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Doctoral Dissertation

Measuring Parent Perception and Understanding of Montessori Education in Three Massachusetts Montessori Schools

Available from: University of Pepperdine

Americas, Montessori schools, North America, Parents - Perceptions, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: The Montessori method is a comprehensive, child-centered, developmentalist philosophy of education developed by Dr. Maria Montessori in Rome, Italy, in the early 1900s. The Montessori method differs from traditional approaches to education, and has had limited exposure in the U.S. until the last 20 years. Despite this growth, little research data exists on the effectiveness of the method or of parent understanding of the method. This research project attempted to determine parent understanding of the Montessori method of education at three Montessori schools in Massachusetts that educate children from toddlers to grade 8. The objective of the research was to design, implement, and analyze a survey that measured parent understanding of the Montessori principles and classroom practices. The survey was developed using the Montessori principles as the foundation. The goal was to determine both the extent of parent understanding of the Montessori principles and parent perception of how these principles are carried out in the Montessori classroom. Parents and guardians were asked a total of 10 questions, 7 of which were five-point Likert scales. The quantitative questions specifically addressed the six Montessori principles and were designed to test parents’ overall understanding of each principle. Responses ranged from a principle being not at all important to very important. The qualitative portion of the survey instrument utilized three open-ended, self-completed questions designed to reveal a range of parent perceptions about Montessori education and classroom practices. The surveys revealed that parent values and thinking do line up with some aspects of the Montessori method and philosophy. The surveys also revealed that parents seem to value classroom practices contrary to the founding principles. What parents value and what parents think about regarding concepts such as goal setting, achievement, competition with peers, and teachers preparing and presenting lessons is in direct contrast with some of the Montessori founding principles and intentions. If Montessori schools wish to remain viable, they will need to reconcile the Montessori principles with conflicting parent values and, further, determine how to better align their principles with parent views and desires for their children.

Language: English

Published: Malibu, California, 2015

Article

La D.ssa Montessori a San Francisco: Essa inizierà' un corso di educazione all'Esposizione-Le pratiche per essere ammesse alle classi Montessori

Available from: Chronicling America (Library of Congress)

Publication: L'Italia (San Francisco, California)

Pages: 4

Americas, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: "La famosa Dottoressa Maria Montessori che si trova attualmente a Los Angeles e celebre in tutto il mondo per il suo noto sistema di educazione che da essa ha preso il nome, sarà far noi a cominciare dal primo agosto. La illustre educatrice inizierà subito un corso di lezioni pratiche alla Esposizione a beneficio della gioventù femminile della città e dello Stato che è ansiosissima di imparare e conoscere i metodi di educazione che essa ha reso celebri e popolari. Delle classi saranno istituite nel Palazzo dell'Educazione nel Padiglione Italiano e, forse, nella Scuola Normale della città. Fanno parte della Commissione incaricata di organizzare i corsi della Dottoressa Montessori il Dr. Claxton, il Dr. Jordan, Dr. Adelaide Brown, Dr. Mariana Bertola, presidente del Club Vittoria Colonna e Miss Margaret Wilson, figlia del Presidente. Parecchi Commissari esteri hanno messo a disposizione della signora Montessori i padiglioni delle rispettive nazioni e qualcuna di queste gentili offerte sarà forse accettata. Le lezioni saranno tenute nella mattinata di modo che tutti possano assistervi, una avrà luogo nel Palazzo dell'Educazione ed una nel Padiglione Italiano. Intanto i directtori dell'Esposizione hanno deciso che il giorno 21 agosto sia fissato come il "Montessori Day". Il programma per tale giorno non è stato ancora fissato. Sarà reso noto al pubblico che gli aspiranti alle classi Montessori possono inoltrare la loro domanda quanto vogliono e che i bambini dell'età dai 3 anni ai 6 anni che non abbiano avuto precendente educazione scolastica e che si trovino in buone condizioni fisiche e mentali saranno accettati nelle classi. Le applicazioni devono essere fatte a Wallace Hatch, 2612, Parker st., Berkeley, Cal. Non vi è alcuna tassa per frequentare queste classi e le maestro saranno scelte fra coloro che hanno lavorato qualche anno sotto la guida di Mme Montessori e che sono quindi al corrente dei suoi metodi di educazione. La Signora Montessori sopraintenderà questo lavoro delle sue collaboratrici." / "The famous Doctor Maria Montessori, who is currently in Los Angeles, and celebrated all over the world for her well-known education system that takes its name from her, will be visiting us starting from August 1st. The illustrious educator will immediately begin a course of practical lessons at the Exposition for the benefit of the female youth of the city and the State who are very eager to learn and know the methods of education that she has made famous and popular. Classes will be set up in the Education Building, in the Italian Pavilion and, perhaps, in the city's Normal School. The Commission responsible for organizing Dr. Montessori's courses are Dr. Claxton, Dr. Jordan, Dr. Adelaide Brown, Dr. Mariana Bertola, president of the Vittoria Colonna Club and Miss Margaret Wilson, daughter of the President. Several foreign commissioners have made the pavilions of their respective countries available to Madame Montessori and some of these kind offers will perhaps be accepted. Lessons will be held in the morning so that everyone can attend them, one will take place in the Education Building and one in the Italian Pavilion. Meanwhile, the directors of the Exposition have decided that August 21 will be set as "Montessori Day." The schedule for that day has not yet been fixed. It will be made known to the public that aspirants to Montessori classes can submit their application as much as they want and that children aged 3 to 6 who have not had prior school education and who are in good physical and mental condition will be accepted in the classes. Applications must be made to Wallace Hatch, 2612, Parker st., Berkeley, Cal. There is no fee to attend these classes and the teachers will be chosen from among those who have worked for a few years under the guidance of Mme Montessori and are therefore aware of her education methods. Madame Montessori will supervise this work of her collaborators."

Language: Italian

ISSN: 2637-5400

Book

Montessori-Unterricht: Aus dem Montessori-Heft der Neuen Erziehung [Montessori lessons From the Montessori booklet of the New Education]

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Abstract/Notes: Distributed by Deutsche Montessori-Gesellschaft in conjunction with the Sep/Oct 1926 issue of the periodical "Montessori-Nachrichten".

Language: German

Published: Berlin, Germany: Hensel and Co. Verlag, 1926

Doctoral Dissertation

Informationstechnologien und Montessori-Pädagogik: die Implementierung des Internets als Informationsmedium in Montessori-Schulen der USA [Information technologies and Montessori pedagogy: the implementation of the Internet as an information medium in Montessori schools in the USA]

Available from: Pädagogische Hochschule Freiburg

Americas, Information and communications technology (ICT), Montessori method of education, North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: Ausgehend von der Beobachtung, dass in der Unterrichtsforschung Konzepte des „offenen Lernens“ für die Implementierung neuer Medien, wie dem Internet, empfohlen werden, wird der Zusammenhang zwischen reformpädagogischen Ansätzen und neuen Informationstechnologien hergestellt. Hier knüpfen die Untersuchungen der vorliegenden Arbeit an. Herausgegriffen wird das Konzept Maria Montessoris, untersucht in den USA, wo sich zum einen alternative Pädagogiken freier entwickeln können und zum anderen die Implementierung neuer Medien in den Unterricht offensiver vorangetrieben wird. Es wird angenommen, dass die Lernumgebung Montessoris unter dem Gesichtspunkt einer Modernisierung des Konzepts auf die heutigen Ansprüche eine optimale Lernlandschaft bietet, das Internet als natürliche Informationsquelle in den Unterricht zu integrieren. Die gegenwärtig kontroverse Umsetzung der Pädagogik Montessoris (AMI und AMS) sowie die zu diesem Zeitpunkt verwirklichte Internetnutzung in den Schulen werden am Beispiel der USA einer kritischen Reflexion unterzogen. Kapitel 1 dieser Arbeit betrachtet die Pädagogik Montessoris. Ein Abschnitt liefert Informationen über die kontemporäre Verwirklichung ihrer Pädagogik in den USA. Die Möglichkeiten des Internets für den Unterricht, die Aussagen der Forschung über das informationstechnische Lernen sowie seine Integration in den USA, wird in Kapitel 2 näher untersucht. In Kapitel 3 wird die Notwendigkeit des Interneteinsatzes in Schulen überprüft und die Eignung offener Strukturen als Basis dafür begründet. Die gewonnenen Erkenntnisse geben die Grundlage zu den in Kapitel 4 und 5 beschriebenen Untersuchungen, wie diese Implementierung in der Praxis nordamerikanischer Montessori-Schulen verwirklicht ist. Beschrieben wird sowohl eine Querschnittsuntersuchung als auch eine Fallstudie. Kapitel 6 schildert die pädagogischen Konsequenzen für die Nutzung des Internets im Unterricht. [Based on the observation that teaching research recommends concepts of “open learning” for the implementation of new media such as the Internet, the connection between reform-pedagogical approaches and new information technologies is established. This is where the investigations of the present work tie in. The concept of Maria Montessori is being singled out, examined in the USA, where, on the one hand, alternative pedagogies can develop more freely and, on the other hand, the implementation of new media in the classroom is being promoted more aggressively. It is assumed that the Montessori learning environment, from the point of view of modernizing the concept to meet today's requirements, offers an optimal learning landscape to integrate the Internet as a natural source of information into the classroom. The currently controversial implementation of Montessori pedagogy (AMI and AMS) as well as the internet usage in schools at that time are subjected to critical reflection using the example of the USA. Chapter 1 of this thesis looks at Montessori's pedagogy. A section provides information on the contemporary realization of their pedagogy in the USA. The possibilities of the Internet for teaching, the statements of research about information technology learning and its integration in the USA are examined in more detail in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 examines the necessity of using the Internet in schools and explains the suitability of open structures as a basis for this. The knowledge gained provides the basis for the investigations described in Chapters 4 and 5, how this implementation is realized in practice in North American Montessori schools. Both a cross-sectional study and a case study are described. Chapter 6 describes the pedagogical consequences for the use of the Internet in the classroom.]

Language: German

Published: Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany, 2003

Bachelor's Thesis

Role asistenta pedagoga na základní škole s Montessori programem / Role of the teaching assistant at primary school with Montessori program

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Bakalářská práce na téma role asistenta pedagoga na základní škole s Montessori programem se věnuje inkluzi žáků se speciálními vzdělávacími potřebami a pozici asistenta pedagoga v Montessori prostředí. Vymezili jsme vzdělávání žáků se speciálními vzdělávacími potřebami včetně nejčastějších diagnóz, se kterými se během výzkumu setkáme. Celá práce se opírá o legislativní rámec České republiky v oblasti základního vzdělávání. V práci také popisujeme alternativní vzdělávání a jeho nejčastější možnosti, včetně charakteristiky vzdělávání podle filozofie Marie Montessori. V této části se věnujeme principům Montessori pedagogiky, roli Montessori pedagoga, charakteristice prostředí i organizaci výuky, včetně forem a metod výuky. Cílem výzkumu bylo zjistit, jaká je aktuální situace ve vzdělávání žáků se speciálními vzdělávacími potřebami a v jejich podpoře v alternativní škole. Dalšími cíli bylo popsat práci asistenta pedagoga v Montessori škole s vymezením hlavních rozdílů mezi jeho rolí v Montessori škole a ve škole tradiční. V praktické části byla popsána realizace kvalitativního výzkumu, který jsme provedli za pomoci polostrukturovaných rozhovorů a s využitím metody pozorování. V praktické části jsme také popsali cíle výzkumu a výzkumné otázky, které jsme z cílů vymezili. Všechny cíle výzkumu byly splněny a otázky jsme zodpověděli. Rozhovory jsme zpracovali na a základě kódování rozdělili do několika kategorií. Práce obsahuje analýzu výsledků rozhovorů a ukázky z pozorování vyučování. V závěru práce vyhodnocujeme výsledky celého výzkumu a zodpovídáme výzkumné otázky. / This bachelor’s thesis deals with the topic of the role of teacher assistant in a primary school classroom with Montessori program, focusing on the inclusion of pupils with special educational needs and on the position of a teacher assistant in Montessori learning environment. We defined the education of pupils with special educational needs, including the most frequent diagnoses we encounter during the research. The whole paper is grounded in the legislation of the Czech Republic in the field of primary education. The paper also describes alternative education and its most common varieties and includes the characteristics of the education following Maria Montessori philosophy. This part is dedicated to the principles of the Montessori method, to the role of a Montessori teacher, to the characteristics of the classroom environment as well as to the teaching organisation, including teaching forms and methods. The object of this research was to find out about the current situation in educating pupils with special educational needs and in their support in the alternative classroom environment. Another object was to describe the work of a teacher assistant in a Montessori school, defining the basic differences between their role in a Montessori school and in a traditional school. The practical part of the paper describes the implementation of a qualitative research, which was carried out by means of semi-structured interviews and the method of observation. The research objects and the research questions defined by the objects were also described in the practical part. All the research goals were achieved, and all the questions were answered. The interviews were processed and divided into several categories based on coding. The paper contains an analysis of the results of the interviews and illustrations of lesson observations. In the paper conclusion the whole research results are assessed and the research questions are answered.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2021

Article

Ein Leben für Montessori: zum Tod des Montessori-Forschers Prof. Dr. Günter Schulz-Benesch [A life for Montessori: on the death of the Montessori researcher Prof. Dr. Günter Schulz-Benesch]

Publication: Montessori: Zeitschrift für Montessori-Pädagogik, vol. 35, no. 3-4

Pages: 115-116

Günter Schulz-Benesch - Biographic sources, Harald Ludwig - Writings, Obituaries

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Language: German

ISSN: 0944-2537

Book

Studien zur Montessori-Pädagogik I: Maria Montessori und die "reform-pädagogische Bewegung" [Studies on Montessori Education I: Maria Montessori and the "New Education Movement"]

Europe, Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Language: German

Published: Freiburg, Germany: Herder, 1986

ISBN: 978-3-451-20919-2

Article

✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Eğitim Yönteminin Rousseaucu Kökenleri / The Rousseauian Roots of Montessori Education Method

Available from: The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies

Publication: Journal of Academic Social Science Studies, vol. 14, no. 86

Pages: 535-556

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Abstract/Notes: Bu çalışmada eğitim felsefesinde adı çokça zikredilen Fransız filozof Jean-Jacquez Rousseau’nun, Maria Montessori tarafından kurulan ve kendi adıyla anılan Montessori eğitim yöntemi üzerindeki etkisi incelenecektir. Rousseau’nun meşhur Emile kitabı, eğitimin amacı ve işlevi meselesine dair ayrıntılı bir izah içerir. Onun eğitim konusuna yaklaşımı kimi zaman sert tartışmalara sebep olmuş kimi zaman da ilham kaynağı olmuştur. İtalya’nın ilk kadın doktoru olarak da bilinen Maria Montessori onun fikirlerinden olumlu yönde etkilenen bir isimdir. Montessori, yaşama uzanan yardım eli yaklaşımına indirgediği eğitim meselesini aldığı tıp, felsefe ve antropoloji eğitimi sayesinde geniş bir bakış açısıyla inceler. Bu sayede daha sistemli ve bilimsel temeli olan bir eğitim modeli sunar. Rousseau ise kelimenin tam anlamıyla sistematik olmaktansa doğal gidişata göre hareket etmeyi ve kendi gözlemlerinden faydalanmayı tercih eder. Bu tercihinden dolayı kendisine ağır eleştirilerin yapıldığı da bir gerçektir. Rousseau’nun ve Maria Montessori’nin eğitim alanındaki fikirleri pek çok tartışmayı beraberinde getirse de her iki ismin pedagoji alanındaki etkisi görmezden gelinemez. Ancak Rousseau’nun bu alandaki düşüncelerinin bir eğitim tasarısı ya da eğitime dair yapılan bir yorum düzeyinde kaldığı söylenebilir. Rousseau’nun aksine Maria Montessori’nin fikirlerinin ise pek çok ülkede benimsendiği ve bu fikir doğrultusunda pek çok eğitim kurumunun açıldığı görülür. Her ne kadar somut alanda aralarında bu denli fark olsa da çıkış noktaları ve eğitim alanındaki bazı tasavvurları benzerlik göstermektedir. Bu çalışmada söz konusu benzerlik kavramsal bir çerçeve doğrultusunda ele alınacaktır. Böylece Rousseau’nun Maria Montessori üzerindeki etkisi irdelenip onun eğitim alanında bir romandan fazlasını yazdığı sonucuna ulaşılacaktır. / In this study, the effect of the French philosopher Jean-Jacquez Rousseau, whose name is mentioned a lot in educational philosophy, on the Montessori education method established by Maria Montessori and named after her will be examined. Rousseau’s famous book Emile contains a detailed explanation on the goal and function of the education. Sometimes, his approach to education caused very significant discussions and sometimes it was a source of inspiration. Maria Montessori, who is also known as Italy’s first female doctor was one of the names who was affected from his opinion in a positive way. Montessori examines the issue of education considered as helping hand approach to life from a wide perspective thanks to her education in medicine, philosophy and anthropology. In this way, she presents a more systematic and scientific based education model. On the other hand, Rousseau prefers to act according to the natural course and uses his own observations rather than being systematic in the strictest sense of the world. It is a fact that he was heavily criticized for this preference. Even though Rousseau and Maria Montessori’s ideas on the education field bring a lot of debate, the effect of both names in pedagogy cannot be ignored. However, it can be noted that Rousseau’s ideas in the field stayed only as an education design or a comment made on education. Unlike Rousseau, it is seen that Maria Montessori’s ideas were adopted in many countries and a lot of educational institutions were established in the direction of this idea. Although there is such a difference between them in the concrete field, their starting points and some of their imaginations in the field of education are similar. These similarities in the direction of a conceptual frame will be addressed in the study. Thus, Rousseau’s influence on Maria Montessori will be examined and it will be concluded that he wrote more than a novel in the field of education.

Language: Turkish

DOI: 10.29228/JASSS.50020

ISSN: 2148-4163

Book

Hrvatska Montessori prica: nastanak i metoda prve Montessori skole [The Croatian Montessori story: Origin and model of the first Montessori school

Croatia, Eastern Europe, Europe, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools

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Language: Croatian

Published: Zagreb, Croatia: Nakladnička kuča Aagram, 2007

ISBN: 978-953-7214-07-4 953-7214-07-9

Article

Diffusione e Prospettive dell'Educazione Montessori in Giappone: Montessori nel Mondo [Diffusion and Perspectives of Montessori Education in Japan: Montessori in the World]

Publication: Vita dell'Infanzia (Opera Nazionale Montessori), vol. 46, no. 6

Pages: 14-19

Asia, East Asia, Japan, Montessori method of education - History

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Language: Italian

ISSN: 0042-7241

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