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1327 results

Article

Maria Montessori, Howard Gardner e as inteligências múltiplas [Maria Montessori, Howard Gardner and multiple intelligences]

Publication: Revista OMB: revista da organização Montessori do Brasil, no. 2

Pages: 6-7

Howard Gardner - Biographic sources, Howard Gardner - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Multiple intelligences

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Language: Portuguese

Doctoral Dissertation

La Problematique de l'Education a la Paix a la Lumiere de Deux Representants de l'Education Nouvelle: Célestin Freinet et Maria Montessori [The Problematic of Education for Peace in the Light of Two Representatives of New Education: Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori]

Available from: Université Lyon 2 Theses

Célestin Freinet - Biographic sources, Célestin Freinet - Philosophy, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, New Education Fellowship, Peace education

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Abstract/Notes: L'étude du thème de l'éducation à la paix en regard des options spécifiques, éducatives et pédagogiques - historiquement ancrées - de Célestin Freinet et Maria Montessori, inscrites dans le mouvement de l'Education nouvelle, imposent avant tout d'interroger le concept de paix à la lumière des approches philosophiques. La notion de conflit, comme lieu - d'espace et de temps, moment différé à la violence - où s'articulent les rapports de tensions entre les contraires mis en présence, apparaît dès lors comme l'élément central à prendre en considération dans ce qui caractérise les relations humaines, afin que ces dernières ne dégénèrent pas en violence aveugle. S'il est indéniable que les deux pédagogues ont été animés par un profond désir de voir la paix s'installer dans le monde après deux catastrophes mondiales, il n'en demeure pas moins que leurs approches en ce domaine révèlent, à l'instar de leur attitude vis à vis des conflits armés, un déni de la notion même de conflit au sein des relations entre les hommes et par voie de conséquence de la valeur qui lui est attachée. L'établissement d'une adéquation entre nature et paix, renforcée en cette époque charnière du début du XXe siècle, amène Célestin Freinet et Maria Montessori à asseoir leurs conceptions, pour l'un comme pour l'autre, sur les bases du naturalisme et du vitalisme en prenant, pour Maria Montessori plus particulièrement, le chemin de la religion. C'est en cela que les conceptions et démarches de ces deux pédagogues, s'inscrivant dans le mouvement plus général de l'Education nouvelle, s'appuient sur la nécessité de l'éradication des conflits. Outre le fait que par la voie du pacifisme, la paix ne saurait advenir, l'éducation à la paix demeure un problème parce qu'elle se doit de considérer la composante conflictuelle tant dans les relations inter-individuelles qu'inter-éthniques et inter-étatiques. Il reste au demeurant que non seulement on peut mais que l'on doit éduquer à la paix, au risque de la violence possible, afin d'assurer aux futures générations l'apprentissage de liberté et de l'autonomie. [The probematics of education for peace in light of two representatives of the New education : Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori The study of education for peace theme from the specific, educational and pedagogical – historically rooted – options of Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori, registered in the New Education movement, imposes first to question the concept of peace in the light of philosophical approaches. The notion of conflict, as unit – of space and time, moment differred to violence – where tension struggles between opposites, appear from that time as the central element to be considered in what caracterizes human relations, so that these relations do not degenerate in blind violence. If it is undeniable that both pedagogues have been incited by a deep desire to see peace spreading over the world after both world catastrophes, the fact remains that their approaches in this domain reveal, in the manner of their attitude towards armed conflicts, a denial of the very notion of conflict in relations between men and consequently of the value hereto attached. The setting-up of an adequacy between nature and peace, reinforced at this hinge time of the beginning of the 20th century, leads Célestin Freinet and Maria Montessori to ground their conceptions, for both of them, on the basis of naturalism and vitalism, by taking, especially for Maria Montessori, the way of religion. Conceptions and approaches of these both pedagogues, in the scope of the general New Education movement, lean on the necessity to eradicate conflicts. Besides the fact that by the way of pacifism, peace could not come to pass, education to peace remains a problem because it has to consider the conflict element in inter-individual as well as inter-ethnical and inter-state relations. The fact remains that education to peace not only can be but has to be dispensed, at the risk of possible violence, in order to ensure to future generations learning of freedom and autonomy.]

Language: French

Published: Lyon, France, 2004

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Das Pädagogische Konzept Maria Montessoris: Die Permanente Diskussion [Maria Montessori's Pedagogical Concept: The Permanent Discussion]

Available from: Springer Link

Publication: International Review of Education, vol. 25, no. 1

Pages: 21–41

Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: This article emphasises the internal consistency of Maria Montessori's work by identifying her main educational ideas and clarifying the interrelationships between the individual experimental schools and her writings. An elucidation of the vital part played by the anthropological basis of Maria Montessori's work shows that her entire efforts were directed towards illuminating childhood as the foundation of human development. Within this framework her relationship to Rousseau on the one hand, and to educational reform trends on the other is brought out. It is in this connection that her relations with the World Education Fellowship in general and with Decroly in particular find their significance.

Language: German

DOI: 10.1007/BF02426180

ISSN: 1573-0638, 0020-8566

Book

Maria und Mario Montessoris Kosmische Erziehung: Vision und Konkretion [Maria and Mario Montessori's Cosmic Upbringing: Vision and Concretion]

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Abstract/Notes: Das Konzept der Kosmischen Erziehung basiert auf Überlegungen Maria Montessoris zur Stellung des Menschen im Kosmos, die sie in den 1930er Jahren als großartige Vision vorstellte und in den 1940er Jahren in Indien gemeinsam mit ihrem Sohn Mario zu einem konkreten pädagogischen Konzept ausformte. Maria Montessoris Absicht mit dieser Vision war, den Blick Heranwachsender Menschen auf Interdependenzen naturgeschichtlicher wie historisch-gesellschaftlicher Evolutionsprozesse zu richten, um dadurch in der Erziehung den Grundstein für ein verantwortungsvolles Umgehen mit ökologischen Kreisläufen wie auch für Solidarität zwischen sozialen Gruppen und Nationen zu legen. Dabei wird erstmals Mario Montessoris wichtiger, lange Zeit kaum beachteter Beitrag zur Entwicklung und Etablierung des Konzepts "Kosmische Erziehung" ausdrücklich herausgearbeitet. [The concept of cosmic education is based on Maria Montessori's considerations about the position of man in the cosmos, which she presented as a great vision in the 1930s and which was developed in India in the 1940s together with her son Mario into a concrete educational concept. Maria Montessori's intention with this vision was to focus on the interdependencies of natural history as well as historical-social evolutionary processes in order to lay the foundations for a responsible handling of ecological cycles as well as for solidarity between social groups and nations. For the first time, Mario Montessori's important, long neglected contribution to the development and establishment of the concept "Cosmic Education" is explicitly worked out.] / Dissertation.

Language: German

Published: Bad Heilbrunn, Germany: Klinkhardt, 2001

ISBN: 978-3-7815-1161-3 3-7815-1161-8

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

La estancia de María Montessori en Barcelona: la influencia de su método en la psicopedagogía catalana [María Montessori's stay in Barcelona: the influence of her method on Catalan psychopedagogy]

Available from: Revista de Historia de la Psicología

Publication: Revista de Historia de la Psicología, vol. 26, no. 2-3

Pages: 200-212

Europe, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education, Southern Europe, Spain

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Abstract/Notes: Nuestro trabajo describre la entrada de las ideas de María Montessori en Cataluña, así como su estancia en Barcelona. Presenta, también, un análisis de la influencia de sus teorias y su método en la Psicología pedagógica catalana. Por otro lado, se estudia, además, el trabajo realizado por Montessori en este período y se explica su dirección del Laboratorio Seminario de Pedagogía de la Mancomunitat de Cataluña. [This paper describes Maria Montessori's incorporation of ideas in Catalunya, and her stay at Barcelona. And we are also analyzing the influence of her theories and her pedagogical method in catalan psychology. On the other hand, the work of Montessori during this period is examined and her labor facing the seminar of pedagogy laboratory of the Mancomunitat of Cataluña is explained.]

Language: Spanish

ISSN: 0211-0040

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

A Systematic Review of Montessori-Based Activities for Persons With Dementia

Available from: ScienceDirect

Publication: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, vol. 17, no. 2

Pages: 117-122

Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Gerontology, Montessori therapy, Montessori-based interventions (MBI)

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori-based activities are becoming a popular approach for the care of older adults living with dementia. The aim of this study was to systematically assess the quality of the research examining the benefits of Montessori-based activities for persons with dementia. Six peer-reviewed databases were systematically searched for all relevant articles published until April 2015. Included articles were peer-reviewed studies published in English that employed Montessori-based activities with persons with dementia. Methodological quality was assessed by 2 independent raters using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database Scale or the Downs and Black evaluation tool. Levels of evidence were assigned to the study design using a modified Sackett scale. One hundred fifty articles were identified, and 14 were selected for inclusion. Level-2 evidence examining the impact of Montessori-based activities on eating behaviors suggested that difficulties with eating could be reduced with Montessori training. There was limited level-4 evidence for the benefits of Montessori-based activities on cognition, wherein benefits appeared to be specific to lower-level cognitive abilities including memory and attention. Finally, there is level-1 (n = 1), level-2 (n = 3), and level-4 (n = 6) evidence for the benefits of Montessori-based activities on engagement and affect, whereby constructive engagement and positive affect were heightened. Overall, there is a strong level of evidence for the benefits of Montessori-based activities on eating behaviors and weak evidence for the benefits on cognition. Evidence for the benefits of Montessori-based activities on engagement and affect are mixed. Future research is needed to examine the long-term benefits of Montessori-based activities.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2015.10.006

ISSN: 1525-8610

Article

Ein NS-Pamphlet gegen die Montessori-Pädagogik [A Nazi pamphlet against Montessori education]

Publication: Montessori-Werkbrief (Montessori-Vereinigung e.V.), vol. 22, no. 1

Pages: 16-18

Deutsche Nationalsozialistische Arbeiterpartei (DNSAP), Europe, Germany, Montessori method of education - History, National socialism, Nazism, Propaganda, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: A National Socialist (Nazi) pamphlet against Montessori pedagogy, January 1936.

Language: German

ISSN: 0722-2513

Book Section

Grußwort des Vorsitzenden der Aktionsgemeinschaft Deutscher Montessori-Vereine (ADMV) [Greetings from the Chairman of the Action Committee of the German Montessori Association (ADMV)]

Book Title: Montessori-Pädagogik in Deutschland: Rückblick - Aktualität - Zukunftsperspektiven ; 40 Jahre Montessori-Vereinigung e.V. [Montessori Pedagogy in Germany: Review - Current Issues - Future Perspectives 40 years of the Montessori Association]

Pages: 39-41

Europe, Germany, Western Europe

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Language: German

Published: Münster, Germany: Lit, 2002

ISBN: 978-3-8258-5746-2

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 7

Article

Montessori Method Applied to Varied and Multiple Handicapped Children in the Montessori Special School

Publication: Communications (Association Montessori Internationale, 195?-2008), vol. 1978, no. 3/4

Pages: 27–31

Children with disabilities, Conferences, Inclusive education, International Montessori Congress (18th, Munich, Germany, 4-8 July 1977), Montessori method of education, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Paper delivered at the 18th International Montessori Congress, Munich, Germany, 1977.

Language: English

ISSN: 0519-0959

Book Section

Begabtenförderung und Montessori-Pädagogik [Promotion of talented students and Montessori pedagogy]

Book Title: Montessori-Pädagogik in Deutschland: Rückblick - Aktualität - Zukunftsperspektiven ; 40 Jahre Montessori-Vereinigung e.V. [Montessori Pedagogy in Germany: Review - Current Issues - Future Perspectives 40 years of the Montessori Association]

Pages: 335-342

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Language: German

Published: Münster, Germany: Lit, 2002

ISBN: 978-3-8258-5746-2

Series: Impulse der Reformpädagogik , 7

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