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✓ Peer Reviewed

The Pedagogy of Nature According to Maria Montessori

Available from: Università di Bologna

Publication: Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica / Journal of Theories and Research in Education, vol. 16, no. 2

Pages: 133-147

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Abstract/Notes: The aim of this paper is to examine the multiple concepts of nature expressed in the writings of Maria Montessori, in relation to children’s relationship with nature and salient educational practices. We analyze the multiple meanings that Montessori herself attributed to the term nature”, going on to explore the role of nature in her child pedagogy, as well as her thoughts on caring for nature, in keeping both gardens and animals, and on nature as the ideal setting for sensory education. We ultimately draw together a Montessorian Pedagogy of Nature that underscores the importance of child-nature interaction during the early stages of development. The study was conducted under the PRIN 2019-2021 program, as part of a leading research national project entitled “Maria Montessori from the past to the present”.

Language: English

DOI: 10.6092/issn.1970-2221/12192

ISSN: 1970-2221

Conference Paper

Multistructural Model of Speech and Language Development in Montessori Pedagogy

Available from: ICLEL

2nd International Conference on Lifelong Education and Leadership for ALL-ICLEL 2016

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Abstract/Notes: The goal of the article is to provide theoretical justification of the speech and language development multistructural model, analyse speech therapists’ opinion about the significance of various language development preconditions in the child’s speech and language development, as well as justify application options of the multistructural model in the Montessori pedagogy aspect. In Latvia every second or third pre-school aged child has insufficient or impaired speech and language development. Assessing the child’s language development, it has to be taken into account how it is influenced by the combination of different endogenous and exogenous factors, which lie into a diverse mutual interaction. The interaction model of factors in each individual case is different and it determines the individual character of the child’s language development process. The speech or language impairment is not quite often the leading (primary) symptom, but as a part of an illness, specific psychological or socially economic condition and is considered as a secondary phenomenon. In order to state all possible causes of the language development delay or impairment, their possible interaction and to work out an appropriate correction and development plan, the peculiarities of the speech and language development multistructural model of each individual case have to be found out. Understanding the reasons of the insufficient language development or impairment and their elimination, reduction or compensation guarantees a more efficient pedagogic or speech therapy correction process. However, teachers or speech therapists do not always observe it in their professional work, as still the main attention is being paid to the expressions of development insufficiency or impairment and not to the causal identification and decrease of their negative impact. Montessori pedagogy is as one of the methods, in which the holistic approach is implemented in the educational and also correction process, and thus also the speech and language development multistructural model.

Language: English

Published: Sakarya, Turkey: ICLEL Conferences, Sakarya University Faculty of Education, 2016

Pages: 429-437

ISBN: 978-605-66495-1-6


✓ Peer Reviewed

Montessori Pedagogy, an educational alternative, from Romania: Evolution from the beginning of the 20th century until the Second World War contribution

Available from: Università di Macerata

Publication: History of Education and Children's Literature (HECL), vol. 13, no. 2

Pages: 511-518

Eastern Europe, Europe, Romania

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Abstract/Notes: Montessori Pedagogy, having as a founder M. Montessori, Italian physician and pedagogue, is one of the alternatives that entered Romania at the beginning of the 20th century, due to the opening of the occupants of those times. We present in this paper the evolution in Romania of Montessori pedagogy and educational alternative, from the beginning to the Second World War. We will refer to the interest that the ideas of M. Montessori have made, translations of her works in Romanian, as well as the writings of some Romanian specialists who have popularized and supported her. We will bring readers’ attention and involvement issues by attending conferences and training courses for teachers, by setting up the Montessori schools and the role of renowned personalities in the development of the Montessori alternative and the Montessori Association, an expression of the interest and appreciation.

Language: Italian

ISSN: 1971-1093, 1971-1131

Book Section

L'Internatioanlisation Montessorienne Selon la Stratégie du Double Gain: Diffraction et Problématiques de Diffusion [Montessorian Internationalization According to the Double Gain Strategy: Diffraction and Diffusion Problems]

Available from: Editions Alphil

Book Title: Construire la Paix par l’Éducation: Réseaux et Mouvements Internationaux au XXe Siècle Genève au Cœur d’une Utopie [Building Peace through Education: International Networks and Movements in the 20th Century Geneva at the Heart of a Utopia]

Pages: 123-148

Europe, Peace education, Switzerland, Western Europe

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Abstract/Notes: Ce texte décrit un différend opposant, au début de l’internationalisation de la pédagogie montessorienne (1913), Pierre Bovet, alors directeur du tout jeune Institut Jean-Jacques Rousseau, et Maria Montessori. Il propose la notion de « diffraction » pour décrire, lorsqu’une pédagogie se diffuse, les effets de pertes, de dilution des intentions ou des pratiques, voire les déviations de la pensée initiale, pour saisir la nature et les contenus des transferts et des resémantisations à l’œuvre. Ce texte fait ainsi l’hypothèse que ce différend a contribué à l’internationalisation spécifique de la pédagogie Montessori, hors des canaux genevois et à distance de l’Éducation nouvelle. Mais il insiste également sur la place que doivent prendre les pratiques concrètes pour considérer, y compris du point de vue de l’historien, la diffusion d’une pédagogie. Quel statut donner à un mauvais passeur ou à un mauvais lecteur d’une pédagogie, c’est-à-dire à un passeur diffusant une pédagogie diffractée ? Jusqu’à quel point les pratiques – en particulier les pratiques montessoriennes, décrites comme « scientifiques » et non idéologiques ou philosophiques – sont-elles affectées par le contexte politique ou idéologique qui les porte – par exemple dans le cas du régime mussolinien ? Jusqu’à quel point le pédagogue doit-il ou peut-il cadrer la diffraction, et comment l’historien peut-il considérer pratiquement cette question? [This text describes a contention between Pierre Bovet (director of the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Institute, in Geneva) and Maria Montessori, at the beginning of the internationalization of this pedagogy (1913). It suggests the notion of «diffraction» in order to describe the effets of loss, dilution or deviation of intentions or practices, when a pedagogy is diffused. The «diffraction» aims to get the nature and the contents of the «transfers» and the resemantizations at work in this case. This text puts forth the hypothesis that this contention contributes to the specific internationalization of Montessori pedagogy, apart from genevese and New Education networks. But this texte emphazises on the place of concrete practices in the diffusion of a pedagogy. What kind of status can be given to a bad importer of a pedagogy – that is to say, an importer who broadcasts a diffracted pedagogy? The practices are they affected by the political or ideological context which receives a pedagogy? On this point, the Montessori pedagogy presents itself as « scientific » and without ideology. So how can we understand this specificity, espacially in the mussolinian context, in the 1930’s? Has the pedagogue to control the diffraction – and how – and how can the historian consider this problem?]

Language: French

Published: Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Editions Alphil-Presses Universitaires Suisses, 2020

ISBN: 978-2-88930-322-9


✓ Peer Reviewed

Shadow Education in Denmark: In the Light of the Danish History of Pedagogy and the Skepticism Toward Competition

Available from: SAGE Journals

Publication: ECNU Review of Education, vol. 4, no. 3

Pages: 546-565

Denmark, Europe, Northern Europe, Scandinavia

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Abstract/Notes: Purpose: This article investigates the role of private supplementary tutoring in Denmark in light of the country's pedagogical traditions in schools and leisure spheres. Design/Approach/Methods: Although tutoring activities are increasing, the phenomenon is not as prevalent in Denmark as in many other countries. In this article, we look in to the history of Danish pedagogy for answers as to why this is the case. In the analytical sections of the article, we include research on parental values of child-rearing, as well as findings from a pilot study on Danish families purchasing private supplementary tutoring, the public debate about private tutoring, and contemporary youth research. Findings: With a solid emphasis on democracy and equality in Danish pedagogy, the conditions for increasing private supplementary tutoring in Denmark have been challenged. However, a current focus on global competition, formal competencies, and higher academic performance among children and young people suggests that providers of private tutoring perhaps face a brighter future also in Denmark. Originality/Value: This article addresses a new field of qualitative research on private supplementary tutoring in Denmark and may be a platform for further reflection and empirical research.

Language: English

DOI: 10.1177/2096531120983335

ISSN: 2096-5311


"Hilf mir es selbst zu tun": Solidarität und Kooperation in der Montessori-Pädagogik als Perspektive für die Pflegepädagogik ["Help me do it myself": Solidarity and cooperation in Montessori pedagogy as a perspective for nursing pedagogy]

Available from: Hogrefe

Publication: PADUA: Die Fachzeitschrift für Pflegepädagogik, Patientenedukation und -bildung, vol. 14, no. 5

Pages: 301-306

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Abstract/Notes: Zusammenfassung. Fortschritte in Medizin und Pflegewissenschaft, demographische und rechtliche Umbrüche stellen die Pflegepädagogik vor neue Herausforderungen. Handlungsorientierung und Lehrende, die den Lern- und Entwicklungsprozess ihrer Lernenden fördern, sind gefragt. Eine Antwort auf diese Problemlagen in der Pflegeausbildung könnte ein altes, jedoch ungeahnt aktuelles pädagogisches Konzept liefern – die Montessori-Pädagogik, die vor allem über eine solidarische Lehrerpersönlichkeit implementiert werden kann. [Summary. Advances in medicine and nursing science, demographic and legal upheavals pose new challenges for nursing education. Action orientation and teachers who promote the learning and development process of their learners are in demand. An answer to these problems in nursing education could be provided by an old, but unexpectedly up-to-date pedagogical concept - Montessori pedagogy, which can be implemented primarily through a solidary teacher personality.]

Language: German

DOI: 10.1024/1861-6186/a000519

ISSN: 1861-6186


Montessori Pedagogika i Autizam [Montessori Pedagogy and Autism]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Varaždinski učitelj: digitalni stručni časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje, vol. 3, no. 3

Pages: 75-81

Autism, Autism in children, Montessori method of education, Special education, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Različiti pedagoški sustavi i filozofije podučavanja djeci na jedinstveni način omogućuju stjecanje znanja i jačanje jakih područja. Jedno on njih je i Montessori pedagogika koja naglašava individualnost djeteta i koja se temelji na razvojnim potrebama djeteta. Njena značajka jest strukturirano okruženje u kojem se djeca ili učenik susreće s materijalima odnosno pomagalima pomoću kojih se stvaraju različita okruženja. Upravo to pripremljeno okruženje i strukturirani materijali slijede osobine djece sa smetnjama autističkog spektra. Svrha članka je prikazati značajke Montessori pedagogike i osobine odnosno funkcioniranje djece sa smetnjama autističkog spektra i na konkretnom primjeru odrediti zajedničke značajke. [Different pedagogical systems and philosophies of teaching children in a unique way enable the acquisition of knowledge and the strengthening of strong areas. One of them is Montessori pedagogy which emphasizes the individuality of the child and which is based on the developmental needs of the child. Its feature is a structured environment in which children or students encounter materials or aids that create different environments. It is this prepared environment and structured materials that follow the characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorders. The purpose of the article is to present the features of Montessori pedagogy and the characteristics and functioning of children with autism spectrum disorders and to determine common features on a concrete example.]

Language: Croatian

ISSN: 2623-7237


Výběr žáků do tříd a škol uplatňujících pedagogiku Marie Montessori / Selection of pupils into classes and schools applying the pedagogy of Maria Montessori

Available from: Univerzita Karlova Institutional Repository

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Abstract/Notes: Tato diplomová práce zkoumá výběr žáků do tříd a škol uplatňujících pedagogiku Marie Montessori. Cílem diplomové práce bylo zjistit, jak si jednotlivé školy vybírají žáky do tříd a škol Marie Montessori. Dále bylo zkoumáno, jaké důvody vedou rodiče k volbě této pedagogiky pro jejich dítě a jaké podmínky musí rodiče a žáci splnit pro přijetí do tohoto vzdělávání. V poslední řadě jsem analyzovala, jak probíhá přijímací řízení. Základním výzkumným designem byla vícepřípadová studie. Cíleně jsem vybrala čtyři základní školy s touto pedagogikou jak ve velkém městě, tak v menších městech. Výzkum jsem rozdělila na dvě části. V první části jsem vedla polostrukturované rozhovory se zaměstnanci zvolených škol a s rodiči dětí z Montessori tříd. V druhé části jsem pozorovala samotné zápisy do 1. tříd. Zjistila jsem, že každá škola má definované požadavky na výběr žáků a tyto požadavky se mezi školami výrazně liší. Rodiče volí školy uplatňující pedagogiku M. Montessori, z důvodu individuálního přístupu k jednotlivcům. Pedagogové se domnívají, že je vhodné, aby rodiče doma uplatňovali stejné výchovné metody a že by toto rádi uplatňovali jako přijímací kritérium. Celý průběh zápisu probíhal stejně jako v běžných školách. Rozdíl byl především v používání Montessori pomůcek / This diploma thesis examines the pupil selection to Marie Montessori pedagogical classes and schools. The aim of the thesis was to find out how the individual schools choose pupils in Marie Montessori classes and schools. Furthermore, it was examined what reasons parents have to choose this pedagogy for their child and what conditions parents and pupils have to fulfill for admission to this education. Last but not least, I analyzed how the admission procedure is taking place. The basic research design was a multi-case study. I chose four primary schools with this pedagogy in the big city as well as in smaller towns. I divided the research into two parts. In the first part I conducted semi-structured interviews with employees of selected schools and with parents of children from Montessori classes. In the second part I observed the first class admission interviews. I have found out that each school has defined pupil selection requirements and that these requirements vary considerably between schools. Parents opt for the Montessori School because of its individual approach to individuals. Teachers believe that it is appropriate that parents apply the same educational methods at home and that they would like to apply this as an admission criterion. The whole admission interviews were the same as in traditional basic schools. The difference was mainly in the use of Montessori tools.

Language: Czech

Published: Prague, Czechia, 2019


Elementi Montessori Pedagogije u Nastavi [Elements of Montessori Pedagogy in Teaching]

Available from: Hrčak - Portal of Croatian scientific and professional journals

Publication: Varaždinski učitelj: digitalni stručni časopis za odgoj i obrazovanje, vol. 4, no. 5

Pages: 305-312

⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori bila je liječnica, učiteljica i filozofica, a najpoznatija je po svojoj Montessori metodi podučavanja djece od rođenja do adolescencije. Njena metoda se i danas primjenjuje u školama širom svijeta, a nastala je promatranjem djece tijekom igre. Promatrala je spontanost u dječjim postupcima i otkrila potrebu djece za ponavljanjem, jer ponavljanje postupaka djeci pruža osjećaj sigurnosti. Unosila je red i mir u učionicu jer je dijete moralo smjestiti stvari koje je koristilo na svoje mjesto. Radi u tišini, govori tiho ili šapatom. Osnova njezine metode i učenja su senzorna pomagala. Dijete treba steći sve sadržaje i iskustva svim osjetilima - dodirom, vidom, sluhom, mirisom i okusom. Djeca svoje znanje grade na greškama i eksperimentima. Materijal koji djeca koriste izrađen je na način da djetetu ne treba prisustvo ili intervencija učitelja radi kontrole. Budući da mi je Marie Montessori pedagogija vrlo bliska, jednom tjedno, petkom, poučavala sam u 1. razredu po načelima Montessori pedagogije. S ciljem utvrđivanja i produbljivanja sadržaja stečenih prilikom usvajanja novog gradiva iz svih predmeta. Sadržaji su bili međusobno isprepleteni i povezani. [Maria Montessori was a physician, teacher and philosopher, and is best known for her Montessori method of teaching children from birth to adolescence. Her method is still used today in schools around the world, and was created by observing children during play. She observed spontaneity in children's actions and discovered the need for children to repeat, because repeating actions gives children a sense of security. She brought order and peace to the classroom because the child had to put the things she used in their place. He works in silence, speaks softly or in whispers. The basis of her method and teaching are sensory aids. The child should acquire all the contents and experiences of all the senses - touch, sight, hearing, smell and taste. Children build their knowledge on mistakes and experiments. The material used by the children is made in such a way that the child does not need the presence or intervention of a teacher for control. Since Marie Montessori pedagogy is very close to me, once a week, on Fridays, I taught in the 1st grade according to the principles of Montessori pedagogy. With the aim of determining and deepening the content acquired during the adoption of new material from all subjects. The contents were intertwined and interconnected.]

Language: Croatian

ISSN: 2623-7237

Doctoral Dissertation

Da pedagogia Montessori ao projeto. Uma escola primária para Crespano del Grappa [From Montessori Pedagogy to Design: A Primary School for Crespano del Grappa]

Available from: Universidade do Porto - Repositório Aberto

Architecture, Europe, Italy, Montessori method of education, Montessori schools, Southern Europe

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Abstract/Notes: O diálogo entre arquitetura e pedagogia intensificou-se nota velmentenas últimas décadas, contudo, no âmbito italiano os exemplos de escolas que fogem aos rígidos modelos tradicionais representa mainda casos isolados. Esta dissertação pretende aprofundar o processo de desenho de projeto para uma Escola Primária pública situada em Itália, em Crespano del Grappa na região de Vêneto, enquadrada no Programa Nacional Scuole Innovative que, através do lançamento de um concursopara 51 novas escolas, representa uma tentativa de inovação no panorama escolar italiano. Apoiado na pedagogia Montessori, ou, mais especificamente, centrando-se na possibilidade de relação entre as suas pioneiras práticas educativas e o desenvolvimento de um ambiente de ensino que possa revelar-se realmente estimulante à aprendizagem, opresente projeto tenta conjugar todas estas preocupações, com osentido do lugar e da escola entendida como equipamento público de referência para a comunidade. [The dialogue between architecture and pedagogy has intensified considerably in the last decades; however, in the Italian context, examples of schools that try to flee the rigid traditional models still represent isolated instances. This dissertation intends to deepen the process of designing a Public Primary School located in Italy, in Crespano del Grappa, in the Veneto region, as part of the national program Scuole Innovative which, through the launch of a competition for the construction of 51 new schools, embodies an attempt to innovate in the Italian school scenery. Based on the Montessori pedagogy or, more specifically, focusing on the possible relationship between its pioneering educational practices and the development of an educational environment, that could be really stimulating to learning, the present project tries to combine all these concerns, with the sense of the place, the landscape and the school as a public reference equipment for the whole community.]

Language: Portuguese

Published: Porto, Portugal, 2018

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