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917 results

Article

Riflessioni sulle Pratiche Educative Osservate in un Nido del Centro Nascita Montessori [Reflecting on the Educational Practices led in a Nursery of the Centro Nascita Montessori]

Available from: Università di Bologna

Publication: Ricerche di Pedagogia e Didattica / Journal of Theories and Research in Education, vol. 5, no. 1

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Abstract/Notes: L’articolo presenta una ricerca basata sull’osservazione di un contesto educativo di ispirazione montessoriana. La ricerca intendeva mettere in luce gli atteggiamenti, le proposte e le strategie delle educatrici, e le risposte dei bambini a queste sollecitazioni. Il testo si articola in una introduzione metodologica che illustra il tipo di servizio educativo, la metodologia di osservazione adottata e la traccia che ha gui-dato le osservazioni; seguono alcune considerazioni sull’autonomia del bambino, l’attenzione al singolo bambino e la cura del bambino, emerse dalla analisi delle osservazioni; conclude l’articolo la trascrizione di una delle tre osservazioni condotte. [The paper presents an observational study carried on in an early educational context inspired to Montessori approach. It is aimed at illustrating the educators’ attitudes, behaviours, and educational strategies and the children’s reactions to them. First, the educational approach of the centre and the observational methodology are described. Then, a detailed analysis of the observations with regard to the educators’ support to child autonomy, attention to children’s requests and needs, and care behaviours is presented. Finally, the transcript of a whole observation is reported.]

Language: Italian

DOI: 10.6092/issn.1970-2221/1760

ISSN: 1970-2221

Article

Progressive Vision, Leadership, and System Change

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 19, no. 1

Pages: 121-135

Educational change

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Abstract/Notes: Defines a new leadership in education, which recognizes the comprehensive nature of change in the public school system to meet the educational needs of all children, especially disadvantaged and minority children, in a global economy. Maintains that Montessori education is uniquely prepared to lead public school reform. (BB)

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

The Effect of Background Baroque Music on Work Accomplishment and Student Concentration on Days of Rapid Weather Changes.

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: This study used Baroque background music to mitigate the effects of weather variables on 12 students of a Montessori elementary classroom. The weather forecast data were gathered from the National Weather Service. Two student feedback forms gauged attitudes towards the music and academic activities, focus, and accomplished work. A teacher tally chart marked daily observations of behavior. The study utilized Microsoft Excel with methods of descriptive data analyses, t-tests, and regression analysis. Student appreciation of music varied, but the children’s affinity for music remained high. It is unclear whether the music created a positive mindset. The Baroque background music contributed to higher work accomplishments on days of greater barometric pressure, sky cover changes, and lower changes in precipitation potential. The results of background music on concentration are inconclusive, however, over time, student focus increased with the intervention. A longer duration of study may confirm the findings presented here.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2017

Article

Deconstructing the Positive Behavioral Support Model and Replacing It with the Neo-Montessori Constructivist Intervention Model, or How Montessori Changed My Cold Data Driven Heart

Available from: Wright State University Libraries

Publication: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education, vol. 3, no. 3

Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, People with disabilities

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Abstract/Notes: Positive behavioral supports (PBS) and the development of behaviorally oriented planning has become a ubiquitous paradigm in American schools. It is the preferred model for addressing behavioral issues with children as a means of preventing special education identification and placement. The effectiveness of this model has been well documented in peer-reviewed journals and shows an ability to change behaviors and improve academic achievement as measured by empirically designed assessments. However, the measurement of intellectual, moral and behavioral autonomy is seldom measured. Also, researchers from one perspective (Applied Behavioral Analysis) preclude other theoretical perspectives, to create the bulk of the evidence proving the usefulness of PBS as a viable model. It is the purpose of this paper to describe and support the contention that it is the concept of autonomy that is essential in measuring the success of behaviorally related interventions. This goal will be attained by deconstructing the PBS model. Further, it is an additional contention addressed in this paper that various Montessori methods and the theory’s fundamental theoretical concepts do a better job of addressing authentic change and the development of autonomy. This will result in internalized behaviors that behaviorally oriented methods can never demonstrate. A new theoretical model will be presented to illustrate the incorporation of autonomy into the rubric of successful behaviorally related interventions.

Language: English

ISSN: 1545-0473

Article

蒙特梭利教育理念促進校長變革領導之探究:以一所學校型態實驗教育為例 / Mengte suo li jiaoyu linian cujin xiaozhang biange lingdao zhi tanjiu: Yi yi suo xuexiao xing tai shiyan jiaoyu wei li [A Study on the Principal’s Change Leadership for Promoting the Idea of Montessori Education: An Example of a School-based Experimental Education]

Available from: ERIC Data

Publication: Jiaoyu yanjiu yuekan / 教育研究月刊 / Journal of Education Research, no. 337

Pages: 19-33

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Abstract/Notes: In the study, the researchers aim to discuss that how does the idea of Montessori education promote a principal’s change leadership from an example of an elementary school with school-based experimental education in Central Taiwan. The school has been transforming as a public elementary school with the idea of Montessori education. One of the authors is a university teacher who has been companying with the school for many years, and the other one is the principal who leads the teachers to practice the organizational change. They use the narrative inquiry to discuss how the principal promote the change for the school through the idea of Montessori education. According to the research findings, the leader of the school mainly follows the idea of Montessori education. There are five implications for the leader’s change leadership, such as the principal’s action of change leadership making the change of learning model for children, teachers’ change for students’ development to create their ways of teaching, preparing good learning environment to satisfy children’s needs, teachers as study guides and learn from their students, as well as to balance leader’s skills and arts with freedom and discipline. Meanwhile, the principal reexamines the original campus environment and culture to build the new environment and invisible atmosphere, therefore to practice the idea of school-based experimental education and make children be their own selves based on teachers’ helps of lives.

Language: Chinese

DOI: 10.53106/168063602022050337002

ISSN: 1680-6360

Master's Thesis (Action Research Report)

How Does Parent Nutrition Education Change What Children Bring for Lunch?

Available from: St. Catherine University

Action research

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Abstract/Notes: The intent of this action research was to see if parent nutrition education changed what parents packed in their children’s lunches. This study was conducted at a Colorado Montessori school enrolling infants through kindergartners. Data sources included teacher observation before and after the nutrition classes, a pre-class parental survey on nutrition knowledge and topic needs, a teacher journal, and a post-class evaluation. Results showed that after the class, five out of seven students’ lunches changed 20 to 60%. Parents incorporated ideas learned from the class and ways to entice picky eaters. Based on this action research project, the school is implementing a hot lunch program. I initiated a monthly food club to teach parents ways to cook multiple meals from a basic staple, explore ethnic cuisines, and share recipes.

Language: English

Published: St. Paul, Minnesota, 2014

Article

Issues in Education: Multi-Age Programs in Primary Grades: Are They Educationally Appropriate?

Available from: Taylor and Francis Online

Publication: Childhood Education, vol. 69, no. 1

Pages: 3-4

Educational change

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Abstract/Notes: Although multiage grouping is part of a greater approach to change in education, classroom problems can result when the approach's rationale is not understood. Three precepts of vertical grouping concern heterogeneity of student groups, individualized materials and activities, and a caring learning community. Factors influencing successful programs are described. (LB)

Language: English

DOI: 10.1080/00094056.1992.10521787

ISSN: 0009-4056, 2162-0725

Doctoral Dissertation

The New Education Fellowship and the Reconstruction of Education: 1945 to 1966

Available from: UCL

Educational change, Europe, New Education Fellowship, New Education Movement, Theosophical Society, Theosophy

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Abstract/Notes: During the 1920s and 1930s, the New Education Fellowship (NEF), founded in 1919, established itself as an important international force for radical education and educational experimentation. Its membership was drawn from many different countries and included some of the most prominent progressive educators of that period. By 1945, however, the movement was experiencing international decline. Membership had fallen and in many countries the new educational network had ceased to exist. This situation was a result not only of the destruction of the new educational network in Europe during the Second World War, but also of the change in the outlook of educationists and reformers who sought new solutions to the problems of the reconstruction of society and education. The purpose of this study is to explore the NEF's importance as a disseminator of educational and political ideals after 1945 and its contribution to debates about the post-war reconstruction of education and society, using the considerable but currently little-researched material held at the Institute of Education, University of London. This thesis examines the NEF's network after 1945 and considers how far the NEF successfully extended its membership amongst school teachers and educationists at teacher training colleges. The NEF also sought to develop an international network. The international activities of the NEF, both through links with other organisations, for example, the United Nations Educational, Social and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), and its membership in those countries where the NEF maintained branches are explored in order to gauge the success of the NEF as a movement with internationalist ambitions.

Language: English

Published: London, England, 2009

Article

Battling for the Soul of Education: Moving Beyond School Reform to Educational Transformation

Available from: ERIC

Publication: NAMTA Journal, vol. 40, no. 3

Pages: 93-105

Educational change, ⛔ No DOI found

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Abstract/Notes: John Abbott is seeking a revolution in education that will put learning back into the hands of the learner. He writes of the learner needing to be free-ranging and weaned from instruction. He is the director of a new wave of thinkers who are members of The 21st Century Learning Initiative, which places emphasis on the skills of critical thinking, problem solving, innovation, independence, collaboration, teamwork, leadership, multicultural understanding, communication, IT skills, and career and learning independence. This movement gives insight into Montessori adolescent education as it also is clearly reacting to the content-based learning that Montessori does not view as its focus or priority.

Language: English

ISSN: 1522-9734

Article

Dialectics, Esotericism and Evolutionism in 20th Century Pedagogy. On the Totalitarian Heritage in the Educational Concepts of Cultural Education, with Maria Montessori, Rudolf Steiner and Pavel Blonsky

Available from: Pedagógiatörténeti Szemle

Publication: Pedagógiatörténeti Szemle, vol. 4, no. 3-4

Pages: 1-22

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Maria Montessori - Philosophy, Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc., New Education Movement, Pavel Blonsky - Biographic sources, Pavel Blonsky - Philosophy, Rudolf Steiner - Biographic sources, Rudolf Steiner - Philosophy, Waldorf method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: In the following contribution it will be shown that and how the theocratic heritage has perpetuated itself in more or less changed form in newer educational theories. Its transformation can be understood as its secularization, which passes on the absolute as epistemological totalitarianism in the form of violence, provided that it was armed with power of action. As examples here serve the multifaceted cultural or humanistic pedagogy ("Kulturpädagogik" or "Geisteswissenschaftliche Pädagogik" - GP), which is still important today, as well as three important concepts of reform pedagogy (respectively the "New Education Movement"), namely those of Maria Montessori, Rudolf Steiner and Pavel Blonsky.

Language: English

DOI: 10.22309/PTSZEMLE.2018.3.1

ISSN: 2415-9093

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