôle majeur pour permettre cette entrée en pédagogie Montessori, entre adaptation à la réalité des classes et conformité aux demandes institutionnelles. Au-delà des raisons qui ont présidé à la naissance de ce mouvement, il s’agit également, dans cet article, de retracer le parcours des premiers enseignants. Comment sont-ils parvenus à la pédagogie Montessori, se sont-ils formés à cette pédagogie et si oui de quelle façon ? [At the beginning of the 20th century, Maria Montessori's pedagogical was an alternative to traditional teaching. A century later, it is experiencing an unprecedented craze in French public nursery schools. Four contextual elements have enabled it to emerge: the evolution of institutional prescription with regard to nursery schools; teachers confronted with paradoxical societal and institutional demands; educational practices that are running out of steam; and teachers' motivation to change these same practices. The nursery schools becoming more like elementary schools in conflict with a societal demand for more individual attention to children has destabilized the teaching profession, thus creating the conditions for a change in practices. In this development, the networks created on the Internet have played a major role in allowing this entry into Montessori pedagogy, between adaptation to the reality of the classes and compliance with institutional demands. Beyond the reasons that led to the birth of this movement, this article also aims to retrace the career paths of the first teachers. How did they come to Montessori pedagogy, did they learn this pedagogy and if so in what way?]

Language: French

DOI: 10.3917/spec.012.0014

ISSN: 2256-7186, 2426-6272

Article

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Montessori Intervention for Individuals with Dementia: Feasibility Study of a Culturally Adapted Psychosocial Intervention in Pakistan (MIRACLE)

Available from: Cambridge University Press

Publication: BJ Psych Open, vol. 6, no. 4

Pages: e69

Alzheimer's disease, Asia, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori method of education, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI), Pakistan, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Globally, nearly two-thirds of people with dementia reside in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), yet research on how to support people with dementia in LMIC settings is sparse, particularly regarding the management of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia. Understanding how best to manage these symptoms of dementia with non-specialist approaches in LMICs is critical. One such approach is a non-pharmacological intervention based on the Montessori method. To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a culturally adapted, group-based Montessori intervention for care home residents with dementia and their study partners, who were paid care workers in Pakistan. This was a two-stage study: a cultural adaptation of the Montessori intervention and a single-arm, open-label, feasibility and acceptability study of 12 participant dyads. Feasibility and tolerability of the intervention and study procedures were determined through the recruitment rate, adherence to the protocol and acceptance of the intervention. Qualitative interviews were undertaken with the study partners. A pre–post exploratory analysis of ratings of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, functional ability and quality of life were also conducted. The recruitment and retention rates of people with dementia were acceptable, and the intervention was well tolerated by participant dyads. Findings show a reduction in agitation levels and improvement in mood and interest for the activities. Feasibility studies of low-cost, easy-to-deliver and culturally adapted interventions are essential in laying the groundwork for subsequent definitive effectiveness and/or implementation trials for dementia in LMICs, where awareness and resources for dementia are limited.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1192/bjo.2020.49

ISSN: 2056-4724

Report

The Effects of Montessori Educational Techniques on Culturally Disadvantaged Head Start Children

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: To determine whether significant differences exist in skill performance as a result of head start experience and to determine whether these differences exist between two ethnic groups, 17 Anglo-American [White] and 62 Mexican American [Latino] culturally disadvantaged children were pre-tested and post-tested during the summer of 1965 in connection with six-week head start programs in Costa Mesa and Fullerton, California. Five teachers using modified Montessori materials stressed three developmental areas, (1) perceptual-motor, (2) social-emotional, and (3) intellectual-academic. Seven instruments were used to test the program's effectiveness--Gesell Maturation Index, Mateer Inversion Test, tests of dominance, teacher rating scale, Goodenough-Harris D-A-P, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, and wide range achievement test. Results showed that certain handicaps do exist among culturally disadvantaged children prior to school experience and that positive gains occurred when enrichment experiences were provided. Greatest gains were in the areas of intellectual-academic and social-emotional skills. Ethnic differences appeared in the linguistic skills limitations of the Mexican American children. Need for medical and dental attention was apparent in both groups. Future provision should be made for continued preschool education and wider dissemination of health services. (LG)

Language: English

Published: Fullerton, California, Sep 1965

Article

Hawaiian Indigenous Education and the Montessori Approach: Overlapping Pedagogy, Values, and Worldview

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 39, no. 3

Pages: 251-271

Americas, Asian American and Pacific Islander community, Indigenous communities, North America, North America, North American Montessori Teachers' Association (NAMTA) - Periodicals, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Nanette Schonleber makes a remarkable correlation as to why Hawaiian indigenous educators thrive with Montessori pedagogy. Compatible educators share values and goals, such as developmental learning, respect for parenthood, freedom of movement and independence, choice in learning, and specific individualized potential. Hawaiian language and culture-based educators view their work as a way of learning embedded in a way of life that integrates a cultural worldview and belief system, such as the child as a spiritual being, earth as living, and creation as interconnected. The author also finds congruency in land-based learning as being fundamental to indigenous learning and similar to the Erdkinder emphasis for the adolescent where interconnectedness and community roles arise out of farming. [This article is based on the author's 2006 award-winning doctoral dissertation titled "Culturally Congruent Education and the Montessori Model: Perspectives from Hawaiian Culture-Based Educators."]

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

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Um movimento em direção aos espaços educadores sustentáveis na Pedagogia Montessori [A movement towards sustainable educational spaces in Montessori Pedagogy]

Available from: Comunicações

Publication: Comunicações, vol. 22, no. 2

Pages: 391-413

Americas, Brazil, Latin America and the Caribbean, South America

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Abstract/Notes: Apresenta-se aqui o resultado da pesquisa feita numa escola de educação infantil e ensino fundamental de São José (SC) que objetivou verificar as contribuições da pedagogia Montessori às dimensões da escola como um espaço educador sustentável (EES). Revisitaram-se as ideias de educadores que pensaram uma escola à realidade da educação de seu tempo histórico e cultural, especialmente as de Maria Montessori. Na educação ambiental, destacaram-se a sustentabilidade, a escola sustentável e o nosso modo de ser, estar e permanecer na “casa de vida”, sob o olhar de Sauvé, Sato e outros. Ancorou-se em Foucault, com seu entendimento sobre os discursos de verdade, e em Bachelard, que interligou ciência e arte. A pesquisa evidenciou que a escola em foco está em processo de transição de constituir um EES quanto à dimensão do currículo, do projeto político pedagógico e da interação escola-comunidade e em virtude de seus caminhos e escolhas, entretanto algumas limitações existem, principalmente no espaço arquitetônico. Nas falas da comunidade escolar, viu-se que a escola busca criar seu próprio caminho, suas próprias estradas, e, embora não apresente total consonância entre sua proposta e os objetivos do Programa Nacional Escolas Sustentáveis, ambos possuem aspectos em comum. Concluiu-se que o projeto do centro educacional continua se efetivando entre saberes e fazeres da pedagogia Montessori. [We present here the result of a research carried out in a kindergarten and elementary school in São José (SC) which aimed to verify the contributions of Montessori pedagogy to the dimensions of the school as a sustainable educational space (EES). The ideas of educators who thought a school to the reality of education in its historical and cultural time were revisited, especially those of Maria Montessori. In environmental education, sustainability, the sustainable school and our way of being, being and staying in the “home of life” were highlighted, under the eyes of Sauvé, Sato and others. It was based on Foucault, with his understanding of truth discourses, and on Bachelard, who linked science and art. The research showed that the school in focus is in a transition process of constituting an EES regarding the dimension of the curriculum, the pedagogical political project and the school-community interaction and due to its paths and choices, however some limitations exist, mainly in the space architectural. In the speeches of the school community, it was seen that the school seeks to create its own path, its own roads, and, although it does not present total consonance between its proposal and the objectives of the Sustainable Schools National Program, both have aspects in common. It was concluded that the project of the educational center continues to be carried out between the knowledge and practices of Montessori pedagogy.]

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.15600/2238-121X/comunicacoes.v22n2ep391-413

ISSN: 2238-121X, 0104-8481

Article

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Dialectics, Esotericism and Evolutionism in 20th Century Pedagogy. On the Totalitarian Heritage in the Educational Concepts of Cultural Education, with Maria Montessori, Rudolf Steiner and Pavel Blonsky

Available from: Pedagógiatörténeti Szemle

Publication: Pedagógiatörténeti Szemle, vol. 4, no. 3-4

Pages: 1-22

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Education Movement, Pavel Blonsky - Biographic sources, Pavel Blonsky - Philosophy, Rudolf Steiner - Biographic sources, Rudolf Steiner - Philosophy, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: In the following contribution it will be shown that and how the theocratic heritage has perpetuated itself in more or less changed form in newer educational theories. Its transformation can be understood as its secularization, which passes on the absolute as epistemological totalitarianism in the form of violence, provided that it was armed with power of action. As examples here serve the multifaceted cultural or humanistic pedagogy ("Kulturpädagogik" or "Geisteswissenschaftliche Pädagogik" - GP), which is still important today, as well as three important concepts of reform pedagogy (respectively the "New Education Movement"), namely those of Maria Montessori, Rudolf Steiner and Pavel Blonsky.

Language: English

DOI: 10.22309/PTSZEMLE.2018.3.1

ISSN: 2415-9093

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