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Doctoral Dissertation

The Growth of the Montessori Movement in the United States, 1909-1970

Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses

Americas, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study was to examine the growth of the Montessori Movement in the United States during the periods 1909-1921 and 1952-1970. The Montessori system was viewed as an innovation in American education and special attention was directed to the leaders of the movement and the role they played in its growth. The primary sources used for the initial period were the papers of Mabel Bell kept in the Bell Room of the National Geographic Society and the McClure Manuscripts housed in the Lilly Library at Indiana University. For the latter period, the following sources were utilized: American Montessori Society files, files of Whitby School, tape recordings from the American Montessori Society, interviews with Nancy Rambusch, Cleo Monson, John McDermott and correspondence with Mario Montessori and Margaret Stephensen. In addition to visits to the original Casa dei Bambini in Rome and modern Case in Italy, many Montessori schools in the United States were observed. The background of Dr. Montessori was discussed and the influences, principles and contributions of her method were examined. The period from 1909-1921 was analyzed with reference to the leadership of Maria Montessori, S.S. McClure, Mabel Bell, Helen Parkhurst and William Kilpatrick. The social, educational, political, theoretical and communications problems were examined to determine possible reasons for the demise of Montessori education in that era. The renascance [sic] of Montessori education in the United States (1952-1970) was examined with emphasis on the leadership of Mario Montessori, Nancy Rambusch, Margaret Stephenson, Cleo Monson and John McDermott. The areas of social, educational, theoretical and communications were studied for likely reasons for the resurgence of Montessori education in America. A paradigmatic schema was used to compare the role of the leaders in each period: Policy maker- Maria Montessori and Mario Montessori; Promoter- S.S. McClure and Nancy Rambusch; Organizer- Mabel Bell and Cleo Monson; Disciple- Helen Parkhurst and Margaret Stephenson; Professional Educator- William Kilpatrick and John McDermott. The qualities of leadership which led to the original demise of the Montessori Movement were: 1) Mistrust and lack of direct contact with United States educators and Montessori promoters by Maria Montessori; 2) Withdrawal of lecture and film rights from S.S. McClure by Dr. Montessori; 3) Dissolution of Montessori organizations by Mabel Bell and Helen Parkhurst because of lack of confidence in them by Maria Montessori; 5) Strong influence by William Kilpatrick (who did not believe in the Montessori method) on kindergarten teachers. The rebirth of the Montessori Movement was influenced by: 1) Mario Montessori's strong adherence to the original ideas of Maria Montessori; 2) Nancy Rambusch's proper use of leadership and timing and the formation of the American Montessori Society by her; 3) The organized efforts of the American Montessori Society and its teacher-training and public relations function by Cleo Monson; 4) The loyalty and knowledge displayed by Margaret Stephenson in running the Association Montessori Internationale teacher-training course in Washington; 5) the efforts of John McDermott to put Montessori in an American cultural context in teacher-training and professionalization of Montessori education. The writer finds strong indications for the thesis that it was the leadership which effected the growth of the Montessori Movement in the United States and recommends further research into other educational innovations in the United States such as the British Infant School Movement and Headstart with attention to the leadership.

Language: English

Published: New York, 1971

Book

Latin American Woman: Historical Perspectives

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Language: English

Published: Wesport: Greenwood Press, 1978

Article

Missing in Action: Montessori Education Omitted from Major School Reform Guide [An Educators' Guide to Schoolwide Reform, American Institutes of Research]

Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records

Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 11, no. 3

Pages: 11

Public Montessori

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Language: English

ISSN: 1071-6246

Article

American Montessori Society, the Montessori School Management Guide [review]

Publication: Montessori Kyōiku [Montessori Education], no. 24

Pages: 103-104

Book reviews

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Language: Japanese

ISSN: 0913-4220

Book

Restoring Opportunity: The Crisis of Inequality and the Challenge for American Education

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Abstract/Notes: "In this landmark volume, Greg J. Duncan and Richard J. Murnane lay out a meticulously researched case showing how--in a time of spiraling inequality--strategically targeted interventions and supports can help schools significantly improve the life chances of low-income children. The authors offer a brilliant synthesis of recent research on inequality and its effects on families, children, and schools. They describe the interplay of social and economic factors that has made it increasingly hard for schools to counteract the effects of inequality and that has created a widening wedge between low- and high-income students. Restoring Opportunity provides detailed portraits of proven initiatives that are transforming the lives of low-income children from prekindergarten through high school. All of these programs are research-tested and have demonstrated sustained effectiveness over time and at significant scale. Together, they offer a powerful vision of what good instruction in effective schools can look like. The authors conclude by outlining the elements of a new agenda for education reform." -- Publisher's description

Language: English

Published: Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard Education Press, 2014

ISBN: 978-1-61250-635-7 978-1-61250-634-0

Book

American Montessori Manual: Principles, Applications, Terms

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Language: English

Published: Johnstown, Pennsylvania: Mafex Associates, 1970

Article

Announcement: American Montessori Society Seminar

Publication: The Constructive Triangle (1965-1973), vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 41-42

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Language: English

ISSN: 0010-700X

Article

American Reaction to the First Visit of Maria Montessori in December, 1913

Publication: The Constructive Triangle (1965-1973), vol. 2, no. 2

Pages: 1-25

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Language: English

ISSN: 0010-700X

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

O viés americano do método Montessori em São Paulo: Ciridião Buarque e Mary Buarque

Available from: Universidade Federal de Goiás (Brazil)

Publication: Revista Inter Ação, vol. 43, no. 3

Pages: 864-880

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori constituiu, em 1907, em Roma, uma escola pública para crianças em situação de risco, a Casa dei Bambini, que difundida transnacionalmente configurou práticas e pensamento educacional inovadores. O objeto desta narrativa historiográfica foi estudar a institucionalização do Método Montessori no Brasil, problematizando a sua forma de apropriação e identificando por que o método é relacionado principalmente ao uso de materiais didáticos específicos e de mobiliário adequado ao tamanho das crianças. Foi constatado que a primeira escola montessoriana no Brasil atendeu ao público infantil, em São Paulo, no ano de 1915, num investimento particular de Ciridião Buarque e Mary Buarque. Esta pedagogia se irradiou por intermédio das apropriações realizadas pelos docentes da Escola Normal da Praça, e da legislação que indicava o uso de materiais didáticos de Montessori e de Froebel, mas de forma desarticulada de tais princípios pedagógicos. Evidências da utilização do Método Montessori em perspectiva não restrita ao uso de materiais didáticos foram encontradas nos programas infantis radiofônicos.

Language: Portuguese

DOI: 10.5216/ia.v43i3.50764

ISSN: 1981-8416

Book

Diffusion of an American Montessori Education

Available from: Books to Borrow @ Internet Archive

Americas, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, North America, United States of America, bibliografia

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Language: English

Published: Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago, Dept. of Geography, 1975

ISBN: 0-89065-067-5

Series: Research Paper , 160

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