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Article

Montesssori Junior High Schools in Italy: More than Fifty Years of History

Publication: Communications: Journal of the Association Montessori Internationale (2009-2012), vol. 2011, no. 1-2

Pages: 138–148

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Abstract/Notes: Salassa presents an account of data in order to reconstruct some significant experiences carried out in Italy in the late 1950s up to today, giving a brief outline from both a historical and a didactic-pedagogical point of view.

Language: English

ISSN: 1877-539X

Doctoral Dissertation

Multiple Measures of the Effectiveness of Public School Montessori Education in the Third Grade

Available from: University of North Texas Digital Library

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Abstract/Notes: The problem of this study was to measure the effectiveness of a public school Montessori program. The purpose of this study was to measure and compare student academic achievement and self-concept, attendance and promotion rates, and level of parental involvement in the schools of students enrolled in public school Montessori and traditional programs. The 95 subjects in this study were third-grade subjects selected from the student populations in Montessori and traditional school sites. The Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) was used as the pre-test scores, and the Norm-referenced Assessment Program for Texas (NAPT) was used as the post-test scores to compare academic achievement in reading and mathematics. Multiple regression was used to compare the levels of academic achievement and self-concept. Multiple regression was also used to test for possible relationship between the Montessori and traditional programs and gender and ethnicity. The findings of the study were as follows: (1) There were no significant differences in the adjusted mean reading scores between the Montessori group and the traditional group in the third grade. (2) There were no significant differences in the adjusted mean mathematics scores between the Montessori group and the traditional group in the third grade. (3) There were no significant differences in the attendance rate of third-grade subjects participating in a public school Montessori program and third-grade subjects participating in a public school traditional program. (4) There were no significant differences in the promotion rate of third-grade subjects participating in a public school Montessori program and third-grade subjects participating in a public school traditional program. (5) There were no significant differences in the adjusted mean scores in the self-concept measure of third-grade subjects in both programs. (6) There were no differences in the nature and magnitude of parental involvement in school activities.

Language: English

Published: Denton, Texas, 1994

Bachelor's Thesis

"Tunteita tulee ja tunteita menee": Tunnekasvatusmateriaali Lahden Montessori-leikkikouluun ["Emotions come and emotions go": Emotional education material for Lahti Montessori play school]

Available from: Theseus (Finland)

Emotion recognition in children, Emotional intelligence, Emotions in children, Europe, Finland, Montessori method of education, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori schools, Nordic countries, Northern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: The subject of practice-based thesis was children’s emotional skills and emotional education in early childhood education. The mandator of the research, Montessori Daycare of Lahti had a need for tailored emotional education material for their daily life in the daycare. The aim of thesis was to produce functional material for emotional education and a guide for the use of the material to the mandator, Montessori Daycare of Lahti. The needs from Montessori Daycare’s daily life guided the planning process and it was developed by implementing short functional lessons on emotions with a small group of children. The purpose of the thesis was to give tools for emotional education for early childhood educators. The end product of thesis was emotional education -package, which contains puppets made by hand, some essential equipment for drama and a guide for implementing emotional education lessons. The package was designed so that it can be easily handled and carried around, which enables having lessons also outside of the daycare environment. The exterior of the package is designed to be in line with its contents and as a whole the material follows the guiding principles of Montessori education. Based on the trial use of the material and the following evaluation, the emotional education -package was found to be well functioning and the material can be used in the daily life of the daycare in addition to emotional education lessons. This shows that the aim and purpose of the thesis, producing tools for emotional education for early childhood educators, has been achieved. / Toiminnallisen opinnäytetyön aiheena oli tunnetaidot sekä tunnekasvatus varhaiskasvatuksessa. Aihe tuli toimeksiantajalta Lahden Montessori-leikkikoululta, jolla oli selkeä tarve heille räätälöityyn tunnekasvatusmateriaaliin. Työn tavoitteena oli tuottaa tunnekasvatuksen toiminnallinen opas ja siihen liittyvä materiaali Lahden Montessori-leikkikoululle. Materiaali suunniteltiin päiväkodin arjesta nousseiden tarpeiden mukaan, ja sitä kehitettiin toteuttamalla toiminnallisia tunnehetkiä päiväkodin lapsiryhmälle. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli antaa varhaiskasvattajien käyttöön lisää työkaluja tunnekasvatukseen, tunteiden tunnistamiseen, nimeämiseen ja käsittelyyn lasten kanssa. Opinnäytetyön tuotoksena valmistui tunnekasvatussalkku, joka sisältää itse valmistetut käsinuket, tarvittavat draamavälineet sekä oppaan tunnehetkien toteuttamista varten. Salkku on suunniteltu niin, että sitä on helppo käsitellä ja se on kätevästi mukaan otettavissa, jolloin tunnehetki on mahdollista toteuttaa myös päiväkodin ulkopuolella. Salkun ulkoasu on suunniteltu yhteneväiseksi sisällön kanssa, ja se on Montessori-oppien mukainen valmisteltu kokonaisuus. Kokeilun ja arvioinnin pohjalta voidaan todeta, että tunnekasvatussalkku on toimiva kokonaisuus, ja materiaalia voidaan hyödyntää myös päiväkodin arjessa varsinaisten tunnehetkien ulkopuolella. Tämän perusteella voidaan todeta, että työn tavoite ja tarkoitus tuottaa varhaiskasvattajille käytännön työkaluja tunnekasvatuksen toteuttamista varten, ovat toteutuneet.

Language: Finnish

Published: Lahti, Finland, 2019

Bachelor's Thesis

The Century of the Child: Bramely View Montessori School

Africa, Bramely View Montessori School, Montessori schools, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

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Language: English

Published: Johannesburg, South Africa, 2002

Article

New Children in the School

Publication: Point of Interest, vol. 1, no. 1

Pages: 3–4

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Language: English

Doctoral Dissertation

Examining Montessori Middle School Through a Self-Determination Theory Lens: A Mixed Methods Study of the Lived Experiences of Adolescents

Available from: University of California eScholarship

Self-determination, Self-determination theory

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori education was developed over a century ago. Dr. Montessori and her followers designed learning environments to meet the academic, social and psychological needs of students from eighteen months to eighteen years old. Within her writings and books, Dr. Montessori described strategies and structures that support autonomy, competence and relatedness. These same supports are found within Self-determination Theory (SDT) literature. Research points towards a link between satisfaction of the basic needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness and increased resilience, goal achievement, and feelings of well-being. . This study examined the influence of enrollment on the development of self- determination in a Montessori middle school which is intentionally created to support the development of autonomy, competence, and relatedness on adolescents. Bounded by self-determination, critical, and student voice theory, this research was designed to give voice to the most important stakeholders in education, add to the discourse on middle school reform, and provide the perspective of the student to the critique of middle level education. Based on the analysis of narrative, the major themes which represented all participants in all cycles were indicators of the importance of autonomy and relatedness. Two themes, "choose type of work", "choose order of tasks" illustrate the importance of autonomy to this group of students. The last major theme, "help me stay on top of things" highlighted the importance of relatedness to the study group. From these themes implications for middle level educators, educational leaders and future researchers were developed. Participants in the study voiced strong opinions about practices which supported autonomy and relatedness. Students valued the ability to choose the order of their tasks and the tasks they could choose to demonstrate understanding as well as the ability to re-take tests. These changes require a paradigm shift to a student- centered learning environment. Educational leaders can support this shift through providing staff development and planning time. Future research suggested by this study include studies which could further examine a possible link between relatedness support and student achievement and studies designed to capture the voices of students with a low measured SDT

Language: English

Published: San Diego, California, 2013

Article

Schakels Tussen Huis en School [3]

Available from: Stadsarchief Amsterdam (Amsterdam City Archives)

Publication: Montessori Opvoeding, no. 7

Pages: 5-6

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Language: Dutch

Doctoral Dissertation (Ph.D.)

The Historical Evolution and Contemporary Status of Montessori Schooling in New Zealand as an Example of the Adaptation of an Alternative Educational Ideal to a Particular National Context

Available from: Massey University - Theses and Dissertations

Australasia, Australia and New Zealand, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., Montessori method of education - History, Montessori schools, New Zealand, Oceania

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Abstract/Notes: There have been two distinct phases of the Montessori method of education in New Zealand. The first began in 1912 and continued into the 1950s. The second phase, starting in 1975, has resulted in over one hundred Montessori early childhood centres being established throughout the country. In this thesis I examined the historical evolution and contemporary status of Montessori schooling in New Zealand, as an adaptation of an alternative educational ideal to a particular national context. To situate this study, the history of the Montessori movement was investigated, taking into consideration the particular character and personality of its founder, Dr. Maria Montessori (1870-1952). It is argued that the apparent contradictions of Montessori, who claimed to be both a scientific educator and a missionary, help explain the endurance of her method. The thesis further maintains that Montessori became a global educator whose philosophy and pedagogy transcends national boundaries. The middle section of this thesis examines the Montessori movement in New Zealand during the first phase and the second phase, highlighting the key role that individuals played in spreading Montessori's ideas. The major aim was to examine how Montessori education changes and adapts in different cultures and during different time frames. The thesis concentrates on New Zealand as a culturally specific example of a global phenomenon. The final section of the thesis is a case study of a Montessori early childhood centre examining the influence of Government policy and how the development of the centre supports the ongoing implementation of Montessori's ideas. The perceptions of Montessori teachers, former parents and students regarding the nature and value of Montessori education are also considered. Finally, observations carried out as part of the case study are analysed to further demonstrate the ways in which the original ideas of Montessori have been reworked to suit a different historical and societal context. It is concluded that Montessori is a global educator whose philosophy and pedagogy transcends national boundaries. Nonetheless, the integration of Montessori education within any country, including New Zealand, does result in a culturally specific Montessori education.

Language: English

Published: Palmerston North, New Zealand, 2004

Article

Montessori Method and the Child: Some Experiments and Incidents in Birla Montessori School [Pilani]

Publication: The Montessori Magazine: A Quarterly Journal for Teachers, Parents and Social Workers (India), vol. 4, no. 1/2

Pages: 26-28

Asia, India, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., South Asia

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Language: English

Article

New York Diary...The First Twelve Months [New York Association of Montessori School Administrators]

Publication: Montessori Review, vol. 1, no. 3

Pages: 4-6

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Language: English

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