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873 results

Bachelor's Thesis

Hudební rozvoj dětí předškolního věku ve vzdělávacím systému Marie Montessori / Musical development of preschool children in the Maria Montessori educational system

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Studentka pojedná o vzdělávacím systému Marie Montessori v českém vzdělávacím prostředí. Představí jeho klíčové znaky. Ty se stanou inspirací k rozvoji hudebnosti jako prostředku osobnostního rozvoje dítěte předškolního věku. V praktické části studentka uskuteční longitudinální a kvantitativní výzkum u dětí navštěvujících příslušnou mateřskou školu. Jeho cílem bude představit procesy, jak hudebně výrazové a formotvorné prostředky postupně vstupují do dětského vědomí v kontinuitě s emocionálním a estetickým rozvojem. / The student aims to introduce the topic of Maria Montessori education system in the Czech educational environment. She will describe the key subjects. Those will become an inspiration to the child´s musical growth as a part of preschool child´s personal growth. She will make an longitudinal and qualitative research in the practical part with the kids who are attending the kindergarden. The purpose is to introduce a musical and form-forming instruments which are gradually entering into child´s sences in continuity with emotional and ethical growth.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2020

Master's Thesis (M.Sc.)

A Natural History of Preschool Children's Behaviour

Available from: University of Lethbridge - Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Naturalistic observations in a free play day care were conducted to study motor and object manipulation behaviour in preschool-aged children. Behaviour settings theory, which predicts that setting has greater influence over behaviour than individual factors, was tested by comparing behaviour between indoor and outdoor settings. Analysis confirmed that there were motor and object manipulation rate differences across settings. Consequently, setting was controlled for in the second analysis, which looked at repetitive behaviour. Repetition is a central concept to Montessori educational theory and is used as a learning tool in Montessori classrooms; however, little information about repetition as a developmentally typical behaviour is available. A natural history of repetition was recorded to determine: activities during which repetition takes place; commonality of repetition across children; age that children most frequently engage in repetition; and length of repetitive bouts. Analysis revealed similarities and differences between Montessori's account of repetition and observed behaviour.

Language: English

Published: Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada, 2016

Doctoral Dissertation

Über selbsttätige Erziehung der Vorschulkinder bei Maria Montessori und im Kindergarten der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik [About the independent education of the preschool children with Maria Montessori and in the kindergarten of the German Democratic Republic]

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Language: German

Published: Berlin, Germany, 1961

Article

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Rehabilitation of socially withdrawn preschool children through mixed-age and same-age socialization

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Child Development

Pages: 915–922

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Language: English

ISSN: 0009-3920, 1467-8624

Article

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Social Participation of Preschool Children in Same- versus Mixed-Age Groups

Available from: JSTOR

Publication: Child Development, vol. 52, no. 2

Pages: 644-650

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Language: English

DOI: 10.2307/1129185

ISSN: 0009-3920, 1467-8624

Article

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IES Arrow-Dot Longitudinal Study of Personality Development in Preschool Children

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: Perceptual and Motor Skills, vol. 40, no. 1

Pages: 209-210

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Abstract/Notes: Preschool children were administered the IES Arrow-Dot at the beginning and end of the school year and scores compared with those based on a prior study in a Montessori preschool. Developmental trends of declining Impulsivity and rising Ego scores were corroborated. Superego development remained almost stable in contrast to a significant rise for the Montessori sample. Results support effective use of the test with preschoolers to assess baselines and developmental patterns of personality integration.

Language: English

DOI: 10.2466/pms.1975.40.1.209

ISSN: 1558-688X, 0031-5125

Article

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Preschool Children's School Adjustment: Indicators of Behaviour Problems, Gender, and Peer Victimisation

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Education 3-13, vol. 43, no. 6

Pages: 630-640

Asia, Middle East, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The relationships among school adjustment, victimisation, and gender were investigated with 284 Turkish children aged between five and six years. Teacher Rating Scale of School Adjustment, The Preschool Behaviour Questionnaire, and Peer Victimisation Scale were used in this study. Analyses indicated that children's behaviour problems and victimisation variables were significant predictors of the school adjustment of children while controlling for gender.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/03004279.2013.848915

ISSN: 0300-4279, 1475-7575

Article

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Comparison of Sudoku Solving Skills of Preschool Children Enrolled in the Montessori Approach and the National Education Programs

Available from: Red Fame

Publication: Journal of Education and Training Studies, vol. 8, no. 3

Pages: 32-47

Asia, Comparative education, Middle East, Montessori method of education, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: According to Johnson-Laird (2010), sudoku, a mind game, is based on a pure deduction and reasoning processes. This study analyzed sudoku solving skills of preschool children and to ascertain whether there was a difference between children who were educated according to the Ministry of Education preschool education program and the Montessori approach. Sudoku skills of children were analyzed by gender, age, duration of preschool attendance, mother’s and father’s education level and previous experience of playing sudoku using a 12-question Sudoku Skills Measurement Tool developed for this research study. The study sample of the study consisted of 118 children (57 girls, 61 boys) aged between 54-77 months. The findings showed that there was no significant difference in sudoku skills by gender. However, sudoku skills varied with age (54-65 months and 66-77 months) in favor of older groups. Children's sudoku skills were more developed with an increase in education level of either parent. Children who had been in preschool for longer had higher sudoku scores. A previous experience of playing sudoku did not impact sudoku scores. Sudoku skills of children who were educated according to the Montessori program were more developed compared to those of children educated according to Ministry of National Education program.According to Johnson-Laird (2010), sudoku, a mind game, is based on a pure deduction and reasoning processes. This study analyzed sudoku solving skills of preschool children and to ascertain whether there was a difference between children who were educated according to the Ministry of Education preschool education program and the Montessori approach. Sudoku skills of children were analyzed by gender, age, duration of preschool attendance, mother’s and father’s education level and previous experience of playing sudoku using a 12-question Sudoku Skills Measurement Tool developed for this research study. The study sample of the study consisted of 118 children (57 girls, 61 boys) aged between 54-77 months. The findings showed that there was no significant difference in sudoku skills by gender. However, sudoku skills varied with age (54-65 months and 66-77 months) in favor of older groups. Children's sudoku skills were more developed with an increase in education level of either parent. Children who had been in preschool for longer had higher sudoku scores. A previous experience of playing sudoku did not impact sudoku scores. Sudoku skills of children who were educated according to the Montessori program were more developed compared to those of children educated according to Ministry of National Education program.

Language: English

DOI: 10.11114/jets.v8i3.4620

ISSN: 2324-8068

Article

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The Effect of Montessori Method on 4-5 years old Preschool Children's Creativity in Tabriz

Available from: Journal of Instruction and Evaluation

Publication: Journal of Instruction and Evaluation / Amuzish va Arzishyabi, vol. 7, no. 28

Pages: 81-98

Asia, Iran, Middle East, South Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the Montessori Method of education on 4-5 years old preschool children's creativity in Tabriz. The data were gathered through a quasi – experimental research with pre-test, post-test, and control group, administering Torrance pictorial from B test. The statistical population of the study included all educational centers of 4-5 year old children, which comprised 500 preschools in the academic year 92-93. The research sample of the present study included 50 preschoolers (25 in the experimental group and 25 in the control group) who were selected randomly through cluster sampling. The Montessori Method of education was employed for three months. After that, the data was gathered and analyzed through Covariance method. The results indicated that the Montessori Method of education was effective on the 4-5 year old children's creativity. Regarding four dimensions of creativity, Montessori Method was effective in enhancing the dimensions of fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration in children.

Language: Persian

ISSN: 2345-6299, 2476-5627

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Preschool Children's Development in Classic Montessori, Supplemented Montessori, and Conventional Programs

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: Journal of School Psychology, vol. 50, no. 3

Pages: 379-401

Americas, Comparative education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Research on the outcomes of Montessori education is scarce and results are inconsistent. One possible reason for the inconsistency is variations in Montessori implementation fidelity. To test whether outcomes vary according to implementation fidelity, we examined preschool children enrolled in high fidelity classic Montessori programs, lower fidelity Montessori programs that supplemented the program with conventional school activities, and, for comparison, conventional programs. Children were tested at the start and end of the school year on a range of social and academic skills. Although they performed no better in the fall, children in Classic Montessori programs, as compared with children in Supplemented Montessori and Conventional programs, showed significantly greater school-year gains on outcome measures of executive function, reading, math, vocabulary, and social problem-solving, suggesting that high fidelity Montessori implementation is associated with better outcomes than lower fidelity Montessori programs or conventional programs.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/j.jsp.2012.01.001

ISSN: 0022-4405

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