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Master's Thesis

Montessori eğitim sistemi ve İslam eğitim sisteminin karşılaştırılması / Comparision of Montessori education system with Islamic education system

Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)

Comparative education, Islamic education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Religious education

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Abstract/Notes: In this study where literature review method is used, Montessori education method that is considered among the alternative education methods and the one that carefully defines what kind of education and learning experiences are suitable and useful for each growing period and Islamic education whose basic aim is to grow "mature human being" has been compared. In the introduction part of the study containing two sections as introduction and another two parts, the problem, aim, importance, hypotheses, methods and limitations of the study are handled. Montessori Education system is examined in the first part, and in the second part it is compared with Islamic education that forms the basis for the study, giving information about Islamic education system. Studies carried out on both Montessori and Islamic education systems were searched thoroughly and then they were carefully evaluated before starting to write. Within this context, all the sources related to the subject in the libraries in Turkey were provided, a very large database of information for foreign sources were scanned and they were obtained through different ways. In the light of the data obtained as a result of the study, the methods and principles that are similar in both approaches were determined and their comparison which forms the base for the study was made through the findings obtained. / Literatür taraması yönteminin kullanıldığı bu araştırmada, her gelişim aşamasına, hangi çeşit eğitim ve öğrenme deneyimlerinin uygun ve yararlı olduğunu özenle belirleyen ve alternatif eğitim modellerinden Montessori eğitim sistemi ve esas hedefi "kamil insan yetiştirmek" olan İslam eğitim sistemi karşılaştırılmaya tabi tutulmuştur. Giriş ve iki bölümden oluşan bu çalışmanın giriş kısmında araştırmanın problemi, amacı ve önemi, hipotezleri ve yöntem ve sınırlılığı ele alınmıştır. Çalışmanın birinci bölümünde Montessori eğitim sistemi incelemeye tabi tutulmuş, ikinci bölümde ise araştırmanın temelini oluşturan İslam eğitim sistemi hakkında bilgilere yer verilerek, Montessori ve İslam eğitim sisteminin karşılaştırılması yapılmıştır. Araştırmanın yazım aşamasına başlamadan önce Montessori ve İslam eğitim sistemiyle ile ilgili çalışmalar taranmış ve değerlendirilmiştir. Bu çerçevede Türkiye'deki kütüphanelerdeki konuyla ilgili tüm kaynak eserlerin temini yapılmış, yabancı kaynakların temini için pek çok veritabanlarında taramalar yapılmış ve bu eserler çeşitli şekillerle elde edilmiştir. Araştırma sonucu ortaya çıkan veriler ışığında her iki yaklaşımın benzerlik gösterdiği metot ve ilkeler tespit edilmiş ve elde edilen bulgularla çalışmanın esasını oluşturan her iki yaklaşımın karşılaştırılması yapılmıştır.

Language: Turkish

Published: Bursa, Turkey, 2016

Article

NCME Welcomes Two New Teacher Education Programs [Saint Louis Center/Montessori Education; Maine Montessori Institute]

Publication: The National Montessori Reporter, vol. 25, no. 4

Pages: 35

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Language: English

Article

Education in Preschool Educational Organizations-the Importance of Using the Maria Montessori Method in the Process of Education

Available from: IndianJournals

Publication: ACADEMICIA: An International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, vol. 11, no. 4

Pages: 589-594

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Abstract/Notes: Modern educational space is "impregnated" with ideas of humanization and personality-oriented concept. In this regard, it becomes necessary to study and understand the potential of those pedagogical systems and techniques of a personal orientation that have taken their solid place in the educational space, having proved their importance, efficiency and productivity. One of the most striking representatives of ideas with a humanistic focus is the Italian teacher, psychologist, founder of the method of scientific pedagogy M. Montessori. The article discusses the positive and negative aspects of the developing method of M. Montessori.

Language: English

DOI: 10.5958/2249-7137.2021.01104.6

ISSN: 2249-7137

Book

India, Democracy and Education: A Study of the Work of the Birla Education Trust

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Language: English

Published: Bombay, India: Orient Longmans, 1955

Article

Montessori 교육에서의 미술교육 [Art Education in Montessori Education]

Available from: RISS

Publication: Montessori교육연구 [Montessori Education Research], vol. 1

Pages: 47-63

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Language: Korean

ISSN: 1226-9417

Book Section

Théosophie et éducation en Espagne (1891-1939): espaces de sociabilité et réseaux éducatifs [Theosophy and education in Spain (1891-1939): spaces of sociability and educational networks]

Available from: OpenEdition Books

Book Title: Éduquer dans et hors l’école: Lieux et milieux de formation. XVIIe-XXe siècle

Pages: 87-102

Europe, Southern Europe, Spain, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: L’occasion de lancer des recherches sur les liens entre le mouvement théosophique et l’éducation en Espagne et l’intérêt que celles-ci pouvaient présenter surgirent à partir de la lecture du Petit Journal d’Adolphe Ferrière dans les Archives de l’institut J.-J. Rousseau de l’université de Genève. En 1930, de passage à Barcelone sur le chemin de son long voyage vers l’Amérique latine, le pédagogue suisse fut reçu par Maria Solà de Sellarés, Attilio Bruschetti et José Forteza. Cependant ces personnages n’apparaissent pas dans les pages de l’historiographie de l’éducation nouvelle et de la rénovation pédagogique en Catalogne au cours du premier tiers du XXe siècle. Après les recherches qui s’imposaient, nous sûmes qu’ils militèrent dans l’hétérodoxe mouvement théosophique et que, suivant les pas de Béatrice Ensor, ils se rapprochèrent de sa pédagogie par le biais de la Fraternité internationale de l’Éducation. La vocation éducative du mouvement théosophique se manifesta dans l’organisation de cours et de conférences, l’édition de livres et de dépliants à caractère doctrinal et didactique, la création d’espaces de sociabilité et, entre autres initiatives, par la fondation d’un certain nombre d’écoles et de centres éducatifs qui tentèrent de rejoindre les mouvements rénovateurs européens, tout en restant fidèles au spiritualisme oriental. Plus tard et malgré les distances que leur imposèrent dissidences et fractures, un autre courant allait apparaître à l’horizon de l’évolution de ce mouvement: l’anthroposophie de Steiner et la pédagogie Waldorf. Cet article se propose d’analyser, dans les contextes européen et international, la fonction sociale, éducative et socialisatrice de la théosophie et des réseaux socioéducatifs théosophiques, hors et dans l’école, en Espagne au cours du premier tiers du XXe siècle. Cette recherche part de l’analyse de sources orales (membres de familles de théosophes et personnes ayant des liens avec le mouvement théosophique) et de sources écrites (directes et indirectes) consultées et étudiées dans diverses archives : Biblioteca de Cataluña (Barcelone), bibliothèque privée de la Branche Arjuna de Barcelone, Centro nacional de la Memoria histórica de Salamanque (Espagne), archives privées de la famille Jover Dalmau (ancien élève de l’école Damon) et Archives historiques municipales de Sabadell (Catalogne). [The opportunity to launch research on the links between the theosophical movement and education in Spain and the interest that these could present arose from the reading of the Petit Journal d'Adolphe Ferrière in the Archives of the institute J.-J. Rousseau from the University of Geneva. In 1930, passing through Barcelona on the way to his long journey to Latin America, the Swiss teacher was received by Maria Solà de Sellarés, Attilio Bruschetti and José Forteza. However, these characters do not appear in the pages of the historiography of new education and educational renewal in Catalonia during the first third of the twentieth century. After the necessary research, we learned that they were active in the heterodox theosophical movement and that, following in the footsteps of Beatrice Ensor, they approached her pedagogy through the International Fraternity of Education. The educational vocation of the theosophical movement was manifested in the organization of courses and conferences, the publication of books and leaflets of a doctrinal and didactic nature, the creation of spaces for sociability and, among other initiatives, by the foundation of a number of schools and educational centers which tried to join the European renovating movements, while remaining faithful to Eastern spiritualism. Later and despite the distances imposed by dissidence and fractures, another current would appear on the horizon of the evolution of this movement: the anthroposophy of Steiner and the Waldorf pedagogy. This article aims to analyze, in European and international contexts, the social, educational and socializing function of theosophy and theosophical socio-educational networks, outside and in school, in Spain during the first third of the twentieth century. This research starts from the analysis of oral sources (members of families of Theosophists and people with links to the Theosophical movement) and written sources (direct and indirect) consulted and studied in various archives: Biblioteca de Cataluña (Barcelona), library private of the Arjuna Branch of Barcelona, ​​Centro nacional de la Memoria histórica de Salamanca (Spain), private archives of the Jover Dalmau family (former pupil of the Damon school) and Municipal Historical Archives of Sabadell (Catalonia).]

Language: French

Published: Rennes, France: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2018

ISBN: 978-2-7535-5561-7

Series: Histoire

Report

Alternatives in Education: An Exploration of Learner-Centered, Progressive, and Holistic Education

Available from: ERIC

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Abstract/Notes: Based on a database of over 500 resources, this paper explores the educational alternatives that exist today between the cracks of mainstream education and culture. It presents information about the growing numbers of schools and education centers that call themselves learner-centered, progressive, and/or holistic. Sources of data for this summary report also include over 3 years of informal interviews with and observations of people at alternative schools. The paper begins by examining terminology issues, discussing qualities for distinguishing educational alternatives, and describing eight types of schools (democratic and free schools, folk education, Quaker schools, homeschooling/unschooling/deschooling, Krishnamurti schools, Montessori schools, open schools, and Waldorf schools). It also presents frameworks for education (maps for understanding the territories of alternatives), and it discusses the three orientations of a competency based education: transaction (progressive), self-directed (learner-centered), and transformation (holistic). After looking at political issues around school choice which could impact the growth of the various philosophical alternatives, the paper concludes that in a society where issues of pluralism and diversity are valued as part of creating a more sustainable world and just democracy, the diversity of philosophical perspectives in education needs to be acknowledged. (Contains 41 references.) (SM)

Language: English

Published: New Orleans, Louisiana, 2002

Article

Zeitenwende – und nun? Gedanken zur Montessori-Pädagogik als Friedenserziehung [Turning point – what now? Thoughts on Montessori education as peace education]

Publication: Montessori: Zeitschrift für Montessori-Pädagogik, vol. 61, no. 1

Pages: 42-49

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Language: German

ISSN: 0944-2537

Master's Thesis (M.A.)

“All Education but No Schooling”: Education Reform in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s Herland

Available from: ProQuest - Dissertations and Theses

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Abstract/Notes: When critics consider utopian literature, they often claim that the utopian imagination is limited in its ability to provide practical instruction for societal reform. In Archaeologies of the Future, Fredric Jameson extends this critique by arguing that the utopian imagination only exists “to demonstrate and to dramatize our incapacity to imagine the future” (288-289). By returning to an early twentieth century utopian novel, Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s Herland (1915), we can put pressure on Jameson’s ideas about the ultimate function of the utopian imagination. By analyzing the education system in Herland, we are able to see how Gilman integrated the contemporary educational philosophy of John Dewey and methods of Maria Montessori to provide an intellectual and institutional foundation for her utopian education system. Therefore, Gilman provides a set of ‘instructions’ to suggest how we might reform current methods of education to fit within her utopian vision. Gilman’s Herland allows us to see how a highly imaginative utopian text can promote social change to build a ‘better’ future.

Language: English

Published: Carbondale, Illinois, 2016

Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)

Hybrid Montessori Education: Teacher Reflections on the Care and Education of Under-Served Black Children

Available from: DePaul University - Digital Commons

African American children, Americas, Culturally responsive teaching, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, North America, Public Montessori, Social justice, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: This qualitative case study explores how Montessori educators in a public charter Montessori school experience Montessori education for low-income Black children. Using the methodology of a qualitative intrinsic case study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with eighteducators (six teachers and two administrators). The participants are diverse in terms of age (26 to 54), race (three white, six African American), gender (two male and six female) and educational experience (2–25 years teaching). Education for Black children in the United States recounts histories of exclusion and segregation. Montessori education for children in the U.S. over the past 100 years shows a progression from exclusivity to inclusivity with the modern push for Montessori in the public sector. Neoliberal education reform is an important context to consider in the reproduction of injustice in American schools. This study’s findings show that participants are responding to this injustice. Negotiating tension, these educators draw onMontessori philosophy, culturally responsive teaching practices, and the tenets of an education for social justice to meet the unique needs of students who are impacted by trauma, inequity, and structural racism. Blending educational traditions to become more responsive to the conditions created by oppressive constructs has created a path through the tension. Prospect Montessori educators enact a hybrid Montessori program that focuses on relationships, communication, and social/emotional learning. This study’s educational implications stem from a call for Montessorieducation to examine its relevancy for under-served Black students.Keywords: Montessori, Neoliberal education reform, culturally responsive teaching, socialjustice

Language: English

Published: Chicago, Illinois, 2022

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