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Article

The Characteristics and Implications of Inclusive Education in German Montessori Elementary School / 독일 몬테소리(Maria Montessori) 초등학교에서의 통합교육 운영 특성과 시사점 탐색

Available from: RISS

Publication: 발달장애연구 / The Journal of the Korean Association on Developmental Disabilities, vol. 23, no. 4

Pages: 29-54

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Abstract/Notes: The purpose of this study is to find out the implications for the characteristics of inclusive education in Montessori Elementary Schools in Germany, affecting Korea's inclusive education. The research method was based on the data and information, collected by visiting the Montessori Schools in Germany, along with literature reviews, which is inclusive of data search on the Internet. Two major implications of this study are as follows: First, the most important and basic community spirit and the will to practice of Montessori Elementary Schools are thoroughly imprinted in school authorities, school members, and educational programs in integration education. Second, To realize the essential meaning of inclusive education, the proportion of students with disabilities in each school and class plays an important role. This means that students with disabilities should account for a certain percentage, not the proportion of very small number of students, regardless of schools or classes so as to prevent the isolation or stigma of students with disabilities. This is more effective than any other way in terms of the educational support of teachers. / 본 연구는 독일 몬테소리 초등학교에서의 통합교육 운영 특성을 바탕으로 우리나라 통합교육에 미치는 시사점을 찾아보는데 그 목적이 있다. 이에 연구방법으로는 인터넷 자료검색을 비롯하여 문헌연구와 더불어 독일의 관련 몬테소리학교를 방문하여 수집된 자료와 정보를 바탕으로 하였다. 본 연구를 통하여 도출된 두 가지 주요 시사점은 첫째, 몬테소리 초등학교는 통합교육에 있어서 가장 중요하고 기초적인 공동체 의식과 실천의지가 학교당국과 학교 구성원 및 교육프로그램에 철저하게 각인되어 있다는 점이다. 둘째, 통합교육의 본질적인 의미를 실현하기 위하여 각 학교 및 각 학급에서 장애학생이 차지하는 비율이 매우 중요함을 알 수 있다. 이는 학교차원이든 학급차원이든 장애학생들이 극히 소수가 아니라, 일정 비율을 차지하여야 장애학생의 고립이나 낙인효과를 예방할 수 있고, 교사들의 교육적 지원에서도 더 효과적이라는 것이다. 특히 통합학교나 통합학급에 일정비율의 장애학생 점유율은 통합교육이나 장애인에 대한 인식 개선, 행·재정적 지원, 교육프로그램, 특수교사 및 보조교사의 증원, 장애인 편의시설, 교사 간 협력 수업 등에 있어서 통합교육의 본질적인 목적인 교육 공동체의 실현을 위하여 매우 긍정적이고 실제적인 요소로 작용할 수 있다는 것이다.

Language: Korean

ISSN: 2288-4289

Article

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Origen, difusión y comercialización del material Montessori en el primer tercio del siglo xx / Origin, diffusion and commercialization of Montessori material in the first third of the 20th century

Available from: Hemeroteca Científica Catalana

Publication: Educació i Història: Revista d'Història de l'Educació, no. 40

Pages: 131-159

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: Over the years, many studies have been developed on the materials used in teaching. Some research is aimed at presenting sources that allow us to systematically study these elements. With the commercial development of the production of didactic materials, we have been witnessing, since the end of the 19th century, the genesis and growth of manufactures aimed at educational environments. These manufactures generate production and marketing flows that sometimes determine the implementation of pedagogical innovations. On the other hand, the material associated with certain teaching methods has become, over the years, a hallmark of many of these methods. It has been used to disseminate teaching methodologies and has sometimes been presented as a badge. The Montessori Method and its dissemination are a clear example of this type of practice. This work studies the introduction of the Montessori Method in different countries, the establishment of patents and material catalogues. The internationalization of the method and the commercial interests associated with it are the subject of analysis through different sources. / Al llarg dels anys, s’han desenvolupat molts estudis sobre els materials utilitzats a l’ensenyament. Algunes investigacions estan orientades a presentar fonts que ens permetin l’estudi sistemàtic d’aquests elements. Amb el desenvolupament comercial de la producció de materials didàctics assistim, des de finals del segle xix, a la gènesi i el creixement de manufactures destinades als entorns educatius. Aquestes manufactures generen fluxos de producció i comercialització que, de vegades, determinen la posada en marxa d’innovacions pedagògiques. D’altra banda, el material associat a determinats mètodes d’ensenyament s’ha convertit, en diferents moments, en senyal d’identitat de molts d’aquests mètodes. Ha servit per difondre metodologies didàctiques i, a vegades, se’ls ha presentat com a insígnia. El mètode Montessori i la seva difusió constitueixen un exemple clar d’aquest tipus de pràctiques. En aquest treball s’estudia la introducció del mètode Montessori a diferents països, l’establiment de patents i els catàlegs del material. La internacionalització del mètode i els interessos comercials que hi estan associats són objecte d’anàlisi a través de diferents fonts. / Muchos han sido los estudios que, sobre los materiales utilizados en la enseñanza, se han desarrollado a lo largo de los años. Algunas de esas investigaciones están orientadas a presentar fuentes que nos permitan el estudio sistemático de dichos elementos. Con el desarrollo comercial en la producción de materiales didácticos asistimos, desde finales del siglo xix, a la génesis y desarrollo de manufacturas destinadas a los entornos educativos. Dichas manufacturas generan flujos de producción y comercialización que en ocasiones determinan la puesta en marcha de innovaciones pedagógicas. Por otro lado, el material asociado a determinados métodos de enseñanza se ha convertido, a lo largo de los años, en seña de identidad de muchos de ellos. Ha servido para difundir metodologías didácticas y se ha presentado, a veces, como insignia de estos. El método Montessori y su difusión constituyen un claro ejemplo de este tipo de prácticas. A lo largo de este trabajo se estudia la introducción del método Montessori en distintos países, el establecimiento de patentes y el estudio de los catálogos del material. La internacionalización del método y los intereses comerciales asociados al mismo son objeto de análisis a través de distintas fuentes.

Language: Spanish

DOI: 10.2436/e&h.v0i40.150352

ISSN: 2013-9632, 1134-0258

Article

Montessori-Pädagogik [Montessori Pedagogy]

Publication: Pharus, vol. 19

Pages: 421-435

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Language: German

Book Section

Maria Montessori e l'educazione nuova [Maria Montessori and the New Education]

Book Title: Problemi e prospettive di scuola attiva

Pages: 207-226

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Education Movement

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Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Armando, 1968

Undergraduate Thesis

Implementasi metode montessori dalam pembelajaran Matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi [Implementation of the Montessori method in learning Mathematics for children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi]

Available from: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya Digital Library

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi oleh kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, dengan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak lain, secara umum anak masih bergantung pada orang tua atau guru dalam memahami pembelajaran yang diberikan guru. Jika dilihat pada anak usia 3-4 tahun yang ada di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, mereka sudah memperlihatkan kemampuan yang dimilikinya mulai dari mengenal bilangan melalui jumlah benda sampai dengan anak mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru. Pada dasarnya dengan memberikan kesempatan kepada anak untuk mencari pengalaman secara langsung dapat menambah kemampuan matematika pada diri anak. Maka metode pembelajaran seperti apakah yang dilakukan di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah sehingga kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun dapat berkembang dengan baik. Rumusan masalah penelitian ini adalah (1) Bagaimana kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) Bagaimana Implementasi metode Montessori dalam kemampuan matematika anak usia 3-4 tahun di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Analisa yang digunakan yakni model Miles dan Huberman dimana dalam proses analisanya dimulai dari mereduksi data, kemudian menyajikan dan verifikasi. Teknik keabsahan data yang digunakan yakni metode triangulasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa implementasi metode Montessori dalam pembelajaran matematika khususnya di PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi berkembang cukup bagus karena anak mulai mampu mengenal bilangan sampai dengan memahami konsep dan mampu menyelesaikan tugas yang diberikan guru dengan sedikit atau tanpa bantuan sama sekali, hal ini menunjukkan bahwa startegi guru dalam menerapkan metode montessori dalam meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimiliki anak sudah mulai berkembang dengan baik. Begitu juga dengan implementasi yang telah dilaksanakan di lembaga PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi sudah sesuai dengan tahapan yang ada pada metode Montessori mulai dari tahapan menunjukkan bilangan, tahapan mengenalkan dengan media pembelajaran kongkret sampai dengan tahapan mengingat kembali pembelajaran matematika yang sudah diberikan guru sebelumnya, sehingga anak dapat meningkatkan kemampuan matematika yang dimilikinya dengan baik. [This research is motivated by the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, with the mathematical abilities of other children, in general children still depend on their parents or teachers in understanding the learning given by the teacher. If you look at children aged 3-4 years in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi, they have shown their abilities ranging from recognizing numbers through the number of objects until the child is able to complete the tasks given by the teacher. Basically, by providing opportunities for children to seek direct experience, they can increase their mathematical abilities. So what kind of learning method is used in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah so that the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years can develop well. The formulation of the research problem is (1) How is the mathematical ability of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo, (2) How is the implementation of the Montessori method in the mathematical abilities of children aged 3-4 years at PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi Waru Sidoarjo. This study used a qualitative approach and data collection was carried out using the methods of observation, interviews, and documentation. The analysis used is the Miles and Huberman model where the analysis process starts from reducing data, then presenting and verifying. The data validity technique used is the triangulation method. The results showed that the implementation of the Montessori method in learning mathematics, especially in PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi developed quite well because children began to be able to recognize numbers to understand concepts and were able to complete tasks given by the teacher with little or no help, this shows that the teacher's strategy in applying the Montessori method in improving children's mathematical abilities has begun to develop well. Likewise, the implementation that has been carried out at the PG-TK Ar-Raudhah Pepelegi institution is in accordance with the stages in the Montessori method starting from the stage of showing numbers, the stage of introducing concrete learning media to the stage of recalling mathematics learning that has been given by the previous teacher, so that children can improve their mathematical abilities well.]

Language: English

Published: Surubaya, Indonesia, 2020

Article

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Günter Schulz, Der Streit um Montessori, Freiburg 1961; E. M. Standing, Maria Montessori: Leben und Werk, Stuttgart 1959; Paul Oswald, Das Kind im Werk Maria Montessoris, Mülheim 1958 [review]

Publication: Zeitschrift für Pädagogik, vol. 8

Pages: 222-229

Book reviews

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Language: German

ISSN: 0044-3247

Book Section

Le scuole Montessori a Ceylon [Montessori schools in Ceylon]

Book Title: Maria Montessori cittadina del mondo [Maria Montessori, citizen of the world]

Pages: 283-286

Asia, Ceylon, Conferences, International Montessori Congress (8th, San Remo, Italy, 22-29 August 1949), Lena Wikramaratne - Speeches, addresses, etc., Lena Wikramaratne - Writings, South Asia, Sri Lanka

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Abstract/Notes: Dal volume degli Atti dell'VIII Congresso Internazionale Montessori, svoltosi a S. Remo dal 22 al 29 agosto 1949 sul tema: "La formazione dell'uomo nella ricostruzione mondiale", edizione "Opera Montessori", Roma 1950, riportiamo la relazione della signorina Lina Wikramaratne, rappresentante dell'Associazione Internazionale Montessori di Ceylon (India). [From the volume of the Proceedings of the VIII Montessori International Congress, held in San Remo from 22 to 29 August 1949 on the theme: "The formation of man in world reconstruction", "Opera Montessori" edition, Rome 1950, we report the report of the young lady Lina Wikramaratne, representative of the Association Montessori Internationale of Ceylon (India).]

Language: Italian

Published: Roma, Italy: Comitato italiano dell'OMEP, 1967

Article

Sorry, Мадам Монтессори! / Sorry, Madam Montessori! [Sorry Madam Montessori!]

Publication: Rossiiskaia Gazeta (Moscow, Russia)

Pages: 10

Asia, Eastern Europe, Europe, Montessori method of education - History, Russia, Western Asia

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Language: Russian

Article

Montessori Lectures: The Second Lecture on Montessori Methods...

Available from: The Times Educational Supplement Historical Archive - Gale

Publication: The Times Educational Supplement (London, England)

Pages: 183

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Language: English

ISSN: 0040-7887

Article

Crèche Montessori nel cuore d'Europa: l'Opera Nazionale Montessori prescelta dalla Banca europea degli investimenti per gestire il nido internazionale in Lussemburgo

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 49, no. 10

Pages: 13

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

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