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Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Improving Montessori Teacher Effectiveness through a School-University Partnership
Available from: Wilmington University
Elementary education, Teacher education
Abstract/Notes: In an effort to improve the quality of education received by the nation’s children, research has been conducted to identify factors that contribute to student success. Research indicates that teacher training and credentials are related to higher student achievement. This paper explores the literature regarding teacher effectiveness and then compares practices of effective teachers with the training received by Montessori teachers. The results were used to identify a gap in the teacher-training program. This information was substantiated by data collected using an online survey. The survey also measured the percent of Delaware Montessori teachers who have their state teaching certification as well as their interest in a potential Montessori teacher education graduate program. With this information, a school-university graduate partnership was designed. The graduate program would result in educators becoming dual certified, both Montessori certified and state licensed and certified. This executive position paper advocates for the establishment of a school-university partnership between the Delaware Institute for Montessori Education (DIME) and the College of Education at Wilmington University for the purposes of creating a pathway to a graduate degree and dual certification for qualified Montessori educators.
Published: New Castle, Delaware, 2016
Doctoral Dissertations (Ed.D.)
The Impact of Montessori Practices
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: This mixed methods study examined the impact of School Y’s Montessori approach on their students’ academic achievement, perceptions of executive functioning skills, and the school’s culture. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of length of enrollment on academic achievement in a Montessori upper elementary and middle school classroom. Administrator, parent, student, and teacher perceptions of the impact of School Y’s Montessori approach on students’ executive functioning were examined. The stakeholders’ perceptions of School Y’s culture were also identified. There were three main findings of the study: 1) there was no statistically significant relationship between the number of years students have been enrolled and their academic scores on both the Stanford Achievement Test and the OLSAT, 2) executive functioning skills were attributed to student success, and 3) cultural practices included individual instruction, mastery, real-life learning, positive discipline, peace education, a strong sense of community, parent education and support, mindfulness in the classroom, and an emphasis on environment. Additional findings showed the NCE results of both the Stanford and the OLSAT were above grade level expectations across all grade levels and subjects. These results could be an indication that the Montessori approach used by School Y was preparing the students for success in the subjects assessed. The findings were inconclusive because there was no statistically significant relationship between the number of years students have been enrolled and their academic scores on both the Stanford Achievement Test and the OLSAT. However, their results were above grade level expectations across all grade levels and subjects.
Published: Nashville, Tennessee, 2017
Doctoral Dissertation (Ed.D.)
Strategies to Support Classroom Integration Among New Elementary Montessori Students: Qualitative Case Study
Available from: ProQuest Dissertations and Theses
Abstract/Notes: Elementary students transferring from traditional education classrooms to a Montessori school lack executive function skills (EFS) and struggle with academic performance and disrupt classes. The specific problem is the lack of strategies and support from school administrators to address an overwhelming number of new elementary Montessori students needing EFS improvement. The purpose of this qualitative exploratory case study was to explore teachers' and school administrators' perceptions of strategies to support teachers regarding EFS development among new Montessori students in grades first through sixth in a single Southwestern Montessori school. The theoretical framework was primarily Vygotsky's social constructionism. The research question involved: What are teachers' and school administrators' perceptions regarding strategies used to support teachers in developing EFS among new Montessori students in grades first through sixth in a Southwestern Montessori school? The sample included four administrators, eight classroom teachers, and four student support teachers. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted, and 2 focus groups were employed: 1 for administrators, and a separate 1 for teachers/support personnel. Findings indicated the need for improved vetting of potential students during the admission process, additional classroom resources, and improvements to the parental education module. Future research is needed to explore the potential for an issue-based strategic planning model to foster collaboration between school administration and teachers.
Published: Phoenix, Arizona, 2023
Islamic Religious Education in Montessori Preschool
Available from: European Union Digital Library
International Graduate Conference in Islam and Interdisciplinary Studies (IGCIIS)
Abstract/Notes: This research is based on the importance of developing Islamic Montessori model for religious education learning in Montessori Preschool. The aim of this research is to analyze Islamic religious Education in Montessori Preschool. This article is a preliminary research and development study that orch
Published: Matarma, Lombok, Indonesia (Oct 19-20, 2022): EAI, May 26, 2023
Pages: 9 p.
Implementation of Early Childhood Learning with the Montessory Method in TK IT Cendikia Purwakarta
Available from: State Islamic University of Prof. K. H. Saifuddin Zuhri
Publication: International Journal of Early Childhood Community Learning, vol. 1, no. 1
Abstract/Notes: Montessori is a teacher's method in facilitating students to explore their abilities and environment. Children are given the freedom to recognize their respective potentials by practicing at will and promoting independence in learning. The purpose of this study was to determine the application of learning with the Montessori Method in TK IT Cendikia and to find out the things supporting and inhibiting the Montessori method. The research method uses descriptive qualitative data collection through interviews, observation and documentation. The results of the study indicate that the implementation of the Montessori method in TK IT Cendikia has been carried out properly starting from planning with the design of the Daily Program (RPPH), Weekly Program (RPPM), Semester Program (PROMES) and Annual Program (PROTA), implementation of learning using the Montesssori method. , and evaluation of learning. The implementation of the Montessori method in Cendikia IT Kindergarten shows a fairly good implementation which is marked by the development of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor aspects of children
Psychology within Montessori pedagogy – theory and practice
Available from: dLibra
Publication: Pedagogika, vol. 27, no. 2
Abstract/Notes: In this paper titled Psychology within Montessori pedagogy – theory and practice the authors elaborate a current topic of access to upbringing and education, a theme that encompasses both psychology and pedagogy. Based on her experience as an assistant professor on the subject Educational anthropology and her experience as a pedagogue at a private preschool, which follows a Montessori approach, author Topic provides a theoretical approach to upbringing and education in the educational sector in the city of Mostar. Despite it being a review of a single city, the patterns and behaviors observed can be found in any other place or a city.By nurturing an individual approach to each child and taking into account their needs, children are encouraged to study by themselves, therefore allowing and supporting them to develop self confidence and self actualization. The example given is taken from a kindergarten provides an overview of practices which encourage the child towards healthy growth and development into a confident young people who will be able to form and make good choices in life.Through practical psychology, author Colak, provides us with an answer to the question why is all that important. Through her experiences in work with young people who suffer from consequences of, among other things, an inadequate approach to upbringing and education in their younger age.And to answer why this is important, psychology might have some cues. Author Čolak from her work experience with young people at Psychiatry Clinic in Mostar considers consequences that (according to literature, theory and practice) have some causes in upbringing approach at an earlier age and which behaviors were/are reinforced through evaluation systems and early messages from adults. Working with young people, author Čolak presents case study of female student with extremely low self-esteem and extremely high perfectionism in cognitive-behavioral therapy process. We discuss how and why those are so immensely pathologically connected. Some risk factors (following bio-psycho-social model of illness/wellness) are connected with psychological and social context. Thus, by educating parents and educators so we may have chance to improve mental health of children and later adults.As a conclusion, co-operation and multidisciplinary approach is suggested. Education, psychotherapy and prevention have much in common. Montessori approach is not the only one which deals with it, but in its foundations holds the bases to help us to react in time, both as a profession and as humans too. / W artykule niniejszym autorki odnoszą się do aktualnego problemu dostępu do wychowania i kształcenia, obejmującego zarówno psychologię, jak i pedagogikę. Opierając się na swoim doświadczeniu w zakresie antropologii edukacyjnej oraz jako pedagoga w prywatnym przedszkolu pracującym w oparciu o podejście M. Montessori, Kristina Topić zapewnia teoretyczne podejście do wychowania i edukacji w sektorze edukacyjnym w Mostarze (Bośnia i Hercegowina). Pomimo tego, że tekst dotyczy jednego miasta, zaobserwowane wzorce i zachowania można znaleźć w każdym innym miejscu. Pielęgnując indywidualne podejście do każdego dziecka i biorąc pod uwagę jego potrzeby, zachęca się je do samodzielnego uczenia się, umożliwiając i wspierając w rozwijaniu pewności siebie i samorealizacji. Podany przykład, pochodzący z przedszkola, zawiera przegląd praktyk, które zachęcają dziecko do prawidłowego rozwoju, aby stać się ludźmi, którzy będą w stanie tworzyć i dokonywać dobrych wyborów w życiu. Poprzez psychologię praktyczną, Iva Čolak, formułuje odpowiedź na pytanie, dlaczego wskazane wyżej praktyki są tak ważne. Poprzez swoje doświadczenia w pracy z młodymi ludźmi, którzy cierpią z powodu popełnianych błędów w wychowaniu i kształceniu. W celu odpowiedzi, dlaczego indywidualizacja podejścia, samodzielność w uczeniu się i wspieranie w rozwoju są ważne, psychologia może dostarczyć pewnych interpretacji. Iva Čolak z perspektywy swojego doświadczenia w pracy z młodzieżą w Klinice Psychiatrii w Mostarze rozważa konsekwencje, które (zgodnie z teorią i praktyką) mają pewne przyczyny w podejściu do wychowania młodych ludzi oraz w zachowaniach, które zostały (bądź są) wzmacniane poprzez systemy oceniania i wczesne informacje zwrotne od dorosłych. Pracując z młodzieżą, przedstawia ona case study studentki o skrajnie niskiej samoocenie i niezwykle wysokim perfekcjonizmie będących przedmiotem terapii poznawczo-behawioralnej. Omówione zostało, jak i dlaczego te zjawiska są powiązane. Niektóre czynniki ryzyka (zgodnie z biopsychospołecznym modelem choroby / dobrego samopoczucia) są powiązane z kontekstem psychologicznym i społecznym. W ten sposób, poprzez edukację rodziców i wychowawców, możemy mieć szansę na poprawę zdrowia psychicznego dzieci i dorosłych. Podsumowując, Autorki sugerują współpracę i interdyscyplinarne podejście. Edukacja, psychoterapia i profilaktyka mają ze sobą wiele wspólnego. Podejście Montessori nie jest jedynym, które zajmuje się relacjami między tymi pojęciami, ale w jego fundamentach znajdują się podstawy, które pomagają reagować na czas.
The relationship between spatial form of interior learning space and children behavior
Available from: AIP Conference Proceedings
Publication: AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2560, no. 1
Date: May 22, 2023
Pages: Article 020020
Abstract/Notes: Schools as a microsystem are a critical part of a child’s life at every stage of development. School building research demonstrates that attributes of the facility are linked to critical student outcomes (Maxwell, 2018a). Kindergarten space is one of the key interiors where children spend most of their time out of their homes. Children need a physical environment presenting rich opportunities where they can discover experiences, and stimulate their senses (Yalçın, 2017). This research is generated from the question for the interior design of the earning environment affects the children’s development. To be more precise, which elements affect children’s cognitive development. The theories that dealt with this idea clarified disconnected analysis which produces a knowledge gap. The problem statement of the research is represented by the lack of knowledge that is concerned with the effect of spatial forms in the learning environment on cognitive development. The study came up of researching the characteristics and role of spatial form, including identifying key factors from spatial forms and their visual perception, in creating the physical environment of classroom interior space in-depth to analyze its influence on childrchildren’stive development from 3 to 5 years ago. Document analysis has been applied as the main method of this study. from seven preschools (three Montessori preschools, one Reggio Emilia preschool, one Pikler preschool, and others (Audrey Migliani, 2020, 2021). The designs will be analyzed and summarized to analyze spatial forms which are selected by architects and designers in designing preschool spaces as well as their influences on children’s behavior. Finally, the result of this study could provide educators and designers with significant insight to design priorities of the physical classroom environment of early children space.
Nature-Based Education in the Light of Montessori Philosophy: Meaning, Principles and Practices
Available from: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies
Publication: European Journal of Alternative Education Studies, vol. 8, no. 1
Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Nature education
Abstract/Notes: The subject of the article is the role of nature in learning as an essential part of the Montessori Philosophy in early childhood education. This article highlights the use of nature-based activities within Montessori’s pedagogical perspective for including content about the natural world in early childhood settings. In this paper, it is aimed to increase the awareness of learning through nature on child development and to disseminate nature-based practices used in line with the Montessori approach in preschools. Firstly, the role of nature as an educational tool is described, followed by an understanding of nature pedagogy and its educational value according to Maria Montessori. Additionally, the article reviews the implementation of nature-based learning activities as an integral part of the educational work in Montessori schools. In this educational stream, nature-related work stands as the main methodical means for early childhood education and supporting the development of children. Nature in itself serves as a kind of special resonance and restorative effect that can help children understand the world and impart meaning to their lives. Subsequently, recommendations for nature-based practices that can be applied in preschools were presented in light of the Montessori philosophy. Article visualizations:
Eksistesialisme Menurut Maria Montessori Dalam Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini [Existentialism According to Maria Montessori in Early Childhood Education]
Available from: Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Purwokerto (Indonesia)
Publication: Jurnal Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia Dini [Journal of Early Childhood Development], vol. 1, no. 1
Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Existentialism, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: Little humans have great potential, develop optimally by involving teachers, parents and children. Teachers and parents contribute to early childhood education (PAUD) services applying various lessons and curricula according to their basis. In this study, it examines the idea of existentialism according to Maria Montessori in Early Childhood Education. This study used a library research method which refers to the data sources on Montessori existentialism in early childhood education. Research is empirical and theoretical by examining theories on objects and phenomena that are the focus of research from rational expressions of ideas. The results of the study describe the thoughts of children that have an impact on the training of daily life skills, sensory training, and children's language development. then in the concept of PAUD existentialism according to Maria Montessori emphasizes learning and curriculum through children's experiences that naturally involve the roles of teachers, students, and parents. The impact of Montessori existentialist thinking is respect for the child, the mind that absorbs the child, and the environment that is ready. This has an impact on the substance of Montessori-based existentialism.
Achieving Inclusive Education in Early Childhood: From the Viewpoint of an Affinity Between Inclusive Education and Montessori Education
Publication: Montessori Kyōiku / モンテッソーリ教育 [Montessori Education], no. 49
Asia, East Asia, Inclusive education, Japan, Montessori method of education
Abstract/Notes: This is an article from Montessori Education, a Japanese language periodical published by the Japan Association Montessori.
La Rete di Maria Montessori in Svizzera [The Maria Montessori Network in Switzerland]
Available from: SUPSI
Publication: Annali di Storia dell'Educazione e delle Istituzioni Scolastiche, vol. 25
Europe, Montessori method of education, Montessori movement, Montessori organizations - Switzerland, Switzerland, Western Europe
Abstract/Notes: The penetration of Maria Montessori’s ideas in Switzerland is a typical case of a pedagogical transfer process. Since 1908, when the kindergarten inspector of Canton Ticino (italianspeaking Switzerland) Teresa Bontempi came in direct contact with Maria Montessori, there was a Montessori-network based on Ticino’s kindergarten system and on the Società Umanitaria (a socialist philanthropic foundation which organised the first Montessori-kindergartens in Milan). Teresa Bontempi’s early contacts with the Società Umanitaria made possible the introduction of Montessori’s method in all kindergartens in Ticino, and allowed the Umanitaria to have a good training for its kindergarten-teachers (trained by Teresa Bontempi herself). In 1913 the Institut Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Geneva) joined the network. People moved then between different parts of the network, e.g. from the Institut Jean-Jacques Rousseau to Teresa Bontempi’s courses in Bellinzona (Ticino), or from Ticino to the Umanitaria’s kindergartens in Italy. The network extended its influence also to german-speaking Switzerland. Maria Montessori herself was in direct contact with the network; in different moments, however, her attitude towards it changed deeply. In a first time, for example, she considered Teresa Bontempi a trustful partner for the penetration of her ideas in Switzerland; later she considered her a concurrent and blamed her for not using with fidelity the Montessori method. In 1932 Maria Montessori visited Switzerland for several public lessons, totally neglecting her consolidated local network. In the same year she founded, with the help of other, more orthodox but not locally anchored people, the Swiss Montessori Association. The Montessori method, after having a big number of followers, was soon marginalized and never regained the importance it had in the period from 1908 to 1931.
ISSN: 1723-9672, 2612-6559
A Comparison of Froebel and Montessori in Their Approaches for Preschool Mathematics / Froebel과 Montessori의 유아 수학교육론의 비교
Available from: RISS
Publication: 德成女大論文集 / Duksung Women's University Journal, vol. 8
Abstract/Notes: Froebel and Montessori are compared in their approaches for teaching preschool children the concept of number, numerical calculation, vulgar fraction and geometrical concepts. Froebel's approach is largely metaphysical whereas Montessori's is largely sensorial. But their approaches are not diametrically opposed to each other but rather cmoplementary to each other from the educational view point. Their different claims or views should be closely studied and objectively evaluated through various experiments, before any of them are seriously incorporated in our educational practices.
The California Lectures of Maria Montessori: Collected Speeches and Writings by Maria Montessori
Americas, International Montessori Training Course (3rd, San Diego and San Francisco, USA, 1 July - 30 November 1915), Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Speeches, addresses, etc., Maria Montessori - Writings, Montessori Congress (Oakland, California, 1915), Montessori method of education, North America, Panama-California Exposition (1915, San Diego, California), Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915, San Francisco, California), United States of America
Published: Oxford, England: Clio, 1997
Series: The Clio Montessori series
Teresa De Santis, L'autoeducazione nella concezione della Montessori e nella pratica della scuola [Teresa De Santis, Self-education in the conception of Montessori and in school practice] (Book Review)
Available from: Université Caen Normandie
Publication: Pour l'ère nouvelle: revue internationale d'èducation nouvelle, vol. 7, no. 38
Date: May 1928
Abstract/Notes: Book Review
Maria Montessori uno sguardo diverso sull’infanzia [Maria Montessori a different look at childhood]
Available from: Foro de Educacíon
Publication: Foro de Educación [Education Forum], vol. 13, no. 18
Educational change, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.
Abstract/Notes: Nel panorama pedagogico italiano del XX secolo Maria Montessori è stata tra le figure femminili più interessanti. Ha interpretato con cura e perspicacia la figura del bambino, chiarendo il ruolo significativo che l’ambiente riveste nella sua formazione cognitiva ed emotiva e della sua mente “assorbente”. Punto di partenza dei suoi studi è stato Il metodo della pedagogia scientifica (1909), da cui è emerso in maniera evidente che la scienza doveva studiare il processo di formazione della personalità del bambino nella sua interazione sociale. La Montessori, ha rivendicato i diritti dell’infanzia di fronte al mondo degli adulti, evidenziando l’antico errore, dal punto di vista psicologico ed educativo, di far assumere al bambino atteggiamenti e abiti mentali che non siano conformi alla sua natura di bambino. A tal scopo, la studiosa organizzò il suo l’ambiente educativo, cioè la scuola dell’infanzia, come un luogo ideale in cui il bambino, in piena libertà di azione e opportunamente stimolato, potesse fare le sue esperienze formative. Una rilettura del pensiero di Maria Montessori ha reso possibile alcuni riscontri con problematiche pedagogiche attuali che hanno avuto riflessi nella Pedagogia contemporanea, per esempio, il rapporto tra ambiente e educazione, l’organizzazione del processo di insegnamento-apprendimento, l’uso di procedure, di tecniche e di materiali relativi ad un intervento pedagogico vero e proprio. [In the Italian pedagogical panorama of the twentieth century, Maria Montessori was among the most interesting female figures. She has interpreted the figure of the child with care and insight, clarifying the significant role that the environment plays in her cognitive and emotional formation and in her "absorbing" mind. The starting point of her studies was The Method of Scientific Pedagogy (1909), from which it emerged clearly that science had to study the process of formation of the child's personality in its social interaction. Montessori claimed the rights of childhood in front of the adult world, highlighting the ancient error, from a psychological and educational point of view, of making the child assume attitudes and mental habits that do not conform to her child's nature. For this purpose, the scholar organized her educational environment, that is the kindergarten, as an ideal place where the child, in full freedom of action and appropriately stimulated, could have his educational experiences. A re-reading of Maria Montessori's thought has made possible some feedbacks with current pedagogical problems that have had repercussions in contemporary Pedagogy, for example, the relationship between environment and education, the organization of the teaching-learning process, the use of procedures, of techniques and materials related to a real pedagogical intervention.]
L'inaugurazione del 15. Corso internazionale Montessori [The opening of the 15th International Montessori Course]
Publication: Annali dell'istruzione elementare
International Montessori Training Course
Método Montessori: vida práctica para el desarrollo de la autonomía en preescolares de una institución de ventanilla, 2018 [Montessori Method: Practical Life for the Development of Autonomy in preschools of a Ventanilla institution, 2018]
Available from: Universidad César Vallejo - Institutional Repository
Americas, Autonomy in children, Early childhood care and education, Early childhood education, Latin America and the Caribbean, Montessori method of education, Peru, Practical life exercises, South America
Abstract/Notes: Esta investigación tituladam Método Montessori: Vida Practica para el desarrollo de la Autonomía en preescolares de una institución de Ventanilla, 2018, el cual fue fundamentado en la pedagogía Montessori para lograr el desarrollo de la autonomía de los niños del nivel inicial, a través del programa empleado para que los niños y niñas sean mas independientes, ya que se fomento la libertad, movimiento en el aula, potenciando las capacidades de toma de desciciones, el objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la Influencia del método Montessori: Vida Practica para el desarrollo de la autonomía en niños de 3 años de una institución de ventanilla, 2018, esto fue evidenciado en la aplicación del programa Metodo Montessori: Vida Práctica Yo Puedo hacerlo sin tu ayuda, ya que la investigación es de tipo aplicada, con diseño cuasi experimental, lo que influyo la ejecución del pre y pos test en la muestra que fueron los niños y niñas de 3 años, la población fue constituida por 60 alumnos del nivel inicial, por el tipo de investigación la pueba realizada fue no paramétrica utilizando asi para los resultados la prueba estadisstica U de Man Whitney, en base a los datos recopilados a travez de la observación, se concluyo que el programa es efectivo para el desarrollo de la autonomía, por tanto la influencia del método Montessori es alta. [This research titled "Montessori Method: Practical Life for the Development of Autonomy in preschools of a Ventanilla institution, 2018, which was based on the Montessori pedagogy to achieve the development of the autonomy of the children of the initial level, through the program used for children to be more independent, since freedom is promoted, movement in the classroom, enhancing the abilities of decision making, the objective of this research was to determine the Influence of the Montessori method: Practical Life for the development of the autonomy in children of 3 years of a window institution, 2018, this was evidenced in the application of the program Montessori Method: Practical Life I can do it without your help, since the research is of applied type, with quasi-experimental design, that influenced the execution of the pre and post test in the sample that was the children of 3 years, the population was with It was constituted by 60 students of the initial level, for the type of research the study was non-parametric, using for this the Man Whitney U statistic test, based on the data collected through the observation, it was concluded that the program is effective for the development of autonomy, therefore the influence of the Montessori method is high.]
Published: Lima, Peru, 2018
L'influence de M. Montessori sur la pédagogie allemande [The influence of Maria Montessori on German pedagogy]
Book Title: Maria Montessori e il pensiero pedagogico contemporaneo [Maria Montessori and contemporary pedagogical thought]
Conferences, Europe, Germany, International Montessori Congress (11th, Rome, Italy, 26-28 September 1957), Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, Western Europe
Abstract/Notes: This speech was delivered on September 27, 1957 at the 11th International Montessori Congress (Rome, Italy).
Published: Roma, Italy: Vita dell'infanzia, 1959
Reggio Meets Montessori: St. Paul Preschool Developing a Hybrid Worth Watching [MacDonald Montessori Child Care, St. Paul, Minnesota]
Available from: University of Connecticut Libraries - American Montessori Society Records
Publication: Public School Montessorian, vol. 13, no. 3
Date: Spring 2001
Pages: 1, 28-29
The Montessori Apparatus: A Description of the Material and Apparatus Used in Teaching by the Montessori Method
Available from: HathiTrust
Publication: World's Work (London), vol. 19, no. 112
Date: Mar 1912