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Master's Thesis

5-6 yaş çocukların matematik becerilerinin geliştirilmesinde Montessori eğitim programının etkisi [The effect of Montessori method of education on the development of mathematics skills in 5-6 year old children]

Available from: Ulusal Tez Merkezi / National Thesis Center (Turkey)

Asia, Comparative education, Mathematics education, Middle East, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Preschool children, Turkey, Western Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Instead of showing mathematics as a lesson Montessori helps children to see the mathematics that it is the most essential part of life. Generally, in our country people have prejudice about the mathematics that it is very difficult and it cannot be learned easily. The reason of this prejudice is teaching mathematisc with abstract examples. Montessori, teaches mathematics by using concrete materials. The aim of this study is, to evaluate the effects of Montessori program in teaching mathematic to 5 and 6 year old children. Hence, of the 40 preschool participants of this research 20 of them were going to school were Montessori method was utilized while not so at the school where the other 20 were going. The interview form composed by the researcher and the data analysed with Nvivo program. / Montessori, matematiği çocukların hayatına bir ders olarak sunmayıp, daha çok hayatı basitleştiren bir bilgi, hayatın bir parçası olarak sunmaktadır. Genel olarak ülkemizde matematik öğrenimine, çok zor olduğu, asla öğrenilemeyeceği şeklinde olumsuz bir ön yargı ile yaklaşılmaktadır. Bu yargının nedeni matematik öğrenim tarzının, genel olarak soyut uygulamalarla öğretilmeye çalışılmasından kaynaklanmaktadır. Montessori matematik eğitimi, yıllarca oynamaktan büyük bir haz duyduğu somut bazı materyalleri kullanarak verilmektedir. Araştırmanın amacı 5-6 yaş çocuklara Montessori matematik dersinin öğretilmesinde Montessori eğitim programının etkisini değerlendirmektir. Bu anlamda araştırmacı tarafından oluşturulan mülakat formu ile elde edilen veriler Nvivo programı ile analiz edilmiştir. Bu araştırmanın örneklemini Montessori eğitimi almış (deney) ve almamış (kontrol) 5-6 yaş arası 40 çocuktan oluşan gruplar oluşturmuştur.

Language: Turkish

Published: Istanbul, Turkey, 2019

Article

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Pengaruh Metode Montessori dalam Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Matematika Anak Usia Dini di Banjarmasin [The Effect of the Montessori Method in Improving Understanding of Early Childhood Mathematics Concepts in Banjarmasin (Indonesia)]

Available from: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak

Publication: Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak [Journal of Child Education], vol. 6, no. 1

Pages: 15-26

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori method of education - Evaluation, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode Montessori dalam meningkatkan pemahaman konsep matematika bagi anak usia dini khususnya usia 4-6 tahun di kota Banjarmasin. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode quasi eksperimen. Pengenalan matematika di kelas eksperimen menggunakan metode Montessori,sedangkan di kelas kontrol menggunakan metode konvensional. Hasil uji hipotesis menunjukkan implementasi metode Montessori berpengaruh signifikan dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi data dan grafik di kelas eksperimen. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain di kelas eksperimen adalah 95.61. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain kelas kontrol adalah 34.56. Metode Montessori 61.05% lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi data dan grafik daripada metode konvensional. Begitu pula hasil uji hipotesis pada materi pola ABCDE-ABCDE, implementasi metode Montessori berpengaruh signifikan untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar anak kelas eksperimen. Rata-rata N-Gain kelas eksperimen adalah 87.50. Nilai rata-rata N-Gain kelas kontrol adalah 31.24. Metode Montessori 56.26% lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar anak pada materi pola dari pada metode konvensional. [This study aims to determine the effect of the Montessori method in improving understanding of mathematical concepts for early childhood especially ages 4-6 years in the city of Banjarmasin. This study uses a quasi-experimental method. Introduction to mathematics in the experimental class uses the Montessori method, while the control class uses conventional methods. Hypothesis test results show that the implementation of the Montessori method has significant effects in improving children's learning outcomes in data and graphic material in the experimental class. The average value of N-Gain in the experimental class was 95.61. The average value of the N-Gain control class is 34.56. The Montessori method is 61.05% more effective in improving children's learning outcomes in material data and graphics than the conventional method. Similar to the results of hypothesis testing on the ABCDE-ABCDE pattern material, the implementation of the Montessori method has a significant effect on improving the learning outcomes of children in the experimental class. The average N-Gain of the experimental class is 87.50. The average value of the control class N-Gain is 31.24. The Montessori Method 56.26% is more effective in improving children's learning outcomes on material patterns than conventional methods.]

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.14421/al-athfal.2020.61-02

ISSN: 2477-4189, 2477-4715

Book Section

Maria Montessori e il suo metodo [Maria Montessori and Her Method]

Book Title: La scuola vivente

Pages: 204-210

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Language: Italian

Published: Torino, Italy: Paravia, 1930

Book

Il metodo Montessori nei contesti multiculturali. Esperienze e buone pratiche dalla scuola dell'infanzia all'età adulta / The Montessori method in multicultural contexts: Experiences and best practices from kindergarten to adulthood

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Abstract/Notes: When Maria Montessori developed her own method, the question of the reception and education of migrant children did not yet arise. Can a Montessori school today give an answer to questions that had not yet been formulated at the time of the Chiaravalle pedagogist? This volume discusses the theme and, starting from the analysis of the principles on which the first Children's Home was founded, bears witness to how the Montessori method can be applied profitably in multi-ethnic classes, from nursery to primary school, and in teaching practice of Italian as L2 for adults with even very distant linguistic backgrounds, including cases of illiteracy. In addition to recounting the concrete experiences of teachers who have worked in multicultural contexts (in Italy, but also in Africa), the author helps to understand the contours of the phenomenon by reporting updated data on the percentage of students of foreign origin in our schools, their origin, the prediction of success and school dropout. A valid contribution on a theoretical and operational level for teachers of method schools and traditional ones and for cultural mediators and operators

Language: Italian

Published: Trento, Italy: Erickson, 2020

ISBN: 978-88-590-2155-1

Article

Penerapan Metode Montessori Menggunakan Media Flashcard Sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Kemampuan Membaca Awal Anak Usia Dini / Application of the Montessori Method Using Flashcard Media as an Effort to Improve Early Childhood Reading Ability

Available from: Pengelola Jurnal: Yayasan Pendidikan Tanggui Baimbaian

Publication: EduCurio: Education Curiosity, vol. 1, no. 3

Pages: 697-701

Asia, Australasia, Indonesia, Montessori materials, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji secara empiris perkembangan kemampuan membaca awal anak usia dini kelompok A RA Tunas Mulia Dua Malang. Jumlah subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah putra dan  putri kelompok A yang berjumlah 11 orang. Pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara, dan pre-test dan post-test. Hipotesis   diuji menggunakan uji –t untuk melihat   perbedaan kemampuan  sebelum dan sesudah diberikan flashcard  flashcards, Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pendekatan Montessori flash playing cards memprediksi peningkatan kemampuan membaca awal anak kru A RA Tunas Mulia 2 Malang. Kontribusi signifikan kelompok eksperimen sebesar 4,37 dan kontribusi kelompok kontrol sebesar 0,64 terhadap peningkatan kemampuan membaca anak RA Tunas Mulia 2 Malang.

Language: Indonesian

ISSN: 2963-0339, 2984-6146

Article

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Pentingnya Metode Montessori Dalam Mengembangkan Potensi Diri Peserta Didik DI SD Tiga Bahasa Rukun Harapan Jember [The Importance of the Montessori Method in Developing the Self Potential of Students at the Three Languages Rukun Harapan Elementary School Jember]

Available from: Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Duta Panisal

Publication: Metanoia: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Kristen [Metanoia: Journal of Christian Religious Education], vol. 5, no. 1

Pages: 205-219

Asia, Australasia, Autonomy in children, Elementary school students, Elementary schools, Indonesia, Montessori method of education, Southeast Asia

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Abstract/Notes: The Montessori method in the learning process, which is based on the principle of the Montessori method that a child's education appears to coincide with the stages of the potential development of learners. The characteristic of the Montesssori method is to emphasize the activities that are raised by the children themselves which can stimulate students to learn actively in learning and can develop students' potential. In this study, researchers used qualitative methods using a case study approach, while the data collection techniques used were observation, interviews and documentation. In collecting data, researchers used the Spradly data analysis model. Data analysis was carried out. It was concluded that the Montessori method is also a method that can develop the potential of students, so it is necessary to introduce the Montessori method in more depth to educators at SD Tiga Bahasa Rukun Harapan, namely by application of understanding to educators regarding the Montessori method.

Language: Indonesian

DOI: 10.55962/metanoia.v5i1.85

ISSN: 2716-2885

Article

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Mètode i escola Montessori a Barcelona fins a la Guerra Civil (1936-1939). De l’adhesió incondicional a l’eclecticisme / Montessori Method and School in Barcelona until the Civil War (1936-1939). From Unconditional Adherence to Eclecticism

Available from: Hemeroteca Científica Catalana

Publication: Educació i Història: Revista d'Història de l'Educació, no. 40

Pages: 227-248

Maria Montessori - Biographic sources, Montessori method of education - History

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Abstract/Notes: Maria Montessori’s method left a deep and rich renovating educational footprint in the city of Barcelona before the Franco regime (1939). An active, cheerful, playful, co-educational, science-based system, in which the child is the protagonist. The teacher accompanies the students, trying to respect their rhythms in their personal learning itinerary. The Montessori revolution was possible because the Mancomunitat de Catalunya, the Diputació de Barcelona and the municipal administration believed in it, created schools, Case dei Bambini, and promoted continuous teacher training through courses, seminars, and Summer Schools. / El mètode de la doctora Maria Montessori va deixar una profunda i rica petjada educativa i renovadora a la ciutat de Barcelona abans del règim franquista (1939). Un sistema actiu, alegre, lúdic, coeducatiu, de base científica, en què el protagonista és l’infant. El professorat acompanya l’alumnat procurant respectar el ritme en l’itinerari personal d’aprenentatge. La revolució montessoriana fou possible perquè la Mancomunitat de Catalunya, la Diputació de Barcelona i l’administració municipal hi van creure, van crear escoles, Cases dels Nens, i van promoure la formació continuada dels mestres a través de cursets, seminaris i Escoles d’Estiu / El método de la doctora Maria Montessori dejó una profunda y rica huella educativa y renovadora en la ciudad de Barcelona antes del régimen franquista (1939). Un sistema activo, alegre, lúdico, coeducativo, de base científica, en el que el protagonista es el niño. El profesorado realiza un acompañamiento al alumnado, procurando respetar el ritmo en el itinerario personal de aprendizaje. La revolución montessoriana fue posible porque la Mancomunidad de Cataluña, la Diputación de Barcelona y la administración municipal creyeron en ella, creando escuelas, Case dei Bambini, y promoviendo la formación continuada de los maestros a través de cursillos, seminarios y Escuelas de Verano.

Language: Catalan

DOI: 10.2436/e&h.v0i40.150356

ISSN: 2013-9632, 1134-0258

Article

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Mari̇a Montessori̇ Eği̇ti̇m Metodu [Montessori Method of Education]

Available from: DergiPark Akademik

Publication: Avrasya Sosyal ve Ekonomi Araştırmaları Dergisi / Eurasian Journal of Social and Economic Research, vol. 6, no. 12

Pages: 59-62

Montessori method of education - Criticism, interpretation, etc.

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Abstract/Notes: İtalyan eğitim felsefesi uzmanı Maria Montessori 1970 yılında İtalya Ancora’da dünyaya gelmiştir. Yüzyılı aşkın süredir kullanılan Montessori eğitim sistemi Maria Montessori tarafından geliştirilmiştir. Herhangi bir sınırlamanın bulunmadığı bu eğitim sistemiyle çocuklara özgür bir eğitim sunulur. Günümüzde Montessori eğitimlerini verebilmek amacıyla İngiltere’de bulunan Uluslararası Montessori Derneği tarafından eğitmen yetiştirilmektedir. Bu eğitim anaokulu, ilkokul ve bazı ülkelerde lise seviyesine kadar çıkmaktadır. Maria Montessori 1907 yılında ilk çocukevi “Casa dei Bambini”de engelli olmayan çocuklarla çalışmalarında yaptığı gözlemlerde çocukların nelerden hoşlandıklarını ve nelerden hoşlanmadıklarını saptar. Maria Montessori çocukların: ödüllerden, cezalardan,oyuncaklardan, öğretmen masasından,toplu derslerden hoşlanmadıklarını, özgür seçimden, hatalarını kendilerin denetiminden, sessizlikten, sosyal ilişkilerini kendileri tarafından kurmasından, kitapsız okuma ve yazmadan hoşlandıklarını gözlemledi. Çocukların kendilerini birey olarak görmesinin sağlandığı Montessori eğitiminde aile, öyretmen ve öyrenci iş birliği içerisindedir. Öğrencinin öyrenme hızı doğrultusunda eğitim verilir ve bilgi akılla değil el yordamıyla öğrenilir.Soyut kavramların somut kavramlarla anlaşılması sağlanır. Montessori eğitimi emelde kişiliğin oluşumu üzerinde durmaktadır. Maria Montessori bunu açıkça şu şekilde ifade etmektedir:” Eğitimde metot değil,insan kişiliği göz önüne alınmaktadır.” [Italian pedagogue Maria Montessori was born in 1970 in Ancona, Italy. The Montessori education system, which has been used for over a century, was developed by Maria Montessori. With this education system, where there is no restriction, a free education is offered to children. Today, trainers are trained by the International Montessori Association in England in order to provide Montessori education. This education goes up to kindergarten, primary school and in some countries high school level. Maria Montessori determined what the children liked and disliked in her observations while working with non-disabled children in the first children's home “Casa dei Bambini” in 1907. Maria Montessori observed that children: they do not like rewards, punishments, toys, teacher's desk, group lessons, they like free choice, control over their mistakes, silence, establishing social relations by themselves, reading and writing without books. In Montessori education, where children see themselves as individuals, family, teacher and student are in cooperation. Education is given in line with the student's learning pace and knowledge is learned by groping, not by mind. It is ensured that abstract concepts are understood with concrete concepts. Montessori education primarily focuses on the formation of personality. Maria Montessori expresses this clearly as follows: “In education, not the method, but the human personality is taken into consideration.”]

Language: Turkish

ISSN: 2148-9963

Article

Recursos para la práctica: Método Montessori [Resources for Practice: Montessori Method]

Publication: Revista Aula de Infantil, vol. 73, no. 73

Pages: 25-26

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Language: Spanish

ISSN: 1577-5615, 2014-4628

Article

Dr. Montessori, The Famous Woman Educator, Will deliver two illustrated lectures with motion pictures on 'The Montessori Method of Education'... [Advertisement]

Available from: ProQuest - Historical Newspapers

Publication: Boston Daily Globe (Boston, Massachusetts)

Pages: 16

Americas, Montessori Educational Association (USA), North America, United States of America

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Abstract/Notes: "...At Tremont Temple, Saturday, Dec. 13th at 11 A.M. and 8:15 P.M. Under the Auspices of the Montessori Educational Association. Tickets 50 cents to $1.50. On sale at Tremont Temple Box Office."

Language: English

ISSN: 2572-1828

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